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51i3BcBt=ililiing of \\^t Count!} of ¥ovft, 







^ IN TWO volumes: 

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"What a feaful girt gauvison mun he be, at frames to larn'th' talk of 
another country, afoar he parfitly knaws his awn." 

O little booke, thou ait so unconning. 
How darst thou put thyself in prees for drede ? 
It is wonder that thou wexest not rede ' 
Sith that thou wort full lite, who shall behold 
Thy rude langage, full boistously unfold ? 




Lincoln's inn; 



r ^ 


I/. / 

REV. H. J. TODD, M.A., F.S.A. & MRS L. 


And Rector of Settringtoti, County of York. 

Rev. Sir, 

Though a humble gleaner in the field 

of Philology, in which you have exerted 

yourself with so much energy and success, 

I feel anxious to dedicate the Craven Dialect 

to you, who having been long engaged in 

similar pursuits, are so fully competent to 

appreciate its merits, if it possesses any, 

and, I trust, candid enough to criticise with 

forbearance its numerous defects. 

Gratified by your approval of the first, I 

have only to hope that I may not lose your 

good opinion in the second edition of this 


I am, 

Rev. Sir, 

Your respectful and obliged Servant, 


March 31, 1828. 



The Deanery of Craven, the Dialect of which I 
have attempted to explain, is situated in the Northern 
part of the West-Riding of the County of York. 
Its length from North to South is upwards of 30 
miles ; and its breadth is nearly of the same extent. 
There are twenty-five parishes in the Deanery, 
containing, according to the last census, 61,859 
inhabitants. It embraces a small portion of the 
wapentakes of Sky rack, Claro, and Ewcross, and 
the whole of the wapentake of StaincliiFe. The name 
of this wapentake seems to be a mere translation of 
the compound Welsh words, craigvan, the district 
of rock, from which the Deanery of Craven evidently 
takes its name. 

Though the Dialect of the whole of this district 
be somewhat similar, there are still shades of 
difference in its pronunciation ; and many expressions 
and archaisms may be retained in one parish, which 
are unknown or nearly obsolete in another. In the 
Southern boundaries of this Deanery, the language 
partakes a little of the Dialect of Leeds, Bradford, 
and Halifax. Thus the true Craven pronunciation 

VI II I'KKlAtl-.. 

of i(>— il, boconu's coil, fV>-al, foil. On the Western 
homidarii's, tlii' lan<^uago is strongly impregnated 
with the Lancashire Dialect. The Craven Dialect, 
I think, is spoken in its greatest purity on the 
banks of the Wharf, in tlie parish of Skipton, to 
Langstroth or Strother, the language of which is so 
well, though briefly, described by Chaucer ; and on 
the course of the Are, from the parish of Skipton 
to the Northern boundary of the parish of Kirkby 
Malhamdale. At the distance of five or six miles 
from the Eastern boundary of the parish of Skipton, 
the pronunciation is entirely changed. Thus house, 
is pronoimced hoose ; and mouse, moose ; cow, coo ; 
as in the North and East Ridings of Yorkshire. I 
have attempted to make the second edition of the 
Craven Glossary niore w orthy of the reader's attention, 
by a large addition of words, and by numerous autho- 
rities, collected from ancient writers. Though this 
has been the most laborious part of my work, it has, 
at the same time, been the source of the greatest 
pleasure; for whenever I found a Craven word 
thus sanctioned by antiquity, I was more and more 
convinced, that my native language is not the 
contemptible slang and patois, which the refined 
inhabitants of the Southern part of the kingdom are 
apt to account it ; but that it is the language of 
crowned heads, of the court, and of the most eminent 
English historians, divines, and poets, of former ages. 
I have not confined myself to English authors, but 
have frequently had recourse to various Scottish 


writers, and to the copious and learned Etymological 
Dictionary and Supplement of Dr. Jamieson, in 
which many English words are still retained, though 
now nearly obsolete, except in the Northern counties. 
When I have not met with authorities to explain a 
Craven word, I have frequently introduced a familiar 
phrase, to give the sense of it. I have cautiously 
avoided the admission into the Glossary of any word 
which I or my friends have not heard used in the 
Deanery. If a classical word has occasionally been 
admitted, it is either become nearly obsolete, or 
it retains a dialectical meaning differing from its 
common acceptation. 

Before I procured the authorities, I attempted to 
give the true pronunciation of the words by an 
appropriate combination of letters ; but, I must 
candidly confess, that I occasionally found no little 
difficulty in giving the true sound. 

Notwithstanding the richness of the Craven Dialect, 
abounding in varied, strong, and metaphorical expres- 
sions, I fear that the shrill tone of voice, though a 
little modulated by modern refinement, is still not 
perfectly melodious to the Southern ear, and that it 
is not yet entirely free from the censvire of Trevisa, 
given in his translation of Higden's Polychronicon, 
in 1387. 

" All the langage of the Northumbers and speci- 
alHche at York, is so sharpe, slitting and frotynge 
and unschape, that we Southern men may that langage 
imncthc understonde. I trow that it is bycause that 

X riiKKAci:. 

tlu'V boctli nvli to strange men and nations, that 
spoketh stron<j;lidK*, and also bycause that the Kings 
of Englonde woneth alway fer from that cuntry. 
Hit scemeth a greet wonder how Englische men and 
her own hmgage and tonge is so dyverse of soun in 
this oon ilond, and the langage of Normandie is 
comlvnge of another lande and hath oon maner soim 
amonge alle men that speketh hit arigt in Engelondc." 

Respecting tlie pronunciation of the Craven Dialect, 
I have to observe, that monosyllables frequently 
become dissyllables, as bread, bre-ad ; lead, Ic-ad ; 
stead, ste-ad ; swear, swe-ar. O has generally the 
sound of oa, as no, no-a ; so, so— a. But it is perfectly 
unnecessary to trouble the reader with a particular 
account of the sound of every letter, or combination 
of letters ; as, by a reference to the annexed Glossary, 
he will observe what change takes place in the 
pronunciation of a word, particularly if the Craven 
word, now in use, be merely a corruption of the 
classical one. 

The Lowland Scotch, notwithstanding the learned 
Dr. Jamieson strenuously contends that it is not a 
dialectical but a peculiar language, is nothing, in 
my humble opinion, and with deference to so great 
an authority, but a corruption of that which is now 
spoken in Craven and in the Northern counties of 
England. The faithful and spirited Translation of 
Virgil, by Gawin Douglas, first printed about the 
year 1.513, is a sufficient proof that the Lowland 
Scotch and English languages were at that time 


nearly the same.* My opinion is further confirmed 
by the great Lord Bacon. In certain articles or 
considerations touching the Union of the Kingdoms 
of England and Scotland, he intimates, that an union 
in lanffuaffe in the two countries was a favourable 
consideration for a general union. 

" For the language, it is true, the nations are 
unius labii, and have not the first cause of disvmion, 
which Avas confusion of tongues, whereby one under- 
stood not another. But yet the dialect is differing, 
and it remaineth a kind of mark of distinction. But 
for that " tempori permittendum," it is to be left 
to time. For considering that both languages do 
concur in the principal office and duty of a language, 
which is to make a man's self understood : for the 
rest, it is rather to be accounted, as was said, a 
diversity of dialect than of language ; and, as I said 
in my first writing, it is like to bring forth the 
enriching of one language, by compounding and 
taking in the proper and significant words of either 
tongue, rather than a continuance of two languages.""!* 

A perusal of the ancient English authors, such 
as Langland, Brunne, Chaucer, Gower, Spencer, 
Fairfax, Wiclif, Verstegan, Elyot, Latimer, Ridley, 
Hoper, Hall, Bacon, Beaumont, Shakspeare, and 
other poets and historians corroborate my opinion. 

• T. Warton. 
•)• B. Montagu's Edition of Bacon, vol. 5, p. 24. 


Many oi' tlit- words iisi-d by tliesc celebrated authors, 
are now unintelligil)lo to the inhabitants of the 
Southern part of tliis kingdom, though they are well 
understood by those who inhabit the Northern 
counties ; and many expressions, now extinct, or 
obsolete here, are still connnon in Scotland, though 
I believe, they have been originally imported from 
England. I can, from my own knowledge and 
experience, testify, that many words and expressions 
in Craven, which were in constant use thirty or 
forty years ago, are cither lost or imperfectly under- 
stood by the rising generation. This well known 
fact corroborates the opinion, that the seat of power, 
and the splendour of a court, have a wonderful effect 
in altering, and in polishing, a language. For 
what is deemed fashionable, all, whether literate or 
illiterate, generally attempt to imitate. Dr. Janiieson 
himself anticipates the reverse consequence, from the 
removal of the Court from Scotland. He may derive, 
what he calls, the Scottish language, from the 
Islandic, Danish, Swedish, Teutonic, &c. but the 
numerous etymons which he has collected and 
arranged with great zeal, judgment, and infinite 
labour, may, with equal propriety, be applied to the 
English language, and only prove, that the Scottisli 
is a dialectic branch. On this occasion I may use 
the words of the learned Spelman, " nee audacise 
videatur, Anglum me, et Danici idiomatis omnino 
inexpertum, de vocum Danicarum origine disputare. 
Intclligendum enim est, linguam nostrum ex iisdeni 


natam esse radicibus ; et quadrupili mixtione DanicjB 
conjunctam. Primo, veterum e Germania Saxonum. 
Secundo, Gothorum. Tertio, veterum ipsorum 
Danorum, Et quarto, Norwegiensum, qui turn cum 
Danis, postea cum Normannis introierunt Angliam. 
Res in confesso est, nee authorum eget laudatione." 
Though the assertion of Spelman be correct in 
deriving the English language from those Northern 
nations, Dr. Jamieson is certainly not warranted thus 
to claim from them an immediate origin of the present 
Scottish Dialect, which Dialect, in 1385, according 
to Trevisa, did not actually exist. When the 
Saxons, after the expulsion of the Romans, invaded 
and took possession of England, they imposed upon 
the vanquished natives their language and their laws. 
Many of its aboriginal inhabitants, driven from the 
fruitful part of the country, precipitately fled into 
the. rugged and mountainous district of Wales, where 
they preserved their lives and retained their language. 
In like manner, when the English took possession of 
Scotland, it may be supposed, that many of the 
hardy natives fled from the Southern districts " in 
has boreales partes quae cseli inclementia rigent, 
confragosis locis horrent, et Oceani alluvionibus, 
paludibusque stagnant, se receperunt.""* It is not 
improbable, that the present inhabitants of the 
Highlands are descendants of those very Britons who 


XIV I'll Kl' ACE. 

Hoil from tin* Saxon invjuUrs, and are now speaking 
the language of their progenitors. 

The learned author of Caledonia is decidedly 
of opinion, and contends, that previously to the 
establislinient of a Saxon Monarch on the throne of 
Scotland in the person of Edgar, son of Malcolm 
Canniore, no other language but Gaelic was spoken 
in North IJritain, except in Lothian, which may be 
considered as then an English settlement. He 
further declares, that the oldest document which he 
has met 'vvdth in the Scottish (English) language, is 
a contract with the Magistrates of Edinburgh in 
1387>* nearly thirty years after the birth of Chaucer. 

AVhcn William the Conqueror took possession of 
the throne of England, Prince Edgar, the lawful 
heir to the English Crown, retired into Scotland 
wth his mother and two sisters, Margaret and 
Clu-istian, and was honourably received by Malcolm 
III., King of Scotland. 

" With the Ladie Margaret, the elder of the two 
sisters, the said King maryed. As the English 
Court, by reason of the aboundance of Normannes 
therein, became moste to speak French, so the 
Scottish Court, because of the Queen and many 
English that came with her, began to speak English, 
the which language, it should seem King Malcolm 
himself had before that learned.""-!- 

• See Encyclopsedia Brit. -j- Verstegan. 


Now if the Lowland Scotch and the English lan- 
guages were, in the time of William the Conqueror, 
as similar, as they are at present, what necessity 
was there for Malcolm to learn the English language, 
and whence could the assimilation of the languages 
of the two countries afterwards arise but from 
frequent intercourse? In 1385, Trevisa translated 
Higden's Polychronicon, from which I make the 
following extract : — 

"As it is know how many maner peple beth in 
this Ilonde, ther beth also of so meny peple, langages 
and tonges. Notheless Walschemen and Scottes, 
that beth nougt ymedled with othir natiouns, holdeth 
wel neig her Jirst langage and speche.'''' 

This very fact is the most convincing evidence to 
me, that the language of the Scottish Court and 
of the Northern part of Scotland, was Irish or 
Gaelic. Though fierce and bloody wars would 
frequently occur between the two nations, yet, in 
times of peace, and particularly in the reign of 
Richard I. when both nations fought under the same 
banner, and embarked in one common cause, the 
Holy Crusades, it is natural to conjecture, that 
party spirit would give way to friendly intercourse, 
and that the language of the Prince, under whom 
they fought in a foreign land, would gradually mix 
with and finally annihilate their own. The event, 
however, thus anticipated, was not realized till a 
very distant period. 

Notwithstanding these observations, the learned 
philological work of Dr. Jamieson, which does so 

\V1 I'KEl ACL. 

imuli honour to his country and crccHt to hin)sclf, 
will he fouiul a most useful and valuable performance, 
not only in explaining the Lowland Scotch, but also 
in throwiuir li<;ht on ancient English authors. But 
I cannot forhear remarking, that if the Doctor had 
not been so abstemious in making quotations from 
English writers of anticjuity, his great work, highly 
respectable as it is, would have been much enriched 
by such authorities. Our great Lexicographer, Dr. 
Johnson, was not exempt from this national prejudice, 
nor from the neglect of referring to Scottish writers, 
who misht have furnished him with words now 
obsolete or forgotten. Had the Dictionary of Dr. 
Jamieson contained those words of the early English 
writers of celebrity which have been omitted by Dr. 
Johnson, or his respectable Editor, Mr. Todd, this, 
and every other provincial and dialectic Glossary, 
would have been unnecessary. 

In the progress of this work, I have perused and 
referred to many English and Scottish writers, 
ancient and modern ; and I am now fully convinced, 
that if the Scottish Dialect were accurately analyzed, 
and if all the English woi'ds, found in our ancient 
authors, and words, now in use in the Northern 
counties, were extracted from that Dialect, the 
residuum would be a moderate portion of archaisms, 
and a large quantity of modern slang. 


" Collections of provincial dialects would often have been 
extremely useful ; many words esteemed peculiar to certain 
counties, being remnants of the language formerly in general 
use. But these collections are, unfortunately, few and scanty. 
County histories, which have long received the most extensive 
encouragement, should always contain a careful compilation of 
this kind from certain and correct authorities. From these, 
digested together, the history of our language might ultimately 
receive important illustration." 

Nares' Preface to his Glossahv. 

It was the remark of the most learned philologist 
of modern times, that the language of the Northern 
Counties was not barbarous, though obsolete. Under 
the sanction of this great authority, the author has 
been induced to publish the Dialect of the Deanery 
of Craven, in the West Riding of the County of York. 


1\ ui iij) l)v tluii iKitivo mountains, and principally 
engaged in agricultural pursuits, the inhabitants of 
this (listriit had no opportunity of corrupting the 
purity of thtir language by the adoption of foreign 
idioms. But it has ])econie a subject of much regret 
that, since the introduction of commerce, and, in 
consequence of that, a greater intercourse, the simpli- 
city of the language has, of late years, been much 
corrupted. Anxious, therefore, to hand it down to 
posterity unadulterated, the author has attempted to 
express, in a familiar dialogue, the chaste and nervous 
language of its unlettered natives. 


An this lile book'll gie the onny plezer efter a hard 
day''s wark, I sail be feaful fain on''t. Bud sud onny 
outcumlins ivver awn this outside, staany plat, it may 
happen gie 'em some inseet into our plain mack o' 
talk; at they may lam, at our discowerse hes a 
meeanin in't as weel as theirs ; at they mayn't snert an 
titter at huz, gin we wor hauf rocktons, but may 
undercum stand, an be insensed by this book, hie as 
it is, at ya talk's aqual to another, seeabetide it macks 
knaan yan's thoutes. Sud t'lads o' Craven yunce git 
a glifF o' what a seet o' words I've coud togither, it'll 
happen mack 'em nut seea keen, at iv'ry like, o' luggin 
into'th' country a parcel of outlandish words, er seea 
shamm'd o' talking their awn. For, o' lat years, 
young foak are grown seea maacky an seea feeafuUy 
gien to knackin, at their parents er ill set to ken 
what ther barns er javverin about. 

I's at thy sarvice, 






A, Has generally the sound of ah, and has various 

J . He, " an a come." Shales. 2 p. 11. 4 ^. 1 5. 
" Here a comes." Ben Jonson. 

2. Have, " you mud as weel a dunt as nut." 

3. On, " I'll gang wi the a Tuesday." 

" Towten Field is a tliree miles from Sherburne yn 
Yorkshire, and thereby renneth Cockbeck and goeth 
into AVarfe River a this side Tadcaster." 


AAD, Old. 

AAK, 1 Oak. A. S. ac, cvc, pronounced also yak. Belg. 

AIK, / aekei: 

" Ane meikle aik that mony zeris that grew. 

D. Virff. 2 b. 59 p. 
"• He set his back unto an aik, 
He set his feet against a stane." 

Mins. S. B. 
" Nane of your sharney peats but good aik timber." 

AAKIN, Oaken. 

"■ Over held witli nkiii trees and l)ewcs rank." 

D. Viry. p. 'J,\\\. 


A AN, \ ., 

; Own. 


" He says yon loivsl Ls his tiivin." 

Mins. S. B. 
'' Tlic more to confirm his awnc." 



ABACK, Behind, back. 

" For fere they stert af>ah\ am! forth cam swak, 
"The Duke Nipheus wyde apoun his bak." 

Dou(/. Virg. 59. p. 
" Bot thay wyth all thare complices in fcocht 
"War (lung aliock.'''' 

Idem. 9 p. 302. 

ABOONE, Above. Belg. bovcu. 

'■'■ Our Scots nobles were richt laith 
To weet their cork-heel'd shoone, 
But lang owre a' the play wer play'd 
Their hats they swam aboone.'" 

Sir Pat. Spence P. Bel. 
" The powers aboo7i will tent thee." 

" The laird, wha in riches and honour 

Wad tlirive, should be kindly and free ; 
Nor rack his poor tenants wha labour 
To rise a/joon poverty." 

Gentle SI)e])herd. 

ABREED,-) ., , 
2. Spread abroad, " t'hay's ahreed." Belg. breed. 

" Admy t thou shouldst abyde abrode a yere or twayne." 

Romeits and Jul. 1587. 
ACKER, A ripple on the surface of the water, a-curl. 
ACKER, Fine mould. Welsh, achar, kind, good. 
ACKERY, Abounding with fine mould. May not this 
word be derived from Belg. aeckerigh, belonging to 
an oak, or earth, congenial to its growth } 


ACROOK'D;, Crookedj awry. G. Krok. Hence crook 

ADAM'S ALE, Water. 

ADAM'S-FLANNEL, White mullein, Verbascum 
Thapsus. Lin. It may have obtained this name from 
tlie soft white hairs, with which the leaves are thickly 
clothed on both sides. 

ADAM AND EVE, The bulbs of orchis macidata, 
which have a fancied resemblance of the human 
figure. One of these floats in the Avater, which nou- 
rishes the stem, the other sinks and bears the bud 
for the next year. 

ADDLE, To earn. A. S. edlean, a reward or recompence 
for labour. 

" WTiere ivy embraceth the tree very sore, 
"Kill ivy, else tree will addle no more." 


ADDLE, ( Labourer's wages, " He's i good addle." 
ADDLINS, \ " His addlins er naa girt matters." 

''Saving's good addlin." 
ADGE, Addice. 

ADMIRABLIST, Most admirable, accented on the ante- 
penult ; also, admirable. 
AFEARD, Afraid. 

" I am afear'd there are few die well that die in battle." 

Sh. H. V. iv. 1. 
" Ich was aferd of hure face." 

P. Plou. Pass 2. 
" So wise he was she was no more afercd." 

Chauc. Tro. and Cress. 
" In no thing be ghe aferd.''^ 

1. C. Phil. Wiclif. 

It also occurs in the Version of the Psalms by Stern- 
hold and Hopkins, 1609. 

" Then all the earth full sore afeard.'''' 
AFORE, Before. 

" Now afore God, God forbid, I say tis true." 

Sh. Rich. II. iv. 1. 
B 2 

•* (U.OssAItY. 


AKORKTrZ. J3i'f.)ro tlum li:i.-.t. 

AFTKHLIXS, Tlio last milk of a cow. See Slr'i])pi.>is:s. 

A(iAII, A-uo. 

ACiAAX, Aijaiiist, " he ran (i^a(t)i him." 

2. Again. 

AGAIT, " To get agait," to begin. 

AGAITAKD8, " To gang agaitards/' to accompany. 

A(rAIT OX'T, At work upon it. On generally attends 

the verb, as " what's 'to agait ou ?" 
AGE, 1. To advance in years, " my daam ages fast." 
2. To affect with concern and amazement ; because 
these passions, Avhen violent and long indulged, are 
supposed to bring on grey hairs and premature old 
age. " Ah, Tibby ! what wilt ward come tul ! Ise 
fit to be maddl'd in't. Au barn ! auto nobbut saa thur 
young flirts, aye an wed wives too, gangin to'tli kirk, 
donn'd up, pren'kt and dizen'd i ther vales and ther 
ferly farlies, it wod varily age the !" 
ArrF j-^^^^'^T' obliquely, askew. 

"And warily tent when ye come to court nie 
And come-nae unless the black yett be agee. 
Syne up the back style and let nae body see 
And come as ye were na coniin to me." 

" Heaven kens that the best laid schemes will gang agee." 

St. Ronaii's Well^ 1 vol. p. 237. 
AGREEABLE, Assenting to any proposal, " I's par- 

titly agreeable tul't." 
AGGY, Agnes. 
AGAYXE, ) , . 
AGEEAN, pg^'"^*- 

" And wha som evyr cum nguyne vis ordinance and 
brek itt agayn, ye will o' yr' forseyde Chapitre have 
Goddes malyson & St. Peters." 

Conlrucl for /jiii/iliiig York Mi)is/er, 1371. 

A(;IX, As if. 


AHIXT, Behind, see behint, not in frequent use. 

AID, Aid of a vein ; of ore a lodge or vein going down- 
wards, N. or S. out of the perpendicular line. This 
in Cornwall is called the iniderleij of a Lode. 

AIGRE, Sour. Yix.aigreylxewcii. ale-uigre, alegar. Welsh, 
cgri. Mr. Todd derives it from Lat. acer. 

'• And with sudden vigor it doth posset 
And curd hke eucjer droppings into milic." 

limn. i. 5. 

" Knedea with eisell (vinegar) strong and eatjre.^'' 

Chauc. Romt, of the Roue. 

" They then* late attacks dechne 

And turn as eager as prick'd wine." 


" Apples eager-sweet are tasteful unto us." 

Lodges Trans, of Seneca. 


AILCY, >- Alice. " Aice, madam." The Tam. of a Shrew. 
ELSE, j 

ALM, To intend, to conjecture. 

AJAR, A door half opened. Belg. harre, cardo. Tliou"-h 
this word is used in most parts of the kingdom, 
and is introduced into Dr. Johnson's Dictionary by 
Mr. Todd, still as he has not given any derivation 
of it, I quote a passage from G. Douglas's translation 
of Virgil, from the preface to the seventh book, where 
the expression is varied. Sax. gj/ra/i, to turn. 
" Ane schot wyndo unschet ane htel on char." 
The author of the Glossary of Douglas's Viro-il 
explains on char on the hinges. 
" Wi nevels I'm amaist fa'ii faint 
My chafts are dung a-char.''^ 

Allan I/. 
AKARD, Awkward, niuroso, peevish. Sc. acqiiarl. 
ALABLASTER, Alabaster, per epenlhcsin. 

b (il.OSSAUY. 

ALANE. ) ^ , 

"And band her him alatic." 

Felon Sowe. 
" E'en bv j'oursel uhine." 

cm Moricc, P. n. 

ALANTUIM, At a distance. It. da lontano. To this 

word off" is generally subjoined ; alaiilum off. 
ALATT, Of late, lately ; a corruption of alate. 
" Which axed nie from whence I came alate." 

Halves Tower of DocL P. R. 
" Then he retookc his tale hee left alate^ 
"And made a long discoui'se of all liis state." 

Hudson's Trans, of Du Bar las. 

ALECOST, Costmary, Tanaceium balsamita ; so called, 

because it was frequently put into ale, being an 

aromatic bitter. Norcs. 

ALL-I-BITS, In pieces or in rags. The double 1 is 

often pronounced au. 
ALL-LANG OF, Entirely owing to. BrocJcdt refers 

it to the Sax. ge-langan. 
ALL-TO-XOUGHT, Completely. He bet him all to 

ALL, "fo?- good and all," entirely. " He's gaan^r good 

and all." 
ALL, In spite of, " I'll doot for all ye." 
AND ALL, Also. Dr. Johnson says this phrase means 
every thing ; though I think that the adverb also very 
frequently conveys the sense better. 

" What think you of our Lady of Loretto, who was 
brought through the air and over the sea, and house, 
and all by Angels ?" — Southey Vind. Anglican. 
" Didius, Queene Cartismanduas friend, 
Venutlus rival, Nero sends 
Veraniua next, Silures faU 
Both aym'd at, but North-wales and all 
Paulinus fbvld." 

Palce Albion, p. 140. 


ALL OUT, Entirely, quite. 

" And destrude Kent all-out & London nome." 

RoU. ofGloii. 
" Is it all out sa wrechit thing to de ?" 

D. V. \2h.AZp. 
ALL-PLAISTER, Alabaster. 
ALLEY, The conclusion of a game at foot-ball, when the 

ball has passed the bounds. Fr. aller. 
AMANG, Amongst. A. S. ama7ig. 
AMANG-HAXDS, "Work done conjointly with other 
business. Between hands,, of the same import, is used 
by Allan Ramsay. 
2. Lands belonging to different proprietors intermixed, 

not in the sense of Dr. Jamieson. 
AMANY, The adjective many, with the indefinite article 
prefixed, is frequently used as a substantive. 
" If weather be fair and tidy the grain, 
JNIake speedily carriage for fear of the rain, 
For tempest and showers deceivetli amanie^ 
And lingering lubbers lose many a penny." 

AIMERS, Embers, from the Belg. amcren. Gaz. Ang. 
This, like the English word, is seldom heard in the 
AN, Is frequently used redundantly, " as such an a thing" 

for such a thing. 
AN-AU, Also, " There's Tommy come an an." 


» -lyj r If, " an he were." 

" God geve me sorwe, but and I were Pope." 

Chauc. Monks. Fool. 
" An a may catch your hide and you alone." 

Sh. K. J. ii. 1. 
" But and it be a lie thou little loot page." 

Lady Barnard, Per. Rel. 
AN, One. " lies a bad an," "that's a good an." probabl\r 
a corruption of the Craven jjan," 

8 1. 1. OSS \ in. 

ho bo. 



ANDKIiS.AIAS, Tlie mass or festival uf St. Andrew. 

ANENT, 1 ^ .,..,.., 
AVKVns I Opposite, like the Greek fj-arnof. 

"■ Ancnt Scottishnicn." 

A". James lias. Dor. 
♦' The strait iliarj^e I gave niv sonnc not to hear nor 
suH'cr any irrevirent speeches or bookcs ancnt any of 
Ills parents or i)ro<rcnitors." 

Idem jtrefacc. 

" And soff're him some tynie to suUe ayenst the hiwe." 

P. Plou 4 Puss. 
"It: to Mr. Calverd my Lords Attorney for the mat- 
ter anends the Dean ot" York xs." 

MSS. Household B. of H. L. Clifford, 1510. 

Anend is not now used. 
ANCHOR, The chape of a buckle. Grose's proo : Glosx. 
ANLET, Annulet, a small ring. The mark on a stone, 

being an ancient boundary in this neighbourhood. 
ANON, What do you say ? Commonly used as an answer 
to questions not understood, or indistinctly heard. 
Perhaps from a repetition of Fr. ain noticed by 
le Roux as " Sorte d'interjection interrogative com- 
mune aux petites gens, et fort invincible parmi des 
personnes polies." Brockell. I have heard this word 
in Craven, though very rarely. 
2. Immediately. In the Legend of St. Dunslane, printed 
by W. Caxton, 1493, it is an one. 

"Thenne he supposed that she was a wycked spirite, 
and an one caught her by the nose with a payre of 
tongues of yron brenninge hote, and then the Devyelle 
began to rore and crye and fast drewe awaye, but 
Saynt Dunstane helde him, tyll it was feiTc within 
the nighte, and then he let her goo." 

Vid. Grose's Anliq. vol. 5, p. 33. 

r. i.ossARV. y 

AXTERS, I Lest, prolwbly- Bklg. Anders. Fr. 
AUNTERS, I aveulure, abbreviated ft/zw/zr. 

"•An eke per mailer this man is nice." 

Chauc. Legend of Good Women. 

ANTIENTS, Ancestors. 

ANTOT'HED, If thou hadst. 

ANTUL, If tliou wilt. 

ANPARSE, The character c'^-. .Vrt>r.vshev.s that a per se, a, 
o per se, o, and i per se, i, are used b}- our early- 
English writers. The expression and per at, and, 
to signify the contraction &, and substituted for that 
conjunction, is not yet forgotten in the Nursery. 
And till within these few years, a child in spelling 
the word abate, for instance, would have said, a 
bytself a, b-a-t-e, hate, abate. This mode of teaching 
is now nearly obsolete. 

APPERON, Apron. A.S.aforan. Qu. Crw. afore yan. 
" A buttrice and pincers, a hannner and naile, 
An aperne and sizers, for head and for tail." 


APPLE-PIE-ORDER, Any thing in very great order. 
AR, Ascar, pockard. Goth, ar, a cut, division. See 

Thompson s Etymons. 
AQUAL, Equal. 

ARFE, Afraid ; backward or reluctant. 
ARGUFY, Argue. 
2. To signify. 

ARK, Chest. Lat. area. Welsh, areh. 
ARLES, See earles. 

"An this is bnt an arle-peuuy 
To what I afterwards design ye." 

Allan Riimsaij. 
AROVE, Rambling about. 
ARRAN, A spider. Lat. aranca. G. Dung, aragnr. 

10 (.l.OSSARV. 

AHHID(iE, An udge or ridge. "This staaii tacks a 
fine arrUigc." The Scotch word arras seems to be a 
corruption of this term. 
AKSKllD, Backward. The derivation is obvious. 
ARSY-VARSY, Head over heels. 

ART, Quarter, "t'winds in an ill ari." Gael and In. 
aird, a cardinal point. Dr. Jainicsoti. 

" Thar is within ane Isle invironit on athir part 
To breck the storm and wallcs (waves) on evci-y art." 

Doug. Virg. 
" Sic as stantl single, (a state sae lik'd by you !) 
Beneath ilk storm irae every airl maun bow." 

Gentle Shepherd. 
" Altho a lad were e'er sae smart, 
It' that lie want the yellow dirt, 
Ye'U cast your head anithcr airt. 
And answer him fu' dry." 

Burns, Tibbie. 
" Of a the airts the wind can blaw, 
I dearly love the West." 

ARTO', Art thou. 

AR\'ELj Funeral, Welsh, arnn)], funeral obsequies. 
"Come, bring me my jerkin, Tib, I'll to the arvll^ 
Yon man's ded seny scou'n, it makes me marvill." 

Yorkshire Ale, p. 58. 
Dr. Whitaker, in his Hislory of Lonsdale, p. 298, says 
" the word arval is of unquestionable antiquity ; 
I have vainly sought for it in every etymologicon, 
to which I have access." Dr. Jamieson derives 
it from S. G. arfoel, conviviimi funehre, arf, 
herediias, ti oel, convivinm, hence the English 
word ale. 
AS, Which. "Whea's sheep's them, as I sa yuster- 
neet ?" 


ASHLAR- WALL, The stones of which are built and 
hewn in regular course and size. Fr. echelle, a scale. 
Sc. estlar. 

" BraAV towns shall rise with steeples raony a ane, 
And houses biggit a' wi' estler slane.'" 

Jiamsa>/s Poems. 
" A flight of arrows that harmed an aahlar-ivall as Mttle 
as many hailstones." 

Abbot, Sir IV. Scott. 

Dr. Jamieson attempts to derive this word from the 
Fb. aisselle, a shingle. But it does not api)ear to 
agree in sijjnilication. 

lSKARD, ) 

ASKER, 'A^e^^t- 
ASKINS, Publication of marriage by banns. See Spur- 
ASS, Ask. 
ASS, Ashes. A. S. asca. 

" O ze cauld assis of Troy and flamhis haith." 

D. Vh-ff. 2 b. 53 p. 
ASS-HOLE, I'he receptacle of ashes. Su. askegraf. 
" Efter all was fallen in powder and in «*■." 

D. Virg, G b. 170 p. 

ASS-MIDDEN, Heap of ashes. 

" Puir is the mind, aye discontent, 
That cannot use what God has sent. 
But envious girns at a he sees. 
That are a crown i-icher than he is, 
Which gars him ])ityfully hane, 
An hell's ass-midden rakes for gain." 

ASS-RIDDLIN, On the eve of St. Mark the ashes are 
riddled or sifted on the hearth. Should any of the 
family die within the year, the shoe will be impressed 
on the ashes. jMany a mischievous wight has made 
some of the superstitious family miserable, by 
slily coming down stairs, after the rest of the 



f.iinily liavo rotirtnl to rost. niul iiii])rcssiiig tlic ashes 
with ii shoo (if (iiii' (»r ihi' party. 

AssM-:-'rin:E, AxK-. Lat. «.i/.v. Fh. ««/. 

'• I'luler the brayand (iiil.elis and assidrc, 
'i lie lliulis slrekis jilaiic over al the sec." 

Doiiff. \'ir(). p. 155. 

AST, Asked. 

ASTEKH, Aetivo, hurtling; troni a-stir. 

" jNIy miimy slie's a scalding wife, 

Ilads a' the house asteer." 

Iiilso)i's Poems. Dr. Jamieson. 
ASTITE, ) As soon. A. S. tid, time ; still in use, as 
ASTIT, j Shrove tide, Bingley tide. Lsi^. till, ready. 
ASQUIN, ) Obliquely. Welsh, assrvyn. 
ASWIN, j " Dost thou 6(jr?«»^ at me." 

AT, That. Sh.Lcar,iv,ii. 

AT-AFTEIR, Afterwards, a redundant expression. '' I'll 

iinish my wark, and al-aflcr I'll gang wi' the haam." 
ATHER, "^Either. 

AUTIIER, y '■'■ Aihlr way to assay thryis preissit has he." 
A YTHER, ) D. Virg. 10 b. M-6 p. 

" Eadmond and Edward, aytlicr where seyntes." 

F. riou, 7 p- Dow. 

ATWEEN, Between. 

" Sprinkled with pearl, and pcrling flowers aiween." 

This word is not obsolete ; see Dr. John.sou. 
ATS, Who is, which is ; " that ats naught." /'. e. that 

which is naught, or the devil. 
ATTERCOPS, Spider webs. A. S. a'ler, vcnenum, and 

copp, a covering. 
ATTERIMITE, A peevish, ill-natured felloAv. A. S. 

(iter or ceter, vencniim. 
AT YANCE, At once. 

"They ccisit all allanis incontinent." 
AU, All. I). Virg. 2. 

AUD. Old. 


AUD-FARAXD, A respectable old person from uud, 
old, and faraud, respectable. Dan. erfaren, expe- 
AUM, Elm. 
AU.AIACKS, All sorts. 
AUMAIST, Almost. " And lay u/ npon the dry 

AUIMERD, Vid. oumer 

AUjMRY, Cupboard. Lat. annarii/m. Fr. armoire. 
" Ther averice hath alntarks." 

P. PIou. 
AUMUS^ Alms. A. S. aehnes. Fr. aumosne. 
" And in his almus he threw sylver." 

TVintoitn's Croii, 
" Be righteous judge in saving tliy name, 
Rich do almose lest thou lese bliss with shame." 

Chanc. Lenimy. 
" The silly friar behoved to fleech, 
For aumus as he passes." 

Abbot, Sir JV. Scot!. 

AUND, Ordained. " I's mind toot" 

2. Owned. 

AUNDER, Afternoon, Nearly extinct in Craven. 

AUNTER, Adventure. 

" In the time of Athur an annter l)etydd." 

Sir Gincin P. Re/. 
AUNTER, A romantic tale. "He's ollas tellin some girt 

AUNTERS0:ME, Daring, courageous. 
AUNTREDE, Adventured. 

" And after auntredc God himself." 

P. Plou. 

I have never known this verb used here. 
AUP, A wayward child. 

^^.^jj yAlltl.e. 
AUTORrrV, Authoritv. 

14 (M.OSSAKY. 

Ai;\'ISlI, Silly, clowiiisli. 

AVE LANG, Elliptical, oval. Qii. a corruption of 

A\'EHAGE Winter outage. Fa. fiircr, winter, and Eng. 
ealagc. A letirned fiioiul, not ajiproving of this 
moiiirrcl derivation, thinks that it may with more 
propriety be derived solely from the French, as 
from the verb badluer, comes badinage, and from 
/liver, hivcrage. 
AVRIL, April. Fr. anil. This word is nearly obsolete. 
Dr. Jamicson, in his Supplement, says that the 
following old stanza, though imperfect, is used 
in Fife. 

" In the month of Averil, 

The gawk comes o'er the hill, 
In a shower of rain ; 

And on the of June, 

He turns his tune again." 


" This house, these grounds, this stock is all mine atone." 

Sad Shep. 
2. To visit. " He nivver awns us ;" /. e. he never 
visits nor calls upon us. 
AWNS, Beards of corn. S. G. agn. 
AWR, Our. 
AX, To ask. A. S. auian. 

" If he a fish, wole he geve him an eddre." 

3Tatl. 7, IVicHf. 
2. To publish banns in the church. 
AX'D OUT, Published three times in the church. 
AXETH, Asketh. 

" And in this wise his law taxeth, 
That what man his daughter ad'eth." 

" But for thou axesl why labouren we." 

Chauc. Fr. Tale. 


AXING, Asking. 

" And he axynge a poyntel." 

" Be your a.rynyis knoween to God." 

PliU'ip. Idem. 
jaxle, dens molcu-is, situated near the axis of the 
jaw. There is another word of the same significa- 
tion, and probably more ancient than this, mentioned 
by Verstegan, though I do not recollect to have 
heard it in Craven. "The syd teeth, he remarks, 
are called wang teeth. Before the use of seals was 
in England, divers writings had the wax of them 
bitten with the wang-tooth of him that passed 
them," which was also therein mentioned in rhyme, 
as thus, 

" In witness of the foth, 
Ich han biten this wax with my ivang tothe." 

May not the expression be borrowed from the 

whang or thong to whicli the seal was generally 

attached ? 

AY, Yes. Pronounced / to rhyme with die, notwitli- 

standing Tyrwhit's observation that " ay has quite 

a different sound." See Sh. Ric. 2. iii. 3. 

AZZY, 1 ^ 

A77ARD r A way ward child. ascUits. 

AZZARDLY, Poor, ill thriven. 


BAAD, Continued. A S. Mdan. Belg. hey den. 
BAAD, To bathe. A.S. bad'um. Welsh baad. Isl. bad. 
BAAL-HILLS, Hillocks on the moors, where fires have 
formerly been. Isl. baal, irtcendivm. The custom 


still ri'iiiaiiis in lln' Wosl of Sc-nllaiul, aiiimiiist the 
lu'rilsiucn anil vminn' pt'oplo, to kiiidK- tiros in the 
liiuh <fr(miiils, in hontir of Jk'ltan or IJaal. Though 
llie light of the fiosj)t>l has. from time immemorial, 
dispelled from tliis distriet the darkness of heathen 
and idolatrous snperstition, yet, as there are many 
vestiges of their ancient rites still visible on our 
moors, it may not be uninteresting to give a parti- 
cular account of them, selected from Hr. JoDiicson'.s 
most excellent Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish 

" 'I'lie peoi)lc of tlie parish of Ciillandcr, Perths, 
have two customs, whicli are fast wearing; out, not onl}' 
here, but all over the Highlands, and therefore, ought to 
be taken notice of while tlie^' remain. Upon the first day 
of May, which is called Baltan or Bal-tien day, all the 
boys in a township or hamlet meet on the moors. They 
cut a table in the green sod, of a round figure, by casting 
a trench on the ground, of such circumference as to hold 
the whole company. They kindle a fire, and dress a 
repast of eggs and milk, in the consistence of a custard. 
They knead a cake of oatmeal, which is toasted at the 
embers against a stone. Ai'tcr the custard is eaten up, 
they divide the cake into so many portions, as similar as 
])0ssible to one another in size and shape, as there are 
persons in the company. They daub one of these por- 
tions all over with charcoal, until it be perfectly black. 
They put all the bits of cake into a bonnet. Every one, 
blind-fold, draws out a portion. He who holds the 
bonnet is entitled to the last bit. AVhoever draws the 
black bit, is the devoted person who is to be sacrificed to 
Baal, whose favour they mean to implore in rendering 
the year productive of the sustenance of man and beast. 
There is little doubt of these inhuman sacrifices having 
been once offered in this country as well as in the East, 
although they now omit the act of sacrificing, and only 
compel tiie devoted person to leap three times through 
the (lames, with which tlie ceremonies of this festival 
are closed. 


•'• Balteiii signifies the fire of Baal. Baal or Ball 
is the only word in Gaelic for a globe. This festival was 
probably in honour of the sun, whose return, in his appa- 
rent annual course, they celebrated, on account of his 
having a visible influence, by his genial warmth, on the 
productions of the earth. That the Caledonians paid a 
superstitious respect to the Sun, as was the practice 
among other nations, is evident, not only by the sacrifice 
at Baltein, but upon many other occasions." 

Statist. Acct. of the Parish of Callander, Perths, 
hy V. WiddersMns. 

The following places on the borders of Craven, 
and at no great distance from each other, have 
probably, as observed by the respectable and learned 
G. S. Faber, B. D. received their names from these 
idolatrous rites, viz. — 

Baildon, from Baal, and dune, a hill. 

Idle, from Idol. 

Bellinge, near Rawden, from Bell, and ingle, a fire, 
a fire dedicated to Bell or Baal. Q,ii. Is not Baal- 
Jire the true etymon of the present bon-fire } Mr. 
Todd supposes that the primitive meaning of the 
word is " a fire made of bones ;" but I think the 
other is much more probable. — The Craven pronun- 
ciation baan for bone, changing the letter n for 1, 
exactly corresponds with Baal. On any public 
cause of triumph or exultation, it is not likely 
that a parcel of bones would be collected to make a 
tire. The quotation from Beaumont and Fletcher is 
more applicable. 

" This city would make a marvellous bone-fire, 
'Tis old dry timber, and such wood has no fellow." 

BAAN, Bone. "What's bred ith haans ne'er out o't flesli," 
sliews the difiiculty of eradicating innate vicious prin- 


BAAN-FIRE, Abon fire, alias baal tire. IsL. hcin,hacl-J}jr, 

roiriis. See Mr. TodcVx 2d Edit, of Juhitson. 
BAANS, Bones. '' To mack iiaa haaiis," is to make no 

-. To pay no regard. 

"There isjfood liklihood of that man, which is any wa3's 
scrupulous of liis waves ; but lie which makes no hones 
of liis actions is apjjarcntly hopeless." 

Bj). IlaWs Contemp. 
" The king bad him to tell this tale againe, which the 
other making no lories thereat, did with good will." 

DannetCs Iliat. of Philip de Comines, 1C14. 
" The Lord Cardinall makes no bones to maintain." 

King James I. Works. 
BAAN-CART, The body. " I'll rattle thy haan-cart ;" 

threatening of a violent beating. 
BATH, [.Both. 


"Gud captains bath." 

Sh. II. V. iii. 2. 
" Or like a torch at baith ends burning." 

Ferguson's Poems. 
" AVhat ever betide, ane welfare or ane skaith, 
Sail be commoun and equale to us baith." 

D. Virg.G2p. 
" Thoroue lyvar and longs bathe. 

Chevy Chase." 
BAB, )-,, 


" And tyl ane hah commit the battellis charge." 

D. Virg. io B. 251 j). 
" In the first cirkill or the uttir ward, 
Young babbies saulis weping sare they herd." 

D. Virg. GB. 178;). 
" How the first monstres of his stepmoder she 
Ligging one hub in creddil stranglit he." 

D. Virg. 251 ;;. 
BACCO, Tobacco. 

BACKARDS-WAY, Backwards. " To fall backards-wai/ 
oii'r ;" to fall backwards. 


BACK-BAND, An iron chain passing in a groove of the 

cart saddle to support the shafts. 
BACKBOARD, A thin board on which meal is riddled 

for oat cake dough. 
BACKEN, To retard, " This pash o'rain 'ul hachen our 

BACKENING, Relapse. 
2. Hinderance. 
BACK-END, Autumn. 
BACK NER EDGE, i. e. I can make nothing of him, 

neither head nor tail. 
BACK O' BEYOND, Of an unknown distance, of the 
same signification as that of Shaks. Cymh. iii. 2, 
" For mine's beyond beyond." 
" You whirled them to the back of beyont to look at the 
auld Roman camp." 

Antiquary^ I. 37. 
" Back o' beyond" whear't mear foaled't fiddler." 
Dr. Jamieson has Jilcd for defiled, which is a com- 
mon occurrence. Our reading is more correct ; for 
a country little known is generally replete with 
wonder. This evidently is a corruption of the 
English phrase. Though I would most willingly 
indulge the learned doctor in every parental fond- 
ness for his numerous oflfspring, I think he must 
candidly allow that they have not all come North 
about, but that they have frequently sprung from 
an English stock. These, travelling and halting 
in different English counties in their way to 
Scotland, have retained the sound but have some- 
times lost the sense. 
BACK-STITCH, An ornamental mode of sewing wrist- 
bands and necks of shirts, &c. in which the needle 
having advanced two threads on the cloth is made 
to pass back again. 




1JAC'KSTI)\1C, FoniuM-ly a slulo, Imt now a plate of iron 

on which oat cake is baked. 
JJACK'S-UP, " Ilis buck's np," tliat is, he is oflVndod, an 
expression, says (hose, taken from a cat, when angry, 
always raising its back. 

" AVeel, Nelly, since my bach is up, yc sail tak down 
the pictin-e." 

St. Jiouan's Well, Vol. I. C") p. 

BACK WATTER, Water dammed np in the goit imped- 
ing the revolntion of the wheel. 
BADDEH, The comparative of bad, thongh nptin frecpient 


" Than they can in hir lewcdnesse coniprehende 
They demen gladly to the ladder end." 

BADE, Continued praet. from bide. 

BADJER, A cornfactor, most probably a corruption 
of cadger. Teut. hats-oi, discurrere. It. baslagg'w. 
Gr. j3a(7rat,u). Thovipson. WUhrahavi derives it 
from the A. S. hijcgea/i, einere, but this seems far 

B.ADGER, To bait, to give trouble ; probably borrowed 
from the animal so frequently exposed to barbarous 

BAG, Udder. Isl. hagge, sarciiia. 

BAILEY, Bailiff, hence bum-bailey, a bailiff's attendant. 

BAIT, B^VTE, To lower a bargain; " thou mun hale sum- 
mat ;" from abate. Per aphcercsin. 

BAITII, Both. 

BAKED, Incrusted. 

" Troilus lies cmhaked 

In his cold blood." 

IIcyivood''s Iron Age. Nares. 

BALDERDASH, Trifling or obscene language. I can- 
not assent to the etymon of this word given by 
Dr. Johnson. A. S. bald and da.sJi; that of Dr. 
Jauiieson aj)pears nnich more probable from the 



It?L. biilliliir, the prating of fouls. A bilder is an 
instrument in common use in Craven. It is a 
mallet Avith a long handle, used by the peasants to 
break clods of earth. Hence balderdash may with 
propriety be called dirt spread by the bilder, alias 
bilderdasher. Mr. Todd, in his second edition of 
Johnson, derives it from Welsh, balddardhy, talkative. 

BALD-FACED, White-faced. Thus a horse with a large 
portion of white hair on his face is called a bald 
fac'd horse. " If the mare have a bald face, the 
filly will have a blaze." See Dr. Jamieson under 

BALL'D, White-faced. Fr. bcdllet, celui qui a une tache 
oil une etoile blanche, an front. Pelleticr Did. See 
Bell in Dr. Jamieson s Supplemeiit. 

BALK, 1 " To be thrown ourt' ball," is to be published 

BAUK, j in the church. "To hing ourt' balk," is marriage 
deferred after publication. Before the Reformation 
the Laity sat exclusively in the nave of the church. 
The balk here appears to be the rood beam which 
separated the nave from the chancel. The expres- 
tion therefore means, to be helped into the choir, 
where the marriage ceremony was performed. 

BALL, ^ The palm of the hand. Q.u. The bowl or hollow 

BAW, ) of the hand. " A bee tang'd me reight 
i'th' baw o' my hand." 

BAM, A false tale or jeer. 

BAIMBOOZLE, To threaten or to deceive. Todd's 

BAN, V. n. To curse. Isl. bann. 

" Let them maligne, curse, and banne." 

Smit/i's Letters, 1553. 

BAND, Bond, a cow-band. 

2, The iron hinges of a door, called door-bands. 

"Without a roof the gates faU'n from their bands.'" 

GeiUle Sliepherd. 

'J:: i; loss ah v. 

JJAM). Prat (.fbiiul. 

" Exotinus pi'oparM his clcansiiif^ f^ciir, 
Anil witli a licit his gown aliout him /;«»(/." 

Fairfax'. Tasso. 

BAND, A si)ace of grouiul, containing twenty yards 

IJAXDISII, Bandage. 

" It is impossible that my bandish or ligature should 
have started." 

Crusaders, 2 vol. p. 17- 

BANDY-BALL, A game with a crooked bat and a ball, 
the same as doddart at NeAvcastle and Golf in Scot- 
land, in Latin Cambrica, so called from the crooked 
club or bat with which the game is played. 

BANE, Bone. 

" Hit hath stiX'kene the yerle Douglas, 
In at the brest bane." 

Chevy Chase. 
BANE, Near, convenient. Belg. haue, a path. Isl. 
beinn, rectus. 

" And liave reward for love and so get bene 
Unto these women courtly." 

Chaucer C. L. 

Bane is not used to make ready, as in Bishop Douglas. 
" Thither returnyng agayne. 
To seik your auld mother mak zou bane''' (ready.) 

D. Virg. ,3 B. p. 70. 

BANEST, Nearest, 

BANGER, Large. " Shoe's a banger:' 

BANGING, Excelling, beating. 

*•' Of <a' the lasses o' the thrang 
Nane was sae trig as Nelly ; 
E'en onny Rose her cheeks did bang., 
Her looks were like a lilly." 

Davidson's Seasons Dr. Jam. 
BANGS, Beats, excels. Isl. banga. " Bang er amang 
er een." Beat her between her eyes. 


BANGS;, To depart hastily and with violence. "Shoe 

bangs out at door." 
BANNOCKS, Loaves made of oatmeal. Sax. bunna, a 
cake. Gael, bonnach. 

" For me I can be weel content 
To eat my bannock on the bent." 

A. Ramsay. 
BAR, Bare, naked. 

BAR, To bear. " And sche bar a son." Wiclif. Gotii. 
bairan, ferre, procreare. 

" The swane fethars that his arrow bar 
With his hart bloode the wear wete." 

Chevy Chase. 
BARRING OUT, The Saturnalia enjoyed by school boys 
at the approaching holidays, when they presume to 
prevent their master from entering the school. 
BARFOOT, Barefoot. 

" Barfoot and breedless." 


BARF* "4 

T>Ar)/-(TT f A hill, hence Stainsforth under Bargli. Goth. 
BAKGH, (■ . ,_^ , . . 

„„„ „ I bairg. Welsh. 6/7^, per mclatliesin. 

B ARGHEST, \ A sprite that haunts towns and populous 
BAR-GUEST, j places. Belg. ier^andgce*/, aghost. 
A. S. burgc. 

" And walke the roundes ; when the barr-guest 
Comes tumbling out of his smoakye nest." 

Dr. Whit. Hist. Yorke p. 1C8. 
" Thou art not, I presume, ignorant of the quahties of 
^vhat the Saxons of this land call a Bahr-ffcist." 

Talcs of the Crusaders, 1 vol. p. 294. 


" With barknyt bliulc and powder." 

D. Virg. 2 B. 45 ;;. 
"But wharc their gabs they were ungcar'd 

They gat upon the gams ; 
While bluidy harkciCd were their beards 

K K Tl ) 

r^,!^ ' \ Covered with dirt like bark. 

[v'D, j 

24 (.I.OssAUV. 

As lliov liail worrit'il lambs, 
Maist liko that dav." 

.l/liin Ramsay. 

BARKIIAjM, ] a collar, formerly made of bark, hence 
HAIUvUM, j Barkhaams. See Hams. In the 
liiglihincls of Scotland they are frequently made of 
straw. Gael, and lu. braighaidain. 
" Ever liainis convenient for sic note 
And raw silk l/rcchamis onir thair halsis hinges." 

Pal. of IJonoitr. Dr. Jam. 
BARLEY, A temporary cessation from play, probably a 

corruption of the French purler. 
2. To bespeak. Brockett. 

BARLEY-SEED BIRD, The yellow water wag-tail. 
BAR-3IALSTER, A superintendant of mines. Teut. 
Bcrg-maister. Skinner. 

" Sixpence a load for cope the Lord demands, 
And that is paid to the Berghmaster^s hand." 

j\Ianlove^s Treatise on the Mint. 

BARN, A child, known to all the Teutonic tribe. 
Rev. Dr. Whitaker. 

" Then lames may not be spared." 

King Jas. Demonologie.^' 
" Then spake a heme upon bent 

Of comfort that was not colde ; 
And sayd, We have brent Northumberland 
We have allwclthe m holde." 

Battle of Otterhourne. 

2. " Daddy's ham," a child resembling his parent no 
less in features than in conduct. 

3. '' Fray /;«;•« lile," from early infancy. 
BARXISH, Childish, silly. 
BARNLSH-LAKE, Child's play. 

BARON, Rump, frequently the pudendum of a cow. 
Sax. bcrendv. From this A\ord a baron of beef is 


probably derived, consisting of the rumj) and the 
loins. Sc. birn, matrix, or rather pudendum, allied 
to. IsL. brund-ur. Welsh, bry. Vid. Birn in Dr. 
Jain'eesoiis Supplement. 

BARREL-FEVER, A violent sickness occasioned by 

BARREN, It is proper to apologise for introducing into a 
dialectical Glossary a word of such general import. 
I know not by what analytical process the word 
barren has obtained in our language a general 
signification expressly contrary to its original deri- 
vation. The translation of the Gospels by Wicliff 
proves how long this has been the acceptation of 
the word which he writes barei/n. In the Saxon 
translation of Luke's Gospel, I chap. 3 v. Eliza- 
beth is properly said to be unberende, from the 
negative un, and berende, fruitful, of the same 
import as fcecunda and infcecunda. But I am 
totally at a loss how to account for the abstraction 
of the negative part of the word ; and why baryii 
or barren, signifying bearing or fruitful, should 
apply to animate and inanimate objects, which are 
unproductive and unfruitful. Dr. Johnson, making 
no comment on this improper use of the word, 
attempts to derive it from the Saxon word, bare, 
naked. Home Tooke, not satisfied nith the 
Doctor's derivation, contends that it is the past 
participle of the word bar, and couA'erts barren 
into barred, stopped, shut, from which there can 
be no fruit or issue. Mr. Todd, acquiescing with 
neither, asserts that it comes from the old French 
brahaigne, meaning sterile and unfruitful, exactly 
corresponding with our own word. With humble 
submission to such great authorities, may I be 
allo\\'cd to conjecture; that the old PVcnch ^\<)^d 


hrtiluiiiiitc, so nearly corrcspoiulinp; with our own 
word hanru, may have originally been derived 
from the Saxon or Teutonic, and that both the 
French and the aboriginal Britons may have 
retained an imperfect knowledge of the language 
imposed upon them by the Saxon conquerors. — 
Thus the Saxon word unhcrcndc may have lost its 
prefix or first syllable by aphscresis, in the same 
manner as the antient word Id, hindered, loses the 
first syllable of the Saxon gelelle, inipedUits, and the 
word like also parts with the first syllable of tlie 
Saxon gdic, and born drops the first syllable of 
the Saxon gcboren. 
Various etymons have been assigned for Britain, 
^vithout any advertence to the word hro, so uni- 
versal among the Celts of our Islands, and of 
Gaul, where it is also pronounced bru or brocd ; 
which, like the Persian bar, Syriac baro, Gothic 
bji/r, signifies a fruitful or populated country. — 
See Preface of Thompson s Etymons of English 
Words, 4to. 1826. 
BASTE R, A heavy blow. 

BASS, ]\Iatting made, not as supposed by Mr. Todd, of 
rush, but of the inner bark of birch. The deri- 
vation from the Teutonic bast, bark, according to 
Dr. Jamieson, is very probable. 
BARTLE, Bartholomew. 
BAT, Blow or speed. A. S. bal,fttstis, here transferred 

to the stroke, " Onny way for a bat." 
2. " At the saam bat" is in the same manner, " he 
gangs on at saam bat." 

BATE, To abate, or lower the price. 

" You bale too much of your merits." 

Sh. Tim. 1, 2. 


" No leisure hated (immediately)." 

Hamlet iii. 3. 
BATE, The fibres of wood, cross-bated, that is the fibres 

are twisted and crooked. 
BATTLE-LAND, Good and fertile land. IMinsheu, 
Rider, and CotgraA'e. 

" Unto ane pleasand grund cumin ar thay 

With battil gerse, fresche herbis and grene swardis." 

D. Virg. 6 B. 18/. 

Ruddiman explains battill, thick, rank, like men in 
order of battle. 

" He swam ouir the same Eiver with his beistis to 
refresh thaim ith the battle gers thaereof." 

Bellendeii's T. Livius Dr. Jamiesou's Supplement. 

" We turn pasture to tillage, and barley into aits, and 

heather into greensward, and the poor yarpha, as the 

benighted creatures here call theu" peat-bogs, into 

haittle grass land." 

Pirate, 3 vol. j). 182. 
BATTER, To build a wall with great inclination to the 

BATTER, Liclination. "Let't'wauhev plenty 0' &«//<?/•." 
BA W, Ball. It may here be remarked, that words ending 
in double L, cast off the L's, and take W in their 
place : as ball, baw ; fall, faw ; call, caw. 
BAWD, Bawled. 
BAWK, A ridge between two furrows. 

2. A hay loft or room intersected. 

3. A headland by the bawks. 

" A rose-bud by my early walk 
Adown a corn-inclosed bawk 
Sae gently bent its thorny stalk- 
All on a dewy morning." 

Burii's Rose-hud. 

BAWINIE, Balme. 

" 1 finds their hawme of no great scarcity." 


2R fM.o^s \itv. 

" DolLrali.' iiiiiunv lilooil with tlio iiif'usiou ul'siuc, Savory, 

Jiurlon''s Altai, p. .'{27. 
"Ami tlio physicions cmhuumcd Israel." 

Gen. xlix. 2 Geneva Edit, 1.j42. 

BAWSIX, "I All imperious, noisy fcllou'. Tkut. bauch, 
13AWSAXD, j venter. S/cinner' 

" and his creist on hicht bare he 

"With (laivsand face ryngit the further E." 

D. Viry. 140 /). 
B.\Y, The space between the main beams of a barn. 
Hence we say of any thing A'ahiable, " It's worth a 
haij of wheat." 
BE, By. "Be this/' an elliptical expression fur "bytliis 
time," used by Garvin Douglas. 

" The schippis are harbryt in the havvn, I wys 
Or with bent saill enteris into the port be iht/s." 

Virg. J). 2'). 
" Be that it drewe to the oware of none 
A hundrith fat hartes dcd there lay." 

Chevy Chase. 
BE-NOW, By this time. " What hezto done he now ?" 
BEAK, To bask in the heat. Sc. beelc. 

" She an her cat sit becking in her yard 

To speak my errand, faith, amaist I'm fear'd." 

Gentle Shepherd. Ramsay. 
" And becking my cauld limbs afore the sun." 


BEAK, Iron over the fire, on which boilers are hung; 

from beak, in tlie form of which, I suppose, they were 

originally constructed. 
BEAL, ^ 

BELL, r To roar, to bellow. 
BED, The horizontal base of a stone, inserted in a wall. 

" Let it hev plenty o' bed." 
BEA^M-FILLED, The vacancy between the wall where 

the timbers rest, and the slates Avithin filled up tight 


with stones and mortar. IsJ>. be'una, domti.'!, and 
fyll-a, implcre. This, with all deference, appears 
much more likely than Dr. Jamieson's interpreta- 
tion of the word in his sujiplement, having the eye 
filled with a beam. 
BEATEiM, The conqueror. " Hees i'beatem of au." 
BEATER, This instrument is used to beat clay on the 
powder in a hole previously bored in rocks or mines, 
to make the explosion stronger. 
BEB, To sip. 

BECK, A brook, universal in the Northern dialects. 
" From this bridge I ridel a mile on a utony and rocky 
bank of the Tees to the leek called Thursgylle." 

Lelaiid's Ttin. 

BECK-STAXS, The strand of a rapid river from beck and 

BED, " Thou's gitten out at wrang side o'th' bed," /. e, 

thou art peevish and ill tempered. 
BEE-BEE, A nurse song. Gr. bauban, to sleep. Skbnier. 
"Utrumque convenit carmini illi sopitorio nutricum Angli- 
cai^um, quod alumiiis suis decumbentibiis sclent occinere, 
by by, identidem repetendo." 

Mr. Casanbon de qnatiior Ling ; 1 2wo. 

BEANT, Be not. 

BEE-BAND, A hoop of iron which incircles the hole in 

the beam of a plough, where the coulter is fixed. 
BEE-BREAD, A brown acid substance within the combs. 

A. S. beo-bread. Lye. 
BEOSS, Cattle. " I sa a seet o' beeo.s gang t'oth fair." 
BEOST, A beast. " Its a vara fat beust." 

It rarely happens that a substantive plural is shorter 
than the singular. 
BEESTLING PUDDING, A pudding made of beest. 

It is a custom for a farmer to make a present of 

beest to his poor neighbours when a cow calves. 


/,/r\,..\rr^r^^ ) Fifst iiiilk aftcr iv COW calvcs. Bklg. 
EESTLINGSJ '"^"^''^"^^^^•'^""^^- ®^^- ^'•'^•^'- ^^'• 




" So may the first of all our lens be thine, 
And both the l/ccstniuy of our goats ami kine." 

B. Jons. Narcs. 

2. " To give f)CCAi of iv business or undertaking," is 

to relinquish it. 
BEET, To help, to assist. 

" And no man Ocel his hunger." 

P. Plou. 

" Shame fa you & your trade baith." 

" Canna beet a good fellow by your mystery." 

Bor. Mill. 

BEET THE FIRE, Mend the fire. 

" Wi virtue beets the haly fire." 

A Ramsai/s Pastorals. 

" And stirin folk to love & beeten fire." 

Chauc. Ct. of Love. 
'■'■ Its plenty beets the lover's fire." 


'■•■ BctuHy emendare, betan fyr." 

Lye Diet. 
"• Kest in caldrons and uthu- sum let the fire." 

D. Virff. p. 19. 
" Hinc in veteri nostro idiomale, " to beat the fire," 

pro ignem excitare." 

Spehnan. Gloss. 

BEET-NEED, Assistance in the hour of distress. A. S. 

blUin, to restore. The following verb is not in use. 

" He botneed a thousand." 

P. Plou : pass 9. 

Dr. rr7//7rt/rf?" says this should be /;o//o«c(/. The verb 

derived from the Craven word is more appropriate. 

BEIIIXT, , „ , . , 

AIIIXT ^^^^""^- 


" Lift ye the pris'ner on ahint me." 

Min. S. B. 
•••And now w?i(;(nhcbrechans stand. 

AT. S. B. 3 vol. 


BEILD, Shelter from the cold. Expressly for this pur- 
pose the farmers erect Avails to protect cattle from 
tempestuous weather in large pastures. Isl. buele, 

" But thou beneath the random Held 
'O clod or stane." 

" Hard lucks, alate ! when poverty and eild 
Weeds out of fashion and a lanely Held 
With, a sma cast of wiles shoukl in a twitch 
Gie ane a hatefu name a' wrinkled witch." 

Gentle Shepherd. 
" This is our Meld the blustering winds to shun." 

Fairfax''s Tasso, Bk. 2 
" Hecuba thidder with her cliilder for bield 
Ran all in vane." 

D. Virff. p. 5G. 

BEILD, To build. 

" At last to fortunes power ((pioth he) I yield 
And on my flight, let her her trophies leild.'''' 

Fairfax T. 
BEILD, A handle, a rake bield, also the Ineld of a boiler. 
BEILDY, Affording shelter. 
BELDER, To roar. 
BELDERER, A roarer. 
BELIVE, In the evening. 

2. By and by, immediately, abbreviated by Chaucer, hlivc. 
" Beliffe ^deas membris scliuke for cauld." 

B. Virff. 
" They gan arme hylive.'''' 

Spenser F. 2. 
" From Asie to Antioge bit miles ten or five 
For to slen Christene men, he hiede him OcHve." 

MSS. of Marg. Anglo Norman, Triu Coll. Ilic/ics. 
" Fast Robin hee hyed liim to I iittle John 

He thought to loose him Ijclive ; 
The Shcrifl'e and all his companyc 
Fast after him did drive. 

Robin Hood and (iny of Gishourne. 



'' 111 ovovlo groeno, if tlio lenso lie not Ihiiu', 
Now stub up the buslics, the jrnisse to be fine, 
Least neij^boui' do dailv, so hacke thcni bclive. 
That neitlier thy buslics, noi* pasture can thrive." 

Ttmser Hcdivivus. 
The conniu'iitator^ supposing that bdivc signified 
cx'cniiig, grountllessly accuses Tnsscr of using it 
merely for the sake of the rhyme. 
BELK, Tobelsh. 
BELL, To roar. A. S. Mlau. 
BELL-KITE, A protuberant body from bell, and IsL. 

BELL-WEDDER, A fretful, bellowing child. 
BELLOXED, Afflicted with an asthma, to which smelters 
of load are frequently subject. It is a painful disease, 
seldom admitting of a cure ; the same as the colic 
of Poictou. 
BELLY-BAND, A girth to secure a cart saddle, made 

formerly of hemp or straw, not of leather. 
BELLY-GO-LAKE THEE, Take thy fill, indulge thy 

BELLY-PIECE, A thin jiart of a carcase near the belly. 

" I read this verse to my ain kinimer, 
Wha kens I like a leg o' gimmer, 
Or sic an' sic guid belly-timmer." 

Ramsay^ s Poems. 

BELLY-VEXGEAXCE, Weak, sour beer, of wliich he 

that gets the most, gets the worst share. 
BELLY-WARK, The colic. 
BELSII, Small beer, the cause of eructation. A. S. 

BELT, Prffit. of build. 

" And belt the city fra quham of nobil fame 
The I.atine peopill taken has thare name." 

D. r. 1 B. 


BEND, Strong ox leather, tanned with bark and other 

ingredients, which give it a blue cast. 
BENK, Bench. 

" Under a brode benk by a bourne side." 

P. Plou. 
BENSEL, To beat. Teut. henghelen. 
BENT, Short grass, growing on high and moorish land. 
Triticum Jiinciim. 

" Upon the bent sae broun." 

Battle of Olterbourne. Min. S. Bord. 
" He cared not for dint of sword nor speere 
No more than for the stroke of straws or bents." 

Spenser F. Q. 
BERRIN, Burial, probably a corruption of berying. 

" She cam before to anoynte my body into berying." 

Wiclif, Uth Mark. 
Wiclif uses also beriels for graves. 
" Beriels weren opened." 

27//i Matt. 

BERRINER, A person attending a funeral. 
BERRY, Gooseberry ; a berri/-T^je. 
BESSY-BAB, One who is fond of childish amusements. 
BETHINK- YOU, RecoUect yourself, a reflected verb. 
BE -THIS, An elliptical expression, signifying by this 


" Bessy be-this began to smell 

A rat, but kept her word t' hersell." 

Allan Ramsay. Miller's^ Wife. 
BETS, Darkening for bets. A person in company is said 
to do this when he takes little or no part in the 
conversation, and is all eyes and ears, with a view of 
slyly catching some hint or observation, which, in 
making a bet, he may turn to his own profit. In 
this sense, it seems nearly equivalent to Cotgrave's 
expression, " Co)itreJaire le loup en paille," whicJi 
he says, is to lie " scowking and leering in a corner. 

34 Cl.OKSAHV. 

:in(l to tiilcc no notice, wliat persons do passe, or wliut 
tilings be clone round about him." The following 
proverb in INIicge further illustrates the meaning of 
our Craven expression, " Ticculcr pour micux xauter," 
to stand oft' for advantage, to withdraw in order to 
make his return the more effectual. 

BETTER, INIore, in reference to number, as, bellcr than a 
dozen. Dr. Jmnicson remarks in his Sitpplemenl, 
that this sense of the word is unknoAvn in English 
Avriting, though it corresponds with the Gothic 
tongues- It is with us in daily use, and Mr. Todd 
has also illustrated it with examples. 

BETTERNESS, A state of improvement. Sylvester, in 
his translation of Odd de la Nove, has bellcrment. 

BETWEEN, This preposition is often used to express 
clliptically the present time, as "thou may lite 
omme between and Martlemas," i. c. between this 
time and Blartinmas. 

BETWEEN-WHILES, In the interval, between the 
completing of one business and the beginning of 

BEZZLE, To drink, to tipple. 

BID, To invite. 

" Bid to the marriage." 

Matl. xxii. 9. 
" I am not bid to wait upon this Lride." 

Sh. Tit. An. i. 2. 

BIDDEN, Required, taken. " This job hes bidden a 
sect o' doin." 

BIDDY, A louse. 

BIDE, Abide. Per aphcer. 

BIDIN, Bearing, abiding. A. S. bcdan, vianere. 

BIG, To build. Isl. byg, habitatio. 

BIG, Barley, with four sides or rows. Isl. bygg. 


EIGGIN, A building. 

" Amang Uggims stude desolate and waist." 

BIJEN, Truly. Belg. he-jaen, to affirm. 
" He turn'd her owre and owre again, 
O Gm, her skin was whyte." 

Edom O" Gordon.) Per. Rel. 
" O Gin they lived not royally, 
O Gin., he did not become them weel." 

Min. S. B. 

The hijen and Gin appear to be synonymous. 
BILDER, A mallet to break clods. Belg. buydelen. 
BIN, Been. 

BIND-WEED, Wood-bine. 
BINNOT, Be not. " I wish ye hinnot hovm to cheeat 

BIRDEN, Burden, pure Saxon. 
BIRK, Birch. Teut. Berck. Brockett. 
BIRTLE, A summer apple. 

BISHOPP'D, Pottage burnt at the bottom of the pan. 
Thomson supposes that Bishop-pot is derived from 
Fr. bis-chauffe ; but perhaps contracted from boisson- 
chauffe, drink warmed. Fr. bis, however, was toasted 
or scorched bread; and the jingle of pot andi foot, may 
have been the origin of calling a burnt taste a bishop's 
foot. " Bishop's i'th pot." Grose supposes that in 
former times, whenever a bishop passed through a 
town or village, all the inhabitants ran out to receive 
his blessing. This frequently caused the milk on the 
fire to be burnt to the vessel. 

" Bless Cisley (good mistress) that bishop doth bah, 
For burning the milk of her cheese in the pan." 


BIT, A while, " stop a bit." 
2. A diminutive, " a lile bit of a fellow." 
D 2 



BITCII-DAUGIITER, Night mare. There is no tra- 
dition to cxphiin tlie meaning of this curious word. 
BIT LKDDY, By the Virgin IMary. 
IHTIMKSS, ) -, , 

BITEj A moutliful, " gimme a hile o' breeod," a word 
in daily use, though Dr. Jamicson in his Supplement 
says, it is not used in English in this sense. IsL. 
bite, hucca. 

BLAA, Blue, hence blaa-berries. Dr. JVilhni. 


BLACK-AVIZED, Dark countenanced. 

" A black-avtzed and clapper fellow 
Nor lean, nor overlaid wi' tallow." 

A. Ramsay. 

BLACK AND BLUE, Excessively, " he caud me Wac^- 
and blue." 

BLACK-FROST, Frost without rime. 

BLACK-OUSEL, Black bird. 

BLACK-WATTER, Phlegm or black bile on the stomach. 

2. A disease in sheep, very rapid, and frequently 

BLACK-SETTERDAY, The iirst Saturday after the old 
twelfth day, when a fair is annually held at Skipton. 
I believe the name is confined to a portion only of this 
Deanery. On this day also many parishes, of which 
the Prior and Canons of Bolton Abbey were the 
impropriators, pay their tithe rent. It is not impro- 
bable but that, from this circumstance, the day has 
received its appellation, particularly as the Receivers 
were black Canons of St. Augustine. 

BLACK-SPICE, The fruit of the bramble. 

BLACK AND WHITE, Put it down i black and white, 
a common phrase for writing it down. 


BLAIN, To blanch, to whiten. 

BLAKE, Yellow. Belg. bleeck, imle. "The butters 
feaful blake." The yellow bunting (emberiza citri~ 
nella) is in some places called a blakeUng. IsL. blar. 
" Blake autumn." 

Chatlerton vid. Brockett. 
BLANCH-FARM, An annual rent paid to the Lord of 
the Manor, by various possessors of land in this 
Deanery. Spelman thinks it ^v^as so called to dis- 
tinguish it from Black-mail (hoc est census vel firma 
nigra.) The blanch farm argento quasi censu albo 
reddebatur. Firma autein (Saxonice feorme) licet 
hodie pro censu utimur annonam tamen proprie sig- 
nificat ; mutataque tunc est ejus significatio cum 
proediorum domini annonarios reditus in argentum 
verterent, nam hi inde dici cacperunt albce finnoe. 
Hinc etiani in Dominiis, quibus dicimus censum 
antiquum pecuniarium album reditum, vocant Angli 
the white rent, ut ab aliis discriminetur, qui vel 
frumento vel animalibus, vel operibus praestantur. 
Quin et hoc idem esse conjicio, quod Anglo-Normanica 
apellatione, alias, Blanch Fearm nominatur. 
BLASH, To throw dirt. 
BLASHMENT, Weak liquor. 
BLASH Y, Wet and dirty. 
BLAST, To blow up with gunpowder. 
BLATTER, Puddle. 

BL AY BERRIES, Whortle berries. Vaccbieum myr- 
tillus. In Hampshire Hurts. IsL. blaber. 

" Nae birns, or bines, or whins, e'er troubled me 
Gif I cou'd find blae-berries ripe for thee." 

Gentle Shepherd. 
BLEA, A pale blue color. A. S. bleu. 

BLEARING, Crying. 
BLEAZ, A blaze. 



BLKB. A l.ul)bK', a l.listor. 

IU>KEAi\KD, )^ Ilalfdried. Qii. from Isl. bJ(i(isa,farc; 

BLAAXED, j linen exposed a little to the wind. 

JJLEEI), Yield, applied to corn. A. S. bled, fruclns. 
Thus when corn is full in the car and is productive, 
it is said to I)Iced well. 

13LEXD- WATER, \ An intiammatory disease of the 

RED- WATER, j kidnies in cattle, causing bloody 
urine ; for which two oz. of nitre is deemed by some 
an infallible cure. 

BLETHER, Bladder. S. Bloedr. Welsh, pledren. 
" And bid him burn this cursed tether 
An, lor thy pains, thouse get my blether." 

Poor Maile. Bums. 

BLIND-IMAN'S-HOLYDAY, Darkness, in which a 
blind man has as much, if not more enjoyment, than 
he who is blessed with vision. 

BLINND, A blind, a cloak. 

BLOAZ, Blaze. 

BLOAZING, Blazing. The mode of blazing for salmon 
in Craven was this : — A torch was made of the dry 
bark of holly, besmeared with pitch. The water v as 
so transparent that the smallest pebbles were visible 
at the bottom of the river. The man carried the torch 
(in the dark evening) either on foot or on horseback ; 
another person, advancing with him who carried the 
torch, struck the salmon on the red (the place where 
the roe is deposited) with an harpoon, called in Craven 
a leister. 

BLOB, A bubble 

2. Water blob, the globe ranunculus. 

" Her e'n the clearest blob o' dew outshines ; 
The lily in her breast its beauty tines." 

Gentle Shepherd. Ramsay, 

BLOCKER, A broad axe used in squaring timber. 


BLOTHER., To make a great noise to little purpose. 
BLOTHER'D, Foamed, bellowed. S. G. bladdra. 
IsL. hlmidur. 

" At Scales great Tom Barwise gat the ba' in his hand 
And t'wives au ran out, and shouted and bann'd ; 
Tom Cowan then punch'd and flang him mangt' whins, 
And he blethered ' od white te' tous brokken my shuis." 
Hutchinson Hist, of Cumberland. Brand. Pop. Antiq, 
BLOWN-SIEAT, Meat impregnated with the eggs of 
flies. Dr. Jamieson in his Supplement saj'^s, that 
blofvoi meat is a name given to flesh or fish dried by 
means of wind passing through dry f Qw. without 
mortar) stone houses, and he derives it from IsL. 
hlaasin, exsiccatus. It has not that signification here. 
When hung meat, not sufficiently salted, begins to 
puff up, and, in consequence of that, becomes not 
sweet, it is then said to be winded. 
BLUE, To look blue is to be disconcerted. 
BLUE-ailLK, Old skimmed milk. 
BLUME, Blossom. Germ. blum. 
BLUSH, Resemblance. 
BO, Hobgoblin. Welsh, bo. 

BOADLE. Half a farthing. Dr. Jamieson says, it is 
only one third part of a penny. 

BOAKEN, ) rp , 1 , , 
^^»,^ >- lo belsh, to vomit. 

BOKE, j 

" He carvis (tails) ower, forth bokk and streams of blood." 

D. Virg. ju 338. 

" Gea some will spue and bock and spit." 

Ckland^a Poems. 

" Benedicite he by gan wit a bulke."'' 

P. Plou. p. 8. 

This substantive is obsolete. 

BOAL, The stem of a tree. S. G. bull. Brockell. 

Sw. haol. 
BOB, A bunch. Fu. buhc. 


BOH. To bulk, t(t disappoint, to f)oh a hare. 

2. To fish with a short line in shady pools in hot weather. 

]U)H1JLK; To bubble. 

lK)I}Hi:i?OUS, ) t;,! , , . , . 1 . ., 

BOD])ILY, Entirely, wholly. 

" I seem like a water-logged ship going down boddily." 
Dr. E. D. Clarke's Life. 
liODDUiM, Principle, " naabody hes a better boddum." 

2. Bottom. 

"Sonic pyms f'urth ane pan boddum to prent fals plackkis." 

D. Viiff. 
" Had chosen so ententifely 
The bothum more unto my pay." 

Rom. of the liose. 
" The boddome of ane awld herp." 

Laying of a Gaist. Alinst. S. B, 
" Furth of the boddum of his breist full law." 

D. Virff, 4li p. 

BODDU:\I-CLEAN, Thoroughly neat and clean. 
BODDUjM, To bottom. " To boddum things hoddumly" 

i. e. thoroughly to investigate. 
BOG-BEAN, Slarsh trefoil. Me7}yanlhes Irifoliatum. 

BOGGARD, A gobblin. Welsh, bivg. 

" Tliou shall not nede to be afraied for any bugs by night." 
Ps. xci. 5. Mattheiv''s Bible. 

BOGGARDLY. Liable to take fright or take boggle, or 

BOGGLE, To take fright. Welsh, bwg. 

" Nor wyth na bogill nor browny to debate." ' 

Douglas'' Pref. 

BOIL, The state of boiling. " Put it ith pan and gee 

it a boil." 
BOILING, " The haal boiling' signifies the whole party. 

C.LOSSAIiY. . 41 

BONE;, " What's bred ith bone's iiee'r out ot' flesli." 
This proverb shews the great difficulty, if not impos- 
sibility, of totally effacing innate or early impressions. 
" He values me at a crackt three farthings, for ought I 
see ; it will never out o'th flesh that's bred ith boney 

Ben Jonson, 
BONNILY, Pretty well. " How'st wife ?" " Vara 

ho)miJi/, 'blig'd to the." 
BONNY, Pretty. Frequently used ironically, as 

" Thou's a bonny fellow." 
BONNY-DEAL, A great deal. Synonymous with sum as 
" Smyhng sum deal." 

D. Virg. 20 p. 

BOOK. Bulk, bigness. S. G. bolk. 
" Said the Chevin to the Trout 
" 'My head's worth all thy bojik:" 

" Twenty fed Oxin, large, grete and fine. 
And ane hundrith bustuous Louies of swyne." 

B. Virg. 33 p. 
BOOK, To say off booh, to repeat. 

BOON, Service done to the landlord by his tenant, or a 
compensation made in lieu of that service. Lat. bonus. 
BOORDE, Board. 

" It to iii. gronies for a weke boorde iiis." 

//. Lord Clifford's IIous. B. 1510. 
BOORLY, ) Rough. Teut. bocr, a boor: in Chaucer, 
BURLY, i borcl, coarse cloth. 

" With bran as bair and briest biirbj and braid." 

D. Virg. 
" But, Sires, because I am a borel man." 

Chancer. F. Prol. 

BOOS, Boughs. 

BOOSES, Stalls. Lat. io;y. A.^.boseg. Ish.' bas. The 
Scotch word bowis has a more extensive signification. 
" Five bowis of ky unto his hame repairit." 

D. V. p. 220. 

BOOT, Something given to effect an exchange. 

42 OI.OSSAllY. 

BOOTED-IJREAD, Flour mixed with bran. Q«. Bolted 
or sifted. Belo. btnjdelcn, cribro cerncrc. Skinner. 
BOOTLESS-BENE, This was the question proposed by 
the Forester to Lady Rumelli on the death of her son. 
See Dr. IVhitaker's History of Craven. The Doctor 
interprets it " unavailing prayer." May it not be 
derived from boutlcss bale, irremediable sorrow, from 
bale, dolor, and boot auxilium, A. S. from bole. If 
taken in a literal sense, as bootless bean, it will be, 
what is good for a bean deprived of its boot or pod .'' 
or what happiness remained to a mother deprived of 
her son, her only comfort and protection.? Isl. been 
and boon preces. Ion : ficoOuv. Junius. 
" Soo//ess-prayers." 

Mer. of Vcn. iii. 3. 

"And bad God on her vew, 

And with the death so do bote on her bale." 

Chau. Tro. mid Cr. B. A. 
" God send every good man bote of his bale." 

Chau. C. Yem Tales. 
S ' " For hit is a botlcss bale." 

P. Plou. 
BORN-DAYS, Life. "I' au my born days; I nivver 
sa' sike a rascad." An expression nearly similar is 
used by Froysart, 

" I knowe not in all my hjfe-duys how to deserve it." 
BOSKY, Woody. Lat. boscus. 
" jSIy bosky acres." 

Shak. Temp. iv. 1. 
" Pro bosc. prostrat. per ventum." 

Bolt. Comp. MCCXCVIII. 
See Busky. 

BOSOJM, To eddy. A. S. bosm, sinus. " 'T' Avind bosoms." 
" It is generally in these si/uw' that bosoming winds 
are felt." 

BOUD, Bold. Belg. boudc. 


BOUGHT, ) Joint of the knee or elbow. Bklg. bout, 
BUFT, j bolt of the bone, generally pronounced buft. 
BOUK, To wash. Belg. buijchen. 

" And boukelh them at his brest." 

P. Plou. 
BOULDER, 1 . , , .. , , 
BOUN, Going, alias bound. In Bishop Douglas the 

participle is used as derived from an active verb ; in 

Craven it is used in a neuter sense only. 

" Bowning me furth, quhen lo ! about mv fete." 

D. Virg. p. Gl. 

" And yet againward shriked every nonne 
The pange of love so straineth them to crie, 
Now, wo the time, quod they, that we be boun 
This hatefull ordre nise weU done us die." 

Chaucer Ct. of Love and in Fran. Tale. 
" And boldely brent Northumberlande 

And harj-^ed many a towyn ; 
Then dyd our Ynglish men grete wrange 
To battell that were not howyn.'''' 

Percy Reliq. 
" And whan our parish-masse was done, 
Our kynge was bowne to dine." 

Idem. Sir Catiline. 
" This steid also leve we, and to sail made bot/n." 

D. V. 73. 
"And serve God there this present day, 

The knight then made him boivn ,• 
And by the miln-house lay the way 
That leadeth to the town." 

Hist, of Sir John Elland. Dr. Whit. Yorkshire. 
Boun, to make ready, is not often used here. 
BOUNDER, A boundary or limit. 

" For thee, O Saviour, the gravestone, the earth, the 
coffin, are no bounders of thv dcare respects." 

Bishop Hall. 
BOUSE, Ore, as it is drawn from the mines. 

BOUSE-SMITHEM, Small ore us it is waslied by the 
sieve. In Cornwall it is called luitch-work. 

\'h I'.I.OSSAItV. 

BOUT, Without. A. S. /tiittiii. This word explains the 
(litHcult passage in Shakspeaio, mentioned by Mr. 
Arcluloacon Narcs, in liis (ihjssary, 

" Jliii licing fharj^cil, \vc will still liy land, 
AVhicI'., as I take it, we shall." 

Anth. and Cleop. iv. 10. 

It is evident tliat the hut here is the Craven bout, 
Avitht)ut. " Touch not a cat bout gloves." Dr. 
Jameison remarks that the A. S. bulan is the same 
as the Sc. but. 

" They thai had eaten wei'c about five thousand," tjiilan, 
n-ifioii, and cildtim, " besides women and children." 

Matt. xiv. 21. JViclif. 
" For but I be deceived." 

Shak. Tarn, of a S. iii. 1. 

" For but she conic all woU be wast." 

Chaucer'' s Dream. 

"For but (bout) thou change thy niyndc, I do foretell 

the end." Romeas and Jul. 

" So vair heritage, as ich habbe, it were me gi'ete shame 

For to habbe an loverd,io/ehe had an to-name." (Surname.) 

Dial Itoht. Cloust. Ilickes. 

" I sav treuthe to you, but ye be turned and maad ns litill 

children, 3'e sciud not entre mto the kyngdom of 


Matt, xviii. JViclif. 

BOUT, except. But, in the sense of privation^ answering 

to except, occurs in our common expression " all but 

one ;" i. e. all, be out one ; all, if one be out. 

" What is there in paradis, 

Bot grasse and flure, and greneris." 

Disc, of Cockayne, Vid Ency. Mctrop. 

BOUT, 1 


" Paid for harness boiihl beyond the sec, that ys to say 
VI. corsetts with sallcts and gawntellets and all for our 
man of armes bot the leg harness xlviii. mks. It a crosse 
5s. Ixxii. gorgetts of mayll \mli iv. mks ; vii pare of 
brygandorres Ls. viiirf. It. a furr of foynes for my 
Lord's black velvet gowne and the laying on of the 
samevi/j. xvi*. It. 10 doK. of Ivvcreycs xiii/i. xiii*. 'iud. 


It. lyvereyes to the gentlewomen and the chapelyns 
iii/i. vs. iiiirf. It. bout vii score motons yat was boght at 
Appletrewyk fare xU iis. It. for one yniage of our 
Lady, iii*. 

H. Lord Clifford's Household Book, MSS. 1510. 

Molons, the common name for sheep, is now obsolete. 
BOUTEN, p. of bout. 

"And drav him all out vat there louten or sold." 

This p. is not used. 
BOUT, Bolt. 

" "When a lout flew out of our goodly ship." 

Sir P. Spence, Min. S. B. 

BOUT, An entertainment. " We^ll have a merry bout." 

BOW-BRIDGE, An arched bridge. Of this ancient 
word, from the national, though pardonable, pride of 
enriching his own language. Dr. Jameison seems desi- 
rous of depriving us. Franck, in his description of 
Nottingham, says, that there stanes a bow (or a fair 
port), opposite to Bridle Smith-gate. The learned 
Doctor supposes that Franck had picked up this word 
during his travels in Scotland. Now, to commit such 
a flagrant theft, poor Franck was not under the least 
temptation, having so many specimens of it in his own 
country. When architecture began to improve, it is 
natural to suppose that stone arches were turned on 
pieVs which before, most probably, had supported huge 
timbers or trees. These erections kut t'^o'^rjv, were 
first distinguished by the name of Bow Bridges. Hence 
Stratford le Bow, &c. &c. A bridge in my own imme- 
diate neighbourhood is so called. I merely mention 
this as a caution, not exclusively to appropriate to 
one country what undoubtedly belongs to another. 

BRAA, ^ 

BRAY, >-A bank or brow. Welsh, bre, a hill. 


2. Bank of a river. A. S. bracan conterere. 

" Thidder to the bray swermyt all the rout." 

D. V.p. 174. 



BRE, Eyo-brow. 

" Moving na marc his curagc, face, nor l>re." 

D. V. p. ICO. 

BRAAD, \ A c , ^ 

BRAAD-BAND, Corn laid out in the field in band to dry. 
2. To he in hraad-band is also applied to a housBj ^^■hcn 

the furniture is in disorder and confusion. 
BR A AD-CAST, Corn sown by the hand, not drilled. 
BRABBLE:MENT, Wrangling. Belg. hrabdeu. 
BRACK, Brine. " As saut as brack." Belg. brack. 
BRACK, Praet of break. 

" Till yat he blesside here bred, and IracJc hit by twayne." 

P. Plou. 

" While they eeten, Jhesus took breed and blesside and 


Wic. Mark xiv. 

" And brack the bands that keep them in their border." 

Trans, of Du Bartas, by Hudson. 

BRACK-BREEOD, " I nivver brack-breeod" I never 

BRACKEN, Fern. Sw. stotbraaeken, en in Gothic de- 
noting feminine gender. Pieris aqnUina. Linn. — See 
Dr. Jamieson. 
BRACKEN-CLOCK, A small brown beetle, commonly 

found on brackens. 
BRADE, To resemble. S. G. brcyd. Isl. breyda. 

"Ye hreid of the miller's dog, ye lick your mouth 
before the poke be open." 

BRADE, To desire to vomit. Dr. Willan derives it 

from abraid. 
BRAGGIN, The crowing of the moor-cock. This word 

may be of the same signification as brokking, used 

by Chaucer. 

" He singeth Irokking as a nightuigale." 

Welsh, bragal, to vociferate. 


BRAINS, ■'■' You have no guts in your brains ;" j'ou are 
completely ignorant, you are quite destitute of skill 
or cunning. 

" Quoth Ralpho, Truly that is no 
Hard matter for a man to do, 
That has but any guts ill's brains, 
And could believe it worth his pains." 

BRAND, A branch of a tree. 

BRANDER, The end-irons on which wood was usually 
burnt, consisting of two horizontal bars, and two 
uprights, which were formerly figures, are rarely seen 
here. Two flat plates, at the sides of the fire, are 
now called end-irons. 

" Her andirons 
(I had forgot them) were two winking cupids 
Of silver, each on one foot standhig, nicely 
Depending on their brands." 

Shaks, Cymb. ii. 4. 

BRANDRITH, An iron to support boilers. A. S. hrander. 

BRANDED, A striped mixture of black and red. 

" They stealed the brooked cow and the branded bull." 

Min. S. B. 

BRAND-NEW, Quite new. Belg. hrandt nieun. See 

BRANDY-SPINNER, Spirit merchant. 

BRANLINS, Worms cleansed in moss or bran, prepa- 
ratory to fishing, called also BramUns. 

BRANT, Steep. Isl. bratlur, arduius. Sw. brant. 

BRASH, Impetuous. 

BRASH, It • 

BRASHMENT, i ^^''^''' 

BRASHING, Preparing ore for bucking by hand, or 
grinding by a machine. 

BRASS, INIoney, half-pence. " He's plenty o'brass ;" 
that is, he is very rich. 


BRAST, Burst. 

" Till at last he Irast out at ones." 

Lydgalc. Story of Thebes. 
" Striviiiff in vain that nigh his bowels brast." 

" His heai't, I wis, was near to brast." 

Heir of Linne. Per Rel. 

Here used in the infinitive mood, as also in the 

primer of H. 8. "my hearte is almost lyke to brast." 

" They never saw in any child more tears, than brast 

out from him (Cranmer) at that time." 

John Fox. 
" My heai't waxt bote within my breast, 

With musing thought and doubt, 
Which did increase and stu're the fire, 
At last these words brast out." 

Ps. xxxix. Stern, and Hopk. 
" Like the new bottles that brast." 

Job xxxii. 19. Geneva Edit. 1562. 
BR ATT, ) A child, not used always with contempt 

BRATCHET, j as Dr. Johnson supposes. 

" Of you, and of our brothei", and our brats." 

Virgins blush. Translated by Sylvester. 
2. An Apron. Welsh, brat. 

BRATCHET-CLOTHES, When a young man has 
arrived at maturity, he Avill exultingly say, "Now I've 
gotten out oi bi'cdchett-clothes." It seems to be syno- 
nymous with Cotgrave's hors de page, or sorti de page, 
Avhich he renders adultus, past breeching, &c. 
BRAUNGING, Pompous. 
BRAVELY, Finely, " thou's bravely donn'd." 
2. In good health, " I'se bravely." 
BRAWN, A boar. 

" That valiant Greek who, aboute dawnc 
O'th' day, did put to death a hrawne." 

Dr. Whit. Richmondshire. 

BRAZE, To acquire a bad taste, as victuals standing too 
long in brazen vessels. 

/ [- Briar. 


BRAZZEN, Impudent, a brazzcu jackanapes. 

BRAY, To bruise. 

BREE, Brow, " ea-brees," eye-brows. 

BREAN, To perspire. Isl. hrenne, uror 



" Thro' hills and dales, thro' bushes and thro' breres. 
Herself now past the perill of her feares." 

Spens. F. Q. 
" The little window dim and darke, 
Was hung with ivy, brere, and yew." 

-f/etr of Linni, P. Rel. 
BREK, To break. 

" To brek the storm and watters in every art." 

Douglas^ Virg. p. 18. 
BREK, Breaking. 
2. A gap or breach. 
BREOD, Bread. 

" Yet may he his brede begging." 

Romt. of the Rose. 

2. Employment ; hence " out of hrcod," out of employ- 
ment, without the means of attaining it. 
BREDE, ) „ , ^ 

" All painted was the wall m length and brede.'''' 

" And all the Lordship of Lechirye, in length & in brede.'''' 

P. Plou. 
'" That yhe rooted & grounded in charity maj^ comj)rehende, 
with all seyntis, which is the breede, &c." 

3 Ephes. Wiclif. 

" I have sent Harry Alsbrecke to commune with your 

Lordship, and he wol not make you an house of Ixx. of 

lengthe, and xx/i. fbte of brede, to fyndc al maner of 

stuff longyng to the same, less than xxx^i. pounds." 

Chandler^s Life of Waijnjlete. 
IsL. hrcijda. A. S. hraed. 

BREEKS, Breeches. A. S. brcec. Isl. bronf. 

50 (.T.OSSAltV. 

JJREET, liright. 
BHEKOTI I, Breath. 

BREWAHD, ) Tlie tender blades of springing corn. 
BKUARD, J A. S. Imml 
2. The brim of a hat. Sc. brcant. 
BRUARD, Dr. Jamiexon observes that a metaphor is 
transferred from the word brcard ( a cognate expres- 
sion), to the first appearance of the seed of the word, 
after it has been sown in the JMinistry of tlie Gospeh 
" If left free, the brah-d of the Lord, that bejfins to rise 
so green in the hmd, will grow in peace to a plentiful 

R. Gilhaize, 
BREWIS, See Browis. 

BREWSTER, A brewer. Hence, Brewster sessions, 
when magistrates grant licences to inn-keepers, vid. 
BRICKLE, Broken, unsettled, brittle. "Its feaful 
bi-ichlc weather." A. S. brica, ruptor. 

"For why a brickel thhig is glasse, and frayle is 
frayless youth." 

Romeiis ayid Jul. 
" As breckyll yse in little pieces lap." 

D. Virg. p. 438. 

Chaucer, in Personnes' Tale, uses brotle. 
BRIDE- ALE, Immediately after the performance of the 
marriage ceremony, a ribbon is proposed as the prize 
of contention, either for a foot or a horse race, to the 
future residence of the bride. Should, however, any 
of the doughty disputants omit to shake hands with 
the bride, he forfeits all claim to the prize, tho' he be 
first in the race. For the laws of the Olympic games 
were never more strictly adhered to, than the bridal 
race by the Craven peasants. — Even the fair were not 
excluded in the horse race from this glorious contest. 


Whoever had the good fortune to arrive first at the 
bride's house, requested to be shewn to the chamber 
of the new married pair. After he had turned down 
-' the bed clothes^ he returns, carrying in his hand a 
tankard of warm ale, previously prepared, to meet the 
bride, to whom he triumphantly offers his humble 
beverage. He may go some distance before he meets 
her, as nothing is deemed more unlucky than for the 
bride and bridegroom to gallop. The bride then pre- 
sents to him the ribbon as the honourable reward of 
his victory. Thus adorned, he accompanies the bridal 
party to their residence. 

BRIDE-CAKE. The bridal party, after leaving the 
church, repair to a neighbouring inn, where a thin 
currant-cake, marked in squares, though not entirely 
cut through, is ready against the bride's arrival. 
Over her head is spread a clean linen napkin, the 
bride-groom standing behind the bride, breaks the cake 
over her head, which is thrown over her and scrambled 
for by the attendants. 

BRIDE'S-PIE. The bride's pie was so essential a dish 
on the dining table, after the celebration of the mar- 
riage, that there was no prospect of happiness without 
it. This was always made round, with a very strong 
crust, ornamented with various devices. In the middle 
of it, the grand essential was a fat laying hen, full of 
eggs, probably intended as an emblem of fecundity. 
It Avas also garnished Avith minced and sweet meats. 
It would have been deemed an act of neglect or rude- 
ness if any of the party omitted to partake of it. It 
was the etiquette for the bridegroom always to Avait on 
this occasion on his bride. Verslegan supposes that 
the term bride-groom took its origin from hence. 
E 2 

52 tiT.OSSAUV. 

^]1^D1^-^^'AIN, a wa<;gou lailcMi with furniture, given 
U) llio bride when she leaves licr father's house, the 
horses decorated with ribbons, now obsolete in Craven. 

BRIDLE, To bite on the hndlc, to suffer great hard- 
ships, to be driven to straits. 

" Tirer le Diablc par la tiucuc ; manger dc la vaclio 

" The he puts olF a smner tor a time, and suffers him to 
bite on the bridle to prove him, yet we may not think 
that he hath forgotten us and will not help us." 

Latimer's Sermons. 

BRIDLE-STY, A road for a horse but not for a carriage. 
Qu. bridle per met any m : for a horse, and A. S. sliga, 
a path. Belg. breyden, to ride. This has the same 
signification as the Suffolk word, whapple way, as 
mentioned by liaij. 
BRIDLING, A bitch, maris appetens. 
BRIGG, A bridge. A. S. brigg. 

" For an offrand at Wakefeld Brigg." v\d. 

II. L. Clifford, MSS. 1510. 
" And so goth forth by the bok, a hrygge as hit were." 

P. Plou. p. 7. 
BRIGGS, Irons to set over the fire to support boilers, 

also made of wood to support sieves, &c. 
BRI^l, The heat in sows. Isl. brennc, uror. 
BRISKEN-UP, To be lively. This verb is both active 

and passive. 
BRIST-HEIGH, Violently and impetuously. 

" By pulling one and all wolde cum downe brist highle 
in rabbets." 

Leland''s Iter. 
BROAD-SET, Short and bulky. 
BROACH, A wooden spindle used in winding yarn. 
BROACH, , To dress stones in a rough manner with a 
pick, not with a chisel. 

GLOSSAllY. 53 

BROCK, A badger, a pate, pure Saxon. " He sweats 
like a brock." 

" Marry hang thee, brock." 

Shaks. Twelfth Night, ii. 5. 
" To bores & to lockes yat breketh adoune memie heggis." 

P. Plou. 
" The! went about m Brok skynnes." 

xi. Heb. IViclif. 
" Traquau" has written a privie letter 

And he has seal'd it wi his seal 
Ye may let the auld brock out o poke 
The lands my ain, and a's gain weel." 

Minst. S. B. 3 Vol. p. IGl. 
BROCKEN, Broken. " It's bracken weather." 
BROCK-FACED, A white longitudinal mark down the 

face, like a badger. 
BROO, Brother. 
BRODDLE, To make holes, to goad. 

" Broddis the oxin with speris in our hands." 

D. Virff. p. 200. 

BRODE, Broad. 

"Full large he was of limb & shoulder brode." 

Spens. F. Q. 
" He kembeth his locks brode" 

BRODER, Broader. 

" The measure thereof is longer then the earth, and it is 
broder then the sea." 

Job. X. 0. Geneva Edit. 
BROG, To crop. Gr. f^ewcKw. 
BROGGLE, To grope or fish for eels. 
BROKE, Sheep are said to broke Avhen laid under a 
broken bank of earth, where they often collect together. 
2. To broke over, to cover with wings. 
BROO-CHIP, A person of the same trade, or a chip of 

the same block. 


" For with the fall he broslcii has his arm." 


BROTH, Is always used in llio plural number. " I 
think thur er vara good hroth." 

UROTT, Shaken corn. A. S. gchrodc, fragments. 
IsL. brot. 

BROUTE, Brought. 

BRO^VN-LEEIMING, A ripe^ brown nut, from brown 
and Belg. leemifigc, lime. Ripe nuts having, when 
they are separated from the husk, a white circle 
of fine powder, resembling lime. liroclait, in his 
Glosmrij of North country words, derives this word 
from brown, and the French Its meurs, the ripe 

BROWIS, Pieces of bread soaked in water and after- 
wards saturated ^^•ith fat. Wklsh, bri/wis: 

"Ale, Sir, will heat them more than your beef irowJA." 

Wils Play. N^arcs. 
" "WHien they sup beef brctcis in lanten kail." 

Abbot. Sir W. Scott. 

BRUFF, To cough or breathe violently through the 

BRUFF, Proud, elated. 



BROOL,!'^"^''^^^- ^"- ^'■"^^' 

"■ l-lse on a brander, lilce a haddock 
He bruled, sprowling like a paddock." 

Allan Ramsay. 

BRUSH, To splash or trim hedges with a bill or hook. 
2. To clear the ground with a bush of thorns, &c. 
BRUSLE, To dry hay. Roi/ derives it from Fn, hriidcr, 

to scorch or burn. 
BRUST, Per metathesin, for burst ; hence to brusl muck 

or to spread dung. 
BRUZZ, To bruise. 
BRUZZ'D, Bruised. 

" But all is brusd and broken." 



BUBBLY-NOSEj The bubbling of an impure fountain. 

^^xTTT^ >■ To wash. Belg. biniken. 
BOWK, j ^ 

" She washes bucks here at home." 

Sh. 11. VI. iv. 2. 
Bowk is more in common use. The substantive I 
have not heard, as used by Shakspeare. 
BUCKET, To kick the bucket, an unfeeling phrase for 

to die. 
BUCKETS, Square pieces of moorish earth, below the 

flah or surface. 
BUD, But. This adverb frequently concludes the sen- 
tence, as "an he will do it hud," instead of "an he 
will hud do it." 
BUDDLE, To cleanse ore. Belg. huydelen. 
BUDGE, To bulge. 
BUFF, The skin. " They stripped into huff and began 

a worslin." 
BUFF, To bark gently. 

" God have mercy upon his soul ; and now when he 
should have comforted Chi-ist, he was asleep, not 
once huff nor baff to him ga." 


BUFFET, A stool. 

BUFT, Elbow, or bending of the arm, from Belg. hoge, 

a bow. 
2. The twisting of a snake. I never heard it used in 

this sense in Craven. 

" And wrapt liis scaly boughls with fell despight." 

Spencer. Virg. Gnat. 
BULL, When cattle throw up the fences, they are said 

to hull them up. 
BULL, *. An instrument used for beating clay into wet 

lioles, before powder is introduced, in order to make 

the holes water-tight. 
2. A sandstone to sharpen scythes. 



1)ULLA("E, A common plum ; pnnius insililia. Skiiiiicr 

derives it from its resemblance to bulls' eyes. Lat. 

bulla, to which it bears a more striking resemblance 

than to bulls' eyes. 
BULLISH, Partaking of the appearance of a bull, frc- 

(juently ap])liecl to a coarse heifer. 
BULL-FKONTS, Tufts of coarse grass ; aira cccspilosa. 
BULL-HEAD, A small fish, a miller's thumb. 
BULL-BEEF, A ludicrous expression applied to one 

who has a proud haughty look. " He looks as big as 

BULLING, A term used by mowers, ^\hcn the scythe is 

BULL-NECK, " To tumble a bull-neck," is by placing the 

hands under the thighs, and the head on the ground 

between the feet, and tumbling over. 
BULLOCK, To hector, to bully. 
BULLOCK, An ox, not a bull, according to Dr. 

Juhnson. Is it not so called from teslicidis, 

abscissis, r,el abstractis 9 from A. S. bcallucas, lesliculi. 
BULLOKIN, Imperious ; corruption of a bully. 
BULL-STONE, A rough sand stone for whetting scythes. 
BULLS AND COWS, 1 The flower of the arum 
LORDS AND LADIES, j maculalum. 
BULLY-RAGr, To rally in a contemptuous way. Qu. 

from bully and rage. Dr. Jamieson says that the 

Scotch word rag signifies reproach. 
BULT, To sift. Ray uses boulted in his proverbs, which 

is also more generally used here : sometimes booted. 
" I'ancy may hotilt bran and think it flour." 


BU^NIBLE-BEE, Humble bee. Dr. Johnson improperly 
derives this insect from humble, supposing, though 
incorrectly, that this bee has no sting. This appella- 


tioiij 111 like manner, is here given to a cow without 
horns. Mr. Todd thinks it comes from the Lat. 
homhus, on account of the deepness of its note. 
" And as a bitore bumbleth in the mere." 

Chaucer W. of Bath. 
See 2\ares and 2>loor. 

BU:M]\IELKITES, Bramble-berries. Qit. from bramble, 
and Belg. krieken, black cherries ; these are often 
called black cpicc. 
BUIMP, A strdke. Isl. bonips. 
BUMP, A punishment well-known by school boys. 
2. To run hump, or full-bump against a person. 
BUN, Bound, a bufi-hedge. A. S. bu?iden, Ugatus. 
BUN, 1 A common name for a rabbit. The word is 
BUNNY, j used for calling them to their food. 
BUNCH, ) To kick, or strike with the feet. Swed. 
PUNCH, j bunka, cum sonituferire. Dr. Jamieson. 
BUNCH-BERRIES, The fruit of the riibus saxalills, of 

which poor people often make tarts. 
BUR, The sweetbread of a calf. 
BUR, Wood or stone, put under a wheel to stop its 

BUR- WALL, A wall battered or inclined against a bank, 
from ivall and Sax. beorg, mountain. Welsh, brig. 
BUR-TREE, Elder ; bure-lree, as hollow as it had been 
bored. Sambucus nigra. 

" This Lord Daci-es, as the report goeth, was slaync by a 
boy, at Towton Field, wliich boy shot him out' of a 
bur-tree, when he had unclasped his helmet to drink a 
glass of wine." 
Dr. Whitaker, the learned historian of Leeds, who 
quotes this passage from Glover's Visilaiion, can- 
didly declares that "he does not know what is meant 
by a bur-lree." This is another instance, amongst 
many, of the advantage of local glossaries. 

5{{ Gl.OSSAllV. 

IJL'RL, To pour out alu to lalxiurers. " Wliaa /;«>/* ;" 

wlio pours out the drink ? Sax. hijrclc, j)i/iccrna. 
13U1?LEY, Rough. Sec Boor Ijj. 
13UKN-CANLES, " To hum canlcs at baith ends" is 

to spend profusely. Welsh, canwyll. 
BURN-DAY-LIGHT, To liglit candles before dark. 
" Come, we burn day -light." 

Sh, Rom. and Jul. i. 4. 
BURX-IIIS-FINGERS, Is when a person has foiled or 

been over-reached in any attempt. 
BURTHENSOIME, J»roductive. " T'land's feaful bur- 

BUSH, An iron hoop. 

BUSH, To inclose iron in the nave of a carriage, to pre- 
vent its wearing by constant friction. 
BUSHEL, " You measure me a peck out of your own 

bushel ;" you judge of my disposition by vour own. 
BUSK, A bush. IsL. buske. Belg. bosch. It. bosco. 
" In tyl hys hand a busk take than." 

Wynlouii's Cron, 
" That all things 'ginneth waxen gay, 
For there's neither buske nor hay." 

Chau. Rom. of Rose. 
BUSKY, Bushy. 

" Above yon busky hill." 

Sh. \st Part llcnnj IV. iv. 5. 
BUTCH, To do the office of a butcher. 
BUTT, To border upon, from abut. 
BUTTER-CAKE, Bread covered with butter. 
BUTTER^CUPS, The flowers of the common pile-wort ; 
ranunculus ficaria. Lin. They seem to have obtained 
their name from a vulgar error, that butter is improved 
in colour and in flavour, though it is well known, that 
most kinds of cattle avoid this plant, it is so extremely 
acrid. Wilhering observes that beggars are said to 


use the ranunculus sceleratus, to ulcerate their feet in 
order to excite compassion. 
BUTT, Strong leather, next to bend, made of the best 
cow or ox hides, the neck and rump, the inferior part, 
bein^ cut off square or hult-ended ; hence the name. 
BUTTER-FINGERED, He who is afraid of touching 
any heated vessel or instrument. It is not used in 
this sense by Mr. Brockett. 
BUTTER-BOAT, A small vessel for holding melted- 

BUTTER, " He looks as if butler wadn't melt i' his 
mouth ;" spoken of a dissembling villain, who, while he 
speaks plausibly, is plotting your destruction. 
" Ovem in fronte, lupum in corde gerit." 
" These fellows which use such deceitfulness and guile, 
can speak so finely that a man would think butter 
should scarce melt in their mouths." 

Latimer'' s Sermons, p. 411. 
" Ye look as if lutter wad na' melt in your mouth, but I 
shaU warrant cheese no choak ye." 

St. Ronari's Well. 
BUTTS, Short lands in a ploughed field. 
BUTTY, " To play bully," is to play unfairly, by pur- 
posely losing at first, in order to draw on the unsus- 
picious competitor to his own ruin. 

uTToo [-A kiss. Welsh, /;?/.?, the lip. 

BUZZARD, A coward. 

2. A general name for moths which ily by night. 

BY, The point or mark from which boys emit the marbles 

or taws. 
BY, Of. To know nothing In) a person, means to know 

no ill of him, nothing injurious to his character. St. 

Vaul uses tlie word iu tliis sense in reference to 




" I know nothing hij niyscli", (I am not conscious of any 
ncf^Icct,) yet am 1 not hereby justilied." 

I Cor. iv. 4. 
OvCtv yap ifiavTU) avyoilii. 
BY FAR, much. 
BY JEN, By St. John. 
BY-PAST, Past, " its some days hij-pasl." 

" To i)iit the hij-passal \)cy\\s in her way." 

Sliaks. See Todd. 
BY- WIPE, An indirect sarcasm. 

CAAD, Cold. 

CAAS, Cupboard or shelves for glasses, &c. Glass-caas. 
CAAS, Case. 

" If love have caught him in his laas 
You for to beye in every caas.''^ 

Chaucer. Rom. of llic Rose. 
" As the law narow sette his charge, 
As for this caas he came first to Arge." 

Idem. Thebe. 
'■'■ Having his brother suspect in this caas.''^ 

" In caas be that ther be any personne of our college 
under your ruele." 

Waynflete^s Letter. 

CADE LAIMB, A domesticated lamb. Blount derives 
it from the Lat. casa. Slcbnicr from an old Fr. word 
cadclcr, to breed tenderly. 
CADGED, Filled. A. S. 
CAFF, Chaff. Belg. kaff. 

" Quhy the corne has the caff." 

D. Virff. p. 23a. 
" As wheill unstable, and caffe before the wind." 

Poems 1(J Cenluri/. JamiesoiL's Siipplcm. 


F, ) . 

„„ V To cavil or run off a bargain. 


2. To caff of a journej^, to abandon or give it up. 

3. To caff of a business, to be weary of it and 
relinquish it. 

CAFFING, A participle of the same verb. 

" Ah, if I now put in some caffling clause 
I shall be called inconstant all my days." 

Harris Ar. See Nares. 

CAIND, Having a white scum on the top, or filament 
called inothery. Lat. canus. Belg. kacn. Welsh, 

CAITIFF, This word in Craven has a sense very different 
from that in common use. It denotes a person who is 
lame or disabled in his limbs, whether he be born in 
that state or it is the effect of an accident. " Poor 
lad, he'll be a caitiff all his life ;" that is, he'll be a 
cripple all his life. 

CAKE, To cackle like geese, with the a sounded as 
in far. 

CALF-LICK, Hair which does not lie in the same 
direction as the rest, appearing as if licked by a 

CALF-TRUNDLE, The entrails of calf These, I am 
told, were formerly in great request. They were 
boiled and minced small, and with the aid of a little 
seasoning, were made into trundle pies. 

2. The ruffle of a shirt or flounces of a gown. 

CALF-BED, The matrix of a cow. 

CALL, The outlet of water from a dam called also a 
hij-nask and dam slone.s. Belg. kal, babbling. Caw of 
the water, the motion of it in conseqiiencc of the 
action of the wind. Dr. Jamieson. Not in commou 

CALL, )_ , ., 

n A ^ir r At) abuse or scold. 
CAW, ) 


2. W'licn soumloil liko hal, to run l;Uling from house 
to house 

3. Call. " Caw mo and I'll cnw thee " 

'•'■ On to the Justice himself loiul can caw 
Let us to boR-h our men tra your fUls law." 

WuUnce MSS. D. Jam. 

CALLET, To rail. 

" To hear her in her spleen 
Callet like a butter (juean." 


CALLETIN, Pert, saucy, gossiping. 
CALLOT, A Drab. 

" Contemptuous callot as she is." 

Sh. 2dpL of II. VI. i. 3. Olhello iv. 2. 
CAM, Camp or bank near a ditch, " dyke cam." 
CAIMEL-RIGG'D, Any animal with a high crooked back. 

IsL. upphriggludur. 
CAI\OIEREL, A crooked piece of wood with three or 
four notches at each end, on which butchers hang the 
carcases of slaughtered animals. Its xise is to keep 
the legs considerably expanded. Ray uses gambrel in 
the following proverb. " Soon crooks the tree that 
good gamhrcl would be," and derives it from the 
Italian gamha, a leg. 
CAiMIMEREL, Hock of a horse. Fr. camhrc, crooked. 
Welsh, cam, crooked. 

" But he's a very perfect goat below 

His crooked camlrills arm'd with hoof & hair." 

See Narcs. 
" This is clear cam.'''' 

Shaks. Cor. iii. 1. 
CAMPLE, To talk, to contend. A. S. c«?«p> ^o contend. 
CAN, A milk pail. 
CANKER, Rust. 
CANKERED, Cross, peevish. 

CANLE-BARK, Candle-box, which formerly might have 
been made of bark. 



CANLE COAL, A species of coal found in Lancashire, 

and in some parts of Yorkshire, which burns very 

brilliantly and swiftly. Some derive it from the Saxon, 

cene, quick, lively, and cclan to kindle. The Craven 

word canle (a candle) is no inapt etymon, though 

certainly more homely. This coal is frequently burnt 

by the poor in winter, to supply the place of a 

candle. Welsh, canwyll, a candle. 

CANNY, I Pretty. The Welsh can and cam signify 

CONNY, j white, fair, beautiful. 

2. " To be at lang canny," is to be distressed for want 

of food. " I's at lang canny for summat to itt." 
CANT, ) Lively. S. G. gante, " He's vara cant of his 
CANTY, j years." 

" He grew canty and she grew fain." 

Gaherlunzie in P. Bel. 
" There are three cant old men, whose ages make 250 

Thoreshy^s Leeds. 

CANT, To recover from sickness. 

2. To take off an edge or a corner the same as canlle. 
" A monstrous cantle out." 

Sh. H. IV. iii. 1. 
CANTING, Splaying off an angle. 
CAPE, The coping of a wall. Teut. cappe, summit. 
CAPPER, A person or thing that excels. 
CAPPEL, To mend or top shoes. 
CAPS, Puzzles, excels. 
CAP-SCREED, The border of a cap. 
CAR-CROW, A carrion crow. Probably derived from 

the Lat. caro. 
CARE FOR, " I dunnot care for the." I'm not afraid 

of you. 
CAR, A marsh ; also, according to Grose, and my own 

knowledge, a wood of alder and other trees, in a moist, 

boggy place. 

()t (M.OSSAltV. 

2. Uncultiviitiul t:;;rouiul, al)t»uiuliiig willi bogs aiul 

rocks. A. S. cciry, riipcs. 
(.'AU-WATER, Rod or clialyboato water, springing from 

iron shale. 
CARL-CAT, A male cat. Sax. cart, a male, and cat. 
CARRIED, " Carried-on bonnily," recovering well from 

sickness, or exempt from painful suffering. 
CARRY, To drive, " I'll earn/ t'oud cow to't fair." 
CART A — SE, The loose end of a cart. 
CASE, " In case." // it should happen. It. in caso, 

" upon the supposition that," a form of speech, says 

Dr. Johnson, now little used. It is very common here. 

The simple j/" conveys the same meaning, it may be a 

corruption of percase, an old word, which I have heard 

CASE-HARDENED, A villain, impenetrable to all 

sense of virtue or shame. 
CAST, Warped, " t'board is cast, or he's gitten a cast." 
2. Swarmed, " the bees are cast." 

CASTE N, I p. p. of cast, cast off, as " cast en cloaths," 
CASSEN, J or cassen claiths." 

"By the divills means, can never the divillbe caslcn out." 
King James' Damojiologie. 

2. Cassen iron, cast iron. 

CASTER, ),,.,, „ , 

PASTOR f "t"6 oox, a pepper caster. Brockett. 

CAT-STAIRS, Tape, &c. so twisted, that by its alternate 
hollows and projections, it resembles stairs. 

CATER-CORNER'D, Diagonally. 

CATER, OR ) Qua t re-Cousins or intimate 

QUATRE-COUSINS, j friends, or near relatives, 
being within the first four degrees of kinship. Blount. 

CAT-TAILS, The catkins of the hazel. 

CATTON, To beat, to thump. 


CAUD, called. 

" Nea archir ver as hie sae geud. 
An people kaud im Robin Heud." 

Epitaph of Rob. Hood, at Kirklees, in Yorkshire. 
CAUD, Cold. Teut. kaud. Brockett. 

CAUF, Calf. 

" An twa quey caivfs I'll yearly to them give." 

Gentle Shepherd. 

CAUF-LEG-DEEP, The water or snow so deep as to 
reach up to the calf of the leg. 

CAUM, Calm. Rider, cauhne. 

CAUSE, Because. " Causes-why," the reason is. 

CAVY, Peccavi. 

CAWING, CaUing. 

CAWKINS, The hind part of a horse's shoe, turned up. 
Lat. calx. Teut. kauken, calcare. 

" To turn back the cankers of your horses shoon." 

Minst. of S. B. 

CEILING, Wainscot. Cooper, seeling, viateriaria 
incrustatio. Vid. sealing. 

CHAFEIN, Fretting or rubbing. 

CHAFF, Jaw, jaw-bone, alias chaw-bone. Isl. kiaffiur. 

CHAFF-FAUN, Low spirited, the same as down ith' 


" Chamberlie breeds fleas like a leach." 

Shaks. \st Part Henry IV. ii, 1. 

CHAMFER, The plain splay in wood or stone. Fr. 
champs-faire. Of this Mr. Naves gives not the 
etymon. Skinner derives it, I think, improperly, 
from chambre, sulcatiis. Mr. Todd quotes chamfret 
from Sherwood in the same sense that I have given.- 
Cotgrave makes skue and chamfret synonymous, viz. 
to slope the edge of a stone as masons do in windows, 
for the gaining of light. 

CHANCE-BARN, An illegitimate child. 

' \ Spoken long on the penult. 


CHAP, Fellow, a purchaser. S. G. kncpf!, a person of 
low condition. 

CHAPS, Jaws. 

" With reeky shanks and yellow chaplcss sculls." 

Jiotti. and Jul. iv. 1. 
" With several sawers all liis chaps are smeard." 

Man-haler. Thos. IJeywood. 
2. Wrinkles. 

" But if my frosty signs & chaps of age." 

Tit And. v. 3. 


" Are visibly characlerd and engraved." 

Shaks. Ham. i. 3. 
" And these few precepts in thy memory 
Look thou character." 

Hamlet, i. 3. 
CHARK, To crack. 

CHARKT, Chopped, having the skin ruptured by cold. 
CHATTER, To tear, to make -ragged. "Nobbud see 

how't' rattons a chatler'd t'lad's book." 
CHATTER-BASKET, A prattling child. 
CHATTER-BOX, An incessant talker. 
CHATTER-CLAW, To scold, abuse or clapperclaw. 
CHATTERY, Stony or pebbly. 
CHATTS, The capsules of the ash sycamore, &c. called 

also keys. 
CHAWDER, Chalder. 
CHAUFE, To fret or be uneasy. 

" But gan to chaufe & sweat." 

Spenser F. Q. 
" Lest cheste (debate says Dr. Whitaker) chaufe ous so." 

P. Plou. p. 5. Dow. 
CHAUFED, Heated. 

" Being chaufed & in a more fervent contencion." 

Sir Thos. Elyot. 


'• And cliatifed inly." 


2. Rubbed, " the thread is chatifed." 
CHAUJMER, Chamber. 

" Tuk hym out quhai'e that he lay of his chaumyre 
before day." 

Wyntoicn. Dr. Jamieson. 

CHAUNST, Chanced. 



CHAVLE, ^ To chew. 


" As good as tooth may chawe." 

Argent ^- Curan. Per Rel. 
CHEATRY, Fraud, villany. " It's evven down cheatry." 
CHECKSTONES, Small pebbles with which children 

CHEEP, To chirp like a chicken. 

CHERCOCK, IMisletoe thrush, which gives the cheering 
notes of spring. Mr. Todd says it is called shirlcock 
in Derbyshire. 
CHEEKS, The sides of the doors, or the veins of a mine, 
which in Cornwall are denominated the walls of a lode. 
CHESS, To pile up. 
CHESS-FAT, A cheese vat. 
CHEVEN, A blockhead having a large heavy head like 

a cheven or chub, which are synonymous. 
CHEZ, In the following and similar expressions, this 
word seems to be a corruption of choose. " He'll 
niver do weel, chez whariver he gangs." " I can't git 
him to come, chcz what I say." In Slhnulus Con- 
scientice it occurs as the prseterite of choose, where^ 
speaking of the incarnation of Christ, it is said— 
" For he ches hur to be his moder dere 
And of her toke flesche and blode here." 

68 ciT.ossAnv. 

'• F.ko throe in one and soveniiiie of pees 
Which in this exile, for our sake checs 
For love onely our troubles to termine 
For to be borne of a pure virgine." 

John Litigate. Monk of Bury. 
CHICKENCriOW, A swing or merry-totter. I find no 
very satisfoctory derivation of this word. The Scottish 
expression seems the nearest, shtiggie-shue. There he 
phxyed at SAvaggie, waggie, or shoggicshoii. Urquharts. 
Tig-tow, to put backwards and forwards. Rabelais. 
" Cheeke for chow, and sidie for sidie." Vide Dr. 
J a m ieson 's Supplcm cut. 

" On two near elms the slacken'd cord I hung, 
Now high, now low, my Blouzalinda swung." 

Gay. See StrutCs Sports. 
In Latin it is called Oscillum, and is thus described 
by an old writer. " Oscillum est genus ludi 
scilicet cum funis dependitur de trabe in quo 
pueri et puellae sedentes impelluntur hue et illuc. 
Vide Brand. 
CHIEVE, To thrive, to succeed. " Thou'll niver chicve." 
Ray says " it chieves naught with him," from achieve, 
per aphceresi?!, or perhaps from the Fr. chevir, to 
CHIG, A quid of tobacco. 
CHIG, To chew. 
2. To ruminate upon, as " Iv'e geen him summat 

to chig." 
CHILDER, Children. 

" Hence I pray God to remember towards your chylderne." 

Bradford's Lett. 1523. 
" I wot that it was no chylder game." 

Turnat. at Tottenham. 
CHILDERMAS, Innocent's Day. 
CHIMLEY, Chimney. 

" Her stool being placed next to the chimley 
For she was cauld & saw right dimly." 

Pennicnik^f Poems. 



CHIIMLEY-NOOK, Chimney corner. 

CHIP, To crack as an egg before the protrusion of the 

CHIST, Chest. 

" When he could not finde them within the chisl." 

P. Holland's Translat. of Suelonius. 

CHITTERLINGS, The small guts minced and fried. 
Belg. Schyterlingh. Blount. 

" His warped ear hung o'er the sti-higs 
Which was but souse to Chitterlings.'''' 

2. The ruff or frill of a shirt. 

CHITTY- FACED, ) Baby-faced. Fr. chiche, siccus, 
CHICHE-FACED, J aridus proe made. Skinner. 

Span, chico, parvum. Minshew. 
CHOP, To exchange. 

2. To meet by chance, improviso inlervenire. AinsworUi. 
CHOP-IN, To put in, to intrpduce. 

" Here the Ld. Cardinal! chops in the example of 
Phihp King of France." 

K'lng James I. Right of Kings. 

CHOPPED, p. part, of chop. 

" For wickit Juno, the auld Satumus get, 
Choppit by the sliaft and fixit at the zet." 

n. Virg. 304. 
" And some that wald have hyt his corpy in hy 
Venus, his haly moder, choppit by." 

D. V. 327- 
CHOWL, The part under the lower jaw, from Joml. 
CHOWL-BAND, The strap of the bridle under the jaw. 
CHRIST-CROSS, The alphabet. The ancient horn- 
books having generally a cross before the first letter. 
2. The signature of one who cannot write. 
CHUCK, ) A hen. Bklg. hwykcn, u chicken. Dr. 
CHUCKIE, j Jamicson. 

yO t;L()SsAi{V. 

2. A name of ciuleanncnt. What promise, ckucL 

CIIUNTER, To complain, to murmur. Sc. channer. 
According to Mr. IVilhraJiam, the Cheshire word is 
chitnncr, whicli he derives from the A. S. Cconian, 
CHURCHILLED, Hogged-name, probably from the 

Churchill family. 
CHURCHING, Thanksgiving after child-birth. It was 
the ancient custom for the female returning thanks- 
giving to be dressed in a white napkin. 

"I,et not their while veil and thankless c/ii/rc/ti?;// fright 
you out, but join your heart with the congregation, 
in the pubUc prayers for them, and afterwards thank- 
God for his mercie to them and their children, de- 
suing his blessing for both." 

IVm. Herbert's Careful Falher, ^c. 1G48. 
CHURN-MILK, Butter milk. 

CHURN-SUPPER, An entertainment on finishing the 
harvest. Belg. kermise, a feast. Sc. kern, Qii. quern. 
CIRCUMBENDIBUS, A round-about way. 
CLAAS, Close, tight. 
CLAATH, Cloth. 
CLAES, Clothes. 

" O wratlifully he lefl the bed 
And wrathfuUy his claes on did." 

Minsl. of S. B. 
" The twa appear'd hke Sisters twin 
In feature form & claes." 

Bxirn's Holy Fair. 
CLAG, To stick, to adhere. 
CLAGGY, Adhesive, clammy. 

CLAM, Adhesive matter, moisture. " Ise au of a clam." 
Belg. klam. To draw clam. To yield a viscous 
matter from the teat after a certain period of gestation. 
This is spoken of a heifer that never had a calf In 


order to ascertain whether she be with calf^ the farmer 
will try whether she draws clam or not, and if she does, 
he will confidently pronounce her to be with calf. 

CLAMBE, )p . f r T. 
CLAM, jPr^^tofchmb. 

" The fatail monstoure clam over the wallis there." 

D. Virg. p. 4G. 
" Unlock'd the barn ; clam up the mow." 

A. Ramsay, 
" Thence to the circle of the moone she clambe." 

Spenser F. Q 
" And mine unwit that ever I clamhe so hie." 

Chau. Man ^ V. 
" Elde clam toward the crop." 

P. Plon. Dob. pass. 2. 

CLAM, To daub, to glew together ; to pinch. Goth. 
Mamma. A. S. clamian, oblimare. 

" Clamour your tongues and not a word more." 

Shaks. W. Tale, iv. 3. 

Should not this be clam your tongues ; that is, glew 

your tongues, or be silent } When a person says 

his tongue is clammed, he means his tongue is so 

parched that he is unable to articulate. When 

bells are at the height. Dr. Warburton remarks, it 

is called clamouring them. To clamour or make a 

noise appears a strange mode of causing silence. 

Dr. Johnson s explanation of the word clamour is 

more in point, to cover the clapper with felt to 

hinder the sound. 

" Peace wilful boy or I will charm your tonge ;" (that 

is,I will coj?!/>e// your silence, I will t7a/n your tongue.") 

Shaks. H, VI. v. 5. 
"Go to, charm (clam) your tongue." 

Othello, V. 2. 

" I will not charm (clam) my tongue, I am bound to speak." 

Charm may be more poetical, but clam is more ad rem. 

Cleave, to adhere, in its neuter sense, has the sam 

7- (;i,()S^AI!V. 

sigiiiticatiuii as clvai'c, in the l*.salins, " my tongue 
cicavelh to the roof of my mouth." 
CLAIM, To hunger, to starve, both in the active and 
neuter sense. Thus a person wlio had not a sufficient 
quantity of food allowed, would say, " Do you mean 
to clam me to deeath." And in giving fodder to a 
cow, which she refuses to eat, the keeper would say, 
" Eat that or clam." 

" If ye stay upon the heath 

Ye'U be choked and clammed to death." 

Clare'' s Poems, p. Tl. 
Goth, klammen, to pinch. 

CLAiMIMED, ) Starved with hunger. Under this -word 

CLEjMjMED, j Ray says, by famine the guts and 

bowels are, as it were, clammed or stuck together. 

Sometimes it signifies thirsty. In Craven it is also as 

common in the latter sense as the former ; and a 

person coming to a house on a hot day, will say, " Can 

ye gi me oughte to drink, for I's vara near clammed." 

"My entrails are c/a/nTwed with keeping a continual fast." 

Rom. Actor by Massinger. 

*' Hard is the choice, when the valiant must eat their 

arms or clem." 

Ben Jonson. See Todd. 
"• Now barkes the wolfe against t!ic full cheek't nioone 
Now lyons \\aM clammed entrails roare for food." 

MarstoTi's Works, 1633. Brand's Pop. Antiq. 

CLA:MIMERS0ME, Greedy, rapacious. 

CLAIM P, To tread heavily. Sw. clampig. 

CLAIMS, A kind of forceps or pincers, with long wooden 

handles, with which farmers pull up thistles and other 

weeds. A very effective instrument also to silence a 

noisy tongue. Belg. klcmmen. 
CLAP, To fondle, to pat. 
2. To apply, " shoe clapped her kneaves to her 



Pope reads this clasp, which Rilson converts to clip, 
but there seems no doubt but clap is the proper word. 

"And clap their female joints in stiff' unweildy arras." 

Sh. Rich. II. iii. 2. 

CLAP-CAKE, Cake made of oat, alias havver meal, 

rolled thin and baked hard. 
CLAP-BENNY, Infants, in the nurses arms, are fre- 
quently requested to clap-beniiy, i. e. to clap their 
little hands, the only means they have of expressing 
their prayers. 1st,, klapper, to clap, and hcene, prayer. 
CLAPPER, The tongue, by a metaphor taken from the 
clapper of a bell. 

" She has an ee, she has but ane 

The cat has twa, the very colour, 
Five rusty teeth forbye a stump 

A clapper tongue Avad cleave a miller." 

Burns. Sic a Wife, tjc. 
CLART, To daub with mud or dirt. S. G- tort. 
CLART, A flake of snow, especially when it is large and 

sticks to the clothes. 
CLARTY, Dirty. 

CLASH, To dash or splash about from place to place. 
CLASH Y, Wet and muddy, splashy, " t'roads vara 

CLAT, to tattle, to tell tales. 
CLAUCHT, Scratched, clawed. 

" And some they cluucht & lappit in thare amies 
This quene, that foiuiderant was for her smert harmes." 

D. Virg. p. 394. 
The corruption of this word seems generally appro- 
priated to the feet of birds or beasts, armed with 
claws or sharp nails, a lion, cat, hawk, &c. ; but 
when we speak of the claw or hoof of a cloven 
footed animal, or even of a dog, whose claws are 
not very sharp, wc call it a cha, pronounced like 
most of the other dipthongs in two distinct sylla- 


bles. Clait'lxs is also used in a burlesque sense, 
for liaiuls^ as " keep thy dawks off me." 
CLA\'VER, C'lovor, pure Bolgic 

" 'riiey nuikc it a jjid'C of tlie wonder, that garden 
claver will hide the stalke, when the sunne sheweth 

Bacon, p. 103." 

CLEA, A claw. 

" His royal bird 

rrunes the immortal wing and cloi/s (cleas) his beak." 

Sh. Ci/mb. V. 4. 
" vVnd as a cattle would ete fishes 
Without wetyng of his dees " 

Gower Confess. Amant. 
See Stevens' note on this passage of Shakspeare. 
CLEA, One fourth part of a cow gait in common pas- 

turesj one clair denoting a quarter. 
CLEAM, To spread or daub. 

2. Leaned, inclined. A. S. clcemian. To daub with 
clammy, viscous matter, Gaz. Ang. oblhiere. S/chmer. 
Ray's example, " he cleamed butter to his bread/' is 
applicable to Craven. 

3. To stick or adhere. " See how't barn cJcams to't 

" And throw a candle clcaudng in a cursed place." 

P. Plou. pass. 4. 
CLEANIN, ) The comings of the secundines. The 
CLEANSIN, j after birth of a cow. A. S. claens-ian 

trmndere. Dr. Jamiesoiis Supplemetit. 
CLEAP, To name or call. A. S. chjpioii. JViclif uses 
clepide, called : also 

" I am not to clepc rightful men, but suiful men." 

" And thou shalt clepe his name Jhesu." 

" We sholde not chjpic knights y'to." 

See Tyrivhit. 
CLEAPED, Called. A. S. ckopcd. 


" He had as antique stones tell 
A daughter cleaped Dowsabel." 

DraytorCs Past. Stevens. 
CLEAT, Butter bur. Tussilago petasites. Lin. Cheshire 


" He had ay pricked as he wor wode 
A dote leaf he had laid under his hode." 

Chan. C. Talcs. 
CLECKING, Said of a fox, maris appetens. 
CLAD, 1 Clad, clothed. Belg. kledder. IsL. klcede, 
CLED, / vestis. " Hes weel fed and weel cled." 
" Howbeit that he may be purely cled., 
" And cled into the spottit linke's hyde." 

D. V. 23 2i- 

"Is any man weel c/erf." 

Romt. Rose, 
" And made the horses of the Sun to stay, 
To th' end, the night should not with cloud be cled.'''' 
Judith by du Bartas, translated by Hudson. 
CLEG, A gad fly, that species which is so troublesome 
to horses. Ostrus equL Lin. 

" Hee earthly dust to lothly lice did change 
And dim'd the aire with such a cloud so strange 
Of flies, grashoppers, hornets, clegs and clocks 
That day and night thro' houses flee in flocks." 

Judith by Du Bartas, translated by Hudson. 
CLEPT, Called. Gr. yixXtTTTai, per aphacrisiii and 
Apocopen, clcpt. 

" And aho was he clipede and cald." 

P. Plou. 
CLETCHT, A brood of chickens. Isl. khk-ia. 
CLETS AND SHIVS, Particles of husks in meal or grain. 
CLETHING, Clothing. 

" Also I wyl that my daughter Lore have a tyre of 
double roses of perle, and Robert Fitzhugh, my 
son, a rynge with a relyke of St. Petre finger, and 
Geg a pair of bedes of gold, and my servants my 
Will of Lady F'ltz.Hwjh, U27. Dr. Whit. Richmond. 


CLICK, To snatch, to st-ize. Gii. nXnTra. 

CLICK, A snatch. " Thou's miss'd thy click, lousy Dick." 

CLOI, To climb, prni. clam. p. p. clitm. A. S. climnn. 

*■' Tlicn all the rest into their coches c/im." 

" C/i/m not over hie nor zit owerlaw to Ivcht." 

n. r. 271. 
CLBOIIN, Climbing. 

" Ne cannot cl'unbeii over sa high a stile." 

Chau. S. T. 

CLING, To shrink, to be thin and emaciated for want 

of food, mostly applied to cattle, half famished. 

CLINKER, A smart heavy blow with the list. 

CLIP, To cut. 

"• And sleeping in her barne upon a clay 
She made to clippc or shere his heres away." 

2. To shear sheep. 
CLIP, s. The quantity of wool shorn in one year. 

" We've a good clip." 
CLIP, V. 71. To shorten. " The days begin to clip." " To 
clip the King's English." To speak affectedly or 
broken, alias corrupt language. 
CLIP, To embrace. A. S. cli/ppan amplecli. 

" To whom whanne Paul cam doun he lai on him and 
biclippide an seide, nyle ghe be troubled, for his 
soule is in hym." 

^cls XX. Wid'if, 
CLIPPING, Embracing. 

" Then worries he his daughter with clipping her." 

Sh. Wint. T. v. 2. 
CLIPPING, Shearing. 

" For cluppyng .rxiiii. wedders viiir/." 

//. Ld. cuff. Household Boook, 1510. 
CLIPT, Shorn. 

" With ane rouch twinter schepe samyn in fere 
Quhais woll or fleis was never clepit with schere." 

D. Virg. iv. 13. 

CLIT-CLAT, A talkative person, to whom a secret 
cannot be safely trusted. A very common reduplication. 


CLOCK, To make a noise like a hen. Teut. kluck- 

heime. This noise is made when she has laid her 

lafter eggs, and wishes to sit, not to hatch, as observed 

by Dr. Willan. 

CLOCK-DRESSING, A mode of obtaining liquor on 

fictitious pretences, the same as shooling, which see. 
CLOD, To throw stones. 

CLOD-HOPPER, A low peasant, not a thick skull, as 
explained by Todd. 

" Jack, are ye turned clod-hopper at last ?" 

St. Ronari's Well, \st vol. p. 259. 
" A clod j'ou shall be called, to let no music go afore 
your child to Church." 

Ben Jonsori's Tale of a Tub. Brandos Pop. Antiq. 

CLOG, To cloy, to satiate. 

CLOGGY, Heavy, fat, " shoe's a feaful cloggy beast." 

CLOGSOME, Deep, dirty, adhesive. 

CLOIS, Close. Also an adjective. 



" Tho to their ready steeds they clomhe full light." 

Spens. F. Q. 

" "N^lio clomhe an hundred ivory stairs first told." 

Fairfax Tasso. 
CLOIMP, To make a noise. Belg. klompen. 

CLOiMPERTON, A person who walks heavily. 

CLOSE-BED, A shut-up bed. 

CLOT, To spread dung or earth, or to pulverize the clods 
in the operation of fallowing. Latimer has the word 
in this sense in the following passage. Applying 
these various agricultural operations, in a spiritual 
sense, to God's husbandry, he remarks, " that the 
preacher's work among his flock consists in new 
weeding them by telling them of their faults, then 
clotting them by breaking their stony hearts."— 
Lai. Serm. p. 42. 

Z 1 

V Praet. of climb. 


J y A blow, a heavy stroke. 


CLOT, Clod. 

" U'liLMi tlic eartli growetli into hanlcnos and tlie doles 
arc last together." 

Job. xxxviii. 3)5. Ccneva Edit. 15(i2. 
CLOT-HEAD, A clod-pate, a blockhead. 

KNOUT-BERRY ^ Rubus chama^morus. 


" And so there goth, 
Betwene them both, 
Many a lusty clout." 

Sir Thomas Moore. 
" Robs party caus'd a general route 
Foul play or fair, kick, cufFand clout.'''' 

Mayne's Siller Gun. Dr. Jam. 

2. A rag. " There's more clout than dinner," more 
shew than substance. Mr. Todd has got the verb 
though not this substantive. 

CLOUT, To shake, to beat. 

CLOUTS, Plates of iron used about carts, from the 
barbarous Lat. cluta. 

" Let cart be wel searched without and within 
AVel clouted and greased, yer hay time begin." 


CLOW, A floodgate. Lat. claudo. per apocopen. 

CLOW, To work hard, to do any thing with might and 
main. Miege, under the article claw, has a similar 
phrase. " I clarv'd it off to day," that is, I worked 
very hard. J'ai bien travaille adjourd' hui. 

CLOWSOIME, Soft, clammy, said of pastry which is not 
sufficiently baked, and sticks to the teeth. 

CLUM, Daubed. 

CLUJVI, p. p. of climb. 

" High, high, had Phebus clum the lift 
And reach'd his Northern tour." 

A. Scotfs Poems. Dr. Jam . 


CLUMPST, Benumbed with cold. 

" Eet this when ye hungreth 

Othr wenne thou clomsest for cold." 
P. Plou. 
CLUNG, Hungry or empty, emaciated. In Gaz. Ang. 
and other Etymological Dictionaries, it is derived 
from the A. S. clingan, to stick fast to ; and it is a 
common saying in Craven of a beast in this state, that 
the belly clings or sticks to the back. Ray in his 
Northern words says, that it is usually applied to any 
thing that is shrivelled or shrunk up. 
" Till famine cling thee." 

Sha/cs. Macbeth, v. 5. 

2. Daubed. 

3. Closed up. See pinned. 
CLUNG'D, Stopped. 

" They open their guts, which otherwise were dunged 
and growne together." 

Phil. HollancVs Plinie. 
CLUNGY, Adhesive. A. S. kllngan. 
CLUNTER, In disorder, confusion, Belg. klontei'. 
CLUNTERLY, Clumsy, clownish. " A grQ2.t dunterJy 

fellow." Un homme grossier. Cotg. 
CLUTHER, "I In heaps. Welsh, dueler. In Miege 
CLUTTERS, I a great dutter, " une gronde foule." 
" But phiz and crack, upo' the bent 
The whigs cam on in clulhers." 

Davidson's Seasons. Dr. Jamieson's Sup. 
CLUTHER, To collect together. 

"If the ashes on the herth do dodder together of 

themselves, it is a sign of rain." 
Wilsford on Natural Secrets, p. 120. Vide Brand's 
Pop. Antiq. 2d vol. p. 505. 
CNAG, A knott- Nodus arboris. Jutiius. 
CO-ALS, Coals. In the Southern part of this Deanery 
they are pronounced coils, ao is generally converted 
to 01, as foals, foils, co-als, coils. 


(X)AT, The liair of cattle or wool of sheep. Hence we 
hear it said of a cow, " she's a good coated an." This, 
among graziers, is always accounted a good criterion of 
fattening well. " To cast the coa/," is to lose or quit 
the hair. 

COATE,) House or cottage. A. S. cole. Gr. koIth. 

COTE, j ciibile. Minshcw. 

" No sooner sat he foote withbi the late defonned cote 
But that the foraial change of things hiswond'ringeyesdidnote." 

Warner, Albioii's Eng. Todd. 
It is commonly used as a shed. 

COBBLE, A globular stone. 

COBBLE, V. To throw stones. 

COBBY, \r., ,. , 


COB-COAL, A large coal. 

COB, Chief, conqueror. " He'est cob on em au." 

COB-NUT, A childish game with nuts. A. S. koppe 
apex. Belg. kop-not, nux capitalis. Minsherv. 

COCK, To walk lightly or nimbly about, applied to a 

COCK, A piece of iron with several notches fixed at the 
end of the plough-beam, by which the plough is 

COCK-OTH-I\IIDDEN, A presumptuous fellow in his 
own little circle. 

COCK-A LEGS, " To ride cock-a legs," is to ride astride 
on the shoulders of another. 

COCK-0-IMY-THUMB, A little diminutive person. 

COCKER, To indulge. Welsh, cocru. 

" I have not been cockered in wantonness." 

Quentirt, Ditrward, 2d vol. p. 67- 
Dr. Johnson derives this word from Fk. coqueliner. 

COCKERS, Gaiters. 

" I,oke for my cockers." 

P. PlOH. 


COCKIxY,) „ . ,. , , ,.„ „ 

r^^r^T^-€T > "ert, active : a little cockin tellow. 

COCKERING, Indulging. 

" The cockering of parents is the very cause that divers 
children come to the gallows." 

Commentary on Prov. xxiii. 14, by P. M. 1590. 
COCKET, Lively, cheerful. This ■word is generally 

applied to a person recovering from sickness. 
COCK-EYE, A squinting with one eye. 
COCKIXS, Cock-fighting. 

COCKLES-O'-TH'-HEART, Qm. Stomach. "Asope 
o' Gin will warm't cockles o' yan's heart." Grose has a 
similar expression in his Classical Dictionaj-y. It re- 
mains to be explained what the cockles of the heart are. 

"Don't the cockles of your heart rejoice ?" 

COCK-LOFT, Aburlesque denomination of the bram-pa?i. 
COCKLETY, ) Unsteady, tottering. " What a cockliii 
COCKLIN, r waw thou's belt." 

COD-BAIT, A caddis or cad bait ; a small insect enve- 
loped in a sheath lying at the bottom of the water, 
which is food for fish. A larva, a species of Phryganea. 
Dr. Jamieson's Supplement. 
CODDLE, To indulge with warmth. Fr. cadeler, to 

treat tenderly. Todd. Qu. to supply with caudle ? 
CODDLE-UP, To recruit, to invigorate. 
CODDY-FOAL, A childish name of a young foal, pro- 
bably a diminutive of colt. 
CODGER, A mean, covetous person. Span, eager. 

IMinshew, vide Todd. 
CODLINS, Limestones, partially burnt. 
COIL, Noise. " There's a girt coil to night." Teut. 
kollern. Sh. Much ado, S^-c. iii. 3. 

I " What a loud coil lie kept, 

He only singing while the other wcjit." 

CliMron and Minipjma. T, Heyxvood. 

82 cross AH V. 

COIT, A coat. 

"His tcrgate pcirsaiul, ami his armour lycht, 
Ami eik his coit of goldin throdis hricht. 

D. I'h-ff.p. 349. 
COKE, The core of an apple. 
COLD, " To catch cold by lying in bed barefoot," is said 

of one who is extremely careful of himself. 
COLD, Could. The pronunciation of this Avord is nearly 

" Neverthelesse, because God and good will hath so 
jomed you and nie togethei", as we must not only bee 
the one a comfbrth to the other in sorrowe, but also 
partakers together in any joj'e, I cold not but declare 
unto yow what just cause I think we both have of 
comforth and gladnesse by that God hath so gra- 
ciously dealte with us as he hath." 

li. AslfanCs Letter to his Wife on the 
Death of their Child. 
COLD-FIRE, Fuel made ready for lighting. 
COLD-COBIFORT, Any thing said or done to disappoint 
our hopes or aggravate our sorrows. 

A^, A T T txt' I Running about idly. Belg. kol, 
CALLIN, j ^ ^ 

COLLOCK, A pail with one handle : a great piggin. 

Rai/ and Bailey, haiistellum, Holyoke. 
COLLAR-BEAM, The upper beam of a barn. Moors 

Suff. Words. 
COLLOGUE, To whisper or to plot together, colloqiior. 
COLLOP, A slice of meat. Gr. xoXcSog, offula. Skiimer. 
Old Fr. colp. To cut off, Todd. " To cut into col- 
lops" is a most violent castigation. 

" Had ye not better that the Dollopps 
Had long since cut ye into collops." 

Maro, 109. 
COLLOP-IMONDAY, The day preceding Shrove Tues- 
day, on which it is usual here to dine on eggs 
and collops. On this day the children of the poor 


generally go from house to house^ to beg collops of 
their richer neighbours. 
COLT-ALEj ") Ale claimed as a perquisite by the black- 
COUT-ALE, J smith on shoeing a horse for the first 
time. " To shoe the colt" is also a quaint expression 
of demanding a contribution from a person on his first 
introduction to any oflice or employment. 

" And come and asked cause and why 
They rongen were so stately." 

Chaue. Dream. 
Leland uses the praet. cam. 

" And or ever I cam to SVest Tanfield." 
COME, Also denotes the future, as " Monday come a 

" To morrow come never, 

When two Sundays come together." 

Fox''s Book of Martyrs. Vide Wilbraham. 
COJMED, p. part, of come. 

" The tone of only Fader bliss, 
Nout sliapen ne made, but kumcd is." 

MS. Aiitiq. Bod. Hickcs 
" This memory I<gladly use of your goodnesse, which 
hath privately corned to me." 

Roger Ascham''s Letter to Lord Chancellor. 
COME-THY-WAYS-WI'-THE, Come forwards. 
" Then off again they bravely come their wayes." 

Panarctus translated by Sylvester. 
COMELINGS, Strangers. This word is not now used 
without the preposition out, but I do not find that 
Wiclif ever adds the preposition. 

" The parties of Libie that is above C^^enen, and 
comelingis llomayns, &c. we ban herd hem spekynge 
in our langagis the greet thingis of God." 

Dedis ii. 
" A comlynge of another land." 


We generally say oul-comeling.s. Teut. ankomling. 



COIME, To curdle, to coagulate, as milk after receiving 

the rennet. 
COINIE-TIIANKS, To give thanks. " We'll come you 

naa thanks for your pains." 
CO:\IE- AGAIN, To appear after death. 
COIMING-ROUND, Recovering from sickness. 
2. Returning to terms of reconciliation. 
CO^IINGS, The sprouts of barley in process of ferment- 
ation for malt. IsL. keima, germinare. Dr. Jamicson. 
COIMMANDIiMENTS, Commandments. 
COMMEN, Coming. 

" And passing little further commen were, 
Where they a stately palace did behold." 

COIMPETE, To come in competition, hence competitor. 
This word is seldom used in Craven ; 'tis of Scottish 
COMPLIN, Impertinent. Germ, campen, to contend. 
CON, To fillip with the finger and thumb. 
CON, To acknowledge thanks, used by Shakspeare. 
" I con him no thanks for't." 

" Do so therein that I may con you thanke." 

Froysarfs Cronycle. 
CON, 1 To learn, to know. " Hesto conned thy 
CONNE, j lesson ?" A. S. connan, cognoscere. 
" And to have conde as well or better, 
Peraunter either art or letter." 

Chauc. Dulchesse. 
" And plaid thereon for well that skill he cond." 

" Set m a note book, learn'd and conn'd by rote." 

Sh. Jill. Cas. iv. 3. 
CON, A searching mode of knowing whether a hen is 

with egg. 
CONNER, Reader. 
CONNY, Vid. Canny. 


CONSATE, To imagine, to fancy- 

CONSATE, Fancy, opinion. " I've nobbut an ill consale 
on him." " Hes a feaful consatc of hissel." " To be 
out of consate with/' is to be prejudiced against a 
person ; also be disgusted with. 

" Neptune (quod she) the fell ire and consate of 
Queene Juno." 

D. V. 154 x>- 
CONSTER, To construe, to comprehend. 

" With that she drew out her Petrarke, requesting him 
to coaster \\ev a lesson." 

Lylies Ephues. 

It is also used in a sense of discriminating, as 
" I cannot conster him." 
CONSTANT, The adjective used as a substantive ; 

" he did it wi' a constant," or constantly. 
CONTRARY, To contradict ; to act in opposition. The 
penult is pronounced long, as well as the adjective 

" You must beware, howsoever you do, that you do not 
contrary the kmg." 

LatimeT''s Sermons. 
" In all the court ne was ther \v if nor maid, 
Ne widews, that contrdried that he saide." 

Chau. Wife of Bath. 
" Had falsely thrust upon contrary feet " 

Sh. K. John. 
" In forse therefore and in contrdre my mind." 

D. Viry. p. 44. 
" Least corn be destroyed conlrdry to right, 
By hogs or by cattle, by day or by night." 

"•Thus, quite contrdry to the law, 
My hurt they do prociu'e." 

Ps. cxix. 85. V. Slertihold. 

CONTRIVED, " Ill-contrived," perverse, peevish, 

" He's an ill-contrived barn." 
COOL, Coil, which see. 
COORDE, A cord. 


COPE, A custom or tribute of sixpouce due to the Lord 
of the INIauor for each piece of lead smelted at his mill, 
independent of every sixth piece (paid by tlie miners 
to the Lord), of lead raised within the manor. 
" Ef^rcss and rct^ress to the knig's highway, 
The nuners have, and lot and co})e they pay." 

Manlovc^s Treatise on the Mhit. Vid. Cuntdiiy- 
hfiDi's Jaiw Dictionary. 
COPPET, Saucy, impudent, heady ; from cop, the head. 
COPPIN, A piece of worsted, &c. taken from the 

spindle. Welsh, copyn. 
COPT, Convex. 

" Copp'd hills towards heaven." 

Sh. Pericles, i. 1. 

CORF, A basket. Bei.g. corf. Lat. cophinus. 

"Thei token the relefis of broken gobetis twelve 
cofyns ful." 

TViclif, Matt. xiv. 
Though these words are some\Mhat dissimilar, they 
may spring from the same root. 
CORN, Oats ; " gee my horse a feed o' co7-)i." " Can't 
carry corn ;" this expression is applied to one who is 
too much elated by prosperity. 
CORN, A corn of salt, a pepper corn, a grain of salt. 
Grain de sel, brin de sel. Coigrave. Probably from 
the verb to season with salt, to corn, hence corned, that 
is, salted beef. 

" That art which hath reckoned how many comes of 
sand would make up a world, could more easily com- 
pute, how many drops of water would make up 
an ocean," 

Bishop Hall, 139. 

CORN-CRAKE, Land-rail or Daker hen. 

^Q^;} Because. 

COST, " More cost than worship," i. e. more expense and 
trouble than the acquisition is worth. 


COSTRIL, A small barrel. It was formerly used here 
instead of a bottle, by labourers who took milk and 
beer in it. It is also called a stoop, containing, 
according to Baileij, two quarts. See Tim Bobbin. 

COT, A man who is fond of cooking for himself. 

^/' r a village, a cottage. A. S. cote. Skinner. 
COSH, ) ^ ' ^ 

2 A hovel, a fold, a pig cote. Welsh, cwt. 
COTT, A fleece of wool matted together. These are 
sometimes dyed and converted into matts. Cowell 
calls it a cote, which is a kind of refuse wool clung 
or clotted together. 
COTTERD, Entangled, coZ/-hair'd, like a wild colt. 
It is applied to blood when coagulated ; and also to 
rocks, when the strata are twisted and irregular. 
COTTERILL, An iron pin to secure the ferel, a different 
signification given by Ray. When used in the plural 
it is a droll expression for money, as " Hes'to onny 
cotterih i'thy pocket." 

COUD-TOGITHER, Collected. 

COUD, " To flay't coud off," is to make a liquid luke-warm. 
COUF, Cough. " A kirk-garth couf" is a cough which 
is likely, in a short time, to consign its victim to the 
church yard. 
COUK, The core of an apple. 
COUKS, Small cinders, cokes. 
" Bind fast his corky arm." 

Sh. Lear, iv, 7- 
This passage would be no less forcible by the insertion 
of coiiJaj for corky, denoting the dry, husky, 
Avithered state of the arm. Of the same significa- 
tion as that in the Psalms, " IMy bones are burnt 

' \ Cold. Belg. haud. 

88 . UI,U.Sb.AUV. 

up as a lire brand." In the more Nortlicrn Counties, 
according to Cu-usc, cuiiLs are now called corks. 

COUL, ) To rake or scrape together, to clean roads. In 

COW, j the pr.Tt. co/i'd. 

'■' All that icli wiste wickode by ev'ry ofoiire covoiit 
Ich cowcdc it uj) in our cloistrc." 

/*. PloU. JMSH 7- 

COW-RAKE, l^^s^'-^Pe'-- 
COUi\I, A valley. Welsh, c)V}». 

" Louder then Nile rushing from rocker coomb 
Or then Encelade when he shakes his toonib." 

Bethulias Rescue. Sylvester. 
COUNSEL, To gain the affections, " he has counselled 

her at last." 
COUNTRY-SIDE, Neighbourhood in a hilly district. 
" lie lied the counlry-side altogether." 

Si. RonatLs Well., 1st. vol. page 95. 
" And shook baith mcikle corn and bear 
And kcjit the cotnitry-side in fear." 
COUNTRYFIED, Rustical, clownish. 
COUP, To exchange. Belg. koop, a sale. Goth. 

COUP. An exchange, "naa fair coup." In Scotland 

horse-dealers are called \u)r?,Q-coupers. 
COUP, A cart, the sides of which are made of boards, 
not of staves. 

" The deponent saith, that in resorting to the said 
monastery, he hath divers times seen thirty or forty 
caniages called coups of the tenants of the said manor, 
at one time, in which they did take and carry certain 
worthing or dung from the said monastery, and 
bestowed it on their own farm holds." 

Dr. Whitaker Par. of Dallon. 

COUPLING, The junction of the bones. 

" Piercing his rybbis throw at the ilk part 
Quhare been the cupUng of the rig bone." 

D. Virff. 329. 


COUSIN-BETTY, A deranged woman. Cousin Tommy 
is applied to a man in that melancholy situation. 

COUTER,!, u f T I, 

COOTER I coulter of a plough. 

COVE, A cave. A. S. cofa or cofc, antrum, fovia. 

COVER, Recover. 

COW, To scrape. See coul. 

COWARSE, Coarse. 

COW-BERRIES, Red whortle berries. Vaccincum 

Vitis-idcca. Linn. 
COWERS, Stoops, bends, squats. It. covare. Fr. 


" The splitting rocks coiver''d in the sinking sands." 

Sh. 2d p. H. VI. iii. 2. 
COW-JOCKEY, A beast dealer. 

COW-LADY, \A beautiful small scarlet beetle with 
LADY-BIRD, J black spots. CoccineUa-bi-puncla, 
or sept cm punctata. Linn. It is also called Ladij-Cotv. 
In France it has the name of bete a Dieu, Vache a Dieii, 
and bete de la Vierge, in which, as well as in our name 
of this beautiful though diminutive insect, there seems 
to be a reference to some superstition of which I have 
met with no account. 

" Lady-Ijird, lady-Urd, fly away home, 
Your house is on fire, your cliildren do roam." 
COWL, A circular s-\velling on the head, occasioned by a 

blow. SwED. hill. 

COW-PRESS, \ A lever, from Fr, prise and Eng. crow, 

COW-PRISE, J a purchase by the crow. See jjurchase. 

COW-SHUT, A wood pigeon. A. S. cusceate, from cusc, 

chaste, from the conjugal fidelity of the bird. Belg. 

Icuysheyt. Eng. coo and shout, coo-shout. 

" The kowschot croudis and pykkis on the rise." 

D. Virff. Prol. \2lh B. 
" While thro the braes the cushat croods 
Wi wuilfu cry." 


90 i.I.OS.sAIJV. 



(Cnv-SIIAHN, . 

rCkW rr \l> /Low diiiiii;. A. n. secant. l^ 

CO^VS, Fine pulverized ore tliut comes from former 
washings and caught in pools made for that purpose. 
In Cornwall and in Derbysliirc it is called slime ore. 
CRAALIX, Crawling. 

" Ten thousand snakes craUing about his Led." 

Spenser. Vir</. Gnat. 
CRAAP, Crept. 

CRACK, To crack or restrain^ Avhen applied to a dog. 
CRACK, To boast. 

"And to set the soniie to impugne the Father, but you 
must also crake of it." 

Dial, hetiveen a Priest and a Papist, 
" Tho' all the world should crake their duty to you." 

Sh. II. VIII. iii. 2. 
CRACK, To crack as milk, to curdle in boiling; also 
when milk and cream are kept too long in warm weather. 
CRACK, In a trice, immediately. 

" Then from the hedge, he in a crack 
Brings a tough willow with him back." 

Tim Bobbin. 
CRACKS, Boastings, "vain glorious crakes." Spenser. 
It is also used in the Homilies. 

" Thereby it ariscth, that some men make their 
cracks that they, maugre all men's heads have found 

Latimer's Sermons. 

2. Xews, " what cracks 9" Brockeit. 

3. '' Naa girt cracks," nothing to boast of. 
CRADLE, " To be rocked in a stone cradle" an odd 

expression a])plied to a dull, half witted person. An 
ingenious friend has referred me to a parallel passage 


in Homer, " the putting on a stone cloak/' Kuirov 

((J (70 y^iT(j)va, i. e. being either stoned to death or buried. 

CRAKEj A crow, as black as a crake, hence crake berries, 

the fruit of the empetrum nignnn. 
CRAiMMLE, To walk lamely or stilly ; from cramp, or 

Fr. cratnjyc. 
CRANCHIN, Crackling, to grind the teeth." 
" To cranchen us and all our kind." 

P. Plou. 
2. To make a crackling noise under the feet, as breaking 

ice, frozen grass, (Sec. 
CRANKLE, Weak, shattered. 
CRANKS, " Cranks and hods," pains and aches. 
CRAP, Prset. of creep. 

" The uncouth dred into theu" breistis crap." 

D. Virff. 4G p. 

CRAPS, The refuse of the fat of pigs, after being 
thoroughly melted and drained from the lard. These, 
after the operation, are crisp, and are eaten in the farm 
houses and cottages in Craven, called tallow craps, 

CRATCH, A frame of wood to lay sheep upon during 
the operation of greasing, &c. 

2. A pot cratch. 

CRATE, A wicker basket. Lat. cralcs. Belg. kralle, 
a pot crate. 

CRAW, To crow. 

CRAW, A crow. 

" With ane foule laik, als bkik as ony craw." 

D. Vivff. 171 /J. 

CRAW-FEET, See crow feel. 

CRAW-OUR, To tyrannize, to triumph." 

" Then gan the villein him to over-crato." 

Spcns. F. Q. 

CRAWL, In the following and similar expressions it 
signifies to abound. " He crawls wi lice," " the 
bed crawls wi Heas." 

!)- (;i,()s.s.\uv. 

t"l>AZV, Inlirni, "my gooil man's oml and crazi/." 
" IJcing l)ulli old anil craisic." 

Jiijiitcr (inrl Cupid. T. llrywood. 
CRAZIES, " Cramps and crazies," aches and pains and 

CRAZLED, Jnst congealed ; " t' waiter's nobbud just 

crazl'd our." 

CREAM, To froth, to mantle. 

CRECKET, A little stool. Fr. criquct, a little mean pony. 

CREE, To seethe, hence creed rice. 

CREEL, An ozier basket. 

" And credit up the flowre of poeti'y." 

D. Virg. Prol. iv. Bk: 
" Anc pair of coil cvcHs l)are." 

JVi/ntoun. Dr. Jam. 

N. B. The verb derived from the substantive is used 
by Douglas. 
CREEPINS, Chastisement. " I'll gi the thee crccpins." 
CRUITIN, Recruiting, recovering from sickness, derived 
from recruit. Creuten is also used in the same sense. 
Up is frequently added to it ; " as I think as how 
t'-lad'll creuten up ageean." 
CRIB, To steal, to purloin. 

" 'May I be hang'd by some bell-rope 
If e'er I criWd an ounce of soap." 

Quce Genus, p. 77- 
CRIB-BITER, A horse that bites his manger and draws 

in his breath instead of eating his food. 
CRIPPLE-HOLE, A hole made in a wall for the pas- 
sage of sheep from one field to another, a creeping-hole. 
A. S. crjipcl. 
CROB, To tyrannize, to crow or triumph over one. 
CROCK, An old ewe. In Scottish crok, an ewe that has 
given over bearing. Dr. Jamieson. This words occurs 
in Lord II. Clifford's MSS. Household Book. 


" Drawen of croklce yowes and selled iiij. for xd. apece. 
Sm ilili. vii. viiic^." 


" The captains gear was all new bought 
Wi cash his hogs and crocks had brought 
And ewes milk cheese besides." 
Lintoun Green. Vide Dr. Jamiesoii's Supplement. 

CROCKES, Two crooked timbers^, of a natural bend, 
forming a Gothic arcli. They generally rest on large 
blocks of stone. Many roofs of this construction are 
still remaining in ancient farm-houses and barns. 
Su. G. krok. 

" Strive not as doth a crocke with a wall." 


I know many instances where the declining crocke 
has pushed out the wall from the perpendicular. 
CROIM, To cram, to crowd. 
CROJMMED, Crammed. 

"With boxes cromjned fuU of lies." 

Chaucer. House of Fame. 

CRONK, To croak like a frog or raven. " A cronkin taad ;" 

a croaking toad. 
2. To perch. 
CROOK, The crick in the neck ; a painful stiffness, the 

effect of cold. 

2. Sheep are frequently attacked with a disease called 
the crook, both in their necks and limbs, so that their 
heads are drawn on one side. 

3. A chain, suspended in the chimney for hanging boilers 
on. This is terminated by a hook for the purpose of 
raising or lowering the boilers. 

4. A large bend or curvature of a river. 

" Bathes some fair garden with her winding crooks.'''' 

Sylvester's Trans, of Du Barlas, p. 53. 
CROOKEN, To bend, to turn any thing out of a 

right line. 
CROOKS AND BANDS, The hinges and iron braces 
of a door. Sec door-checks. 


CIU)OX. I To roar like a bull. Belo. krciaicii. A. S. 

CRUXK, j runian. It at. grinivio. It seems to liave 

some alHnity to the old ^\■()r(l crool, to growl or mutter, 

and to croijn, as the fallow deer in rutting time. — 

J'idc (ofg. rccr. 

^ Can all rodJy with homes crwjn anil put 

Ami scraip and scatter the soft sand with his f'ut." 

U. Virg. 300 
" The croonin kie the byre drew nigh." 

Walter Keljne. Dr. Jamicson. 
" She can o'ercast the night, and cloud the moon, 
And make the deils obedient to her crnne." 

Gentle Shepherd. 
" Now Clinkembell, wi rattlm tow, 

Begins to joy and croon. 
Some swagger home, the best they dow, 
Some wait the afternoon." 

Btirn''s Holy Friar. 

CROOPY, Hoarse. From Fr. croupe, a complaint in the 

throat, in wliicli a rattling noise is heard. 
CROOT, To murmur, to grumble. 

CROP OUT, A vein of ore is said to crop-out, Avlien 
it appears on the surface ; it is synonymous with 
CROPPEN, p. p. of creep. 

" Sire, I release thee thy thousand pound. 
As thou, right now, was cropen out of ground." 

Chaucer F. Talc. 

" After infirmitie and coldnesse have cropen into the 

church, then shall God redouble his former plagues." 

King James mi Revelations. 

" Thus causeless had croppen into you." 

Chaucer Tro. and Cres. 
" They are not cropin upon us without knawledge 
and foirsight." 

J. Knox's Letter to his Wyfc. 

CROSS, " I've neither cross nor coin ;" that is, no money 
at all ; an expression equivalent with "cross nor pile," 
" je n'ay croix ny pile." Cotg. 


CROSS-MORGANED, Peevish, ill-natured. 
CROSS-PATCH, A peevish child. 

" The 2}atch is khid enough." 


CROSS-VEIN, One vein of ore crossing another at 

right angles. 
CROWD Y, ) Meal and water, sometimes mixed with 
CROODY, j milk ; almost forgotten here. 
CROW-BERRY, A small black berry on the moors, less 

than the whortle berry. Ernpetrum nigrum. Lin. 
CROWNER, Coroner, derived from the English crown, 
rather than from the Latin corona. 
" Is this law ? 
Ay marry is it, croivners quest law." 

Shakspeare, Hamlet. 
CROWSE, Brisk, lively. 

"As croivse as a new washen louse." 


CROWS'-FEET, \ Deep wrinkles on the temples, at the 
CRAW-FEET, / corners of the eyes, which are com- 
pared to crows'-feet, and are supposed to make their 
appearance, in general, at the age of forty. 
" The Kanges foole is wont to crie aloud 
When that he thmketh that a woman herith her hie 
So long mote ye liven, and all proud 
Till crowes-feet growen under your eie !" 

Tro. and Cres. Chaucer. 

This word, with the same authority, I had prepared 
for the press before I saw Mr. Todd's second 
edition of Johnson. 
2. Wild hyacinth. 
CRUD, Curd, by metathesis. 

" Thou hast put me together, as it were milke ; and 
hardened me, to cruddes Uke chese." 

Primer of Henry VIII. MDXLVI. and in 
Geneva Edit. 1502. 
" Thou mad'st mee chere as critd became." 

Job by J. Sylvester. 
CRUDDLE, To curdle. 



" You must (liiiike :i {^^ood drauj^ht, tluil, it may stay 
lessc lime in tlie stomach lest it crudilU-y 

J{acon\s N<il. Ilislory. 
2. To crowd or Inulille tot^ctln'r. 

CRU31S, " To ])ick up his crinits," to recover from sick- 
ness ; rcmplitmcr. Colg. 
CRUMPY, Short, brittle. 

CRY, Tlie giving mouth or tlie music of hounds. Dr. John- 
son, and the various commentators on Shalcspcare, 
produce authorities to prove, that crij means a pack of 
liounds, though the very example produced militates 
against such a supposition. They give metonymically 
the effect for the cause. We say the dogs, or the pack, 
are in full cri/. 

" A cry more tuneable 

Was never liearkeii'd to or heard with horn." 

Shuks. Mid. N. D. 

The ignorance of the learned commentators on such a 

subject is very pardonable. They were probably 

like the friend of Sir Roger de Coverley, who 

could not hear the music for those cursed hounds. 

CRYING-OUT, An accouchment; in Northumberland 

CRYZOIM, Weakly. 

CUCKOO-SPICE, Wood sorrel. Oxalis acetosclla. Linn. 
CUCKOO-SPIT, \ A frothy matter, commonly in spring, 
CLEGG-SPIT, i adhering to the branches and 
leaves of plants, and vulgarly supposed to be the 
spittle of the cuckoo. This is discharged from the 
bodies of the larvae or grubs of the black-headed frog- 
hopper. Cicada spumaria, Linn, in the midst of which 
they reside, to defend themselves from stronger insects, 
which might otherwise prey upon them, or to protect 
them from the scorching beams of the sun. If this 
froth be removed, the grub will soon emit a fresh 
(juantity, which again hides it from observation. 


Toad-spit is another name common in Craven for the 
foam, from a vulgar notion, that it is the saliva of 
that animal. 
CUDDLE, To embrace. 
CUDDY, A corruption of Cuthbert. 
CULLAVINE, Columbine. 

CULVERT, A drain or a small arch. Qu. Belg. kul, 
a circle or arch and Latin verfo, to turn, or from the 
Old English word culvert, or culvers, a dove, the 
opening resembling a pigeon hole. These are some- 
times made under a road as a passage of communication 
between two fields. A. S. culfer. 
" Com that the culver eat." 

P. Plou. 
" Right as the lambe that of the wolfe is bitten. 
Or as the culver, that of the egle is smitten." 

Chaucer Leg. of G, Women. 
*'And he tumede upso down the bourdis of changeris 
and the changeris of men that soulden culveris." 

Matt. xxi. Wiclif. 

CUPBOARD, My belly cries cupboard, an old proverb 

for being very hungry. 
CUNDIE, [a conduit. 

" I mind whan neighbom- Hewie's sheep 
Thro' Watties cundie holes did creep, 
An eat the corn an' tread the hay 
That Hewie had the skaith to pay." 
liuickbie^s Way-side Cottager. Vide Dr. Jamiesori's Sup. 
CUPOLA, A furnace for smelting lead, &c. 
CUR, Used as a person, " a ketty cur," a vile fellow. 
CURCH, Kirk, church. 

" M. ChaiJcelor standing by said I was a Maister of 
Arts when my Ld. made to my charge my not 
coming to the ciircfi." 

Glover's Letters, \o')(i. 


CTTRCIIIE, Curtsey, ride Imp. 
CURRAN-BERinks, Currants. 

"• Thou has not <rovcn to me a cosset 

Luke vii. Willi/. 

CUS, \ Kiss. Welsh, ciis. Belg. IiUssch. Gn. 

KUSSE, j Kino Kvaio. 

, "A niaiilon ofgoodc 

Hue might cusse the king." 

1'. Plou. 

CUSIIY-COW, ) , ^ J ,. ,, 

r^TTOTT T t\-\TT:' I ^ tonii ot cndearment applied to a cow. 

CUTE, Active, clever. A. S. cuth, cxpcrltis. Dr. Jamicsuu. 
CUTTERIN, Talking low and privately. Belg. /.w//c«. 


DAABING, Dawbing. 
DAAIM, Dame, wife. 

DAB, IMaster of his business, an adept, " he's a duh at 
it." Lat. adepius. Mr. Todd derives this word 
from the Arabic adab. 

" Frae me an auld dab, tak advice 

An tram (save) them baith, if ye be wise." 

A. Ramsay. 
DABBISH-IT, An exclamation of disappointment or 

deprecation - 
DAB-HAND, Expert at any thing. 
DACENT, Decent. 

D ACIT Y, Activity, vivacity, an abbreviation of audacity. 
The negative adjective is generally applied, as " that 
lad's naa daciiy about him." 
DAD, ) Father, nearly the same in a variety of 
DADDY, ) Northern languages. Dad is also used for 
one that excels in any thing, but chiefly in a bad sense. 
" He'st dad of au for mischief." 

" Was wont to cheer his dad in mutinees," 

Sh. n. VI. 'Mpt. i. 4. 


DADDIE, Fatlior.. a common term used by children^ 
though Dr. Janiieson expresses some doubt that it is 
an English word, as neither Dr. Johnson nor Mr. 
Todd have given an example. 

" My daddie is a caiiker'd carle 
He'll nae twin wi his gear 
IMy miniiy she's a scalding wife 
Hads a the house a steer." 

Herd's Collection. 
DADDLE, To do any thing imperfectly. 
DAFF, A coward. This substantive is rarely used. 
Homo ineptus, ignavus. Junius. 

" Thou doted daffe, quath hue, dolle aren thy wittes." 

P. Plou. 
" When this jape is told another deye 

I shall be halde a daffe or a cockenaye." 

" An Herod's the daffe."*' 

P. Plou. 2 pass. 

" Daffadoivndillies are new come to town 
In a yellow petticoat and a green gown." 
Daffadillcys is used by Spenser. 
DAFFAIM, A silly person. 

DAFT, Daunted, timid. This word simply is not used 
in the sense of foolish, as by Mr. Todd. We generally 
combine fondlin with it, and say " a daft fondlin," a 
cowardly blockhead. King James in his Dcemonology 
says : — 

"Such kind ofcharmes as commonly f/a/^ wives use for 
healing ferspoken goods (cattle) for preserving them 
from evil eyes, by knitting roan trees or sundrie 
kind of herbs to the haire or tailes of the goodes by 
curing the wonne by stemming of blood." 

Vide Brand's Pop. Audq. 
" Yere aye sac daft, come tak it, an hae done." 

A. Ramsay's Pastorals. 
II 2 

1(H) i; LOSS All V. 

DAFTISII, Rather timid. 

DAGGLEY, ^\'ct, showery, drizzly. " Here's a clagglt/ 

DAKER-IIEN, The hmd rail. ]fallii,s crcx. Linn. Is 
this a corniption of the lion of the acre or inclosed 
grounds which they generally frequent .'' The Danish 
dyker hen appears to be a different bird. 

])ALL'D, Wearied. 

DAIM-STAKES^ The inclined plain over which the water 
flows from a dam, which may have originally been con- 
structed of wattles and stakes. 

DABIMING AND LADING, A disgraceful and de- 
structive mode of obtaining fish in brooks by diverting 
the stream and lading out the water from the pools. 

DANDY-COCK, A bantam cock, a diminutive species 
of poultry, probably from dandy jrrat, a dwarf. 

DANG, Praet of ding. Gael. di?ig. Od dang, or od 
ding, a mutilated oath. This and similar Jan cied, but 
disgraceful ornaments of discourse, are but too com- 
monly heard ; and what is more grating to a devout 
ear, are uttered with consequential exultation. 

DANNOT, An idle girl, " a do-naught." 
" Jannet thou donoi, 
I'll lay my best bonnet." 

Minst. ofS. B. 

DAR, ) More dear. This local comparative of dear 

DARER, j is only used when it has a reference to the 
price of any thing. In the sense of beloved the com- 
parative is regularly formed. 

DARN, To mend stockings. Belg. garen. Welsh, 

DARK, Blind. " Shoe's quite dark." 

DARK, To watch for an opportunity of injuring others 
for his own benefit. See bets: 


DARKLING, ) „ . . , . , .... 

D 4T}T'F\TT1VP r "'ifticiples of the same signincation. 

DART-GRASS, Holcus lanalus. When the flowers of 
this plant are stripped off, boys frequently bind a 
number of the delicate fibres together, in the middle 
of which is fixed a pin, representing an arrow. This 
being inserted in a hoUow kex is blown off at a con- 
siderable distance. 
DASH, To confuse, to make ashamed. 

" Ye dash the lad in constant slighting finde 
Hatred for love is unco sau' to bide." 

Gentle Shepherd. 
DASH, An imprecation. 

DASH'D, Confused, ashamed, from adash. Sh. Love's 

Lab. Lost. V. 2. 
DAUBER, ) , , 


" The Major of Attringham and the Mayor of Dover 
The one is a thatcher the other a dauber." 

Grose P. Die. 
DAUD, George. 

DAUDLE, To trifle, or to do any thing ineffectually. 
DAUT, A speck or spot. 

DAWKIN, A slut ; a woman who is tawdry and dirty in 
her dress. Raij gives dawgos as synonymous with 
dawkin ; and daffock, as in Coles, is another form of 
the word. 
DAWL, To tire, to fatigue. " I'se sadly dawled wi' my 
journey to day." Also to weary with importunity or 
ceaseless applications. It is further used in the sense 
of to loathe, or to be nauseated with any kind of food. 
DAW, To thrive. Teut. dauiven. S.G. doga. "He neither 
dees nor duws." Raij. He neither dies nor mends. 
" Unty'd to a man, 
Do whate'er we can, 
AVe never can thrive or dow." 

Ramsay^s Poems. 

10- (;LossAnv. 

DAY, " Dai) in and dmi out," all the day long. 

DAY, Surfiice. A rock or vein of coal, lead, &c. 1) ing 

near the surface, is said to be " near't (hty." 
DAY WARK, Three roods of land. 
2. The labour of a day. 
DAY-LIGIITS, The eyes. 
2. To burn day light. 

" Why burn we day-light ? Hence with fear and sloth." 
Alakloi's Jilii.s/i. Trans, by Sylvester. 

DAY-NETTLE, Dead nettle or archangel. I believe 
both the lamium alburn and purpurium are indifferently 
called dat/-nctlle, in Craven. 

DAYTAL, A day labourer, one who works by the day, 
not by the great ; from day and tale : because his 
wages are reckoned by the day, in contradistinction to 
him who is hired by the year. 

DAYTAL-WARK,i _,, . . , ,, , ,w 

DAY- WARK, f ^'''■^ ^''''^ ^y ^^'"^ '^''^' 

DAZZ'ED, ) ^. „ , , , , J , 

A ly'Ti i -^^^ ^^'^"^ baked, heavy, doughy. 

2. " A dazz'd dull look," a sickly appearance. Hence a 
sheep is said to be dazz'd in its coat, or wool. 
" Assotted had his sense or dazed was his eye." 

" Thou sittest at another booke, 
Till fully dazed is thy look." 

Chaucer. House of Fame. 
" And through his vental pierst his dazeled eies." 

Fairfax Tasso, 342. 
DEAD-HORSE, " To pull the dead-horse," is to labour 

for wages already received.. 
DEAD-MAN, 1 When miners have got into some old 
OLD-MAN. J works, of which they had previously 
no knowledge, they say they have got into an old man 
or dead man ; or " 'toud man's been there." 


DEAD AND GOAN, A redundant expression^ instead 
of simply saying a person is dead. " Mj poor husband 
is de-ad and goan, de-ad and low laid." 
DEAD^ Very, exceeding. 

DEAD-LIFT, The moving of a lifeless or inactive body. 
Thus, when a sickly or a drunken person is to be 
raised up, we say he's a dead l/J). 
DEAD-RIPE, Completely ripe, so that the fruit begins 

to collapse. I do not discover this word in JoJmson. 
DEAF, Unproductive, whether applied to land or corn. 
S. G. daiifjord, terra sterilis. Jamieson. A. S. deaf- 
DE-AF, To make deaf. 

" Last many a braw wooer cam down the lang glen, 
And sair wi' Ms love he did deave me." 

Burri's Scot. Ballads. 
DEAF-NUT, A decayed nut. Teut. doove, rotten. 
DEAFFE, Deaf. 

" But that tormentor deaffe with ferventness, made no 
end of his bocherj, tyl the chylde was almost in 

Shyrey^s Trans, of Erasmus, 1550. 

DEAN, A valley. A. S. den. 

DEARY, An adjunct to little and equivalent to veri/. 

" This is a deary little bit." 
DEARY-ME, Alas ! Avoe to me ! 
DEEATH, Death. 

DECK, To select or cast out, probably from the French, 
deconper per apocopen. Mr. Nares says that a deck of 
cards is a pack. The verb is only used here. 
" The king was slily fingered from the deck.^^ 

Sh. H. VI. V. L 
" I'll deal the cards and cut you from the deck.'''' 

Two Maids of more Clack. Steevens. 



])EK, To die. " We iniin aytlier oiid be, or young dee." 
IsL. (lri/-a. 

" The Perse Icanycle on his brande, 
And sawe the Duj^las (k." 

Chcry Chace. 
" I am right sorry Troilus will dei/." 

Chauc. Troilus and Cress. 
DEED, Died. 

"And ther deiedc that doctour." 

P. Plou. 
'• The man deed." 

FroysarCs Cronycle. 

DEED, Doings ; " There's sad deed, I'll uphodto." 

DEET, Dirtied. This word has two senses diametrically 

opposed to each other. This liaj remarks, viz. dig/it, 

dressed; and the Cheshire word, the same as in 

Craven, to dirty. 

DEET, ) To dress, to cleanse ; " he's deeting corn," that 

DIGHT, j is, winnowing, from the old English word 


" Defiled his douhtres he digfite." 

P. Plou. 
DIGHTED, Cleansed. 

" I led him ben but ony pingle, 
And beek'd him brawly at my ingle, 
Diyhted his face, his bandies thow'd, 
Till his young cheeks like roses glow'd." 

Allan Ramsay. 
DEFT, Decent. Belg. dejtig. A. S. dcefc, pretty. 

" We carry not so deft a page to our chamber alone." 

Abbott. Sir W. Scott. 
This word is in daily use, though called obsolete by 
Dr. Johnson and also by Dr. Jamieson. 
" 1 know him not, is he deuft^ barber." 

Promos and Cassandra. Moor. 
" He's dead and gone long since, but leit, 
His scholars some so queint and f/e/^" 

Palce Albion.) p. 105. 


DEFTLY, Decently, pretty well, gently. A. S. dcefe, 
accommodus. Skinner. 

" So prosper'd the sweet lass, her strength alone 
Thrust deftly back the dislocated bone." 

Vide Mill's Chivalry^ Vol. 1, p. 188. 
" Thyself and office deftly show." 

Sh. Macleth, iv. 1. 
" Deftly repressed a certain flatterer." 

JMolles Trans, of Camerarins., 1G21. 
" Indeed, gude-wife, the lad did weel enough, 
AA^as cident ay, and deftly held the pleugh." 

TannahilFs Poems. 
" Though Robin Hood, liel John, Frier Tucke, and 
Marian deftly play." 

Warner''s Alhioii's England. 
DEG, To sprinkle. A. S. deagan. Isl. deig-r. 
Svv. dagga. 

" When I have deek'd (Qii. degyed) the sea with drops 
full salt." 

Shaks. Temp. i. 2. 

To deg clothes is to sprinkle them with water pre- 
vious to ironing. See the various connments on 
this word in Reed's ShaJcspeare. The poet's ex- 
pression is very obvious to a Cravenite. 
DEGGIN, The act of sprinkling clothes with water. 
DEG-BOWED, When cattle are sv/oUen, they are said 
to be deg-ho'wcd. I have frequently known a farmer 
strike a sharp knife through the skin, between the 
ribs and the hips, when the cow felt immediate relief 
from the escape of air through the orifice, so that the 
distended carcase instantly collapsed, and the excre- 
ments blown with great violence to the roof of the 
cow-house. Sc. boivdcn, swollen. 
DEGGY, Drissly, foggy. 
DELF-CASE, Shelves for crockery, or dcff. 
DELLIT, Day light, break of day. 
DEM, Adam. 

1()() . CiLOSSAUY. 

1)E3I-IX, ^\'lleIl the cloiuls begin to collect^ or are ob- 
structed, they are said to dcm-in. 

DKXCII, Nice, squeamish. Sc. doncli. 

DARBY, ^ Ready monev ; " pay down darhij." Qu. Is 

DAROY, j this ])hrase a corruption of thereby, at the 
instant ? 

2. Party or company. " I do'nt care a pin for't haal 
dcroy on em." 

DERSE, Havock. 

DERSE, To dirty, to defile, j^er mclalhcsin, from dress. 

2. To cleanse, to prepare. 

" Dresse ye the way of the Lord." 

WicUf. John i. 

3. To " derse muck" is to spread dung. 

4. To beat. " I'll derse thee thy hide for the." 
DESPERATE, Great. " Shoe's a desperate tacker 

o'snuff." It is also frequently joined to another adjec- 
tive, in which case it forms a superlative. " That's a 
desperate little woman." 

DESSALLY, Regularly, constantly. 

DESSES, Cuttings or trusses of hay. This is plainly 
the taas mentioned in antient IMSS. Gakl. tass. 
Belg. huij-tossen, to gather hay. It may also be 
derived from Belg. dissel, a chopping knife, or, pro- 
bably the instrument by which the hay was cut. 

" To ransack in the tas of bodies dead." 

Clum. K. T. 
"And as thev come, the Queene was set at dels." 

D. Virg. B. 1. 
" Under a canopy and upon a dais of three degrees." 

Quentin Durivard, vol. ii. 84. 
" Thus they drevelen at the deyes." 

P. Plou. Translated by Dr. Whitaker. 
2. High table. 

" A doughty dwarfe, to the uppermost deas." 

King ligences Challenge. 
" Ne crouding for to mock prees 
But all on hie above a dees." 

Chauc. House of Fame. 

GLOSSAUY. ^ 107 

The word may have been derived from the French 
word dais, whicM Avas the canopy at the upper end 
of the ancient hall. The principal table was 
always placed on the dais. It was so in the time of 
IMatt. Paris, 1070. " Priore prandente ad mag- 
nam mensam, quam Dais vocamus." See Tyrwhit's 
Glos. of Chaucer. In College Halls^ at the present 
day, the High Table is generally raised on steps or 
dais above the common floor. 
DESS-UP, To pile up in order. 
DEUR, Door. A. S. dure. This pronunciation is more 

general in the south part of this district. 
DEVILMENT, Roguery, wantonness, mischief. " He's 

as full o' devilment as an egg's full o'meat." 
DEVIL'S-DUNG, Assafoetida. 

DEVIL'S-BIT, The scahiosa succisa, the end of the root 
is so obtruncated as if it were bitten. Coles, in his 
introduction to the knowledge of plants, tells us, 

" There is one herb, flat at the bottome, and seemeth 
as if the nether part of its root were bit oiF, and is 
called DeviPs-bic, whereof it is reported that the 
Devil, knowing that part of the root would cure all 
diseases, out of his inveterate niahce to mankind, 
bites it oflV 

Vide BrancVs Pojndar Antiq. 

DEWBERRIES, Cloud berries ; i-ubus chainoimorus. 
They are also called knout berries. 
" IMarie Magdalene by mores livede and dewes ;" 

that is moist places (as explained by the Rev. Dr. 

Whitaker, the learned editor of P. Plouhman), 

where these berries generally grow. 
DIALOGUE, An eighth part of a sheet of writing paper. 
DIB, To dip or incline. 

DIB, A valley. A. S. dippaii. Welsh, did. 
2. A dip, as a dib of ink. 


DICKENS, " Odih dickais," a kiiul of a- petty oath. 
liiiilcy considers it a corruption of Dcvilliins, i. c. little 
devils. The Scotch du'ikhis is a cognate term. 
DICKY-BIRD, A name given by children to all small 

birds ; also to a louse. 

DISHED, [-All over with him, ruined. 

DO\E-UP, ) 

DID, To hide, a corruption probably of hid. 
DIDN'TO, Didst thou not. 

DIE, " As clean as a J/c." Q«. Whence this comparison .'' 
" In ridding of pasture, with turfes that lie by, 
Fill everie hole up, as close as a die." 


DIFFICULT, Peevish, fretful, not good to please.— 
" Shoe's a sad time wi^ her husband, he's saa difficult." 
DIFFICULTER, More difficult. 

DIKE, To ditch. "Down in the dike," signifies sick, 
diseased. " As fast as dike-watter" a proverbial 
simile used of any person or thing that wastes or con- 
sumes fast away. Gael, dijlc. 
DIKE, To make a ditch. This Mr. Todd says is obso- 
lete ; but it is a common expression here. 

" He wold thresh and thereto dike and delve." 

DIKE-CAIM, A ditch bank, a corruption of camp, like 

the mound of an encampment. 
DILL, To soothe pain. Isl. dylla lalare. 


' y To stop up. A. S. dijLtan, occludere. 
ULl. , ) 

" The rivaris ditlit Avith stede corpsis wox rede." 

D. Virg. p. 155. 
" Should have ditted the mouth of the most envious 

K. James, Basil. Doron. 


DING, To throw down. Gael, dbigam, to press. 

" Of bewte and of boldness I ber evermore the belle, 

Of mayne and of might I master every man, 

I dynge with my dowtiness the devyl down to helle." 

Coventry Plays, Cott. MSS. See Malone. 
" "\V ill help to dinge him down." 

Bob. of Portingale. P. Rel. 
" And thy fell race hers on the head shall ding. 
Thine, thine again, hers in the heel shall sting." 

Sylcesler's Trans, of Du Bartiis. 
" But you and I conjoin'd can ding him ^ 

An by a vote to reason bring him." 

Allan Ramsay, 
Teut. dringen urgere ; elisa propter euphoniam 
asperima ilia Caiiina litera. See Gloss of D. Firg. 
" SaUas got up as mad as vveesel 
Dings a good dust at Nisus' muzzle." 

Mar. p. CI. 
DINGE, To bruise, to indent by a fall. 
DINJMAN, Scotch wedder, a shearing of two years old. 
Qii. Fr. deux ans. Sc. dbimonl, or from the Sc. 
word dymenew, diminished, or deprived of its fleece. 
In Cooper diudens, a hoggrel. 
DINNLE, To thrill, to tingle. Belg. tbdel-en. 
DINTLE, Leather used in making the soles of slender 
shoes. It is inferior in price to the but, having the 
neck and rump part attached to it. 
DIPNESS, Pepth. IsL. dyh. 

" But I am certeyne that neither deeth, neither lyf, 
neither heighthe, neither dcpness, neither noon other 
creature mai departe us fro the charite of God." 

TVic. Rom. viii. 
"And thei caste doun a plomet and Ibundun twenti 
paasis of depnesse." 

(Viclif, Ads xxvii. 
Depeness casteth upon depencs, with the noise of the 
water courses." 

Ps. xll. Primer II, \Iii. 

110 c;i,OSSAKY. 

DIRL, To move quickly. A. S. IhirUan, to turn like an 
augor. Su. G. drilhi, hence tlie common English 
word to (Iri/l. This seems to be of the same significa- 
tion as the Scottish A\'ord /;///, as quoted hy 'Sir II'. 
Scolt from G. Doug. 

" She kejjit close the house and birlil at the quhele, 
And tirlcd at the pin." 

Minsl. of S. B. 
"Quhare as the swelth had the rokkis Ihirlit." 

D. V. p. 87. 
" So thorled with the point of remembrance." 

Chauc. Comp. of Ansel. 
" It just plaj'd dirl on the bane 
But did nae mair." 

Death and Doct. Ilornhook. Burns. 
" ^leg Wallet, wi her pinky een 
Gart Lawries heartstrings dirle." 

A. Ramsay. 

DIRLER, A light-footed, active person. 

UISGEST, To digest ; almost universally used amongst 

the lower orders, and of which innumerable examples 

might be quoted from old writers. • 

"They arc ever temperate heats that dis(/esland mature." 

Bacon''s Nut. Hist. p. 72. 

" Nothing is so hardly disgested as contempt." 

Dr. Lodgers Trans, of Seneca. 

DISH, A cup, a dish of tea or coffee, une tasse de cafFe. 


DISH, To make hollow, " mind to dhh't' wheels out," 

to make the outer rim overhang the spokes. 

DISH'D, A vulgar term forruined, " the fellow is quite 

d'lsh'd." Is not tliis word a corruption of the word 

dishier ; from dix and heir, disinherited. 

" SAvord, I durst make a promise of him to thee ; 

Thou shalt desheir him, it shall be thine honour." 

Tourneur. lievenger^s Trayedij. See Ency. Metro. 

DISSAIT, Deceit. 

" Quhat slight dissait quentlie to flat & fene." 

D. Virff. 


DIT, See dill. 
DIT, To stop up. 

" Your brains go low, jour bellies SAvell up high, 
Foul sluggish iiit diu- up your duUed eye." 

Morels Poems. 

DITHER, ) To sliake with cold or fear. Skinner derives 

DIDDER, j it from the Belg. sittern. Teut. zitlern. 

prse frigore tremere, a stridulo sono, quern frigore 

horrentes et tremeutes dentibus edimus. Barboter do 

peur ou de froid. The teeth to shake or quake for 

fear ; to chatter or didder for cold ; to say an apes' 

pater noster Cotg. 

DITHERING, Shaking. 

" Needy labour dithering stands 
Beats and blows his numbing hands." 

Clarets Poems, «. 47. 
DITED, Indited. 

" The whole scripture is dited by God's spirit." 

K. James Bas. Dor. 
DIVIL, Devil. 

" The chUd of damnation and of the divil." 

Homily of the Passion. 
" Defie that divil which hath mock't you with this mad 
opinion that treacherie is holiness.' 

Bishop Hallos Letters. 
DIZEN, To dress. 

" I put my clothes off and I dizen^l him." 

Beaumont and Fletcher. Vide Todd. 
Ray includes this amongst his North country Avords. 
DO, ) Deed, action, contest. A fete, " a feaful 

DOOMENT, I grand do." 

" Ilenowmed much m arms and derring do.'''' 

" Full desirous in that sodain heate, 
Polhnite in the field to mete, 
Singularly with hiui to have a r/o." 

Chaucer. Story of Thebes. 
DOAF, Dough. 

DOALD, Fatigued. Fide dawl 


DOCKAN, Dock, a species of rumex. When children 
have nettled themselves, they frequently apply docks 
to mitigate the pain, repeating during the operation 
these words, " in dockaii, out nettle," till the pain has 
subsided. A similar account is given of this incanta- 
tion by 7^/-. JVUhni, ■whose Glossary of the West 
Kiding I had not seen before the first edition of this 

" And though I miglit, yet would I not do so, 

IJut canst tliou plaion racket to and fro, 

Nettle in, dock out, now this, now that Pandarc." 

Troilus <J- Cressekla. 
" "Wad yc compare j'oursel to me 
A (lockiii till a tansie." 

Rilson^s Songs. Dr. Jamieson. 

DODDED, Without horns, an abbreviaton oi doe-headed, 
of which the word doddered is most probably a corrup- 
tion. The derivation of doddered in Johnson is far 
fetched. When trees have lost their branches through 
age, they may properly be called not doddered, but 
dodded. It appears from Brockett's Glossary of North 
Country words, that dod signifies to lop, but we have 
no such expression here. 

DOFF, Do off, to undress, to throw off. Dr. Johnson 
says that this word in all its senses is obsolete. 
" To (/ojf their dire distresses." 

Shaks. Much Ado, S(C. iv. 3. 
" Romeo doff thy name." 

Rom. cj Jul. ii. 2. 

DOG-LOUSE, " It is'nt worth a dog louse," it is mean 
and worthless. Cotgrave has a similar expression, 
" chose de chien," a trifle, trumpery. 

DOG-STANDxVRD, Rag-wort. Senecio Jacohxa. Linn. 
In Scotland Dr. Jamieson says that this plant is still 
viewed by the vulgar as a subject to magical influence. 


Though I have not heard that such qualities are 
appropriated to it in Craven;, it is not improbable 
that the word dog may be corrupted from the Welsh 
bwg, a hobgoblin. 

" Tiet warlocks grim and withered hags 
Tell how wi jou on ragweed nags 
They skim the meurs or dizzy crags 
Wi wicked speed." 

DOG-EARS, The twisted or crumpled corners of leaves. 
"• Into the ckawers and china pry 

Papera and books a huge umbroglio 
Under a tea-cup he might lie 

Or creasd, like dog-ears^ in a folio." 

DOG, A toaster made of wood or iron, in the form 

of a dog. 
DOLLY, A slattern. 
2. A washing tub. 

DON, To put on, to do on. This word, though common. 
Dr. Johnson says is obsolete. 

" Then up he rose and don\l his clothes." 

Song in Hamlet. 

DON, Do. This word is not often used except on the 
borders of Lancashire. 

" They waive as don two piggies m a poke." 

" As done the pots that long retam their taste." 

Judilh hy Du Bartas. Trans, by Hudson. 
" They don him grit comfort." 

P. Plou. 
" And some of the Farisees seyen to liim, what don ye 
that is not leefuf in the Sabotis." 

Wiclif, Luke vi. 
DONE, Exhausted, worn out. " I's done to't bone." 
DONE, Cease, be quiet, " hev done wi ye." 
" The men badde them have done." 

FroysarCs Cronycle. 


DOXK, ) Wet, poetically tlank, originally from the 
DONKV, j Kunic. Bklg. donchrr. ISu. G. dimkcii. 
" And now tljc hevin ovcrqiihelmys the doiik nycht." 

D. Virg. 

DONN'D, Dressed, from do-on. 

" This amorous surlbitcr would have donn'd his helm." 

An. S^ Clco. 
" Then up he rose and donn'd his clothes 
And dupp'd the chamber door." 
I never heard dup made use of here. 
DOODLEj " Cock-a doodle-do" a childish word for imita- 
ting the crowing of a cock. 
" Cock-a doodk-do 
]My daddy's gaan to ploo, 
My mammy's lost her pudding poke 
And knaws nut M'hat to do." 
DOON, Done. Belg. doen. IViclif, doon. Alexis, 
doen, of which this word is evidently a corruption, and 
is frequently used by Chaucer as a monosyllable. 
"He waited many a constellation 
Or he had doen his operation." 

" And so it behoveth to be doon." 

Wiclif, 1st Cor. vii. 
" But I commit my cause to God, whose will be doone 
■whether it be by life or death." 

Bp. IJooper''s Letters. 
"• For whan they knew the batayle was doone." 

" We doon thankyngis to God." 

Wiclif, Colos. i. 
In this last quotation doon is synonymous with do. 
DOOR-CIIEEKS, Door posts, pronounced as in Shaks- 
pcare do-cr. " Les jambs d'une poste." Cotgrave. It 
occurs in the old translation of the Bible, Ex. xii. 22. 
" And take a bunch of hyssope and dip it in the blood 
that is in the basin, and strike the lintell and the 
doore-cheeks with the blood that is in the basin." 


" Down bet checkys and bandis all to fruschit (pieces)." 

D. Virg. p. bb. 
" To his dore cheek I kept the deck." 

Water Kelpie. 

DOOR-SILL, The thresWiold of a door. Siieil de I'huis. 

DOOR STAANS, The flags or paving before the door. 
" To mak you a bet room on the door-sta?ie." 

St. Ronaii's Well, \st vol. 275 p. 
DOOR-STEAD, The space occupied by the door. 
DOS, Joseph. 

DOSK, ) Dusky, dark. It is sometimes used as a 
DOSKY, j substantive for twilight. " I gat haam 

just at dosk o't' evenin." 

" The grand stude barren dosk and gray." 

D. Virg. 
DOSSEL, A wisp of hay or straw to stop up any aperture 

of a barn, &c. from the old French doisil, dousil, a 

DOTTERILL, An old doating fellow. 
DOUBLE, To clench, " he doiihlcd his kneaf." 
DOUBLER, A large plate or dish. Welsh, dwhlcr. 

Dobeler, Minshew. 

" Disches and dobeleres." 

P. Plou. 

DOUBTSOME, Doubtful, uncertain. 

" Ilonible ansvieris, fill doutsome to consave." 

D. V. }). IGG. 
DOUGHTER, Daughter. 

" The sayde Mammea was dougJdcr of a woman called 


Sir Thos. Elyot. 
" Where's the bcautyc of the King's daughter, the 

Church of Christ." 

Bradford'' s Letters, 1550. 

" The fader, when he understood that thei his doughler 

thus besought." 


■ I 2 



DOUK, Ti» biitlio, u» (luck. A. S. i!oiic(i)i. Bklg. diickcii. 
" This boaiul sayil, this ilk Goil ot'tlic fhule 
Under the tlepe can douli doiin quhare he stiule." 

D. r. p. 242. 
" (lar (louk, gar (loiik, tiie king he cried 

(.iar (luiik Ibr gold and tee ; 
Oh ! wha will doiik for Earl llichard's sake 
Or wha will dunk for nic." 

MinuL ofS. n. 2d vol. j). 419. 

DOUSE, A blow. Sc. Belg. douscn. 
DOUTER, Extinguisher, or a do-outer. 
DOUT, To do out, to extinguish. 

" And dout them with superfluous courage." 

Sh. H. V. iv. 2. 
" Doth all the noble substance often dout 
To his own scandal." 

Hamlet, i. 4. 

Though the substantive doiUcr is common I liave not 
heard this verb used here. 
DOUVE, To sink, to lower, to dip. ' Let staan douve 

a bit." 
DOUV'N, 1 Slumber. Belg. douwc, perspiration. Sc. 
DOVEN, j dover. Isl. dor. Lat. dorniio. 
DOWEL, To secure floor boards with nails driven in at 

the sides, so that they do not appear on the surface. 
DOWLY, IMelancholy, from dule, sorrow. Welsh, 
dulyn. Fr. deuil. When dowly is applied to a per- 
son's look it signifies melancholy ; but when applied to 
situation it means lonely or retired. " Ye look vara 
dowly." " This is a dowly place to live at." 
" Doun to the goistis in campe Elysee 
Sail wend, and end his dolly day is and dee." 

D. Virg. p. 478. 
" Lasses are lonely and dowie and wae." 

Minst. ofS. B. 

DOWN, Sickly. " ]My husband's quite down j" i. c. 
very ill. 

" I pray God keep me from a fever, of which three 
are down." 

Home's Masterpiece. 


DOWN-COME, . . „ „ . . 
DOWN-FAW ^Af^ll«fram, 

2. A fall in the market. 

DOWN-LIGGING, Lying in. 

DOWN-ITH'-MOUTH, Dispirited. 
" I'd nae be laith to sing a sang, 
But I've been dow7i-ith-mouth sae lang." 

Pickin's Poems. Dr. Jam. Sup. 

DOWP, A carrion crow ; " a midden doivp." 
DOZZIL, A nauseous potion ; hysteron proteroa, for 

ill dose. 
DRAAV, Prcet of drive. 

" Upon the first encounter drave them." 

Ant. and Cleo. i. 2. 

DRAB, A light gray colour ; from the Fr. drap, clotli, 
woollen cloth being nearly of that colour, before it be 
scoured or fulled. 

2. A small debt. " He's gain away for good and he's 
left some drabsJ" 

DRABBED, l^^- .• , t? ; 7 • 

DRAmTTn I J-'i^tied. Bklg. drab-mire. 

" Dragleit through dhty dubs and dykes, 
Tousled and tuggled with town-tykes." 

Montgomerie. Watsori's Coll. 

DRABBLE-TAIL, A woman, whose petticoats are wet 
and dirty. 

" Oh ! drabbl'd tail'd Doroty, Oh !" 
In Cotgrave, Draggletail. Mislroidlle. 
DRAFF, Grains. A. S and Belg. drahhefcex. 
" Still swine eat all the draff.'''' 

Sh. Merry Wives of Windsor. 
" Draff viere then levere." 

P. Plou. pass 2. de Dow ell. 
"As the sow fills the f/ra^ sours." 


DRAKE, " To shoot a drake ;" to fillip the nose. 
DRAPE, A barren cow. A. S. drcpoii, to fail, tlic cow 
liaving failed to give milk. 


J)RATE, To drawl, to talk slowly. 
DRAUGHT, A team of horses. 

DRA WING-AWAY, Dying ; drawing the last breath. 
DREAP, The same as drate. 
DREARISO.AIE, Dreary, solitary. 
DREE, To undergo with difficulty. To accomplish, but 
not without fatigue. A. S. drco^an. 
" So is he uj) to England gane 
And even as fast as he may dree." 

Minst. ofS. B. 
" jNIy Pandarus (gd. Troilus) the sarow 
Which that 1 drie, I may not long endure." 

" A stepuU then the Ladye sye 
Sche thought the wey thider full drye." 

Ritson. See Eneij. Metro. 
DREE, Tedious. 

" Why have ye kept me in attendance dis dree nights." 
Quentin Durward, 2d vol. p. 154. 
" And dreich the gait to gae." 

Jam. Pop. Ballads. 

It also signifies slow when applied to a person who is 

long in finishing his work. " He's ch-ee about it." 

DREELY, Slo^vly, though continuous. " It rains dreely." 

DRESSER, A long chest of drawers. Teut. dressour. 

Fr. drcssoh; or side board ; Jbrte a Ihresoiir thesaurus. 

Minshew. Upon the dresser is generally placed the 

glass or pot case, or pewter case, as it is indifferently 

DRIBBLE, A servant, generally conjoined with the 

epithet true. " He's a true drihhle,'^ that is, one who 

is truly laborious and diligent- 
DRIDGE, To sprinkle flour on any thing, as on meat 

when roasting, &c. from dredge. 
DRIFT, A drove of cattle ; from the Belg. drifte 

armentum, a driven, agere. In Bishop Hall's Coii- 


Icmplalions it is applied to birds as well as cattle ; 
" he that brought armies of frogs and caterpillars to 
Egypt can as well bring whole drifts of birds and 
beasts to the desart." p. 848. 

DRINK, Beer. " Thin drink" is small beer. 

DRINKINGS, Beer given to labourers before and 
after dinner. 

DRIP, Any thing that falls in drops. ''As wet as 
drip" is a common phrase, when a person's clctlies are 
so soaked with rain that it falls off in drops. A. S. 
drype, gutta. Belg. druyp. Under the word dripplc, 
Dr. Johnson says this word is somavlicre used by 
Fairfax for weak or rare. I therefore quote the 
authority : 

" Then love will shoot you from his mighty bow 
"Weake is the shot that dripile falls in snow." 

Fairfax. Tasso, 20 B. 

DRISS, To cleanse, to beat. 

DRISSING, Dressing, also beating. 
DRIVE, To procrastinate, " thou begins to drive it." 
DROP-BOX, A box in M'hich children deposit their 
money ; the same as thrift-box mentioned by Brockelt. 
DROPPINGS, Dung of birds. 

" Do you tell of springinj^ a pheasant and a partridge 
and finde them out by their d7-oppings." 

Metamorphosis of Ajax. 

" He wad save the vara droppings of his nose," 

spoken of a penurious person. " II ccorcheroit 

un pou, pour en avoir le peau." Fr. Prov. Co/grave. 

DROPPY, Wet, rainy, " We've hed a vara droppy 

time o lat." 
DROPS, " To take one's drops," to drink hard, applied 

to one who drinks spirits. 
DROUP, To droop, " a r?ro«p-headed cow." 
DROUTH, Drought, thirst. 



"Thevl be more wclcoino, now, good sooth 
Then showers in harvest after ilroulh." 

Mar. p. 122. 
DROWNDED, Drowned. 

" Tlion rising up he cried amain 
Ilclpe, helpe, or else I am drou'udcd." 

Baffled Kniyht. 
"This groans& weeps, when he his sword streight droivnds 
within his throat <*c steps hotli groans and cries." 

From the Ital. of Cavalier Marino, 1075. 
DRUBS, Slates amongst the cinders. 
DRUCKEN, Drunken. 

" Ive been at druchen writer's feasts." 


DRUM, Tlie cylindrical part of any machine. 

DRY, To (by a cow, to leave off milking her. " It's time 

to dnj the cow, shoe gives lile milk." 
DRY, Genuine, unadulterated, " he wars his brass wi 

nout bud dry drams." 
2. Not sweet, as " dry wine." 
DRY-]\IEAT, When cattle are fed on hay they are said 

to be at drij meat. 
DRY-SxVLTER, A person dealing in various articles for 

dyeing, not in pickles, according to Mr. Todd. 
DRY- WALL, A Avail without lime. 

DU, Do. 

" What kan I less du than her luv therfor." 

Spenser., hy Dr. Gill. 

DUB, A pool of water. IM^eso. G. diep. Welsh, dwr, 
Avater. Gael. duba. 

" O ye wha leave the springs of Calvin 
Fort gumfie dubs of your ain delvin." 

Burns' Poems. 
" The plane stretis and every hie way 
Full of fluschis, dubbis, myre and clay." 

D. Virg. prol. 1th B. 
" Dragled thro dirty dubs and dykes 
Tousled and tuggled with town tykes." 

Montgomerie. Walsoti's Collection. 

GLOSS All V. 121 

" A snug thack-house, before the door a green, 
Hens on the midden, ducks in dubs are seen." 

Gentle Shepherd. 
" It never darted thro clefts of limestone, nor forms 
dubs of frightful depth beneath." 

Dr. Whitaker^s Richmond. 

2. The sea. " He's gaan ourt' dub." 

DUB, " To dill) a cock," to cut off his comb. 

2. To dress flies for fishing. 

DUBBIXG, A kind of paste made of flour and water 
boiled together, used by cotton weavers to besmear 
the warp. 

2. A mixture of oil and tallow for making leather 
impervious to water. Qu. from daub. 

DUCE, " The duce take you," a profane expression from 
Goth, and A. S. dues, a spectre ; equivalent to the 
Latin " Abi in malam rem," or male vertat. Dusius 
was the ancient popular name amongst the Gauls for 
a daemon or devil, so that this saying, the meaning 
of which so few understand, has, if nothing else, 
antiquity to recommend it. Vid. Brand's Pop. Anliq. 

DUCKS AND DRAKES, A stone thrown on the sur- 
face of the water in such a manner, that it may skim 
along for a considerable time without sinking. From 
this pastime has doubtless arisen the expression which 
we apply to a thoughtless spendthrift, " he macks 
ducks and drakes of his money ;" that is, for a while 
he smoothly skims on the surface, regardless of the 
deep that is soon to swallow him up ; he squanders his 
money idly away, and to as little purpose, as if he 
cast it into the water. This game was called by the 
Greeks £7roiTrpaKiTfJ.oc. Slrult. 

" What figur'd slates are best to make. 
On watry surface Duck or Drake." 


122 GLossAur. 

"■ Ni.'|)tunc, il being long vacation 
For want of better recreation, 
"With oyster shells and rocky flukes 
Was busie making duc/cs and druken." 

^Tal•o. p. 138. 
TlitM-o is another odd j»lirase in use. " There's more 
ner a duc/c to muck," i. c. something of importance 
to do, no trifling business to manage. Tliis curious 
answer is made to an inquisitive person, " what is 
to' doin ?" " Muckin di/cks wi an elsin." 
DUD, Prait of do. This is not u very common expression 

in the interior of Craven. 
DUD, A rag. Gael. ch/d. IsL. dude. Tlie phiral 
duds is applied to clothes in general, " What thou's 
gitten thy better duds on to day." 
DUDDY, Ragged. 

" But little love or canty cheer can come 
Frae duddy doublets an' a pantry toom." 

Gentle Shepherd. Ramsay. 
DUDDLED, Made lukewarm. 

DUP'FEL, Light rough cloth. 

DULBARD, A blockhead. Sc. dojvhart. Germ, duh-cn 
insanire. It is dullard in Shakspeare. 

" "What maks't thou me a dullard in this act." 

Shaks. Cymbelinc. 

DULE, The devil. " Talk o'th dule an heT put up 
his horns," is said when a person spoken of, unex- 
pectedly makes his appearance. 

" Speak of a person and he will appear, 
Then talk of the dule and he'll draw near." 

Also of a penurious, covetous person we say, 'he 
wad flea two dulcs for ya skin." 
2. An engine with iron teeth for separating wool. 
DULE-CROOK, An ill disposed person, suspected to 

have the qualities of the devil. 
2. A fly, called also by anglers the Great or iMarch Bro^\'n. 

GLOSSAllV. 123 

DULL, Hard of hearing. 
DUMMY, A silent person. 

" Auld gabbi Spec wha was sae cunning, 
To be a dummie, ten years running." 

A. Ramsay. 
2. A person playing two hands at whist ; the one is 

called dummy. 
DUJMPLING, A little fat child or person, as broad as 
long, probably" from some resemblance to the pudding 
of that name. 
DUIMPS, " To be down i'th dumps," is to be in a sad 
pensive mood. 

" In doleful dumps. 

When his legs were cutted off he fought upon his 

Chevy Chase. 
" JNIy Lord, to step out of these dreary dumps." 

Sh. Tit. And. i. 2, 
" I from my cot this Christmas-eve, 
Write with a troubled mind, beheve, 
And wife m doleful dumps.'''' 

Tim Bohh'in. 
DU]\IPY, Short and fat, of the same signification as 

dumpling. IsL. dooiiip. 
DUNDER-HEAD, A blockhead. 
DUN-HORSE, " To ride the dun-horse," is to dun a 

DUNG, p. J}, of ding, thrown dovv'n. 

" Doung down in housis, fey thay fell al nycht. 

D. Virg. p. 5\. 
" The strong Numanus thus has doung to dede." 

D. Virg. ;>. 301. 
" Bot thay wyth all thare comphccs in fecht, 

" War dung abak." 

D. V'lrg. p. 302. 
2. Reflected on. 

" Eut she wad not be dung by any of them." 

St. JioiUDi, vol. i. p. 22. 

llii l.J.O.SSAKV. 

" I have had my cars so oil ihiiui through with these 

Uiiliop of Winchester's Vefaee lo K. James I. Works. 
" Lot me tell thee, I'll niver be duiig-up wi' tliee." 
DUNNO, Do not. This word is not common except in 
tliat part of Craven bordering on Lancashire. 
" Though he should to the bottom sinic, 
Ot"i)overty he downa tliink." 

A, Ramsay. 
DUNNOT, Do not. 
DUXT, Done it. 

" Had he not resembled 

]\Iy tiither as he slept I had done^i." 

Sh. Macbeth, ii. 2. Moor. 
DUNTY, Stunted. 

DURDUM, Noise, uproar. Welsh, dwrdh. 
" Then rais the mickle dirdum and deroy." 

King Hart. Jamieson. 
DUST, Tumult. " To kick up a dust ;" to make a riot 

or disturbance. Su. G. dj/st, tumidtus. 
2. The small particles separated from the oats in the 

act of shelling. Farine folle. Co/grave. 
DUSTO, Dost thou. 

DWINE, To faint, to pine, to disappear. 3ei.g. divijncn. 
IsL. diiyn. A. S. divinan. 

" AVhen death approaches, not to divine but die." 

NicoW Poems. Dr. Jamieson, 
" Kindly he'd laugh when sae he saw me dwine. 
And tauk o' happiness like a divine." 

Ramsay's Pastorals. 
This word is also used by Chaucer. 
DWINED, Fainted. 

" All woxen washer ])ody unwelde, 
And drie and divined all for eld." 

Chauc. Rom. Rose. 



E Is frequently used for 1, as "■ all e or i' pieces." 
EA, A corruption of in a. 
2. Yes, in the South of Craven. 
EALAND, Island. A. S. ealond. 
EALING^ A lean-to. Craven, a saut-pye. 

EA]\r, ^ 

EME, ^ Uncle. A. S. ecwie, nearly obsolete. 
NEAM, ) 

" "\\'Tiilst they were young, Casslbalane their erne." 

Spencer^s Fairy Queen. 
" All this drede I, and eke for the manere. 
Of thee her eme.'^ 

Chaucer, Tro. and Cres. 
EAR, " I sent him away with a flea in his ear ;" that is, 

in a fit of anger or in disgrace. 
EARAND, An errand. Isl. erende. Dr. Hickes. 
EAR-BREED, The prominent part at the end of a cart. 
EARLES, ) The earnest money for service or perform- 
ARLES, j ance of a contract. Welsh, ernes. 
" An arles penny unto you of his love." 

K. James Bas. Dor. 

The same expression occurs in Saunders' Letters to 
the Professors of the Gospel, 1555. 

" Before you had taken arles in his service." 

EARELY, Early. 

" And earehj e'er the dawning day appear'd." 

" Full earli they camen to the grave." 

Wiclif, Luke xxiv. 
" Then will him earely to harken." 

Bradford's Letters. 


c; LOSS A It V 

EARN, To coagulate milk. A. S. yrn-an. 
EARNING, Rennet. 

" Since nacthinfj awa, as we can learn, 
The kirns to Ivirn and milk to cam, 
Clae but the house lass, and waken my bairn, 
And bid her come quickly ben." 

Gaberlunzie Man. 
EARING-BAG SKIN, A calf's stomach, from Avhicli 

rennet is made. 
EARTHLY, Rough, austere. 

EARTII-FAST-STONE, A stone appearing on the sur- 
face, but fast in the earth. 

" The axe he bears it hacks and tears, 
'Tis formed of an earth-fast flint." 

Mill. S. B. vol. 3, B. 291. 
" When each liis utmost strength had shown. 
The Douglas rent an earth-fast stone.'''' 

Lady of the Lake. 
ExVSIFUL, Placid, indolent. , 

EASILY. Slowly. " ]My daam mends easily." Vide 

Piper's Sheffield Words. 
E A SINGS, Eves of houses. 
" Isycles in evesynges.''^ 

Piers. Plou. 

The Craven word is evidently a contraction per 
crasiii of the above. 

2. Dung, as cows' casings ; casement is something 

EASY-BEEF. Cattle, not perfectly fat, are said to be 

EASY-END, Cheap. " I gat it at an easy-end." 

EAT OUT, " To eat him out," to undermine by false 

2. " To eat out of house and harbour," to injure a per- 
son by partaking too liberally of his hospitality. 


EDDER, Adder. This term is not confined to vipers 
only, as Nares supposes ; for all snakes are so desig- 
nated here. Sax. ceter. 

" \VTien Poule hadde gedered a quantite of kittiiigs of 
vynes and leide on the fier, an edeer sche cam forth 
fro the heete, and took him hi the hond." 

WicHf, Acts xxviii. 
EDGE, Edge ye, stand aside, make way. 

" As he thus spoke he edged his horse sideways." 

Quentin Durward, vol. 2, p. 91. 

EDGE, The summit or edge of a hill, as Coin-edge, 
Blackston-Edge. Edge is used in a sense somewhat 
similar by Shakspeare. 

EDGE-O'-DARK, Evening. 

" Edge of hazard." 


" Edge of all extremity." 

Sh. Tro. and Cres. 

EE, Eye. 

" Some shedd on their shoulder 

And some on their knee ; 
He that could not hitt liis mouthe, 
Put it m his ee." 

Boy and the Mantle. P. Rel. 
" The knights she set upon the shore all thi-ee. 
And vanish'd thence in twinkling of an ee." 

- Fairfax Tasso. 

" Be not over studyous to spy and mote in myne E, 
That m zour awin ane ferrye hot can not se." 

Doug. Pref. to Virg. 

Richard de Hampole, describing the signs of approach- 
ing death, among others says, 

" Also the lyfft ee of hym schal seme the lasse, 
And narrower than the tother or he bennis passe." 

Stimulus ConscienlicE. 

EED, I had. " If eed done soa, it wad sartainly hev 

been better." 
EEN, Eyes. Eyne occurs in the Psalms by Slernhold 

and Hopkins. 

" For I do know my faults, and still 
My siimes are in mine ei/ne." 


" Ati my ce and Betty IMartiii/' is an odd expression 
signifying a mere fabulous report. This is sup- 
posed to be a corruption of the Latin prayer to St. 
iMartin, " O mi Bealc Marline." 

'■'• And cast her eyen downward fro the brinkc." 

Chaitccr^s Fairy Tale. 
Sliakspeare uses cyne. Tarn, of a Shrew, Act v., and 
Wiclif 1/g/ien. 

" And they have closed then* yc/hcn." 

Mat. xiii. 
" Lifteth up your yyhen." 

Luke iv. 
" Myne eyen daselled with lookynge on high." 

Primer li. VIII, MDXLVL 

EE-SAAR, An eye sore, scar or blemish. 

EEVER, Quarter of the heavens. " The wind's in a 

coud eever," that is in a cold quarter. Rey' 
EFTIR, After. A. S. cpfter. Run. and Dan. cflir. 
" Sone eflir.''^ 

Wintoiori's CronyMl. 
" And he prcchyde sayande a stalworther thane I schal 
come eftar me of whom I am not worthi downfallandc 
or knehxnde, to louse the thwonge of his chawcers. 
Marie i. 7- From an ancient JMSS. Vide an Account 
of Saxon and English Versions, by Rev. II, Baler. 
" And at the last, efter full lang musyng." 

D. Virg. p. 214. 

" At eflir," afterwards, a pleonasm. 
EFTIR-TEMSIX-BREOD, Bread made of coarse flour 

or refuse from the seive or tems. Belg. temscn. 

It. temisare. 
EFTIRT, After the. 

■rx . ^ T^T-.T^T^^r r The bird cherry. Pnni?ts Padus. Lin. 
HAG-BERR\, J •' 

EGG-WIFE-TROTT, An easy jog trot, such a speed as 

farmer's Avives carry their eggs to the market. 


EGGS AND COLLOPS, Toad-flax. Antirrhinum 

Linaria. Linn. 
2. Fried eggs and bacon. 
EGODLINS, Truly. The etymon is obvious. 
EIGH, "i Yes. Mr. Brockett, in his Glossary of 

EYE or EY, V North Country words remarks, " that 
AYE, J the use of this adverb is perhaps more 

characteristic of a Northern Dialect than any other 
word that could be named, as it is nearly universal 
and uniform. So far as I remember, it does not occur 
in Chaucer, nor am I aware that it is to be met with 
in any publication older than the time of Shakspeare." 
If Mr. Brockett will refer to Chancer he will find eigh 
in Tro. and Cress. 

" Quod tho Cresseide let me some wight call 
Eigh ! God forbid that it should so fall." 

" Ey maister, welcome be ye by Saint John." 
ELBOWS, To be out at elbows, to be in difficulties; 
aere alieno pressus, as explained by Ainsworlh. There 
is another common expression very similar, " hee's 
gitten his land out at elbows ;" that is, his estate is 
ELBOW-GREASE, Persevering exercise of the arms, 
exciting perspiration. 

'■'■ Elbow grease will make an oak table shine." 

" It had no elbow grease bestowed upon it." " Nee 
demorsos sapit ungues." 

" These wei*e the manners, these the ways 
In good Queen Bess's golden days ; 
Each damsel ow'd her bloom and glee 
To wholesome elboiv-grcase and me." 

Smart. Fable 5. 
ELDER, Udder of a cow. 




ELDIX, Fuel, commonly callotl fire cidiii, from the A. S. 
aid. IsL. cldiir, or from (valan to kindle. " Fomes, 
ignis alimentum." Auisworf/i. In Craven it always 
means fuel, Avhich is procured from the moors ; hence 
it is known by the name of nioor-e/dhi. 

" Cauld winters bleakest blasts we'll citlily( easily) cowr, 
Our eklins driven an' our har'st is ow'r." 

Fergusoii's Poems. See Dr. Jamiesmt. 

ELEMENT, The air or visible compass of the heavens. 
" I loked about and saw a cra<^gy roclie 
Farre in the West near to the element." 

Tower of Doctrine. 
Mr. Karcs cites a passage from Jul. Caesar, in 
which the word is used in this sense. 
" And the conij)lexion of the element 
It favours like the work Ave have in hand 
]Most bloody, fiery and most terrible." 

i. 3. 

It is a very common expression here, " t' element looks 
feaful heavisome." 
ELF-LOCKS, Hair supposed to be entangled by an elf. 
" £//all my hair m locks," 

Shaks. Lear, ii. 3. 
"And bakes the elf-locks in foul sluttish hairs." 

Sh. Rom. ^- Jul iv. 4. 
" He had other features which might have been pro- 
nounced handsome but lor the black elf-locks.'''' 

Quentin Durward, 2(1 vol. 121. 
" Hang up hooks and sheers to scare, 
Hence the hag that rides the mear, 
Till they be all over wet 
With the mire and the sweat, 
This observed the manes shall be, 
Of your horses all knotfree'^ 

Ilerrick^s Ilesperidus, 2d vol. p. 12.3. 
ELLER, Alder. Betula alnus. Li/m. A. S. cllar/i. 
" And afterward he hing him ly ve on an elleme.'" 

P. Plou. pass 2. 


From Mr. Brockett's account this tree is held in 
great veneration in the North. There are no 
superstitious notions attached to it here. 

ELLERD, ) Swoln with felon, as the dugs of cows 

HELLERD, j frequently are. 

ELLICK, Alexander. 

ELLIKER, Alegar. 

ELSEN, An awl. Belg. elssen. 

" Nor liinds wi elsen and hemp lingle 
Sit soleing shoon out o'er the uigle." 


ELT, To knead, or perhaps, more properly, to reduce the 
dough, previously kneaded, to a proper consistence for 
baking. When o«^-cakes are baked, it is a common 
practice to knead the dough the preceding evening, 
which ferments during the night. Sometimes yeast is 
used in the process of fermentation ; but very fre- 
quently the fermentation is made by the remainder of 
the dough of a former baking left in the vessel for 
that purpose. In the morning, previous to baking, if 
the mixture be too thin, more meal is added, but if 
too stiff, milk and water or butter-milk are applied to 
reduce it. This is to eli the dough, or, as it is fre- 
quently called eltiiig. A piece of superstition in this 
operation is still prevalent in Craven. Both in knead- 
ing and elling, the person performing it never fails, on 
the completion of the work, to make a cross with the 
finger on the surface of the dough, doubtless as a charm 
to preA^ent the witches from approaching the knead- 
tub. This is called crossing the witches out. If this 
should be neglected, the servants or matrons are con- 
vinced that some evil influence would cause the cakes 
to stick to the back-board, or, in some other way, 
render the operation diiiicult or impossible. Some- 
times every finger of the operator is crossed in rotation. 

1.'}- CLOSSAKV. 

The b;ick-l»();ircl is ;i flal boixnl, A\itli intorscctiiij; 
notches cut on the siirf;ice, on which the died oatmeal 
is shaken into a thin substance before it be cast on the 
bake-stone or iron plate placed over a lire or stove. 
To prevent the dough adhering, the back-board is pre- 
viously sprinkled Vtith oatmeal. The excellence of the 
cake often depends on the energy with which the 
dough is whirled on the bake-stone. 

EXAUNTER, Lest. AV, Abmvorlh. 

" Enaunter his rage mought cooled be." 

Spenser. Nurcs. 

END, " A girt end," many. 

2. Rate or price. Thus, " to buy a thing at the highest 
c?id," is to buy it at the dearest rate. 

3. " I care not which cud goes first ;" an expression of a 
thoughtless, inconsiderate j)erson ; one who is careless 
in the conduct of himself or in the management of his 

4. " i\Iost an end /' continually. 

"He sleeps most and end.'''' 

" Wash sheep for the better whare water dotli run. 
And let him go clenly and dry in the sun, 
Then share him and spare not, at two daies an end. 
The sooner the better his corpse will amend." 

" I have been often here for months at an end." 

Abbot of Sir IV. Scott. 

5. Part ; as " a girl-end of his time." 

C. " Reiglit an end," straight forward. Also upright. 
'' I sat up reight an end." 

8. " At a louse end ;" in a state of thoughtless uncon- 
trouled dissipation. 

9. " At an idle end,'' has the same signification as the 

END, To erect, or set upright ; " Come my lad, end 
this stee." 

r.i.ossAKY. 133 

ENDAYS, Forward, end-wise. " 1 gat gaily cndays," 

I got on pretty well. 
END-IRONS, Irons on each side the fire. 
END-LANG, Along, directly forward. 

" We slyde in fluddes endlang fell (many) coystes faire." 

D. Virff. p. 71. 
" Her walke was endlang Greta syde." 

Felon Soioe. 
END AND EVVEN, To make all ends meet. 
ENEW, 1 Enough, applied to numbers, not to quantity. 
ENOW, J Dr. Johnson makes enow plural of enough. 
Is there any other word in the English language 
ending in ough in the singular number, which takes 
now in the plural ? " I've cake enif, an apples enew." 
Since the first edition of this work, I am happy to see 
that the intelligent author of the Suffolk Dialect 
entirely coincides Avith me in the explanation of this 
word. To prove that this word is not obsolete, he citea 
Sir William Jones, 

" Eones enow to fill a cart." 

Inst, of Menu. 
" Ynew of poore schollers woulde watch you in these 

Basil: Doron, 
" Thare bene enew utheris be my fay." 

D. Virff. p. 433. 
" Yet wales enow I know to stop this winde." 

Fairfax Tasso, B. 20. 
Piers Plouhman is the only writer I have observed, 
who applies this word to quantity, as, 
" AUe the people had p'don ?/>tow." 

p. 10. Dr. TVhitaker's Edit. 
" I on Mauncelle the clerke, and an Erie Richere, 
And other knyghtes enowe of beyond the see." 

7?. Brunne. Ency. Metro. 
EXOUGII, This word is often used elliptically, as 
" t'bcefs enouiih ;" i. e. cnoua;li boiled or roasted. 


EXOW, By and by, presently- This seems to be a con- 
traction of cvoi, or c'eii iioir. 

^J^;} Before. 

" Or bairns can read they first maun spell, 

I learnM this tVae my mammy, 
An coost, a Icgcn-girlh mysell, 
" Lang or 1 married Tammy." 

Allan Ramsay. 
ER, Are. 

ESH, Ash. Tbut. esch. 

" The hie eschis soundis thare and here. 

D. Vlrg. 365. 

ESHED, Asked. 

ESHLAR, Ashlar. Polished stones "walled in course or 

by scale. Fr. echder. 
ESP, The asp or aspen tree. Populus tremula. Linn. 

from the A. Sax. Msjye, espe. 

" He trembled like an esjibi leaf." 
ESTEEAD, Instead. 

EDDIR, ^^^^^' 

" O ye generation oi' eddris." 

Mat. xii. Wiclif. 
" Ane great eddir slippand can furth throw." 

D. Virg. p. 130. 
" Frae fertile fields where nae curs'd ethers creep, 
To stang the herds that in rash-busses creep." 

A. Ramsay. 
ETHER, To twist long flexible rods of hazel on the top 
of a hedge to make it more firm. This word is pro- 
nounced to rhyme with weather. 
ETHERj A long slender rod of hazel, sometimes called 
yether. In Tusser it is written edder. 

" In lopping and feUing, save edder and stake, 
Tliine hedges as nealeth to mend or to make." 


ETOW, In two. " To fall etojv," to be brought to bed. 

" She fell ill twa wi little din, 
An hanie she's gettm carry'd, 
I' the creel that day." 

PickeiCs Poems. Vide Dr. Jamieson^s Suj}- 
"And craked i' two here legges." 

P. Plou. 
" Hire thought hire cursid herte brast ahvo." 

" A short saw and long saw to cut a two logs." 

" All elotv," or all in pieces. A person is said to be 
" all efow," when he is in bad health. 
ETRAATH, Truly, indeed ; a corruption of in troth. 
ETTLE, To deal out sparingly, to distribute in small 
portions. Mr. Todd refers to Rai/ and Grose. In 
both these authors this Avord has a different significa- 
tion, viz. " to intend." 
EUGHT, The praet. o£ owe. " He eught me five shillings." 
EVER AND A DAY, \ " For ever and a day," a redun- 
IVVER, I dant expression for eternity. 

" In modum perpet peril." 

" A tout jamais." 

" What is his goodnesse clean decay'd. 
For ever and a day." 

Ps. Ixxvii. 8. Sternhold and Hopkins. 
" It will ruin the callant with thekingforeyer and a day!" 
Quentin Durward, vol. 2, p. 102. 
" Hath Peter now, for ever and a day, 
Renounc'd his master and fled quite away ?" 

Prynne''s Pleasant Purge, p. 29. 

2. Or ever ; before. Avcmt que. Miege. Lat. aute- 
quam, priiisquam. The phrase occurs several times 
in the authorized version of the Bible, viz. Ps. xc. 2 ; 
Prov. viii. 23 ; S. Song, vi. 12 ; Dan. vi. 24. In the 
edition of 1 008, hefurc is used in the first and second 



of the above cited texts ; in the third it is entirely 

omitted, and in tlie fourth for ever is used as in the 

subsequent editions. 
3. Fur ever; in great (juantity- " There's apples for 

EVERLASTING, American cudweed. GnaphctUnm 

^largari/ciceinu. JJiin. 
EVVENj Even. " I'll be cvvcn wi' him," I will requite 

him, or render like for like. 
EVVEN-])OWN, Direct, or evident. " Anevven-downWa." 

2. Perpendicularly down. 

" But now it turns an eident blast, 
An ev'n dotvn pour." 

Harvest Riff. 

3. " An evveti down honest man ;" a downright honest 
man. Vide Burn's Twa Dogs. 

" In even-doicn earnest there's but few, 
To vie with Ramsay dare avow." 

Familiar Epistles. A liamsay. 

EVVEN-FORRAD, Directly forward. A. S. ijhi, not 

having, as remarked by Dr. Jcun'ieson, in his copious 

Supplement, an inclination to any side, and thus is 

equivalent to straight. 

2. In continued succession, synonymous with " most 

an end." 
EXPECT, To suppose. " I expect ye're boun to be wed." 
EY, Aye, yes. " To give an eij or a nay," to assent or 

EYE, " Black's my eye," no one can impute blame to me. 
" Who can spot me, say Hack is my eye, 
I wrong no man in all my life, not I." 

Husnance Eng. Monitor, 1C8!). 
Of a miser it is common to say, " You may put what 
he will give you in your ee, and see naa warse for't." 
" What Eryx got by't, truly I 
Tliink lie might well put m. his eye.'''' 

Mar. p. 73. 

ni.os.sAKY. 137 

" His eyes are bigger than his belly ;" spoken of a 
glutton, Avho, measuring his appetite by his eyes, 
cannot gorge so much as he anticipated. 

EVIL-EYE, A malicious eye. Superstitious people 
suppose that the first morning glance of him who 
has an evil eye is certain destruction to man or 
beast. If the effect were not instantaneous, it was 
eventually sure. If, however, he who had this 
unfortunate influence was well disposed, he cau- 
tiously glanced his eye on some inanimate object, 
to prevent the direful consequences. Some years 
ago, a poor person who was suspected by his neigh- 
bours to have this dreadful propensity, was 
pointed out to me. Though respected for his kind 
feelings and good qualities, he Avas, nevertheless, 
dreaded. JMy sage informer said, "Look, Sir, at 
that pear tree, (opposite the house of the unfor- 
tunate man who had an evil eye) it wor some years 
back. Sir, a maast flourishing tree. Iv'ry morning, 
as soon as he first oppens the door, that he may not 
cast his ee on ony yan passing by, he fixes his een 
o' that pear tree, and ye plainly see how it's deed 
away." The tree was certainly dead, though it 
was in vain for me to dispute the cause of it with 
my sage companion. 

EYE-BITE, To bewitch with a malign influence whatever 

the eye glances upon. The dread of this malign 

influence was not unknown to the Romans. 

" Nescio quis teneros oculus mihi fascinat agues." 

Virg. Ed. iii. 

EYNE, Plural of ee, eyes. 

"While flasliing beams do dare bis feeble eyen^ 

Spenscrs^n F. Q. 


EYTHEH, Kithcr. 

" When the ungodly eythcr rage in cruelt}' or flourish 
in prosperity, the godly are often moved into sore 
passions, and exercised with wonderful temptations." 
Commentary on Prov. hy P. M. 1500. 
"Nothing groweth more soone into hatred then griefe ; 
Avhich being new, findeth a comforter, and draweth 
some unto him to solace him, but being inveterate 
is derided, and not without cause, for cylhcr it is 
fained or it is foolish." 

Lodge's Trans, of Seneca, 1(J14. 


FA, ) 

p,.L. I" Faith. "By mj faith," ccastor, mehercule. 

" Tou sayst full sotli, ([uod Roger, by my fay." 

Chau. Cokes P. 
" By my fay, that is somewhat you say." 

FAAT, Fault. 
FABBIN, Flattering. 

FACE, " To make or pull faces," to distort tlie counte- 
nance in a contemptuous manner. 
FADDER, Father. Isl. fader. 

" And fro thenns af tir his fadir was deed, he translatide 
him into this lond in which ghe dwellen now." 

Wic. Test. Dedis vii. 
" Sir Robard de Fitzhaim, my faders name was." 

Rob. Cloc. 
FADED, Tainted, decayed, " the cheese is faded." 
FADGE, A bundle. 
FADOM, Fathom. 

" Twenty f adorn of brede." 

" Full/«f/o?« five thy father lies." 

Sh. Tempest. 
" Full many dif adorn iu the sea." 

Sr. Andrew Barton. 

GLOSSAllY. 139 

FAFT, p. t. of fight. 
FAIN, Glad. 

" He's twice fain that sits on a staan." 

Dr. Johnson remarks that this word is still retained 
in Scotland ; it is in daily use here. 

" Yea man and bu'ds are fain of climbing high." 

Sh. H. VI. 
" And of another thing they were as fayn 
That 01 hem alle was ther non yslain." 

Chaucer. Kn. Tale. 
" My lips will he fain when I sing unto thee." 

Ps. Ixxi. 21. 
"Fayre words make fools faiiie." 

Hey wood'' s Epig. Vid. Sleeve ns. 
IsL. Jeigenth Jei/ne. A. S. Jcegan, Icvtiis, hilaris. 
FAIR, ) To appear, " t' cow fairs o' cawvin/' to give 
FAR, j symptoms of. A. S. faran, obire. 
FAIR, Very, " its/a»- shamful." 

FAIR-FAW, May they prosper, may it fall out fair 
or well. 

"That /aire hem hy falle." 

P. Plou. p. G. 
" Whom fair lefal in heaven mongst happy souls." 

Sh. Jiic. II. ii. 1. 
" But sire, faire falle you for your tale." 

Chanc. N. P. Tale. 
" Kind Patie, now fair-fa'' your honest heart 
Yer'e ay sae cadgy, ap hae sic a heart." 

Gentle Shepherd. Ramsay. 

FAIRISH, Tolerably good, " shoe's a fairish beost." 
FAIRY-BUTTER, Tremella arborea, or albida. A 

gelatinous substance found on fallen trees or dead 

FAIRY RINGS, Green circles of luxuriant grass in 

pastures, round which the fairies are said to dance by 

moonlight. Dr. Wolluslon has ascertained that they 

1 10 cLossAin. 

are occasional by :i species of expanding nuislirooms. 


" Ye ilemi puppets, that 

l?y mooiiliglit do the green sour rUtylels make, 
'Whereof the ewe not bites." 

Tcmprx/, V. 1. 
FALL, A y<^;^ni»g of lambs. " I've a fairish fall of 

lams to year." Crop is also used in the same sense. 
2. " To try a Jail," to wrestle. 

" No sooner Ijorne but Cu])id he did dare 
To try a. fall with him and threw him faire." 

Mercxtry <J- Apo/lo T. Ifei/wood. 
FALL, " Full back," " fall edge," at all adventures, let 

what will happen. 
FALLEN, Slaked, " i'st lime Jaun or falloi," or reduced 

to powder. 
FALLEN- WOOL, Wool pulled oif a sheep that has 
died of a disease or accident. There is a supersititious 
idea in Craven, that blankets, flannel. Sec. manufac- 
tured of such wool, are apt to breed lice. 
FAMILOUS, Relating to a family, " its a familous 

FAND, Praet of find. 

"They shall thee tell, how they fund." 

Romt. Rose. 
" This while Godfredo and his people /a/w/ 
Their lives to greater harms and dangers thrall." 

• Fairfax Tasso. 

" Searching about on a rich throne hefaiid." 

Fairfax Tasso. 
"There Dunkaneys Sownys thre hefand." 

Wintoun's Cronycle. 
" My ain judgment /«n^." 

Gentle Shepherd. 

FAR, Often used in the way of imprecation, or as a 
substitute for a grosser word. " I'll be far an I do." 
" I'll see \o\i farther first." 


FAR-AWAY, By much, greatly in preference. " j\Iy 
yaud's better nor yowers, /«;■ away." 

FAR-BY, Comjiared witli, in comparison of. " To day 
is fine_/rtr hy yesterday." 

FARDEN, A farthing. " He hesn't a farden to bless 
hissel withau." 

FAREWEEL, Taste or relish. '' This drinks a bitter 
farweel weet." 

FARLEY, Something strange or wonderful. SAX.faerlic. 

FARN-TICKLES, Freckles on the skin resembling the 
seeds of the fern, freckled with fern. Qu. like small 
ticks, to which they are not unlike. Ferns are fre- 
quently the receptacle of ticks, of which ticJcles may 
be considered a diminutive. 

FARRANTLY, Decent, respectable. Sw. fara agere. 

FARISH ON, Advanced in years. 

2. Nearly intoxicated. 

FARROW-COW, A cow that yields no milk, synony- 
mous with geld. Belg. Vare-koe. 

FARST, Farthest, of which it is a contraction, as " ferrest 
from fer" in Cliuucer. 

FASH, To trouble, to vex, to tire. Fasheree, a substantive 
nearly the same in sound, and quite so in sense, is 
used by Archbishop Spullisivood in his History of Uie 
Church of Scotland, " which put him in great 
fasheree," that is, gave him much trouble. FR.fasher. 
Rev. Dr. Whitaker. 

FASHION, State of health. " Hoav isto ?" " I's i my 
better fashion at prisent." This expression is gene- 
rally used by one who does not enjoy good health. 

FASHION, To presume. " How canto fashion to doot." 

FASHIOUS, Troublesome, vexatious. Fr. facheiix 

" For where all such light plaies (cards, dice, &c.) are 
ordained to i'ree mens head.s for a time, from the 

1 \'2 (U.ossAnr. 

faxhious tliouglits on their aflaires, it by the contrarie 
iillolh and troubleth mens heads, with as many 

f(i.s/iit»is toyes of tlie Jihiy, as lielbre it was llUcd 
with thoughts on his ailah-cs." 

Basilicon Doron, p. 125, 

FASTNESS-EEN, Shrove Tuesday, the eve of the 
great fixst. Fast-mnss-evcii . 

" On Faatcn-ccn we had a rockin 

To ca the crack and weave our stock in 

And there was muckle fun and jokin." 

" Wee will ban a seed-cake at Fastens." 

Lancashire Lovers, a Romance, 1C40. 
Brand's Pop. Antiq. 

FAT-HEN, Wild orache. Chenopodium album. It 

has, according to Mr. Moore, been derived from fat 

Henry, or bonus Ilenricus. 
FATHER, To impute any thing to another. "Don't 

father it o'me." 
FATHOM-TAIL-BARGAIN, IMines let to drive or 

work by the fathom. 

FATTERS, ) ^ r ^u r. r 7 

FITTIRS r^^^^^^s- It. /e/Zflre. Fn. fend re. 

" All cut and mangled m a thousand ^</ers." 

Harris'' Ariosto. Nares. 
" If you strike a solid body that is brittle as glasse, it 
breakcth all about into shivers and filters.'''' 

Bacoii's Nat. Ilist, j). 3. 

Minutim contundere. Skinner. 
FAUF, A falloAv. Isl. faaga. Su. G. feiu, to cleanse, 
hence the Craven word /tyy ; which see. 
" The Lothian farmer he hkes best 

To be of good/aM/7/i riggs possest." 

A. Ramsay. 

2. An adjective. 
FAUF, To' fallow. 
FAUN, Fallen. 


FAUSE, Cunning, from the Old English yb^^r, a fox^ an 
aninkal proverbially noted for craftiness. 
" A fause Knight ca ye me." 

Battle of Otterlurne. Minst. of S. B. 
" Hadst thou fox ship" 

Sh. Coriolanus, iv. 2. 
FAUTE, Fault. 

" I have opened my fante unto the, and have not hid 
my unrighteousness." 

H. VIII. Primer xxxi. P. MDXL VI. 
"And tho thou seest afatit riglit at thine eye." 

Chancer. Ct. of Love. 
" Haynouse faut." 

Skyry''s Trans, of Erasmus. 

" According to the appomtment of the priests that are 
at Jerusalem, that there be no faute., let Richard of 
Bourdeaux be taken and sette iii the towre of Lon- 
don, and all his fautes put in writynge." 

Froyssarfs Cron. 

FAVVOUR, Resemblance. This substantive is rarely used. 
" He was like King Richard m faitor.''^ 

Froyssart''s Cron. 

FAVVOR, To resemble. The verb is very common. 
FAVVOR'D, Resembled. 

" And the complexion of the element 
Is favourd like (resembles) the work we have in hand." 

Sh. Julius CcBsar, i. 3. 
FAW, A fall. " To shack afaii'," to wrestle. 
FAWTER, To thresh off the awns of barley- The Scotch 
word is fatter, which Dr. Jamieson derives from 
Welsh, /«/, a smart blow. 
FEAFUL, Very, exceeding. " It's afeaful coud day." 
FEAR'D, Afraid, timorous, cowardly ; an abbreviation 
of the participle affeared, from affear. " A fcar'd 
buzzard," coward. I know not that the buzzard is 
less courageous than any other species of hawks. 
FEATHER-EDGED, A stone thicker at one edge than 

the other. 
FEATIIER-FOWL, Feverfew. Matricaria Parthai'nim. 

144 (lI.OSSAltV. 


'•' I'tlituuri/ iill (like, cillior with black or while." 

" Fevrior lo court piro dc tons." 

'• Because it is commonly the foulest, therclbrc we 
ci\\\ li fill dijkc. 

Cotg. Art. Fevrier. 

" Fchntarij fire lang, IMarcli tide to bed gang," a 
Craven proverb, which seems to have eluded the 
researches of Ray. 
FEEALj To hide. A. S. fcaldian. IsL. fd, occullo. 
" He i\\a.t feeds can find." 


FEED, To fatten. It is also used as a substantive. 
" We've plenty o' good /c«/." 

" In woodland, old farmer to that will not yeeld, 
For losing Ins pasture and feed of his field." 

FEEDING-STORM, A continuance or succession of 
snow, daily feeding or adding to what is already on 
the ground. 
FEEL, To smell, in a reduplicative sense, as " I feci a 

bad smell." 
FEIGIIT, Battle. 

" Bad drive his hors and chare al fordwert streicht, 
As he that him addressit to the feicht.'''' 

D. Virg. p. 33!). 

FELKS, Felloes. Tt^ut. felge. 

FELL, A hill. A. S. fdd Isl. fdl, acdlvitas; fre- 
quently denoting a rocky hill. The authority from Ben 
Joiison, given by ]\lr. Todd, is, as Mr. Moor observes, 

" So shall the first of all our fells he thine." 
The fell here mentioned is synonymous with the 
Craven word /c///, or a crop of lambs. The following 
line confirms the supposition, as it relates solely to 
cows and goats. 

" And with the beestniny of our goals and kine." 

aLOSSARY. 145 

FELL, To knock a person down, a metaphor taken from 
felling timber. Pegge. 

2. " I'll he Jelled," an exclamation similar to hang me. 

FELL, To sew down the inside of a seam. 

FELLON, A disease in cows, occasioned by cold air 
immediately succeeding hot weather. Cattle depas- 
turing high grounds, where the air is of a more equal 
temperature, are not so liable to this violent disease as 
in low vallies on the banks of rivers, the cold vapours 
of which, after a very hot day, are apt to check the 
perspiration. Skinner says it is derived from the 
Sax. Jelle. It. Jellone, cruel, on account of the 
anguish the complaint occasions. Is it not derived 
from Belg. felen or feylen, to fail ; because milch 
cows, which are subject to it, fail of giving their milk ; 
or from Dut. hellen, to bow or hang do^vn, as the 
udders of cows are frequently enlarged by this disease. 

FELLON WOOD, Bitter sweet. Solanum dulcamara. 

FELT, A skin. 

2. Coarse cloth ; not common in Craven. Pannus 
crassior ex pilis proprie coactus non textus. It. feltro. 
Sax. Jilt. Spelman's Glossary. 

FELTER'D, Entangled, Jelt-haird, or matted like a 
felt or skin. 

" His feller' d locks that on his bosom fell." 

Fairfax Tasso. 

FEND, To be industrious, " he ^t'H^/* hard for his living." 
" Say wad ye ken my gate o' fending 
My income, management and spending." 

Allan Ramsay. 
" An' fen'' up'on a frugal stock." 

" To fend my men and me." 

Battle of Ollcrburne. 
" But gie them good cow milk their fiU 
Till they be fit to feitd themsel." 

i' Poor Muik. Burns. 


FEND AND PI^O^^E, To arguo and defoiul. To 
stand IViidiiig and proving, " frustrli ratiocinando 
tenipus terere." Ainsworth. 
FENDIBLE, Laborions, plodding. 
FENNY, Blouldy; in Todil, fcnowcd, from tlie Sax. 

Jimgcan, to decay. 
FENT, A remnant of cotton, &c. 
F'ER, To free pastures. A. S.Jier, vacniix. 
FEST, To put out to grass, to feast. Belg. fccslcren. 
" Fcsleth them each day." 

P. Plou. 7 pass. 
" That she might han the Christen folk to fest." 


2. To put out apprentices by indenture. Isl. fcsl-a 
juramento conjlnnarc. Dr. Jamieson. 

" Sic wciUock to contract and spousal fei/st." 

D. Virg. 7 B. 227 i- 

FESTING-PENNY, Money given as an earnest, or 
arles, to a servant on hiring him. 

FET, To fit. 

2. To be a match for one. " I'W fet him." 

FETTLE, Condition, used by Ascham in his Toxophihis 
for preparing the string of a bow. It is appli- 
cable either to a state of health or dress. " I's 
i' sad fettle." I am not Avell, or my dress is in a 
disordered state. " To be out o fettle" has the same 

FETTLE, To dress, to trim, to put in order. "I'll 
fettle myself up a bit." " Gang and fettle t'horse." 
Isl. ftl-a adparare. Dr. Jcnniesons Siipp. 

2. To beat or chastise. " I'll fettle the reight." 

FETTLED, Prepared, dressed. 

"They to their long-hand journey fettled them 
Leaving Samaria and Jerusalem." 

Maiden's Blusli. Sylvester's Translation. 


" Then John bent np his long bende bowe 
And fetteled hun to shoot, 
The bow was made of a tender boughe 
And felle down to his foote." 

Robin Hood. 
FETTLED, Put in order. 

" He hastened him to the Queens Court at AV hitehall 
strunge awAfetledsxi archers of the guard liverye bowo' ' 
Alemorial of R, Rokely. 
"' Beaumont and Quarmby saw all tills 

And Lockwood, where they stood 
They fettled them to fence, I wis 
And shot as they were wood." 

See Whit. Vale of Calder. 
FETTLE-ON, To begin. 

" For hee that knoweth well himself how to employ 
Will fettle thereunto and follow it with joy." 

Molles Translat. of Camerarius. 
FEW, A small quantity, of which Mr. Brockett gives an 
example ; " a few broth." Broth, however, is gene- 
rally used as a noun of number, as " theeas are very 
good broth." 
FEY, Loose earth. S. G. fcia. In Cheshire, fay or 
faigh is the soil before you reach the marl. 
Wilhraham's Gloss. 
FEY, To cast up, to remove earth. Su> G.feia, to cleanse. 

2. To cleanse. Under escurer, Cotg. has to fey, rinse, 
cleanse, or make clean. 

" Jiyjieing and casting that muck upon heaps 
Commodities many the husbandman reaps." 


3. To discharge blood. " Shoe fci/s a seet o' bloode." 
FICK, To kick, to struggle with the feet. Belg. flcken. 
FIDGET, Restless, impatient. Now added to Johnson's 

Dkilonary by Todd. 
FIDDLE, A word often used to express contempt of 
what is told him by another. The application of 
Jlddlefaddle is made on similar occasions. 


KIDDLE, "Scotch Fiddle" I carefully examined Dr. 
.h)h>i,\()n's Dicl/o/uin/, with Todd's learnod additions, 
for an explication of this curious compound word. IMy 
researches being ineffectual there, I immediately had 
recourse to the Dictioiiarij of Dr. Jamiesoii, who, I 
did not doubt, from his general and local kno'\\'ledge, 
would give a most entertaining description of this 
hitherto non-descript musical instrument. How great 
was my surprise, when I could not discover in that 
copious and highly celebrated work, any mention 
whatever made of the Scotch fiddle. Being so woW 
knoAvn, and so much played upon in his own country, 
the Dr. most probably thought it a matter of supere- 
rogation even to mention the instrument. I at length 
made application to an intelligent neighbour, who 
occasionally visits Scotland, to describe to me particu- 
larly that delightful instrument, on which I supposed 
so many beautiful Scotch airs were played. My 
friend, after making some apology that he had not 
been much used to this instrument, though he had 
frequently seen it played ujion in Scotland, attempted 
to describe it. And judge of my astonishment when 
he told me, that the fore-finger was the fiddlestick, 
which played between the thumb and the fingers of 
the other hand : but, added he, the Scotch fiddle has 
a double advantage over the English fiddle, because 
you have but one stick, but they have two ; so that 
they can almost instantaneously change the sticks, and 
produce, by those alternate moA^ements, lively varia- 
tions and fueges ; Avliich never fail to excite the most 
agreeable sensations. Modern refinement has given 
this instrument a more classical name, the Caledonian 
Cremona ; but I could not have supposed that the 
Scotch, whose nationality is proverbial, would ever 


have allowed its introduction into their country ; but 
" ita verboruni vetus interit aetas." The common and 
vulgar name, still retained, is the Ilch. 
FIDDLER'S FARE, Meat, drink, and money. Grose. 
FIG, To apply ginger to a horse, to excite him to carry a 

fine tail, probably from A. S.Jhegan, to exhilarate. 
FIGURE, Price, value. " That cow's to heigh ajigure." 
FILLY-TAILS, 1 Long white transparent clouds, gene- 
MARE-TAILS, j rally denoting rain or wind. 
" Whene'er ye spy hen-scrats scnA filly -tails 
Be sure ye mind to lower your topsails." 
In Devonshire these clouds are called horse tails. 

FINEER, To veneer. 

FINKLE, Fennel. Belg. Jenchel. Lat. fceniculnm. 
Tbut. Fenchel, Anethum Fcvnictilmn. Linn. 
" A. ferthing worth oi'/i/nkel seede." 

P. Ploti. 7 pass. 
" The finkle faded in our green herbere." 

See Dr. Jam. 
FINNDS, Finds. Ish. Jnn. 

" This John goth out and. fint his horse away." 

FIND, To provide victuals. 

" "What shall a poore man do, which can scarce fynde 
then- children, much lesse hyre a master to teach 

Skyrrey''s Translation of Erasmus. 

FINDS-HIMSELF, Provides for himself, finds his own 
victuals. When a farmer's servant performs his labour 
on those conditions, he is said to receive dry wages. 
This reminds me of a rustic bon mot. A poor 
labourer being asked respecting a piece of work which 
he had in hand, answered, " that he fun hissel, and 
vara oft" added he, with a rueful countenance, " I 
finnd now't but mysel." 

150 (;lossary. 

FINNIKIN, Particular in dress, trifling. Sec Todd's 

second edition. 
PIR-APPLES, The cones of firs. 

FIKE-EDGE, " To take off the Jire-cdirc," is to use any 
thing for the first time. Thus in grinding a new 
scythe, the edge given by the friction of the stone is 
distinguished from the less acute edge of the forge, 
viz. the Jire-cdge. 
FIRE-FANGED, Oats or malt too hastily dried in 
the kiln, whereby it obtains as it were a smalch of the 
fire. A. S.fyre andjefigan, to take hold off. 
" And forthir tliis Chorineus als fast 
Ruschit on his fa, ihns fyre-fangit and unsaucht 
And with his left hand by the hare him claucht." 

D. V. p. 419. 
FIRE-POIT, A poker. 

FIRLY-FARLY, A wonderful thing. A. S. ferlic 
repcnthius. A. S. faerlic, strange. Sec Nares and 
Dr. Jamicsoii. 

" Whilst thus himself to please, the mighty moun- 

tauis tells. 
Such farlies of his chuyd, and of liis wondrous wells." 

Drayton's Polyolbion. 
" Attend my people and give eare, 
Oifirly things 1 will thee tell." 

Sternliold and Hopkins. 
FIRINI, To confirm. 

FIRR'D, ) Freed. A. S. fan-, vacuus.. Land not de- 
FIRDED, j pastured by cattle. Isl. Jird, tranqiiiUilas. 
FIRST, In colloquial language, this word, when used 
adverbially, has in frequently subjoined to it, which is 
wholly redundant, as " I went to Silsden first in and 
then to Keighley." '' I'll gang back, but let me hev 
my dinner yj>*/ in." 
FIRST-END, The beginning of a book, &c. 
FIRSTER, Fiist. 


FIRTH, I A field taken from a wood. Welsh, ffrith, 

FRITH, J a plantation. Todd. Skinnei- derives it 

from A. S. frid, peace, being such a place as the 

ancient Saxons were accustomed to retire to as a 


" 111 hang his merrye men, payr by payr 
In any frilh, where I may them see." 

Outlaw Murray. Minst. of S. B. 
FISH, " I will not make^*/« o yan and fowl of another," 
an expression by which a person declares that he will 
shew no partiality. " Ive other Jish to fry," I have 
other affairs to attend to. Aliud mihi est agendum. 
" But as it seems they were more wary 
They'd other ^5/j to fry then tarry." 

Maro. p. 62. 

FISHIATE, To officiate ; in ^uf^oWJisherate. 
FISHING TAUM, An angling line. 

FIT, Feet. 

" Some rade upo a hoi'se, some ran a fit." 

" But oft the Eagle striving with her fit 
Would fly abroad to seek some damty bit."_ 

Sylvester''s Trans, of Du Bartas. 

FIT, ) 

' > Disposed, " they're ^f to differ." 

2. Inclined. " ^'sjet to think," " Tsjit to boken." 
FIT, To match, to be equal with. 
" Nay I'll^^ you." 

Sh. Airs Well, ii. 1. 
FITCHES, Vetches. Belg. vilse. Minsheiv and Rider. 
This word is still retained in the authorised version of 
the Bible. 

" When he hath made plain the lace thereof, doth he 
not cast abroad the fitches." 

Is. xxviii. 25. 
" The May weed doth burn, and the thistle doth fret, 
The filches pull down both the rye and the wheat." 


15:2 c; LOSS A II Y. 

FITTINGS, Footings or impressions of the feet in 

Mind, &c. 
FIXFAX, The tendon of the neck. Germ. Jlacks. 

FIZ, To make a slight hissing noise, which is also called 

siz. IsL. ./i^d- 
FIZ-GIG, A wild flirting wench. Under the word troticre, 

Co/grave has^sgig or Jisking. Todd. 
FLAAT, Scolded. A. S. flilan. Prset of flite. 
FLACKER, To flicker, to flutter. 
2. To palpitate. "]My heart ^acA-er,?." 
FLACKERIN, A rapid motion of the wings. Belg. 

Jiiggeren. Teut. flaclcern. 

" Above hire lied hire Aoves fieckering" 

FLAG, A flake of snow. 

FLAGEIN, Flattering. Tuet. Jidzscn. Bishop Douglas 
uses fleichand in the same signification : and Dr. 
Jamiesou in his Glossanj, Jlcich. 

" Bot eftir that by invy an haitrent 
Of the fals^eichand Ulixes sa quaint." 

D. Virg.p. 41. 
" In blyth braid Scots, allow me, Sir, to shaw 
JNIy gratitude, hwi Jieeching or a flaw." 

Allan Ramsay. 
FLAH, Turf for fuel. A. S. flean, to play off. Isl. 

adjlaa, cutem dctralicrc. 
FLAIDE, Affrighted, frayed, afraid. 

" They came very fearful to her and/aw/her very sair." 

" I'd be oblig'd t' ye a' my life 
An offer to the Deil my Avife 
To see if he'll discreter mak her 
But that Vmflcj/d he wiima tak her." 

Allan Ramsay. 
FLARIN, SheAvy, gaudy. 
FLANG, Prset of fling. 

G1,0SSARY. 153 

" The moiily miller, hall' an liatii 

Cam out to shew good will, 
Flang bj' his niittans an' his stafl" 

Cry'd gie me Paties mill." 

Allan Ramsay. 

FLANGE, 1 , . . , 

. _-. >-A projection, the same as skew. 
rL/AAUxl, J 

FLANNEN, Flannel. 

FLAY, " To jiay the cold off," is to make any liquor 


FLAY, )„ ... 


FLAY-BOGGARD, A hobgoblin. 

" The flesh fantasieth forsoth much fear o? fray ht(gges 
and were it not lor the force of fayth pulling it 
forwards by the bridells of God's most sweet promises, 
& of hope pricking it on behinde, gi'eat adventure 
there would be fayntmg by the way." 

M. Saunder^s Letter to his Wife. 1555. 

FLAY-CRAW, Something to frighten crows; a scarecrow. 

FLAYED, Frightened. 

" I hope I shall not he flayed out of it." 

Winter's Tale, iv. 3. 
FLAYSOME, Frightful. 
FLAYSOMER, More frightful. 
FLEA, To strip off the skin, to flat/. 

"Now they kitt and^ea the sheepe, they dispell peace 
and concord from the earth." 

Dial : hetiveen a Protestant and Papist, 
black letter, sans date. 
" A bear's skin rapt about his gi-oins, 
As it was flead from the bear's loins." 

Mar. 10. 

FLEA, " I sent him away wi' a ^flea in his ear," i. c. I 
dismissed him with a good scolding, or made him uneasy. 
FLEA-BITE, A matter of indifference ; " it's a mere 

" What Jlea-bitiugs wore those, in comparison of those 
inward torments." 

Bishop Hall. (Jonlemp, 


FLECK, A crack or (lefect, :i spot. Geum. JJcck. Dr. 

Johnson lias not this substantive. A potter com- 

nionding his ourtlienwarc will say, " there is neither 

Jlcvli nor Haw in it." 

FLECK'D, Spotted. " A Jleck'd cow," a very common 

phrase, not confined to Scotland. 
FLEEOK, A bread rack, consisting of staves or cords for 

drying oat cakes upon. 
2. A hurdle, or flood-gate. Belg. jlack. Rider, cralts. 
Teut. vlcchlc. 

" The painful pioneers wrought against thek will, 
With^c«A-s anil fagots ditches up to fill." 

Dii Bartas' Judith, hy Hudson. 

FLEET, ) A flat bog. Sax. fleot. It cannot be deemed 

FLETE, j an ecstuary here, except it be from the 

resemblance of a bay, when the flat Jlcet is nearly 

inclosed by hills. Skinner says Jieolan, vero a Lat: 

jluitare quis duhitet. In Suffolk this word signifies a 

shallow piece of standing water. 

FLEET, ) To skim milk, or take off the cream. 

FLETE, j Sax. fliete, flos lactis. Todd. B. vUdcn. 

In Chaucer, Jlele seems to imply to swim on the 


" So sore ywis that when I on him think, 
Naught wete I wel, whether I flete or sink." 

Assemlly of Foules. 
" For she that doth me all this wo endure, 
Ne recceth never, whether I sinke or flete." 

Idem. KnighCs Tales. 
" If they be witches in deed they fleet upon the water, 
and are in no wise able to smk." 

FLEETINGS, Curds, Avhich are made here in the fol- 
lowing manner. After the curd for making new-milk 
cheese is separated from the Avhey, it is set over the 
fire, and when it almost boils, a quantity of sour butter 


milk is poured into the pan, and the mixture is gently 
stirred. In a few minutes, the curd rises to the sur- 
face, and is carefully skimmed oft' with a fleeting-dish 
into a seivC;, to drain. What remains in the pan is 
called green whey, or more commonly whig, which is 
sometimes seasoned with aromatic herbs and used as a 
beverage. Cotgrave's is the only Dictionary which I 
have had the opportunity of consulting, where the 
word occurs nearly in the Craven sense. The article Sa- 
rasson he rendiey:?, Jieetings, or hasty curds scummed from 
the whey of a new milk cheese, then thickened with 
little milk, or the yolk of an egg, and boiled on a 
soft fire. 

FLEETING-DISH, A shallow dish for skimming oft" 
the cream. 

FLEPPER, To pout or hang the lip. 

FLEPPER, The under lip. " Look what ajlepper shoo 

FLICK, A flitch of bacon. A. S. Jiice. Dan. fi/clce. 

FLIGG, To fledge. " Ue'sjliggd and flown ;" said of a 
person who has absconded. Mr. Narcs is very cor- 
rect in his conjectures about the meaning of this word, 
which is here in common use. 

" Kill bad chickens in the tread, 
FUgge, they hardly can be catched." 

R. Southwells Poems. 
IsL. fieigur, hence fliggurs. 

FLIGGURS, Birds just fledged, and prepared for flight, 
a term often applied to perchers or young rooks. 
Teut. jliggercn. 
FLING, Unrestrained pleasure, pcttishness. " I'll tack 
mj flhig." 

" For gin we ettle ancs to taunt her. 
An dinna cahidy thole her banter, 
She'll tak ihcJUngs." 

A. Ramsay. 

!")() c;i.().ssAUV. 

FLIN(r, T(» ilefraiul, to client. " I've let hlmjliiiir me 

out of my money." 
FLIPE, The edge of a hat. 
2. Flake of snow. 
FLIPE, To pull off. 

"• Thair laitlilic lynyiipf I'urthward flypit, 
Quiiilk hcs the nuik ami iniclding wypit." 

Lindsdij. Dr. Jam. 
" And ten sharj) nails, that when my hands are in, 
Canjlyp the skin o' yc'r cheeks out-owre your fhin." 

Gcnllc Shepherd. 
FLIPPERING, Crying, causing the lower lip iojleppcr. 
FLIRTIGIG, A wild tlirting girl. 

FLISK, To bounce, frequently applied to a skittish horse. 
FLIT, To remove. Belg. flilzeti. Sax. 
" Alas ! that cannot be, for he \sJiU 
Out of the camp." 

Fairfax's Tasso. 
" Would never ^«7, but ever were stedfast 
Till that their Uves there asunder brast." 

Chauc. Flow, and II. 
'Tis also used in an active sense. "Ill Jilt thee." 

FLITE, To scold. A. S.JlUan, contendere. livA.o.Jliiylcn. 
" So far he chowpis, I am constrenyt to Jlile, 
The thre first bukis he has ouerhippit quyte." 

Pref. to Doug. Virg. 
'• Quha cannot hald thare pece ar fre to Jlile.'* 

Doug. Virg. 
"Oh ! Eell, why dost thawfytc and sconie." 

Take thy auld Cloke. P. II. 
FLIZZ, To fly off, to make a noise. Isl. J'ysa. 
FLIZZEN, To laugh sarcastically. 
FT TTDDFR TIP i overflow, to stop up a water course. 

" Wcpand he went for women might have sene 
With gi-ete teris Jlodderit his lace and cue." 

Douglas Virg. 


FLOITY, A flag thick at one end and small at the 

FLOOD, Is spoken long, so as to rhyme with mood, as 
in iSh. Pericles, iii. 3. 

" Then- vessel shakes 

On Neptune's billow ; half the ^ooJ 
Hath theu" keels cut, but fortune's mood, 

Varies again." 

This pronunciation appears to have staggered the 
commentators. Fool and sool are in like manner 
pronounced to rhyme with hoot. 

" In his right hand a rod, and on the ^ood. 
Against the stream he marcht and di'ie shod yood." 

Fairfax. Tasso. 
FLOOKS, "I Animalcula in the liver of diseased sheep, 
FLEUKS, J resembling flooks or flounders. 
FLOOK, A kind of pleas, place. Fr. Ji/maiule. Pals- 
grave. Vid. Dr. Jamiesons Supp. 
WSY, i 
FLOUTER, A fright. 

FLOUTER'D, Frighted, confused, distracted. 
FLOUTERSOME, Frolicsome; generally applied to a 

FLUBSY-FACED, Plump or full in the face. 
FLUE-FULL, Brimful, running over. A mongrel 

compound of the Lat. JIho, and Eng. full. 
FLUNG, Deceived. " I wor sadly Jhing by that 

FLUSK, To fly out. 
2. To quarrel. 

FLUSK, Debate, contention. " There wor a bit of a 
flusk between em." 

FLUSTER, I „ . . rr, 

FLUDDFR r "'^^^y' impetuosity. Teut. Jtughs, 

FLO WSY ' "^ slattern 

15^^ C LOSS All Y. 

• Hut wliilo lie spak, Tom I«iwrio sUi- 

Cam \vi an uncoyf «//«?»•, 
Ilo-'maiif^ this sheep like fire did llee, 
An' took a stately wedder." 

A. DoiKjlas Poems. Vid. Dr. Jamicsoii's Supji. 

FLUZZ'D, Bruised, blunted. 

FLYBYTUSK Y, A haughty, unsteady, volatile person. 

FOAL-FOOT, Colt's foot. Tussdago Farfant. L'mu. 
Pled dc pouUiin. Cufgrave. 

FOAL-KELL, The amnion. The fine membrane by 
which the foetus is covered, the cell of the foal. Todd 
derives it from the Greek a ixviov, mcmbraua faciuin 

FOG, After grass, aftermath, not in the sense of Ducangc, 
in V. fogagium, or winter eatage, or in that of AV/y. 
See Junius. 

FOG, This word is used when fiirmers take the cattle 
out of their pastures in autumn ; they say " they are 
boun to Jog them." 

FOGGY, Fat, gross. A foggy body. Corpus obesum. 
Holyokc. Charge de graisse. Micgc. One is re- 
ported to have been so fatte ^wdifoggie, that he could 
scarce lift his hand to his mouth. Fertur quidam tarn 
obeso et pingui fuisse corpore. Withal. 

FOIL, To soil, to dirty, to sully. 

2. To trample, as meadow grass is said to be foiled 
Avhen trampled or trodden down by hares. In this 
sense it is probably derived from the Fr. fouler. 

FOIL, " To run the foil" a phrase in hunting, used 
when a hare runs over the same track a second time 
in order to puzzle or elude the hounds. Mr. Todd 
has introduced into Johnson's Dictionary the substan- 
tive ^i/tw^, denoting the mark where deer have passed 
over the grass. Hounds, in general, pursue not by 


the visible mark, but the scent. In Craven oud is 
added to this word, as " shoes gaan t'oiulfo'il." 
FOLLERj A flat circular piece of wood used in pressing 
a cheese when the curd is not suflicient to fill the vat. 
Bailey has vallor or vallow, which he marks as a 
country word, but it means the vat itself. " A hollow 
mould in which a cheese is pressed, called also a vaie." 
This is very probably a corruption o^ follower, as the 
wood closely follows the curds. 
FOLIO, " In full folio," in full dress ; probably a cor- 
ruption of foliage. 
FOLK, Family. " How's jowyer folk." 
FOLLOW, To court, to pay addresses. " He's followed 

her lang." 
2. " To follow one's nose." Though Di-. Johnson has 
given many examples on the word nose, he has omitted 
this elegant one, signifying to go straight forward. 
Qua te via ducit dirigere gressum. Ains. 
FOLLY, A building erected for ornament, not for use, 
which, by a worldly minded man may be deemed the 
greatest act of folly ; or it may be an appropriate term 
for a ridiculous structure. 
FOMARD, ) A pole cat, a foul or fetid mart. A. S. 
FOBIART, j fill, immundiis. O. Fr. fiil. Welsh, 
riiwlhart. In contradistinction to a sweet mart. 
Foomart, the pole cat or wild cat. Tim. Bobbin. 
" Fumart come forth and face my fljting." 

Stewart Evergreen. Jamieson. 
FOND, Silly, weak. Isl. faane, faluus. 

" Whether God hath not made the wisdom of this 
world fonnyd." 

Rom. i. Wiclif. 
" Idle and/onrf." 

Kini) Lear, i. 2. 
" Thou art so fond. ' 

Merchant of V. iii. 4. 


FOND LIX, All idoot. 

" Or to allure such fundlinf/^i whom siie trained." 

" But since such fondlhiffs in their harms delight 
IJathcr deplore than heed their oversight." 

Complimenlari/ rerses to Verslcgan. 
FOXTLE, To fondle. 
FOOIIDE, A forde. Welsh, Jot: 

" A lamhe may easily wade thro that foordc.''^ 

Jas. I. on Lord^s Prayer. Spenser. 
FOODY, Fertile, full of grass. 

FOOKE, A furrow. A. S. fore, a gait. Welsh, fforc, 
IsL. Joor. Dan. Jnr. Belg. vorre and vore, a 
voren, sidcarc. Minshew. " Rig and Joore," ridge 
and furrow. 
FOOTE, Foot. Pronounced long, and rhymes with boot. 
" lie can no other boote 
And of malice they trade him under /oo<<7." 

Thebes, by Lydgatc. 
" The foresaid Peter covenanteth promyttith & graunt- 
eth to hym & hys Executors by these pr nts byndcth 
to make work or doo to be made wrought wele clenly 
wark made curiously and substaneyally fFoure base- 
ments of blake marble square of the gretenesse 
every square con foote half." 

Exors.ofll.Yll. Will. 
FOOTE-BRAAD, The breadth of a foot. 

" Charge them to stop nor move afoot hraed more 
Or they shall at their peril cross the score." 

Boss'' Ilelenore. 
FOOTE-IIOT, I Immediately. Statim calido pede 
FOOTE HAAT, j . festinante. 'Skinner. Also near 
at hand, hard by. 

" Under the montane law there stuAefute hot, 
Ane bing of erthe. 

D. Virg. p. 394. 
"And Custance have they taken anon fo/e hot." 

Ch. Man. of L. Tale. 


" Samys of Douglas, at the last 

Fand a little soukyn bate 

And to the land it drew fut hate.'''' 

Barbour MSS. Dr. Jamieson. 
And forth she drew the Trojane sword /w/e hate" 

D. Virg. p. 122. 
" And forthwith all anone fote hole, 
He stale the cow." 


The learned writer of grammar in the Encyclop. 
Metrop. quotes Mr. Tooke, but whether, he ob- 
serves, hot means heated, as Tooke supposes ; or, 
Warton suggests, " hit against the ground," that 
is, stamped, may be a matter of doubt. " In tlie 
twinkling of an eye," " at a glance," are expres- 
sions used to denote the shortest lapse of time ; 
and " a stamp of the foot" (observes the contributor 
of this article in the Enctjclopocd'ia), may well be 
supposed to convey a similar idea of brief duration. 
Notwithstanding these remarks I still retain my 
opinion, that the phrase has been borrowed from 
the chase, and that foote-hote has originally no 
other signification than the strong warm scent left 
on the ground by the animal of which the dogs are 
in immediate pursuit. The scent of a hare, &c. 
which has got a considerable distance before the 
hounds, is said to be a cold scent, in contra-dis- 
tinction to Joote- hot c. 
FOOTING, Liquor or money given by a person to his 
fellow labourers when he enters on a new office or 
FOR, Because. 

"Yet/or I lov'd thee 
Take thii along." 

Sh. Coriolan. v. 3. 
" And /(/)• I am i-icher." 

Cymtj. iii. 4. 



FOR, For foar of. 

"■ Yet here they sluill not lie /or eatcirmp; cold." 

Cent, of Verona, i. 2. 
2. From. 

" These cheeks are pale for watchiiic." 

//. VI. iv. 7- 
"And take her uji in thine amies twaine 
For filin<^e (defiling) of lier feet." 

Chih!. Jralcrs. Per. Pel. 
For, in these last three quotations, is evidently 
mctalhclicaJlij for fro, now in common nse. 
FOR-AU, Notwithstanding. 
FORBOWS, The breast of an animal ; hence the bow 

or breast of a ship. 
FORCE, A waterfall. IsL. fors, vehaneulia. 
FORE, 1 

F00RI5, >-A ford. Welsh, Jfor, a passage. 


"Ne wist which way he thro the foord mote pass." 
FORE, Before. Spenser. 

FORELDERS, Ancestors. A. S. forcaldian. Isl. 

forclli, majores. Dr. Jamieson. 
2. In the singular number, the fore udder of a cow. 
FOR-END, The fore-hand of a horse. 

2. The beginning, as the for-end of summer in contra- 
distinction of back-end, the autumn. 

3. The early part of life, " the for-end o' my time." 
FORGAIT, The start, from /ore and gait. " He did 

not start fair for he gat/orgaits omme." 
FORGIT, Forget. Bishop Jewell uses forgeale. 
"In gard'ning niver this rule forffit 
To sowe dry and set wit." 
FORINIILL'D, Ordered, bespoke. A. S. formcel, a 
bargain, a treaty, a covenant. 

" Forniel vel formall quasi dicas paciscenda, vel jam 
])acta desponsata." 



Ray is inclined to derive it from fore and mal, sig- 
nifying, in the ancient Danish, sermo, a word. 

" And eche of them yiled his busie care 

Benignely chese, or for to take 

By her accords his formell or his make." 


The verb is in frequent use, but the substantive I 
never heard. 
FORRAD, Forward. Isl. fomad. 
FORRADISH, Rather forward. 
FOSS, A waterfall. Isl. fors. 
FOTCH, To fetch. 

FOTHER, A fodder. A. S. fother. The weight of the 
fother varies in diiferent places, and even in the same 
county. The Craven fother consists of 19 pigs or 
pieces of lead, each pig weighing 123 lbs. 
" That cost largely of gold afolher." 


FOTHER A!M, A heck, in which liay is put for cattle. 

FOUD, A fold, also a farm yard. 



" And when Edward the Bruyss, the bauld, 
Wyst at the Khig had fockti/>i seea." 

Barbour. Dr. Jamieson. 
" This batayl that I treate of nowe was one of the 
sorest and best fouyhten.'''' 

Froysan''s Crony cle. 
" King Vortimer no sooner advanced to the crown and 
dignitie of his father began open hostilitie against the 
Saxons & had with them fower battails or foughten 

FOUK, Folk. 

FOUL, An ulcerous sore in a cow's foot. Fr. ful, fetid. 

Teut. j'aitl, putrid. This etymon is very applicable 
M 2 

?-^;. p. of fight. 



to tlio disease ^^•ll^cll is frequently very offensive, and 
believed to be infectious. 
FOURUM, ) A bench. Gu. (l>op/toc. A. S. Jinnll/ia, 
FOURINIE, j sella. aSIc'iii/ic}: Foiinuc, banc. Co/grave. 
" Right in the self same /yHJ-wc." 

Itomcus tj Juliet. 
2. Form, seat or bed of a hare. 

"Thise wedded men, that lie and dare 
As in afourmc sctteth on every hare." 

Chaucer. Shipmati's Tulc. 
FOUSE, A fox ; J'oHsc, cunning. 
FOUTE, An indulged child. Lot. faidus. 
FRA, From, pure Saxon. 

FRAM, 1 Tender, brittle, " as fram as an iseshaclile." 
FRIM, j The etymon of this word given by Arch- 
deacon Nares and Mr. Todd does not accord with the 
Craven acceptation of the word. What grows with 
luxuriance is generally tender. It is daily used in 
this sense. 

'' Thro the/r/«i pastures, freely at his leisure." 

Draytoii's Moses. 
FRAIMATION, The mode of contriving, or cunning in 
performing any thing. " Youv'e nofranialion in you." 
Also a beginning. '•' He's making n framation." 
FRAME, To attempt. " IleJ'ramcs wee\." "To frame 
off," to prepare to move off. " het'sj'ra)ne off to bed." 
A. S. fremman, cfficere ct formare. 

" So faint and feeble were, that they ne might 
Endure to travell nor one foot io frame.'''' 

Spenser F. Q. 
" That yarely/rrtwc the olfice." 

Sh. An. §■ Cleop. ii. 2. 
FRAP, To brag, to boast. 
FRAP, A bragger. 
FRAPS, Noise, tumult. 
FRATCH, A quarrel, a brawl. 
2. A playful child. 


FRATCH, To quarrel. 
2. To sport or frolic. 
FRATCHED;, Restive, or that has vicious tricks in 

harness, applied to a horse. 
FRAUNGE, To fling, to wince. 
FRAUNGE, A frolic. 
FRAY, From. 
FRAY'T', From the. 
FREEAT, To lament. 

" Freate not thyself because of the wicked men, neither 
be envious of the evil doers." 

Ps. XXX vii, Geneva Edit. 15C1- 
" Let the world freate, let it rage never so much, be it 
never so cruel and bloody, yet be sure, that no man 
can take us out of the Father's hands." 

Bp. Ridley^s Letters, 1555. 
" And piece nieale wearies away the greefe, 
That earst his hearte did freate." 

Romeus ^ Juliet. 
FREAT, Damage, decay. " There's nayther hole nor 

frccal in't." 
FRJi^ATS, The iron hoops about the nave of a cart wheel. 
FREET, A fright. 

" Take no heed to freets either in dreames or any 
other things." 

Basil. Doron. 
FREMD, Strange, not related. A. S. frcmd, frcmillhig, 
a stranger. Vcrstcgan. A stranger or alien. Ray. 
Vide SJcinner and Nares. 

"And makes thein fremd, who friends by nature are." 

" By fremyt werde full mony zeris tharby." 

D, Virg. 

" A faucon peregrine seemed she oifremde lond," 

Chaucer^s Sq, Talc. 

"Belter kind f remit, ihcnf remit kindred." 

Qiicnlin Durward. Sir W. Scoll. 



FRESH, A gentle swelling of ;i river. 

2. Tipsy. 

FRESH, A colli brisk air. Grose says, though erro- 
neously, that it means rainy. 

FRESHEN, To enlarge in the udder, Sic. previous to 

FREV, From, used instead of fra, when the next word 
begins with a vowel, to prevent an hiatus. 

FRIDGE, To fray, to wear away by rubbing. 

FRIENDS, " To be friends with one," to be on good 
terms. This, says Dr. Jamieson, is a Scottish idiom, 
though it is good Craven. 

FRINE, To whine or whimper. 

FRO, A contraction of from, Avhich Dr. Johnson says is 
not used, though here in frequent use. 

"Far be it fi-om your thought Scfro my will." 

Spenser F. Q. 

Nurcs supposes that this word is only used in to and 

fro. " Tack it J)-o him." " Fro day to day." 


" And rise again fro dceth." 

Luke xxiv. Wiclif. 

FROG-SPIT, \ The frothy matter on plants. Major 

CUCKOO-SPIT, I Moor. The nidus of cicada spu- 

TAAD-SPIT, I maria. Frog-spit is not in common 

use. See Cuckoo-spit. 

FROSK, A frog. Teut. frosch. Minshew. 

FROST, " To be born in a frost," to be blockhcaded, to 

be dull of apprehension. " Don't thee think to put 

Yorkshire o' me, I warn't born in a frost." The 

expression has, doubtless, arisen from the generally 

received opinion, that the natiA^es of cold regions are 

more obtuse than those who inhabit warmer climates. 

" Non obtusa adco gcstamus pectora Pocni 

Ncc tarn avcrsiis c<jUos 'Vynii Sol Juiigit ab urbe." 


GLOSSAllY. 167 

FROSTING, Turning down or sharpening the hinder 

part of a horses shoe to prevent them slipping on ice. 
FRO UGH, Brittle, tender^ " That timber which grows 
in gravel is subject to be frow and brittle." Evelyn. 
Vide Todd. Tusser uses Jroth in a similar sense. 

" Who eateth his veale, pig and lanibe, hemg froth (tender) 
Shal twise in a weeke, go to bed without broth." 
FROW, ^ 

FRUGGAM, ^ A dirty woman. Belg. vrowe. Sw.frodig. 

" Ungodly fears 

He put the f roes in, seiz'd their God." 

Chapman'' s Version of 6 Iliad. Steevens. 
" Halifax is a mongrel, begot by a Leeds merchant and 
a Lancashire woman, and nurs'd by a Dutch froiv.''^ 

Tim Bobbin. 

FRU]MMETY, Frumenty, wheat boiled in milk and 
seasoned generally with cinnamon, sugar, &c. The 
wheat is previously prepared by an operation called 
hulling it, which is performed by steeping it for some 
time in water, and afterwards beating or pounding it 
with a stick in a bag, which causes the tough, outer 
covering to slip off. 

" Remember, thou therefore, tho' I do it not 
The seed cakes and pasties and furmenti/ pot." 

" Take a handful or two of the best and biggest wheat 
you can get, boil it in a httle milk like as frumitie 
is boiled." 

WaUon''s Angler^ p. 230. 

In Cooper , fur ynentic. 
FRUMP, To rebuke, to treat with rudeness. Belg. 
frumpelen, exprobo, convilior. Ainswortk. 

" Being now far slept in years Caius was wont to fnimp 
and lloul in most oi)prQl)rious terms." 

P. JlollaniVs Tranx. of Suchniiu. 

IGJJ ci.ossahy. 

FRU^MP, A sarcastic joer, a biting taunt. 

" I.iK'illa not ashaniM to conf'essc her lolly answorcJ 
willi tliis/cj/m^)." 

Lylies Euphues. 
" For who can merry be thats wise 
While what he wants in Lerpo lies 
And vex'd with jeers and/ruwi^s." 

Tim Bobbin. 

FRUIMPLE, To ^v^^nkle, to ruffle or disorder. Cotgrave 
acknowledges tliis word under pUoimer. 


FRUTTACE, j ^ ^""^^' ^"'^'^' ^'''S^''^' *^ ^'^' -^'^""'• 

FRUTTACE WEDNESDAY, Ash-Wednesday, when 
fritters were generally eaten. 

FRY, The pluck of a calf. 

FRY, " To shoot one's fn/," to lose the good opinion of 
others which he had once possessed. Though this is 
a common phrase I know not how to derive it or even 
to explain it properly. Is it derived from a female 
salmon, which, having shed its spawn, ceases, for a 
time, to be useful or productive .'' 

FUD, To kick with the feet, a corruption of foot. 

" I'll knock her hack, foot (fiul) her home again." 

Cymb. iii. 5. 

FUDDIN, A kick. " I'll githe a good fuddin." Sc. thud. 
FUDDLE, To drink to excess, so that ale is the chief 
food; hence Jbod-ale, fuddle. 

" Oh the rare virtues of this barley broth, 

To rich and poor its meat and drink and cloth." 

Praise of Yorkshire Ale. 

Mr. Todd, in his second edition of Dr. Johuson's 
Diclionary, does not approve of this derivation ; 
which, with many other words, Mr. BrockeU has 
done me the honour to admit, though not to 
acknowledge., in his Glossary. I am sorry that I 
cannot supply Mr. Todd \\\i\\ a better etymon. 


FUDDLE, To intoxicate fish. Brocheit. 

FUDGE, Fabulous. A. S. fcegan. According to Skinner 
a merry story. This is not a dialectic word ; but as 
Mr. Todd supposes that it was introduced by Goldsmith, 
I beg leave to remark, that it is an old word, or rather 
a corruption of fage, {ronajtibula, used by John Lidgaic. 

" And called him Edippus as I rede 
Which is to sauie platly no fage." 

History of Thebes, hy Lydgate. 

FUDGE, A diminutive fat person, a \\tt\e fudge. 

FUDGE, To walk slowly, though with considerable 


FUFF, To blow or pufF. 

" Can b^'sse (hiss) and quhissel, and the hate fire 
Doith fiijf & blaw in bleissis (blazes) birnand schyrc 

Douglas Virg. p. 257. 

Germ, pfi'ffen. See Todd's second edition. 

FUFFLY, ) ^ . , 

FUFFY, I I^'g'it^ soft, spungy. 

FULL, Very. 

"To be/«//Kkeme." 

JVinler^s Tale, i. 2. 
FULL, Drunk. " He's quite full." 

2. " Full of emptiness," a jocular phrase for quite empty. 

3. " Full wi't' short'st," a little too short. 

FULL-BANG, A With the greatest violence and im- 
FULL-BUTT, i petuosity. 

FULL-DRIVE, f " The goats run fulUut with their heads." 
FULL-PASH, C ^'"^'J^' 

FULL-SI^IACK iFrontibus adversis concurrere. Ains- 
FULL-SPLIT J worth. Piano impetu. Willan. 

He fell with violence, or full-smack. 
FULL-BETTEK, Much better. 

lyO r;LOSSAT?V. 

FULL-LITTLE, Too little. 

•• /'((// litth\ Ciod knows." 

Sh. II. VIII. iii. 1. 
" Full lillc wanted." 

Spenser F. Q. 

FULL-SOON, Very soon. 
" Full soone." 

FULL-SORRY, Very sorry. 

" And was full sorri/." 

Mark x. IViclif. 

FULLOCK, A term among school boys in playing at 
taw. It means an unfair motion or effect with the 
-whole hand in projecting the taw instead of doing it 
with a jerk of the thumb only. When a boy is thus 
observed to fiiUock, his play fellows Avill immediately 
call him to order. 

FUIMLER, A fumbler. 

FUN, ) Found, the p. pari of find. " As good lost as 

FUND, y .A"'" Lucrum malum a?quali dispcudio. 

" When it is fu?ul thou haynt (held) it in thine hand." 

Douglas Virg. p. IGK" 

FUNTE, Font. 

" If you ye lend willc geld, yerof is to speke, 
And si yen if 3'ou wild ye lay forsake and breke, 
And take our bapteme offunte, as childre ging 
I sail gyve ye a reame, & do ye coroun kyng." 

R. Brunnc, 

FUR, Furrow. 

FUR, Far. 

" For thei may not fleo /ur." 

P. Ploti, p. 5, Dowel. 

FURLONG, A corrupt pronunciation of furlough. 

FURST, First. 

'• The maister wa;; not made to sitte /««/." 

P. Plou. 
FURTH, Forth. 

" A roddc shall come fm-lh of the stocke of Jesse." 

Primer II. VIII. 


FUSSjMENT, a bustling, iineasy person. 
FUSSOCKj A large, gross woman. 
FUTTIT, Danced. 

" Atliir tlu'ow uther reland on thare gyse 
Thay fatlit it so." , 

Douglas V. p. 476. 

FUZZBAW, A fungus, puff ball. Lycoperdon hovista. 
Linn. This is frequently collected by the peasantry 
and used as a styptic in recent wounds. The opinion 
which, according to Lmnceus, universally prevails in 
Sweden, that the dust of this fungus causes blindness, 
is equally prevalent in Craven ; or at least, that it is 
injurious to the eyes ; and instances, Mr. Bindley 
says, have occurred of persons who, having had it 
blo^vn into their eyes, have been deprived of their 
sight for a considerable time, and have also been 
affected with violent pain and inflammation. 

P'UZZY, Light and spungy. Teut. voose lorven, fuzz 
or fozy turves. Dr. Jamicson. 


GAE, j 


• Gae bid her take this gay mantel." 

Gil. Mor. Per. lid. 

" And ane small burn half ^'ajic dry alsua." 

D. Virff. p. 79. 
GAB, Volubility of tongue, idle conversation. Tin's 
and the verb are now added by Todd to Johnson's 
Dictiojianj. "lie's the jrift of the gab," from the 
IsL. nahlxt. 

172 CT.OSSAItV. 

GAD, A lonp; stick. 

2. A tall, sKmuUm- ])orsoii. " To he all at gad," t<» 
spoiul his time in rambling idly about the country. 
A. S. gad. 

" Their horsemen arc with jacks I'or most part dail, 
Their horses are botli swift of course and strong, 
They run on horseback with a slender r/ad. 
And like a speare, but that it is more long." 

Harris' Ariosto. N^arcs. 

The gads are sometimes sharpened with iron. 
GAD, To run madly about like cattle stung by a gad-fly. 
GAFF, Gave. 

" Gaff to off re to seynt "Willm. xvrf, 

MSS. of II. Ld. Clifford the Shepherd, 1510, 
" How greet is this man to whom Abraham the 
patriark ffhaf tithis." 

Ileb. vii, Wiclif. 
GAGE, A measure of slate, being one yard square, and 

supposed to contain one ton in weight. 
GAGER, An exciseman, of obvious derivation. 
GAIN, Ready, convenient, when applied to things. 
2. Near or short when applied to a road or way. Ray 
says it is used in many parts of England to express 
active, expert. It has not that sense here. S. G. 
Gen, 7/tiris. IsL. gagii. 

" Wherefore it were better for the thing itselfc and 
more profitable to the learned, to understand how 
he may best come to that, which he ought most 
necessarily to have and to learn the gaincst way of 
obtaining it." 

Pref. to Lily's Accidence. 
" At o posterne forth they gonne to ride 
By a gein path." 

Thehes, Lydgate. 
GAIN, Against. " He raad gain I' nooking." 
GAINER, Nearer. Tim Bobbin. 

' VA road. A. S. s<^iie. 


GAINEST, Nearest. ' 

" She ran and screamed and roove out at her hair 
And to the glen the gainest gait can fare." 

Ross's Hclenore. Dr. Jamicson. 
GAINLY, Easily. " He com gainly toot." 
GAIT-CORN, To set up sheaves of corn on tlie end in 
wet weather to dry ; probably from Isl. gala, pcrforare, 
i. e. to cause the air to pass through it. 
GAIT, A right of stray in a common field for cattle. 

GATE. ^ 

" Whom naught regarding they kept on their (jhIc.'" 

" His further gait herein." 

Hamlet, 1. 2. 
" Go your gail." 

Lear, iv. 6. 

*' Blind gall," an intricate path. " To gang ith saam 
gait," to indulge in the same habits and propen- 
sities ; " town-gale," the street. 
" A man may speer the gate to Rome." 


GAITARDS, " To gang a gailards," to accompany. 

" Stop and I'll gang a gailards wi the." 
GALLS, Springs or wet places in a field. 

" Bare plots full of galls, if ye plow overthwart 
And compas (qu : compost) it then, is a husbandry part." 

Tusser, p. 15G. 


GAUL Y, r^l^""Sy. wet. 

GALLIC-HANDED, Left-handed. Fr. gauche. 
GALOCHE, Clogs, from go-low-shoes, in which the 
shoes are inserted. Fr. galoche. 

" Xe were worthy to unbockle his galoche.'''' 

" To geten his gilt sjiorcs and galoshes ytoped." 

P. Plon. 
See Todd's second edition, in which this word is now 
introduced. Ilis cpiotation confirms my deriva- 

lyi- LJLOSSAltY. 

tioii, \\hicli proves tliat the gulosJiCi \\'crc talccn 
off on the arrival of the visitor. 
GALLOWS, " To he hurled uiuler tlie i^afluirx." This 
is said to he the doom of a man who kills himself with 
hard working. " A hang-gallwvs look/' a wretch 
whose countenance alone is sufhcient to condemn him 
to the gallows. 
2. Braces. 
GAiM, Game. 
2. Sport. IsL. gaiiinn. 

"Let us ryot Icifin sport and gam." 

Doug. Vlrg. 

GAi\I-LEG, A lame leg, from Brit, cam, crooked. 

GA:MME, Gave me. 

GAI\1]MERSTAXG, A hoyden, an awkward wench, a 

ganger stang, a walking pole. Dr. JVhitakcr. 



" Troy from the top down fallis, and all is qane.''^ 

b. V. p. 48. 

GANG, To go. Isi.. gaiiga. Belg. gangen. Sax. gan. 
" Gang thy ways." 
" To gafig't wrang way," to decline ; this is fre- 
quently applied to disordered cattle. The same 
term is applied to a person in declining cir- 
GANG-BOOSE, The narrow passage from a cow-house 

to the barn. 
GANGING, Going. 

" He sawe three women hy gangang." 

Wintoun's CronyhU. 
" Gill ganging winna do't, tho I sud creep." 

Ross s HcIcylovc 

GANGING-GEAR, The machinery of a mill. 
GANGINGS-ON, Proceedings. " There er sad gaiig- 

^ I p. p. of go. 


GANGRILLS, People going about the country, pedlars. 

S. G. ganging. 
GANTREEj A frame of wood to support barrels, placed 

in a row or gang. 

" Syne the bJyth carles tooth and nail 

Fell keenly to the wark, 
To ease the gantrecs of the ale 

And try wha was maist stark." 


Dr. Jamieson supposes that it is derived from a tree 
(log of wood) on which the barrels were originally 
placed, and the Teut. gaen, to ferment. 
GAR, To compel, to make. Dan. gior. " How gars to 
gar me to gang intoth garth." 

" Gar us have mete and drinke and make us chere." 

Chau. Reeves T. 
" Their ill haviour garrcs them missay." 

" His dint had garred thym flee." 

Felon Sowe. 
" Gart write in bokes." 

P. Plou. 
" 111 gar zour body bleid." 

Gil. Mor. Per. Rel. 
" And gar thee with new honors live." 

Allan Ramsay. 
"• What gars ye shake, an glow'r an look sae wan." 

Allan Ramsay. Gentle Shej)hcr(L 
" AVhat gars ye break the tree." 

Minst. of S. B. 

GARR'D, iNIade. 

" Fair Bessy Bell lov'd yestreen 

And thought I nee'r could alter 
But ]\Iary Gray's twa pawky e'en, 

Have garred my courage falter." 

ScotCs Song. Pirate. 

GARN, Yarn. Belg. i^arcn. IsL. gai-n. 


OA^\X-^\'IXDLE, All instrument to wind yarn upon. 

*• ^W• will a ravelled liasj) on the yarn windles." 

Pirate, \st vol. W. Scott. 
GARRET, A ludicrous expression for the head. 

" We may conclude, that since his speech is chpp'd. 
His ww\m^ (jarrct is but halfcquipp'd." 

Tim Dohhiii. 

GARTH, A small inclosurc near a house. Welsh, 

gardh, a garden. 
2. A girth ; also a hoop on barrels, Sec. 
GARZILL, Hedge-wood. 
GASTRID, Greatly affrighted, or ghost-ridden ; terrified 

as with a sight of a spectre, or ridden by a night-mare. 

A. S. s;(is/, a ghost. 

" Or whether pasted by the noise I made." 

Sh. Lear, ii. 2. 


" The pains of hell gat hold upon me." 

Ps. cxvi. 3. 

" I willi mycli summc (/at this freedom." 

yicts xxii. Wicllf. 

" "When they gat beards, they gat new names according 
to the colour of them." 

" I gate my masters good will." 


" Which name gat hym much reverence." 

Sir Tim. Elynt. 
" I gat yoiu- letter winsome Willie 

Wi gratefu' heart I thank you brawlie." 

GATE, A way. See gail. 

" And often wordcs they breeden bale 

So they parted Robin and John ; 
And John is gone to Barnesdale 
The gates he knoweth eche one." 

lioliin Hood. Per. liel. 
GATHERINS, The folds or plaits of a gown, &c. 
G AUK-HANDED, Left-handed. Fi<. gauche. 


GAUKY, ~| A simpleton, staring vacantly. Teut. gaiich 
GOWKY, I .stultus. SwE. gack. 
GAUiM, To know, to comprehend, to distinguish. 
INIiEso. G. gaum-gan. Gerji. gaffen. Sw. gapa. 
Belg. gaapen. IsL. yapa. It signifies also at- 
tention to conversation. " I gav it naa gaum ;" that 
is, I paid no attention to it. 
GAUJMLESS, Ignorant, vacant, thoughtless, inattentive. 
GAUP, To stare vacantly with open mouth, in an idiotic 

GAUPEN, 1 As much as you can lay on both hands. 
GOUPENj j IsL. gaupn. maims coucava. 
GAUT, A male or castrated pig. Su. C. galll. IsL. 

gallle, porcus. 
GAUSTERING, Imperious, boasting. 
GAUVE, To stare vacantly. 

" But long I'll gove and blear my ee 
Before alake ! that sight I see 
Then, best relief, I'U strive to be 

Quiet an content, 
An streek my limbs down easily 
Upon the bent." 

A. Ramsay. 
GAUVEY, A dunce. 

GAUVISON, A silly, staring fellow. 
GAVV, "j Praet. of give. " I gaw it him reight ;" that 
GAF, J is, I gave him a hearty scold. 
" Jesus (jaf to them vertu and power." 

Luke ix. Wicllf. 
GAVELOCK, An iron crow or lever. Goth, gajjlack. 

Welsh, gmf. Belg. gavelolte. A. Sax. gavcloc. 
GAY, ) Tolerable, respectable. " Hes a gay sort of 
GAYLY, j fellow ;" i. e. a respectable person. 

2. " A gay while," a considerable time. 

3. " A gay to-a-thrce," a good many ; a gay-few has 
the same signification. When it relates to licalth. 

17^ GLOSS A UY. 

g(ti/lt/ is generally used. We never say when a man 
is in good health, that he is i^ay, but that he is ^ctjjhi. 
Teu. ghcvc, satiiis. It. gaio, cheerful. 
GEA, Go. " Gea thy ways." Norm. Sax. gcdc Dr. 

Jamk'son. Dutch, gaa. Watsons Halifax. 
GEAR, Goods of various kinds, wealth, &c. A. S. gear. 
"Girt matters of au his gear ;" i. c. it is not worthy 
of consideration. It is also applied to persons in a had 
sense, as in the Version of Psalms hy Slernhold and 

"Lord when wilt thou amend this geare. 

Why dost thou stay and pause, 
O rid my soule, my onely deare, 
Out of these Lyon's claws." 

Ps. XXXV. 18, 
" Despised bond slave, since my Lord doth hate 
These lockes, why keep I them or holdc them deare, 
Come, cut them oil", that to my servile state 
IVIy habit answer may and all my gcare.'''' 

Fairfax Tasso. 
" A gi-eedy appetite oi gear." 

K. James I, Dcsmonoivgic. 
" But mice and rats and such small gear. 
Have been Tom's food for seven long year." 

Sh. Lear, iii. 4, 
The word gear is generally printed deer, though I 
think, very improperly ; for what affinity can there 
be between deer and rats and mice ? Mr. Arch- 
deacon Nares, hoAvever, is of a different opinion, 
and says that deer is confirmed by the original 
passage of the ballad entitled Sir Bevis of South- 
amptoii, though he does acknowledge that it, was 
probably used rather for the sake of the rhyme 
than as any established sense of the word ; and I 
should not presume to dispute his very superior 
knoAvledge, if that mode of speaking, from my local 
residence, Avas not very familiar to me. It is a 


very common expression here ; and when a person 
is exposing ordinary goods to sale, and soliciting 
customers, he will frequently receive the following 
answer : " I'll buy naa sike ornary gear," i. e. I 
will purchase no such trash. 

2. " To be out a gear," sick and unwell. A mill is also 
said " to be out 0' gear," when it is not in motion. 

3. " In gear," to be ready. 

4. " To keep straight in his gears," to keep order and 
in due bounds. 

" Item to the Barbr. to buy hhn r/eare with ivs" 

H. Clifford's MSS. 

Gear is applied to dress. " Thou's donned i thy 

halyday gear." 

GEAR, To harness horses, probably from the Sax. 

gearwe, ready. 

GEEANT, Against the. " Down he fell geeant misto 


GEE, ) To agree, to fit, to suit with. Mr. Wilbraham, 

GIE, j in his Cheshire Glossary, derives it from the 

old word gee, to go. It. gire^ to go. Miege uses 

the word, which he renders by reussir, and gives as 

an example, " the business wont gee," cette affaire 

ne reussira pas. 

2. It is applied to horses to make them go to the right, 
from agee ; a, on ; and gee, to move. Jainieson. 

3. To govern and direct. 

" Which as hire lust she may govern and gee.''' 

Chaucer. Shipmaii's T. 
" But certainly a yong thing men may gie." 

Idem. Cant. Tales. 
"That hight Phaeton would lede 
Algatis his Fathers cart and gie.'''' 
GEED, Went. Praet. of go. 
" llight unto the gate 
With the targe they geed.'' 

It. de Brynnc. Dr. Jamieson. 
N 2 

180 r.i.ossAiJv. 

7^ Gluuccslcr uses gcodc. 

" Al'tur mete, as ryirht was, ye nicnstralos (/rode about." 
GEEN, Given, the g pronounced hard. " Nivvcr look a 

gcoi horse i'th' mouth." 
GEG, To walk in a careless maimer. 
GELD, Barren. Isl. geld, injcccuiidus ; a gcid cow. 
Scot, tjc/d. The pastores stirilium animalium are 
called in the compotus of Bolton Priory, Gcld-hcrdx. 
(lELUlNG, Is now a]iplied to a horse; an eunuch was 
formerly so called, as appears from JVicliJ] Acts viii. 
"• A man servant, a gelding of Candace." 
GELL, A word used for calling geese together. 
GENDER, To ring, to resound, to chatter with the teetli. 
GENTLE, " Gentle and simple," rich and poor. 
GENTLY, " Gently with a rush," be not impetuous, but 
let your conduct be suitable to your station ; as a rush, 
M'hen stretched too much, will break, so will untoward 
behaviour meet Avith disappointment and disgrace. 
GEP, A scuttle. 
GERSE, Grass. Belg. gcrs. Sax. gcers. 

" On the greene gers sat down and fiUit them sync, 
Of fat venison and ndbill aid wyne." 

Douglas Virg. p. 19. 
" Nane but meadow girs was maun, 
And nane but hamit linjet sawn." 

Piper of Peebles, Dr. Jam. Snpp. 

GERSING, Pasturage. 
GERSY, Grassy. 

" Sum there amidst the germj places green." 
Douglas Virg. 

GERUND-GRINDER, A schoolmaster. 

GESLINS, Goslins. Also the blossoms of the willow 
are called geslins, probably from the similarity of 
colour and appearance about the same time. Gerard, 
however, had the faith to believe that the blossoms of 
the ^\'illow falling into the river, were actually tran.i- 
mosrified into noslius. 



" The cry was so iiglly of elt's, apes and owles, 

The geese and gaisling cries and crakes 

In dubs douk down with duikes and drakes." 


GIBBON, 1 , . , . , 1 1 u J .11 

PTPi i stick with a crooked head, a nut hook. 

GIBRIDGE, Gibberish, idle talk, gibble gabble. This 
word occurs in Cotgrave, under Bajois, fustian, idle 
tattle, from Teut. gaherdacie, trifles. On this word 
see Johnson, Todd, and Jamieson. 
GTDDY, Furious, heated with anger. A. S. gidig, vcr- 
tiginosus, as Mr. Wilbraham supposes. The word 
giddy signifying dizzy, Ray observes, is common all 
England ov'er, but not to signify furious or intoxicated 
with anger. Stark giddy is a kind of superlative for 
very angry. 
GIE, To give. 

" Grant me my life, my hege, my king ! 

And a bonny gift I'll gic to thee — 
Full four and twenty milk-white steids, 

Were a' foaled, in ae yeir to me." 

Minst. of S. B. 

" Be lang our guardian, still our master be. 
Will only crave what you shall please to </ie." 

Gentle Shepherd. 
" Gi me my tankard." 

Ben. Jonsou. 
" Gi you joy." 


" I'll (jit mine aunt." 

GIEN, See geeii. 

GIF, If, from the word give. A. S. 

" GJ/"Goddis likit lenth my Ufe longer space." 

Doufjlas Virg. p. 60. 
" Gifl had not sene it with my eis, in my own cuntry, 
I could not have bclcveil It." 

J. Knov's Letter to his Mother MvCric. 


GIFT, " He's ii if/// at God iiivvcr gav liini," /. e. he is a 
notorious liar. 

GIFTS, White specks (»r marks on the finger nails, 
superstitionsly believed, according to their relative 
positions, to portend various events. Thus, on the 
thumb they portend a gift or a present ; on the fore- 
finger, a friend ; on the middle-finger, a foe ; on the 
fourth finger, a sweetheart ; and on the little finger, a 

GILL, A glen. Isl. gill, hiatus moutium. Ray defines 
it a rivulet, a beck. It always signifies a valley in 
Craven, where abrupt vallics are seldom witliout a 
beck. Still, I apprehend, the glen even without a 
brook, would retain its name. The islandic word, in 
cither case, is appropriate. 

" He was termed Thomas, or more familiarly, Thoni. 
of the Gills." 

Tale of Crusaders, Hd vol. 138. 

" O'er mony a hill, thro' many a (/ill 
He grop'd his tractless way." 

Slagg^s Poems, 
GILLERY, Guile, craft. 

"Ande the masonn shall swere upon ye bokc, yt he 
shall truly andc bysili at his power lor oute any 
maner (jylory, fayntys outher desayte, hold and kepe 
holy all the poyntes of yss forsayde ordinance in all 
thynges yt hj'm touches." 
Contract ivith the masons building York Minster^ 137 !• 
Brittoii's Cath. Antiq. 

GILLIVER, Gilliflower. An o\A giUiver ; an old woman 
of loose habits. This may be a corruption of gil-Jliirt, 
as used in Virgil's Travesty. 

" Fortune's a whore, a mere gil-Jlurt, 
"W'lio scorns the more, the more ye court." 

p. 125. 


GILLORE, Plenty. Gael, korc, enough. Not in 
frequent use. 

" I have castles, and lands, and flocks of my ain. 
But want yan my gillour to share." 

Winter Ev. Tales. Dr. JamiesoTi's Supp. 
GILT, A female pig. Isl. A. S. gilte. Germ, geltze. 
porca castrata. An opp'n gilt, a female pig, not spayed. 
GILTED, Gilded. 

" As for their tongue, it is polished by the carpenter, 
and they themselves are ffilted, and layde over with 

Baruch, vi. 7- 
Dr. Johnson has the substantive, hut not the par- 
ticiple gilted. 
GBILET-EYE, A squint, vulgo, cock-eye. Brockett. 
GIi\ILIN, A large, shallow tub, in which bacon is salted. 
In Coles it is kemmel, kemelin, a powdering tub. 
Belg. kemmen. 

"Anon go get us fast into this in, 
A kneding trough or elles a kemclyn.'''' 

Chauc, Miller^s Talc. 
GIMMAT, Give it me. 
GIMME, Give me. 

GIIMMER, A female sheep. S. G. givimer. Bidentem 
vel oviculam denotat Ihre. See Jamicson. 
Also a gimmer lamb. 
GIMMERS, Hinges. VidJlmmcrs. 
GIN, Iforgif. 

" As gin he were mine ain." 

Gil. Moricc Per. Rcl. 
" I wad oeat more cheese, gin ay hadet." 

Gin, Ray observes, is gif in the Saxon, whence the 
word if, is made per apha;resin literac g, from the 
verb gifiin, dare. 
GIN, Given. " What hes'he iri« ye.''" 



^iI^«^-TUBS, ^'I'ssfl for rocoiviiii; thi' produce of mines. 
filNGElM^ATKD, |Ked Iiiiired. Grose's Classical 
GIXGE-IiREOD, Ginger-bread. 

GINNEL, A narrow passage or cavity. A. S. gin, hiatus. 
Tliis word is ])ronounced^ according to Pegge, vcniiel, 
in Nortliunibcrland. 
GIRD, A fit or spasm, "a gird o' laugliin." A. S. ^ird, 
a stroke. 

" Was it even b}- sic anc liinzet (jinlT'' 

D. V. p.2\0. 
" Sweet King, the bishop hath a icindly (jird." 

Shakg. II. VI. iii. 1. 

That is, feels an emotion of kind remorse. Dr. 
Johnson. In the following quotation from Joh, 
by Sylvester, it appears to imply a rebuke. 
" Itcgartling light tliy sharp and shameful r/ird." 
Mr. Todd, in his second enriched edition of Johnson, 
has collected various authorities in this sense. 
GIRDLE, A circular plate of iron on which cakes are 
baked. It is suspended over the Hre by an iron hoop, 
called a beeld. Fid. Pegge. 
GIRN, To grin, per Melathesin. 

" "What sugar'd words frac wooers lips can fa' 
But girnin niamage comes and ends them a'." 

Rumsay^s Poems. 
" Cloauthus followed close a stern, 
While t'other nails doth bite and r/irn." 

Mar. p. 25, 
" It is micklc that maks a taylor laugh, but sowters 
r/(j7i ay. 

S. Prov. 
A ridicule upon shoe-makers, who, at every stitch, 
grin with the force of drawing through the thread. 
Kelly. Vid. Dr. Jam. Supj). 
GIRNIN, Grinning. " In good girnin earnest/' in 
downright earnest. 


GIRSLE, Gristle, per Mclalkesin. 
" His GirsUe nose was crashin 
Wi tliunips that night." 

NicoVs Poems. Vid. Jam. 

GIRSLY, Full of gristles. 

GIRT, Great, also intimate friends. " Tli'ere feaful 
girt," i. e. most intimate. A. S. grith. IsL. grid, pax. 
" Awa, Awa ! the Dell's o'er grit wi you." 

Gentle Shepherd. 
2. Big with child. 

" Quhen Hecuba douchter of Cisseus 
Demyt she \iSiSgrete (the story tellys thus.") 

D. Virg. p. 34 1. 
GIRT-LIKE, Probably, very likely. Sax. gdic. 
'•• Tis great-like he will." 

Sh. H. VI. ill. 1. 
" Gret-like me dreniede." 

P, Plou. 
" Most like.'''' 

Sh. Mach. ii. 2. 
" Graithit lyke sum knappare, and as thy grace guriUs 
Lurkand lyke ane longeoure." 

Douglas Virg. p. 230. 

GIRTII-WEBBIN, The stuff or web of which saddle 
girths are made. 

GIT, Get. 

" Where men by favour strive to git 
God's favour, and encourage it." 

T. Ileytvood's Drammas. 

GITII'E', Give thee. 

GITIIERS, Gathers. 

2. Recovers. " He gilhcrs strength fast." 

GITS, Gets. 

" Vafrine departs, she to the dames beside 
Returnes, and there on tliorns awhile she sits. 
Of her new knight she talkes, till time and tide 
To scape unniurk'd she find, then forth she gits."'' 

Vuirfax Tasso, I'J Ji. 

UU) t.l.O.S.SAl{V. 

GITT, ()l}s])iiiii;. " Tlioyro :iu of his ^'///." 

" For ho had (/ctcn hun no benefice." 

Chauc. Prol. C. T. 
" lie's gillcn goan," he's dead. 

GIT'TO, " Girio gaan," begone. 
GIVE, To chastise. " I'll give it him." 
GIVE-AGAIN, To thaw, to become soft. In Norfolk 
it isyo/givc, V. Moor. 

" Some things which passe the fire softest at first, and 
by time grow hard, as the crumme of bread. Some 
are harder when they come from the fire and aftcr- 
^^•ards (/ivc again and grow soft." 

Bacon Com. 

2. To decrease in value. " Corn rather gives again." 
GIVEN, Disposed, inclined. 

" If pasture bynature is ffiven to be wet, 
Then bear with the mole-hill, though thick it be set." 
Tiisser. Feb. Ilusbandnj. 
GIZZARD, " To stick in the gizzard," to excite strong 
and unpleasant feelings in tlie mind. " To grumble 
in the gizzard," to complain and be dissatisfied. 
" So if you sqeak but in the giszard, 
Your'e try'd bi'th name of Prickshaw wizard." 

Tim Bobbin. 
GIZZEN, To sneer, to laugh or smile in a contemptuous 

GIZZERN, The gizzard. Fr. gesier. 
GLAD, Smooth. A. S. glid, Ucbricus. Sax. aglad. 
GLADDEN, To thaw. 
GLADDER, IMore smooth, spoken of doors. A. S. glid. 

Belg. glad. Su. G. glatt. 
GLASP, A clasp. " Glasps and keepers," hooks and eyes. 
GLAZNER, A glazier. 
GLAZZEN, To glaze. 


GLEAD, A kite. A. S. glida. Welsh, eghjd, hover- 
GLEE, To squint ; in Skinner, to gly, who says, " limis 
seu distortis oculis instar strabonis contueri," forte ab. 
A. S. glotvan. Belg. gloeyn. Teut. ghien, ignescere, 
candescere. In Cotgrave it is gleek. 
GLENT, To look aside. Isl. glenta, divaricare. Teut. 
giants, splendor. 

" But at the last, as that her eye ylent 
Aside, anon, she gan his s\yorde aspie." 

Chaucer. Tro, ^ Cress. 
" King Richarde besyde him glent.''^ 

Rom. Rich. Cosur de Lyon. 
2. To diverge. 

" The ground blacknit and fereful wox alsua 
Of drawin SAverdes sclent'uuj to and fra," 

Doug. Virg. p. 226. 
" Nabody knaws how an arrow may glent ;" this 
expression denotes any thing uncertain or doubtful 
in its issue. 

" Tis when they are glinted back 
From axe and armour, spear and jack." 

Crusaders., 2d vol. p. 57. 
And glinted o'er the raging main 
That shook the sandy shore." 

Bord. Mins. M vol. p. 3G9. 
" The one struke him on the shoulder, the other on the 
breste, and the stroke glented down to his belly." 

Froysarfs Crony clc. 

GLENT, A transient view. " I just gat a glent on him." 
GLIB, Smooth, voluble. " Shoe's a glib tongue of her 

GLIFF, A glance. Isl. glia. 
GLUME, To look at with scorn. 

GLISK, ) To glitter. Teut. glcissen. " The stars 
GLISSEN, i" siUsk to nect." 



(jLOAIMING, Twilight. Iji (Jaz. Aug. gloamhiir is the 
A. y. for twillixkl, the probable origin of the word. 
" At cc'n in the yhmiiig nac swankics are roaming 
INIang stacks \\\ the lasses at bogle to ])lay." 

Floddcn Field. 
GLOAK, To stare vacantly and wildly. Belg. gloarcn. 
Su. G. glo. Glow)-, to stare with dilated eyes. Dr. 
JVillaii. " He gloar'd like a stick'd sheep," is fre- 
quently said of a person exhibiting an extreme;, though 
vacant surprise. 

" And first she shook her lugs 

And then she gae a snore. 
And then she gae a reirde 
]Made a the smiths to yloiv''r." 

Jacobite Relics. Dr. Jam. Siipp. 
" Theirs braw lads in.Earnslaw, IMarion 
Qaha gape and glotvr \vi their ee." 

Marion. Per. liel. 
GLOARED, Stared. 

" He gu"nt, he ylourt, he gapt as lie war weid." 

Dunbar^s Po. 
" He sat him on repentance hicht 
And f/loicr'd upon the sea." 

3finst. of S. B. 'dd vol. 335. 
" As lightsomely I r/luwr\l abroad 

'J'o see a scene sae gay, 
Three hizzies early at the road. 
Cam skippin up the way." 

Burns'"!/ Holy Fair. 

GLOAR-FAT, Extremely fat^ nauseously fat ; so much 
so, as to be an object to gloar at. Excess! vement 
gras, gras jusqu'a donner de degout. Miege. 
GLOMBE, To look sullen. 

" NATiich whylome woll of f'olke smile 
And glombe on hem another while.', 

Romt. Rose. 
GLOPPENED, Astonished. Isl. ghpur. A. S. glop- 
pan. Gi:km. ghip-cu. Qii. oppai-ced, a vacant stare ! 

GLOSSAllV. 189 

GLOUIM, To darken. '• It glomus in," i e. it grows 

2. To look gloomy or sullen. 
GLOVE, To bevel. 

GLUM, 1 Sullen, sour of aspect. Germ. />•/?««. Su. G. 
GLUJVIP, J glaiimeg. Chaucer has glombe. 
GNAG, ) ^ 

GNATTER I gnaw, to tear. Isl. naga, rodo. 

GNAR, To jar, to quarrel ; also to growl, to snarl as an 

angry dog. Belg. knarren. 
GNAR, A knot. 

" He was short shoiilder'd, brode, a thick gnarreJ" 

GNARLED, Twisted, full of knots. 

" Split'st the unwedgeable and gnarled oak." 

Sh. Meas. for Meets, ii. 2. 
" With knotty, knarry., baiTein trees old." 

GNATTER, To grumble. See Pegge's Supplement. 
GNATTERY, Full of pebbles or gn^vel. 
2. Peevish, ill tempered, " don't be seea gnaUcrij." 
GNIPE, To gnaw. 

" Had in their pasture ete and gmjpe away." 

Dong. Virg. p. 400. 
GNIPE, The rocky summit of a mountain. Isl. gnipa. 

A. S. cnccp. 
GO, The fiishion, '' its quite the go." 
GOAN, Gone. 

GO-BY, " To give one the go-hij," is to dcceiv'e a person, 
to leave him in the lurch. When a hare has deceived 
its pursuers, it is said, she has given them the iio-/ii/. 
" Stranpjely o'er shot to lot a hjoliy 
So treacherously jrive liim tlie go-bg." 

Mara p. 3, 
GOB, The mouth. 

2. A copious expectoration. 

11)0 Ul.OSSARY. 

11. Lumps, lis " truhs of suet," from goh, a gulj). Ilcncc 
gohlict, a (liminitivo. 

" A (/obbel of liirs grace." 

P. Ploii. 
" W\i\\ gohhcts of thy bleeding mother's heart." 

Shaks. II. VI. iv. 1. Vid. Moore. 
GOBSLOTCII, A p;reccly clown, a dirty, voracious eater. 
GODDIL, With God's will. 

GODNUS-WIIAT-BIGGER, Considerably larger. 
" God knows what ;" profanely making use of the 
name of the supreme Being as a mere expletive. 
GOD'S PENNY, Earnest money given to a servant 
when hired. " Denier a Dieu, denarius ad Deum, 
quoniam dari solet ad confirmationem contractus, et 
ut certior esset confirmatio, Deum testem esse 
Skiioier. Bklg. godls penningli. 

" "NVlien John he did him to record draw, 
And John he cast him a gocVs pcnnie.^'' 

Ilcir of Linne. 
GOD SIIIL'D IT, ]May God shield or prevent it. 
" God shWd that he died sodenly." 

"Lord thou hast crouned us as it were with a shildc of 
thy good will." 

Ps. v. //. VIII. Primer MDXLVI. 
" God sJticId, quoth Godfrey, that my noble mind 
Should praise and virtue so by profit measure." 

Fairfax Tasso. 
Shakspcarc and many other ancient writers use yield, 
as God yield us. Macbeth. 
GOD'S TRU'l'H, " I speak a God's truth," as true as 
the Bible ; i. c. I speak with much solemnity, or I 
confess my belief in the existence of a God, or that I 
am now in his presence. 
GOLLS, Springs. See galls. 
GOLOSHES, Sec Gahchc. 


GOLSH, To gulp, to swallow voraciously. 
GOOD, " IMuch good d'it you," ?'. e. much good may it 
do you ; the kind wish or benediction of a person who 
finds the family at a meal. 
GOOD AND ALL, Entirely. " He's gam hv good and 
all ;" I. e. he will not return. 

"I now for ffood and all gave up the idea of finding bugs." 
JVatertoii's Wanderings, p. 253. 

GOOD EEX, Good evening. In Cot grave it is godden, 
and godden in the Yorkshire Glossary. Mr. Pegge, 
according to Mr. Todd, says that it is a contraction 
from good-dayen, the Saxon plural of day. 
GOOD-TO, Good for. 

" He's naught good to." 

Pegge^s Supp. to Grose^s Provincial Glossary. 
GOODISH-FEW, A good many. 

GOOD-LIKE, Handsome. " He's a good-like fellow." 
" A good-like naught," a handsome but a worthless 
GOOD-i\IAN, IMaster of a family still continues a very 
common expression. Sax. goman. Luke xxii. 2. 

" Haste makes waste and waste makes want, and want 
makes strife, between the good man and his wife." 

" The good mart of this house was Dolon hight." 

" Goe foolish woman, i\\o good man reply'd." 

Job, by J. Sylvester. 
GOOD-WOaiAN, Wife. 

GOOMS, Gums. 
GOOSE, A silly fellow. 

2. A cant word for a tailor from the iron smoothing 
instrument he uses. 

" Oh, Doctor Cackle-hen, dinna j'C think she would 
need, if it were possible, to rin over her face wi a 
gusing iron, j'ust to take the wrinekles out o't." 

.SV. Ronan's Well, 2d vol. p. l.'Jl, 

li)- • CI.OSSAItV. 

" lie (lani't s;iy l>o to u goose." This expression 
denotes the great cowardice of him to whom it is 

"■ I dare I'ur tli' lioiiour of our liousc, 
Sav lioh to any Cirecian yooac."' 

Homer travestied. Vid. Dr. Jam. Siip]i. 
GOOSE-GRASS, Catch-weed. CuiIImu,, aparinc. Linn. 
GOOSE-SKIN, A rough or pimpled state of the skin, 

occasioned by cold. " I'se au goose-s/cin." 
GOOSE-TONGUE, Sneeze wort. Achillea, riannica. 

GOR, Rotten, decayed. Belg. goor, dirt, moorish earth. 

Welsh, usgorc, to separate., apheretically, gore. 
GORE, A piece of cloth inserted. Isl. gcir, aegmcntton 


" A seint she weretl, barred all of silk 

A baniie cloth eke as white as morwe milk 

Upon hire lendes, ful of many a gore.'" 

GORRY, ^'ery fat, nauseously fat. 

GOSSA^MER, Down of plants, cobwebs, or rather vapour 
arising from boggy or marshy ground, in warm weather. 
The etymon of this word seems to have puzzled 
lexicographers. The great Dr. Johnson derives it 
from the Low Lat. gossipium, to which the learned 
Mr. Todd has made no addition. Mr. Archdeacon 
Naves, in his late elaborate glossary, derives it from 
the Fr. gossavipine, and makes a quotation from 
Nahhe's Hannibal, where it is used in the same sense 
as in Craven. 

" Whose curls, when garnished with their dressing shew 

Like that thin vapour when 'tis pearled with dew." 

Skinner refers to Anlh. Did. Angl. qui eo Jiomine 

appcllat rorcm ilium matutinum diurno sole exsic- 

ealum, qui, inslar tehe araneoe, tolas agros ohsidet, 

prccscrtim post longiores sercnas fcmpesfates. Teijt. 


" Unscr frcuvcn liaar," i. e. Capilli B. M. Virginis 
vocntur, which I have some^^'here seen interpreted 
" God's dame's hair." — Skinner also derives it from 
the Fr. gossamp'me, or from the Low Lat. gossi- 
pium. Dr. Jam'ieson, in his Scottish Dictionary:, 
(a most ingenious and entertaining work) styles it 
summer-couts, with the very same signification as 
in Craven, but still Avith no satisfactory etymon. 
This is a very convincing proof of the great advan- 
tages derived from a collection of local words, 
towards the elucidation of language, and the im- 
provement of lexicography. The true etymon of this 
word, which has not been extracted by the united 
lucubrations of so many learned and ingenious men, 
is obvious to many illiterate peasants in Craven. — 
This down or rather exhalation is well known by 
the name of summer-goose, or summer-gauze, hence 
" gauze o'th' summer," gauzamer alias Gossamer. 
GOSPEL, "It's as true as't gospel," a common asseveration. 
GOSSIP, " To be up to ones gossip," to be aware of a 

persons designs. 
GOTE, ) A channel of water from a mill-dam. Belg. 
GOIT, j gote. Cimbric gautur, Gusa, effusio, aquae 
j actus. Dr. Hickes. See addenda in Thoresby's Leeds. 
Skinner gives the name of goivts (Q.11. go-ouls) to 
canals or drains in Somersetshire, which he derives 
from Fr. goutes. Goyt. Pegge's Supplement. 
GOUl), Gold. 

" And yeveth youre youd to that God." 

Pi. Plouhman. 
GOUD-SPINK, Gold-finch, 

" The ffoud-spink., music gayest child 
Shall sweetly join the quoir." 

" The sparrow chinnis in the wallis clyt't, 
Gold-spink and lint(iuhite Ibrdynnand tlie lyft. 

O Doxty. Viry. p. 103. 



(JOWA, Let us j;o, go wo ; in Suffolk, pnw. J'id. Moor. 
It is always used in tlic wuy of invitation, and refers 
to tlie act of one person accompanying anotlicr, and is 
equivalent to go with me, accompany me. " Come 
goira t'otli' kirk," i. c. will you accompany mc to the 

GOWARGE, A gourge. 

GOWD, To cut the dirty wool from sheeps' tails. 

GOWDENS, Wool cut from sheeps' tails, probably a 
corruption of caudhigs. Lat. cauila, or goivd-ends, so 
denominated from the brilliancy of their colour. 

GOWL, Gum of the eye. 

GOWLED, Gummed. "I\Iy e'en er partly gowl'd up 
iv'ry mornin." 

GO W PEN-FULL, A handful. See gaupcn. 

" A nievefu' o' meal, or a goivpcn o' aits." 

Jamiesoii's Pop. Ballads. 
" He gets gowtl i' goitpins.'''' 

SL Ronan's Well, \st vol. p. 04. 

GOWSTER, To bluster, to hector, to be noisy or 

GRAAN, To groan. A. S. granian. Welsh, graen, grief. 
GRAANING-CIIEESE, A cheese or entertainment for 

the good wives attending an accouchment. 
GRADELY, Decently ; it is also used as an adjective, 

decent, worthy, respectable. 
2. Tolerably Avell ; " how isto ?" gradely. Fr. grc, 

satisfaction ; a vion grc. 
GRAFT, The depth of earth pierced by one insertion of 

the spade, called a spade-^rr//?. Sax. grafait. 
GRAIN, Prong of a fork. Isl. grcin, ramus. 

"With his grete mattok havand granes three." 

Doug. Virg. p. 59. 
" "NV ith three graines like an ccl spcarc." 

IIuHaHiVi Tnuislat, of Suetonius. Jos. I. 


GRAINS, Refuse of malt. 

GRAINING, Fork of a tree. Belg. granen, to sprout '. 
IsL. g rein, }-amus, where the branch divaricates from 
the stem. 

" Apoun ane (jrane or branch of yan grene tree." 

D. Vu-ff. p. 350. 
" The souch and bh quhisland amang the granis. 

D. Virg. p. 115. 
" Quhilk we ane litil howlet clepe or owl, 
And that sum time in granis or stolkes of a tree." 

D. Virg. p. 444. 
GRAIP, To grope. 

GRAITH, Preparation, readiness. A.S.giroede,gerracd 
paratus. In the Yorkshire Gloss, gralh, signifies 
riches. " To be in good graithy" i. e. to be in good con- 
dition, or in a proper state for exertion. In Chaucer, 
the verb graith seems to signify to dress, to adorn. 
" She had no thought by night ne day 
Of nothing, but if it were onely 
To graithe her well and uncouthly." 

Romt. Rose, 
" His feris has this pray ressavit raith, 
And to thare meat addresses it for graith.'''' 

D. Virg. 
" With gold and birnest lattoun purifyit, 
Graithit and pohst wele he did espy." 

D. V. p. 2G5. 

GRANNY, A common abbreviation for grandmother. 
The proverb, " gang and teach tliy grannij to sup sour 
milk out o't' ass riddle," is often applied to a confident 
person, who would attempt to teach another, who has 
more knowledge than himself. It agrees with the 
French proverb, apprendre aux poissons a. nager. 
" Ye've nails at wad scrat your grcmnij out of her 
grave," addressed to a ])erson who has remarkably 
long nails. 

<> 2 

19C i;t,oss.\1{V. 

"■Ghosts never walk till alter inidnifjht, it' I may 
believe my grannam.^'' 

Beau. ^ Flct. 
Sec Todd','! second edition of Johnson. 
GRANNY-TriRP]EDS, The runners of the creeping 

Crowfoot. Rannncidus repcns. IJ?in. 
GRATING, The act of separating the Large from 

small ore. 
GRAVE, To dig. Isl. grafa. " I'se boun to grave 
flahs : an efter, to grave it'h' garden." 
"■ Grav'd in the hollow ground." 

Shaks. Rich. II. iii. 2. 
" Or at least grave me in sepulture." 

D. Virg. p. 176. 

GRAW, Ague- Teut. grorv-en. Welsh, gam, to 
shiver. This word is nearly obsolete. Ruddimnn 
supposes that the shivering arises gcncraUij from fear, 
sometimes, from disease. 

"• Evin in the face and visage of Turnus, 
Can fle and flaf, and made him for to growe^ 
Scho soundis so with mony hiss and how." 

D. Virg. p. 444. 
GRAY, A badger. 

GRAY-]MARE, A wife who rules her husband ; hence 
" the gray mares' t' better horse." 
" If you have any kindness for's 
And that gray mare be'n't better horse." 

Maro.p. 122. 

GRAY-STONES, Coarse millstones for grinding oats, 

in distinction to the blue stones which, with the 

French bur, are generally used for grinding of wheat. 

Fr. grez, rough. 

GREASE-BUTTER, Strong, rancid, Irish butter in 

firkins, used for sheep salve. 
GREAT, Intimate, high in favour. 

" Tho' he was great with the King, he always doubteil 
the King's Uncles." 

Froyssarfs Cronycles. 

GLOSSAllY. 197 

Dr. Jamieson derives it from A. S. gr'dhiait, to agree. 
See Todd. 
GREE, To agree. 

" They greed my death, and then would say 
What ? none doth heare our words." 

Ps. lix. Stern. ^ Hopkhi. Ed. 1G09. 

GREEDY-GUT, A voracious eater, a glutton. Also a 
covetous person. 

" O greedy guts ! O ! gulphs insatiate." 

Bcthulius Rescue hy Sylvester. 
GREEN-GOOSE, A goose fed on grass before it be 
brought to the stubble ; or, a young goose. 
" So stubble gease at Michaelmas are seen 
Upon the spot ; next INIay produces green.'''' 

King^s Art of Cookery. Vid. BrmuVs Pop. Antiq. 
GREEN-HORN, An inexperienced youth. 
GREEN-HEW, The right of cutting, in woods and 
forests, hollies or evergreens for the supply of sheep, 
&c. in the winter season ; from greeu and hew. 
GREEN SAUCE, Sour dock or sorrel bruised and mixed 

with vinegar and sugar. 
GREEN-TAIL, A diarhoea in deer, a complaint to which 

they are often subject. 
GREES, ^ Stairs. Lat. gradus. F. Plur. grez. 
GRECE, >- Minshew considers it an abbreviation from 
GRICE, J the Fr. plur. degrez, gradus. 

" And lay a sentence 

Which as grise or step may help these lovers." 

Othello, i. 3. 
" Also we wol that by a convenient space and distance 
from the grees of the high aulticr of the said Cliapell, 
there be made m length and brede about the said 
tombe a grate." 

Will of II. VII. 
" A grece there was ychesyld all of stone 
Out of tlic rockc, on which men dyd gone." 

Halves Tower of Doct. Per. R, 

108 ca.ossAUY. 

•'Ami wliau'ic Pmil com to iho ffrcca.'" 

JVk/if, Dedis, xxi. 
" Anil wlicu he came unto the f/riccce.'" 

JViclif.) XX'. 
" Then the Erie mounted liy the Grcccs." 

Froi/ssari^s Cronycle. 

GREETS, Laments. Isl. trroct. Bay derives it from 
the Italian gr'idarc. 

" I'll {\\\ iiie air wl heavy sichs 
And grcit till I be blind." 

Child Maurice. 
GREWND, A greyhound. Isl. grey, canis, ct hunta, 
venator. This Islandic etymon does not, in the least, 
distingush the nature and species of the dog, for all 
dogs may be denominated hunters. ]\Iay not the 
greyhound be of Greek extraction, as the word grew, 
to signify Greece, is used by Bishop Douglas in his 
preface to his Traiislulion of Virgil. 

" Bot sum worde I pronunce as nycliboure dois 
Like as in I^atyne bene Greive termes sum." 

Doug. Prcf. p. 5. 

Mr. Todd will not allow of Minshew's derivation from 
Grcecus. Though this identical quotation is made 
by Dr. Jamieson, it does not appear that he has 
availed himself of it in explaining this species of 
dog. Serenins calls this animal griphound, from 
Sax. gripan, to seize. See Todd's second edition 
of Johnson. Skinner derives it from A. S. grig' 
hand, vel a Belg. grcvcl. Taxus, nobis a g7-ey 
and hund, Canis q. d. taxi irisectator. IMinsevus 
dictum putat quasi Grcecus canis, qui sc : Greci 
omnium primi hoc genus ad venatum adliibebant, 
quod facile crcdiderem si Authorem laudasset. If 
this species of dog receives its name from the gray 
or l)adger, as lajci inscctator, the name is not 
inappropriate; for I can speak from my own 


knowledge, that no dog is more capable of coping 
with a badger. Tlie greyhound has a most 
powerful grasp ; its long extended neck prevents 
the badger, which it has once seized, from attacking 
his legs or making the least defence ; and I have 
seen the badger thus instantaneously destroyed. 
Notwithstanding the researches of learned philo- 
logists, may not this word be derived from the 
Craven groon, a snout ? The greyhound, having 
the longest snout of any of the dog kind ; hence 
it may, with great propriety, be called a groon d 
hound, and when corrupted or contracted, grewn'd. 
The word groon is pronounced grewn in the 
Southern part of Craven. 
GREW-BITCH, Grecian, alias a grey-hound bitch or 
grcwnd hitch. See Pegge's Supp. 

" Give my seven sons were seven young hares 

Running over yo'n lilly lee, 
And I were a [jrew hound mysell 
Soon worried they a should be." 

Bord. Minsl. M vol. p. 44. 
" Grciv-litch at hame will worry." 

ScoWs Pref. to the Crusaders. 

GRIMING, A sprinkling, "a griming o'snaw." IsL. 
graaner, prninosis niveuin Jlocculis terra catiescit. 
" The sun was na up, but the moon was down 
It was the grymiiifj of a new fa'n snaw." 

Bord. Mm. 
GRIIMY, Sooty. 
GRIPE, A dung fork. Su. grepe, a trident. 

" The i/raip ho ibr a harrow tacks." 


The same word is uacd by Sir JV. Scott, Pirate, 

2d vol. p. 79- 

" He shook his (jraip aloft and entered the IjoaL, with 

the air of Neptune himself, carryhig on high his 


2. A ditch. 

-(H) (il.OSSAUV. 

GROATS, 1 Shelled oats, not (latmeal, as niontioned l)V 
(J HOTS, ) Dr. Jolni.soi,. 

" He has Mood in liim, il'lie liacl but groats." 


We have an equivalent expression in Craves. " Blood 
without ifrodts is nau<fht." By a homely allusion 
to the composition of a black pudding, it intimates 
that a woman, though of good family, is not eligible 
A^'ithout a good fortune. 

" But when I neist mak ffrota, I'll strive to please 
You wi a furlet o'theni, mixt \vi pease." 

Gentle Shepherd. Allan Ramsay. 
" 4 Quart, G Bus. de grotes." 

Compotus MSS. of Bolton Prior y., 1325. 

GROBBLE, To make holes. 

GROON, The snout or nose of a pig. Dan. grami. 

IsL. gron, labriivi bovis superius. Dr. Hickes. 

Chaucer uses groine. By way of contempt^ the nose 

and lower part of the face of a man is so denominated. 

" Solomon likeneth a faire woman that is a fool of hire 

body, to a ring of gold that is worne m the groine of 

a sou." 

Chaucer. Parson's Tale. " 

See Todd's second edition of Jolinson. 
GROOP, )^ The channel which receives and conveys away 
GRIPE, J the urine from a cow-house. Skirmer 
derives it from the A. S. greope, latrina, scobs. 
Belg. grippe, grup, sulcus, fovea. 
" The mucking o' Geordies' byre 
And shooling the groop sae clean." 

Jacobite Song. 

GRIPED, Ditched, hollowed, trenched. 

"Having both sides through ^/-i/j^c? with griesly wounds." 


GROOVE, ) . . , ., rp 7.1, 

/-iTi^T-i:' f -^ """C or shaft. Teut. grubefi, to delve. 
GKOVJli, j 

GLOSSAllY. 201 

GROVE- WOOD, Small timber for the use of mines to 

support the roof or sides. 
GROPING, A mode of catching trout by tickling them 

with the hands under rocks or banks. 

" He spoke of fishing, I have sent him a trout properly 

Quentin Durward, 3rf. vol. p. 202. 
GROSH, Gross, fat, when used of a person ; luxuriant, 

when applied to grass. 

GROUNDS, ) Dregs, sediment. A. S. griinds. Because, 

GRUNDS, ) as Minsheiv observes, they sink to the 

bottom or ground. These words are always used in 

the plural number. 

GROUT, Wort of the last running. A. S. grut, far. 

Fr. gruotte, Skinner. 
GROVVEN, p. ;^. of grave. 
GRUND Ground. A. S. Teut. and Dan. grund. 
"And thirty mae o'th' Captain's men. 
Lay bleeding on the grund that day." 

Jamie Telfer Min. of S. D. 
" Quhen they the grund of Ital}' liaifF nunimyn." 

Doug. Virg. 2J. 1G5. 
" Then Job arose and rent his garment, and shaved 
his head, and fel downe upo the grud and worshipped." 
Job i. 22. Geneva Edit. 15G2. 

"To git to'th' grund," ahum exonerare. 
GRUND, To grind. Pret. grand. 
GRUNDED, Grinded. 

" Be this was said, ane grundyn dart he let glyde." 

D. V. B. 1. 

GRUNNLESTONE, ) A grind-stone. Coigravc has 
GRUNSTONE, j grindlestone as synonymous. 

GRUNTER, A hog. 
GRYPE, A ditch, a hollow. See groop. 
GUDGEON, The large pivot of the axis of a wheel. 
GUESS, To suppose, to believe. 

" Symounte answeredc and seidc, I gcssc, that he to 
whom he forgaf more." 

l.iikc vii. Wiclif. 


•■' Niiw slandis llic poynL to suflbr in batalo, 

The hitter dede an all paneliil distrcs, 

No laiijjfer, sister germane, as I ffcs, 

Sal thou mc sc schamef'ul unwourthy wycht." 

Dovg. Virg. p. 43o. 
GUESSIN, Supposing. 

" Sche gessynge that he was a gardjmer." 

Dcdis, XX. IViclif. 

GUEST, A person. This Avord is generally accompanied 
by an olfoiisive part, or adj. as " an ill-twined guest" 
" a mucky guest." 

" Yon guest hath giivcd him so save, 
Hold 3-our tongues and speak na mare, 
He looks as he were wood." 

Felon Soive. 

Dr. Whitaher in his History of Richmoudshlre, 
accuses Sir W. Scott, who had commented on this 
passage, of his ignorance of the phraseology of 
Yorkshire, Sir W. S. supposing that adventure 
was the meaning of the word gtiest. 
GUGGLE, To gull, to cheat or defraud. 
GUIDER, A tendon. 
GUIDE-STOOP, A guide post. 
GULLY, A hollow ditch. 
GUiMMY, Thick, swollen ; mostly applied to the legs 

and ancles, &c. 
GUT, " He's nayther gut ner gall in him ;" he is a 
heartless, inactive person. 

" While hunger gripes me gut and all." 

Map of 3f(in, translulcd by Sylvester. 
" He's mair guts ner brains^" he is a foolish, voracious 
GUTLING, A greedy eater, a gormandizer. 
GUT-SCRAPER, A fiddler. 
GUY-TRASH, An evil spirit, a ghost, a pad-foot. 
GYGE,. To creak. Gkrm. gcigcn, fricare. 
GYLE-FAT, The brewing vat. Belg. gyle, foam. 

(;lossaiiy. 203 


HA, A contraction of have. " Ha ye onny." 
" (Eneas said he'd have but four 
And who durst say then, he'd ha more." 

Maro. 1). 88, 
" Ha you not ?" 

Be7i Jonson. 

HALE, r^^^«^"- 

" Wyth al thare children and their hale ofFspring." 

Doug. V. p. 85. 
" Drave afF the hale forenoon." 

Allan Ramsay 
HAALLY, Wholly. 

"And gyve up halyly all tretty." 

Wintoiai's Cronyhil. 
HAALSOME, Wholesome. 

" Quhare flowrys are fele on feldys-fayre 
Hale of hew haylsome of ayre." 

Wyntown. Dr. Jam, 
" Plesance and joye rycht halesum and pcrfyte is." 

Dong. V. pref, 5 B. 
HAAM, ) Home. A. S. ham, haem. " Haam is haam 
HAME, j be it nivver seea haamly." 

" To grind our corn and carry it hame ageen." 

Chaucer. Reeve^s Tale. 
" Hey for heaven, hey for heym.''^ 

Dr. WhUaker''s Hist, of Leeds, p. 34. 
HAAIMS, ) Two pieces of Avood attached to the horses 
HAMES, ) collar. Lat. hami. Isl. hah, collum. 
Belg. hammc. 

"The men ''gging the hamss about thai'e nek." 

Dovg. Virg. p. 287. 
HAASTE, Haste. 

" Therefore ha-xs'e we to entcrre i'lto that rcste." 

Hcb. iv. IVicUf. 


204 ca.obsAUV. 

As wc wolilo not the calliedrallc church ol' Wvn- 
chcstre shulc cny wliile standc viduale, that ye 
wolilo i)rocede to olocliou in all godcly haasl." 

Letter of II, VI. Chundlcr's Life of Waynflcte. 


HATE, / 

HOAT, > Hot. A. S. hat. Belo. hcd. 



" Hereof wonderit with briest hate as fyre." 

Doug. Virg. 1), 77- 
" So hole of foul afFectioun." 

" When the sommeris day is hote 
The yung nunnes takith a bote 
And doth ham ibrth in that river 
Botho with oris and with stere." 

Ang. Norman MSS. Dr. Ilickes. 
" But he was fierce and what." 

" And if any of you seic to hem, go ye in jices, and be 
ye made hoote." 

James ii. C. Wicl'tf. 
HAB, A corruption of have. 
HAB-AT HIiAI, Have-at him. 
" Have at you." 

" Have at thee, Jason." 

" Nay faith, have at you." 

Ben Jonson. 
" Therefore, Sir, for Godes love, ne let me no man owe 
Bote he habbe an two name war thorou he be iknowe." 

Holt, of Gloxicester. 

Also to obtain a thing by hab and by nab, i. e. by 

fair means or foul. In Gaz. Aug. hab-nab is 

defined rashly, without consideration, from the 

A 8 hahUan, to liavo ; and nabbum, not to have ; 


by cutting off the two last syllables in each word, 
or q. d. hnp'n-hap, whether it happen or not. 

HABERDASHER, A schoolmaster, alias a haherdasher 
of nouns and pronouns. Thu Bobbin says, Sundays 
and other holydays will never interfere with A. B. C, 
or if you please, with my haberdashermv; of nouns 
and pronouns. An expression something similar is 
used by Ben Jonson, " a weaver of langucige." 

HACK, A pick-axe. " Hack nor luck, meat nor drink." 

HACK AT, To imitate. 

HACKLE, To dress, to trim up. " Come, lass, git 
thysel hackled." 

HACKLE, Hair or wool. Also feathers, as cocA-Zmc/c/e. 

HACK-SLAVVER, A dirty fellow; also, heck-slavver. 

TT A E "i 

„ . „' [-To have, "I hat/ the now," I have caught you- 

2. To understand, " I hai/ the," I comprehend you. 
HAFFLE, ) To speak unintelligibly, to stammer. Belg. 
IMAFFLE, I hackelen, Cooperi Thes. 
HAFFLIN, Stammering. 

" While Jenny hafflin is afraid to speak." 

Burm Colt. S. N. 
HAG, To hew, to chop. Isl. hoe!^. verber. 
HAG-CLOG, A chopping block. 
HAGGLE, To attempt to lower a bargain, to higgle. 
HAGGED, Fatigued with hard labour or a journey. 

" I'se fair hugged off my legs." 
HAG, A hanging wood, wild, uncultivated and boggy 


" Owre many a weary hag he limpit, 
An' ay the tither shot he thumpit." 

Samsoii's Elegy. Burns. 
HAGUES, Haws. A. S. hagan, fniclu.s spina: alba. 

•20Ci c.T.ossAnv. 

IIAG-WORI\r, A snake, or blind worm, haunting the 

///li:^ or liodgc. A. S. fiucg, scpcs. 
IIAINOUS, Heinous. Fn. hain. 

" For this sure a high and haiiious crime, 
To be condcmn'd and punisht in the prime." 

Jolf, by Sijlvcslcr. 
"■ Remeuihering with how many an hainous crime 
Thou hadst ollcndcd him." 

S/iipicrackc, hj T. Heyioood^ 1C37. 
IIAIPS, A sloven. 

" She jaw'd them, miscaud tkcm, 
For clashin, clackin haips.'^ 

Dovglas Poems. 
HAKE, To go about idly. To this verb about is gene- 
rally added, " he's oUas haking about." Belg. 
haachen. Germ, hocker, a pedlar. 
HAKES, A lounging idle fellow. 

HALO, I Bashful, modest. Sc. proud. A. S. //colic, 

HEALO, j excelsiis. Welsu, gnnjl, bashful. In 

Lancashire, heulo. Tim. Bohbiiu Hclo. Cotgravc, 

under hontciix. 

HALLIDAY, Holyday, '' HaUidmj-c\^Q%," holyday- 


" And the halyday of the therf loves, that is seed pask 

Luke xxii. IVicUf. 
HALLIWELL, Holy-well. Old English, halighc, holy. 

HALSH, To tie, to fasten, to knot. 

2. To embrace, thougli I've not known the word used 
in this sense ; from Sax. hals, colliim. 

" I stand, and speake, and laugh, and kiss, and hahe" 

Chav). Ct. of Love. 
HAIMEL, To walk lame. 

HALVE S, 1 An exclamation made by a person, on seeing 

HAUVKS, j another stoop to pick up something he 

has found, who thereby considers himself entitled to 


receive one half of it. This popular custom is alluded 
to in Dr. John Savage's Horace to Scxva, imitated. 
Ed. 1730. London. 

" And he who sees you stoop to'th' ground, 
Cries halves ! to ev'ry thing you've found." 
In order, however, to deprive the other of his sup« 
posed right, the finder \\n\\ cry out, 
" Ricket, racket, finnd it, tackit, 
And nivver give it to the aunder (owner.) 
This is something similar, though in different words, 
to the description of it given by Mr. Brocketl, in 
his N. country words. 
HAiMLIN, ) Walking lame. This word may probably 
HAIMELIN, J be retained from the old custom of 
hamling, hameling, or hambling ; or, as it is otherwise 
called exped'italing dogs, which was enjoined by the 
forest laws, for the preservation of the King's game. 
It consisted in cutting off the three claws of the 
forefoot on the right side. Or, according to others, in 
paring or cutting off the balls of the feet ; and every 
one who kept any great dogs not cxpeditated, should 
forfeit to the King 2)S. 4d. It may he derived from 
the Old Saxon word hamme, ham, that is heme, at 
home, so that hamling is hame-h aiding, keeping at 
home, for they cannot take any great delight in run- 
ning abroad. Vide Minshcw. 
IIAiM, The thigh. Dr. Johnson says it is the hip, it 
has not that signification here. 

" The easie flexure of his supple hammcs.^'' 

Ben Jonson. 
HAIME, Home. 

HAINIELY, Homely, simple, unadorned. 

" An honestl}' discharged my conscience, 
In lines, tho' hamchj, far frae nonsense." 

A. Ramsay. 

HAMMER, To sttnnmer. 

'2()H (;i,()ss.\i( V. 

HA.^IIMER, " Tlu- /laiinncr o diMtli," a tist. When a 
l)crson is quarrelling;; \\ith another, whom he wishes to 
intimidate, he will hold up his fist in a menacing 
attitude, and say, " see, here's t'hammer o' deeoth." 
IIAIMIMER AND PINCERS, Is the noise made by a 
horse, when he strikes the hind foot against the fore 
foot. This is in some places, called forging. It 
resembles the sound made by a blacksmith's hammer ; 
and is occasioned by the crookedness of the hind leg, 
which causes it to over-reach the fore leg, or by the 
sluggishness of the animal. 
HAMIMER-SCAPPLE, A niggardly person, who at- 
tempts to loAver the value of an article, he wishes to 
purchase, a skin-Jiint. 
HAjMMERING, Stammering, of which the word mam- 
mering, in Shakespeare, may be a corruption. 

" I wonder in my soul 

AVhat you could ask me, that I should deny, 
Or stand so mammering on." 

Othello^ iii. 3. 

" It would not hold, 

But burst in twaine with his continual hammering. 
And left the pagan in no little mammering." 

Harrington'' s Ariosto. Nares. 
HAMPER, To beat. Dr. Johnson has it not in this sense. 
HAN, The groan or sigh-like voice, ^\'herewith wood 
cleavers keep time to their strokes. Cotgravc. 
" In France, at Courchiverni, neere to Blois, 
Within a bottle they keepe, shew the no3^se 
Or ha7i, which Joseph (Christ's reputed father) 
Used when he cleft wood, or when he squar'd it rather." 

Wm. Prynne. 
" "With mony pant, with fcUown hauclm and quaikes." 

Doug. Virg. p. 225. 
HAN, They have, an old contraction of haven. 
" AVhat concord Imn liglit and dark." 

Spenser. Vid. Todd's Johnson. 


HANCUTCHER, Handkerchief. 

HAND, " To be on the mending hand," to be in a state 
of convalescence. " To have the hand in/' to be 
accustomed to business. " To swop even hands," to 
exchange without boot. " He's onny hand afore/' 
ready and prepared for any undertaking. 
HAND-BREED, A hand breadth. Pure Saxon. 
" She's bow-hough'd, she's in shinn'd, 
Ae Umpin leg a hand breed shorter. 
She's twisted right, she's twisted left, 
To balance fair in ilka quarter." 

Burns. Sic a Wife, ^c. 
HAND-CLOUT, A toweh Fr. essui-main. 

HAND-RUNNING, Uninterrupted succession. " He 

did it seven times hand-running." 
2. IMeddling. 

HANDSEL, The first use of any thing. A. S. hand and 
sifUan, to give. Belg. hansel, a present ; also, the 
first money received at a market, which many super- 
stitious people will spit on, either to render it tenacious 
that it may remain with them, and not vanish away 
like a fairy gift, or else to render it propitious and 
lucky, that it may draw more money to it. Lemon. 
Vid Brand's Pop. Antiq. 
" Goud ale to nnsele." 

Pi. Plou. 7 joas*. 
" Our present tears here, not our present laughter. 
Are but the handselVs of our joyes hereafter." 

Ilerriclt's Hesperides. 
" That whoso hardie hand on her doth lay. 
It dearly shall aby, and death for handscll pay." 

Spenser^s F. Q. 
" And tell him, for good handsell too, 
Til at thou hast brought a whistle new." 

Ilerrick's Hesperides. 


IIAXD-SPIKE, A woocU'ii k'livor, shod \\itli iron. 
IIANDS-TUHN, "She wiiiiui do :i /laiuh-liini," i. r. 

she will not turn or employ hor hand in any labour. 
HAND-STAFF, Handle of a Hail. 
HANDY-CUFFS, Handcnrts, manacles. It is also fre- 

(puMitly used in the sense of fisticuffs, and thus it 

occurs in the praise of Yorkshire Ale. 

" And some wei'c mad to be at haii(li/-c-ii_ffs." 

HANGEDLY, Reluctantly. "He gangs vara hcifigecUi/." 

HANG-GALLOWS, A villain; a proper sidyect or 

pendant for the gallows. Hence, a haiig-gaUows look, 

a man of villainous aspect. " Hang an a — e," to 


" What do you ha7iff an a — e, pri'thee come along." 

Sup. 4- Jo. T. Ileijivood. 

HANGIT, A term or exclamation of contempt or 

HANGJMENT, " To play the hungmciil," to be much 
enraged. It is also an expression of surprise, as, 
" what the luuigment !" 
HANG-NAILS, Fid. nang-nails. Ainsworlh, harg- 

nuils, or wort-wale of a nail. 
HANK, A habit. " Shoes gitten a sad hank o' runnin 

out ot neets." 
2. A certain portion of worsted, &c. 
HANK, To fasten. 
HANKLE, To entangle. 
HANNO, Have not. 

HAP, To wrap up. A. S. hcapian, to heap up. 2'o(ld. 
To heap up clothes on one. 

" There, one garment will serve a man most commonly 
two years ; for why should he desire more ? Seeing 
if he had them, he should not be better hapl or 
covered from cold." 

Robmsori's Translat. of Mare's Utopia, 1551. 



HAP, Covering. '' Gimme plenty o' hap." 
HAPPEN, Used as an adverb, probably, perhaps. 
HAPPIN, A rug, or coverlet for a bed. It is also 

used for any article of clothing that is thick and 



^ Happy is the bride, that the sun shines on. 
Blest is the corpse, that the rain rides on." 
Ridiculous as this distich is, many will give it full 
HARD, Sour, vapid, " t'ale's hard." 
2. Deaf. Hard of hearing. 
HARD, Part, and pret. of hear. 

" In no French Chronicles are such names hard of." 


" What idler thing than speak and not be hard.'''' 

Sir Philip Sydney. 
" I hard save of one." 

Leland^s Itin. 
" Thou hardest never such a one, I trow." 

Romt. of the Rose. 
" Loe I was cleane cast out of sight, 
Yet hardst thou my request." 

Ps. xxxi. 21. SternhoM S( Hopl: 

" Witlihi this XX. yere, 

Westwarde he founde new lands, 
That we never hard tell of before this." 

John Rastell. Percy Rel. 
HARD-LAID-ON, Much oppressed with sickness. 
HARD-SET, Scarcely able. " I's hard-set to addle a 

HARD-HEADS, Knapweed. Centaurea nigra. 
HARD AND SHARP, Scarcely. " Hesto mesur, naa 

matters, its nobbud hard and sharp." 
2. Cruelly, harshly, not often used in this sense. 
'•' jNIy worthy fi-iend, ne'er gi-udge and carj), 
Tho' fortune use you hard and sharp ; 




Conic, kittle up your IMoorlniKl linrp, 
Wi glecsome touch." 

HARDEN, Coarse linen cloth. 
HARDEN, To advance in ])ricc ; " t'corn rayther 

HARDLINS, Scarcely. 

HARD- WOOD-TREES, Deciduous trees, in contradis- 
tinction to ever-greens and the lir tribe. 
HARE, A hare crossing a person's path in the morning 
is superstitiously supposed to denote bad luck. " I 
caren't Avhother the hare catch the dog or tlie dog 
catch the liarc ;" an expression of a desperate, thought- 
less person, utterly regardless of consequences. 
HARLE, Hair or wool. Belg. haer. " Shoe's a feaful 
hask harl'd an ;" that is, the cow has harsh hair, 
always an unfavourable symptom of fattening ; a 
qualification for which, the farmers say, is a mossy 
coat ; that is, a skin soft to the touch. Izaak Walton 
uses herl. 

" The sixth is a black ily, in May also, the body inadc 
of"l)hick wool, and lapped about with the licrl of a 
peacock's tail." 

p. 107. 
HARN-PAN, The skull. 

" In the harne-pan the shaft he has afixt." 

Doug. Virg. 2f)l. 
" How first he practi;j'd yc shall hear 
The ham pan of an umquile marc." 

Ramsai/s Poems. 

HARNS, Brains. Gr. KC)itrio}\ Goth, thah-n. Dan. 
Jiicrnc. Belg. heme IsL. hiarne. 

"And until his hidduoushand thamethrimblit and wrang 
And on the stanis out thar hurnis dang." 

Doug. Virg. p. 89. 
" "Was ncer ane drown'd in sarras, nor yet in doubt 
For e'er the head can win down, the humcs arc out." 

Jiord. Mills. 


" It were well wair'd to tack a mell 
And knock out au his harns." 

Ferguson's S. Prov. 
" Nor shall our herds as heretofore 
Ivin afF wi' ane anothers store, 
Nor ding out ane anithers harns. 
When they forgether amang the kairns." 

Allan Ramsai). 
HARRISH, To harrass, of which it may be a corruption ; 
or it may be derived from the Old Fr. harier, to vex, 
trouble. Coigrave. " I's sadly harrish'd," a person 
will say;, Avhen oppressed with trouble or worn out 
with labour. We also say, it is harrishing weather, 
when it is cold and stormy. 

" To whom the shining forth of excellent virtue, tho 
in a very harrish subject, had wrought a kind of 
reverence in them." 

Pemb. Arcadia. Nares. 
" The tastes that do most otFend in fruits and herbs 
and roots, are bitter, harrish, sowre." 

Bacon. Nat. Hist. 
In these two last quotations harrish seems a corrup- 
tion of harsh. 
HARROW, " To trail a leet harrow." This expression 
alludes to the comforts of single blessedness, which 
is exempt from many cares and troubles to which 
matrimony is exposed. 
HARRY, A country man, a rude boor. Ray has Harry 

gaud, which, he says, means a wild girl. 
HARSTONE, Hearthstone : also by metonymy, one's 
home, as focus or lar in Latin. '' I will be maister 
o' my awn harslonc." 
H ARTEN, To encourage. A word of a similar meaning 
is' used by Chaucer, who leaves out the aspirate. 
" What for to speke and what to holden unie 
And what to arten." 

214 ULOSsAKV. 

'' Tlie tempter came full i)f (laikncssc as he is, and tliim 
ilidst hartcn me, that I might iles[)ise them." 

Translat. of St. Atiyustbie\ MedUat, 1577- 

HARUM-SCARUM, Wild, dissipated. " He's a hanim 
scariim fellow." Dr. Jamicson thinks it is allied to 
the Germ, hcnan schwurm-cn, to rove abotit ; from 
hcrum, about ; and schwarni-en, to live riotously. 

HASH, Harsh, most applied to weather. " It is luish 
and cold." 

HASK, Dry, parched. Lat. Iiisco, when dry, the land 

generally cracks or gapes. " A liask wind," a keen 

piercing wind. " Hask grass," rough, coarse grass. 

AJso rigid or harsh to the touch, as " this cow handles 

vara hosk." 

" On raggit rolkis of hard lutrsk quhyii stane." 

Douglas Virgil., p. 200. 

HASLE-OIL, A ludicrous expression for a severe 

H ASPEN ALD, A tall youth, betwixt a man and a boy, 

having. shot up like an aspen, aid being a diminutive. 
HASPERT, A rough, uncultivated felloAv. Sc. aspert. 

Lat. asperus. 
HASTO, Hast thou ! 
HASTY PODDISH, Hasty pudding, made of milk 

and flour ; not, as Dr. Johnson asserts, of oatmeal 

and water. This last mixture with us is always 

called water porridge. 
HAT, An old hat is said to be the prize won by a person 

who has told a great lie ; and when he is suspected to 

be guilty of it, it is common to say, " here's my oud 

hat for the " 
2. A three cocked hat ; currants or preserves inclosed 

in a thin crust or triangular ])aste or pasty. 
HAT-BRUART, The brim of a hat. 
HAT, Pract. of hit. 

GLOSSAllY. 215 

HATTOCK, A shock of corn containing ten sheaves. 
Eight of these stand on the end, inclining to each 
other, and are covered with other two, which are 
called hooders or hood sheaves. 
IIAUD, Hold. 

" Now hand ye there, for 3'e have said enough 
And niickle mah' than ye can iiiak to through." 


HAUP, Half. This word is curiously used in the fol- 
lowing expression j " he's nut hmif a bad an," i. c. he 
is a fair, respectable person. 

H AUF-ROCTON, Idiotic, half witted. 

HAUF THICK, Half fat. 

HAUGH, ^ A hillock. Dan. hmighiu; iumulus. ¥r. 

HAW, V haul, as i/aw-pike, Haw-her, hills in 

HA, } Craven. 

2. Ha house, a mansion. 

" I hae a good ha'-house, a bai-n an a, byre." 

Gentle Shepherd. 
HAUT, To halt, to walk lame. 

HAUVE, To come near, applied to horses. 

HAUVISH, Silly, witless, probably a corruption of 

HAVVER, Oats. Belg. haver, or from the Old Fr. 
avcron, or avencron, wild oats, haver, or oat grass. 

IIAVVER-CAKES, Thin cakes made of oatmeal, and 
dried in a fleeok or hurdle. Recruits from the 
Northern Counties, where oat cakes are generally 
used, are denominated havver-cake huh: And the 
Serjeant of a recruiting party, in order to tempt 
men to enlist, hoisted an oat cake on the point 
of his sword, and with a stentoric voice exclaimed, 
" Hey for't havver cake lads." 

HAVVER BREEOD, Germ, haver hrcod. 

21(5 GI.OSSAKV. 

HAVVER-3IAUT, I .L.n't ]<iu.w that this malt is now 
made. In the Inventory of Skipton Castle, 1572, it 
appears that there were in the Garner, at that time, 
LX. quart' of liavcrmallc at viii.v. the qnarter. Germ. 
/infer mult. 
HAVVEK-IMEAL, Oat-meal. 
IIAVER-STREA, Out-straw. 

HAWPNY, A halfpenny. " To have his hand on his 
/la/vpiii/," a proverbial phrase for being ever attentive 
to his own interest. 
HAWPORTII, A halfpenny worth. " Dunnut loazt' 

yow for a hawporlh o' tar." 
IIAWPS, A tall, awkward, young person. See Pegge's 

HAY, Have. 
HAY'T, Have it. 

" Let's hai/t, Grumio." 

Shakspeare. Taming of a Shrew. 
HAZE, To drizzle. 

"It misles, it hazes, it rains small rahi." 

HE, You, frequently addressed to children. " John, will 
he foch't kye." The third person is frequently used 
for the second, as in Italian, " ma, signore, cUa non 
HEAD, " He took it up of his own hcod," i. c. he is 

" Lift up your hcadcs, ye gates, and be ye lift up ye 
everlasting doors." 

Ps. xxiv. 7 Geneva Edit. ISfil. 
"ThyAcW '11 nivver saav thy legs," an expression 
often applied to a thoughtless and forgetful per- 
son, who, having gone on an errand, forgets it, 
and, in consequence, has to exercise his legs a 
second time. 
HEEALD, Sloping ground. 


HEALD;, To slope. Sc. heild. Sax. ahyldan, inclinare. 
" The soyle of the ground of the towne hillinge toward 
the castle." 

Leland's Itin. 

2. To be favourable to^, "he heealds au to yan side." 
HEAP, IMany. '' There wor, for seur, a heap o folk." 
HEARBE, Herb. 

" Suckes venome out of every wholsome hearbe." 

Jas. I. Basil. Dor. 

HEARSTO, An exclamation of great surprise, "hast 
thou heard it ?" 

"A laird ! Hear ye ! good man, what think you now !" 

Gentle Shepherd 
HEART, "To have the heart in the mouth," to be 
exceedingly terrified. " For seur, barn, I wot seea 
gloppened, at my heart loup'd into my mouth." 

2. " To be heart and hand for a thing," to be eagerly 
bent upon accomplishing or obtaining it. 

3. " To tire ones heart out," to be very troublesome 
and importunate." 

" Y'are in the right on't, on my lionour 
She plagues my heart out, p — x upon her." 

Mara. ISti. 

4. " To break the heart of a business," to have almost 
finished it ; " we've brokken t'heart of our hay time." 
The stomach is frequently substituted for the heart 
by uneducated people, as " I've a feaful pain at my 

HEART-GROWN, Fondly attached to any thing. 

HEART-HAAL, Sound at heart. 

HEART-SKIRTS, Tlie diaphragm. 

HEART-TREE, \The heel of a gate, to which the bars 

ART-REE, ) are attached. It may be derived 

from the old word yarth, earth, the heel of the gate 
being formerly fixed on a pivot on the ground ; hence 
yarth-tree, corrupted to heart-tree. 


HEAlvTV, " Slice's feaful hcarlij to her meat," ?. c sho 
has a good appetite. 

IIEA^'ISO.AIE, Dark, dull, drowsy. 

HEAA'YISH, Rather heavy. 

IIEAR-YE-BUT, An expression of surprise and as- 
tonishment. But is a mere expletive. 

HEAVE, To pour corn from the scuttle before the wind 
instead of cleansing it by the fan. 

' y Taking breath with difficulty. 

IIEBBLE-UP, To build up hastily, to cobble up. 
HECK, Applied to draught horses to come near. Gic, 

to go off to the right. 
HECK, A rack of hay. Belg. heck. " To live at heck 

and manger," to fare sumptuously. 

" I Iiaif" ane heller, and eik anc heck.'''' 

Bannatyne. Dr. Jamieson. 

HECKLE, To dress liax. Telt. hechclcn, a hook. 

2. To beat, to chastise. 

HECKLER, A flax dresser. 

HEDGE, "To be on the wrong side of the hedge," to 

be mistaken, to err. 
HEDGE-RISE, Underwood for making hedges. 
HEE, High. 

" They hoisted her on a horse so Aee." 

Felon Solve. 
" Whereas among the niountaines /jcc." 

PalcB All/ion. 

HEEARD-SAY, Reported. 

" I have herd say." 

HEEST, Highest. 

" This heven is heyhest of hevens alle." 

Stimulus Conscienti<e. 


HEEL^ The crust of bread or cheese. 

" Quignon de pain, the crusty heele of a loaf." 

Cot grave. 

HEEL-TAP, The heel piece of a shoe. Pegge's Supp. 
HEELS, " To tack to his heels/' to run away. 
" Took heel to dot." 

Shakspeare^s Cymbeline, v. 3. 

2. " To turn up the heels," to die. Fuir aux taupes, 
which Cotgrave, with his characteristic verbosity, 
renders " go feed worms, make a dye." 
HEELER, A quick runner, active. 

HEERING, ) Herring. It is frequently pronounced 
HEARING, j hearing, from the Sax. hcering. 
HEEOD-WARK, Head-ache. 
HEEODY, Brisk. 
HEES, He is. 

HEFFUL, A wood-pecker, a heigh-hold, the same as 
hecco in Nares. Cotgrave calls it a heigh-ham, and a 
rvit-walL See Thomson's Etymons. 
HEFT, A haft, a handle. A. S. hoeft. Belg. heft. 
" To hold one in the heft" to be equal to him, to be 
a match for him. 
2. " To be done to'th heft," to be exhausted, to be worn 
out by labour and exertion. " To be done to"th hilt" 
is an equivalent expression. 

" When all is gone and nothing left, 

What avails the dagger with the dudgeon lieft." 

" Thy tender hefted nature shall not give 
Thee o'er to harshness." 

King Lear., ii. 4. 
In this passage tender hefted is siipposed, by com- 
mentators, to mean heaved, or affected by kindness. 
But I do not sec what objection can be made to 
the more common acceptation of this word, the 
natural tenderness of her frame. 


HEIGH, High. In iSpeiiscr hie 

'• The hcic king of hevenc, let us to don so 

That we habben the bUsse, that lest over ant oo." 

(That lasts ever and ay.) 
Life of St. Margaret in Norman Sax. Lang. Dr. Hickcs. 
•'• Till it be hegh none smytyn by ye clock." 

-/ Contract for building I'orA; Alinstcr, l.'J/I. 
" Ye shuln first in all your workes mekely bcseecheu 
to the heigh God, that he wol be your conseillour." 

Chaucer Melib. 

ilEIGH-AN-END, Dear. " Iv'ry thing now's at seea 

heigh an end." 
HEIGH3I0ST, Highest. 
HEIGH-GO-INIAD, To be highly enraged. 
HEILD. The substantive from the verb hclle, to pour out. 
" His purse is on the heild, and only fortie shillhigs 
hath he behinde to try his fortune with." 

yash^s Lent. St. Harl. Misc. vi. 144. 
Mr. Archdeacon Nares, not knowing this word heild, 
adds Qii. on the wane, though hield literally signi- 
fies the act of pouring out, he is undoubtedly right 
in his conjecture. 
HEIVY-KEIVY, Librating, on the balance; also, 

doubtful, hesitating. 
2. Drunken j because a person in this state is on the 

HELK, A large, heavy person. 
II ELKS, Large detached crags 

2. Large white clouds, indicative of a thunder-storm. 
HELL-CAT, A. termagant, a vixen. Grose. 
HELLE, To pour out. Isl. helle. 

" "Wlianne the box of alabastre was broken, she helde 
it on his heed." 

Mark xiv. JViclif. 
" The Lord seith I schal heelde out my spirit on eiche 

Acts ii. Wiclif. 



HELLE-ON, To pour water on dough. Cooper. 
HELLER'D, SwoUen. 

H ELLIN, Compacted soot, Qti. Teut. helen, to cover. 
HELM, A shed, a hovel. A. S. haebnc. 
HELTER, A halter. A. S. halflre. Belg. hallcr. 
" To slip the neck out of the heltei-," to get out of a 
scrape, to escape from danger. 
HELTER-SKELTER, To run in great haste. Belg. 
heel, prorsus, and schitteren spargere, heelter scheller. 
" Heller-skelter have I rode to thee." 

Pirate, 2d vol. p. 93. 
"And helter-skelter have I rode to England." 


HEMP-SEED, On the eve of St. i\Iark, it is usual for 
a young woman to walk round the Church, scattering 
hemp-seed and repeating, 
" Hemp-seed 1 saw, 

He that must my true love be, 
Come after me and maw." 
During this operation, the lover generally, it is sup- 
posed, makes his appearance, 
HEN, IMoney given by the bride or bridegroom, on the 
eve after marriage, to their poor neighbours, to drink 
their health. Qu. from A. S. hccman, or hxm, habi- 
tation, when the bride generally goes to a new 
2. lien and chicking daisy, a kind of proliferous daisy, 

called by Gerard, the childing daisy. 
HENNOT, Have not. 

" How schulen thei beleve to him whom they han not 

Roman x. Wiclif. 
HEN-PENNIES, The dung of hens. 
HEN-SCRATTINS, Small and circular white clouds, 
denoting rain or u'iiid, sec Fillij tails. This Ijcautiful 

--_ <;i.ossAUY. 

appoarauco ot llu- (.loiuls is probably the same as tlio 
Fh. C'lvl pomtiH-lc ; (ir in Colirrave, Cicl matloiic, \vhicl< 
he renders a curdkul skio, a skie full of small curdlctl 
clowdes. A fiioiul iiifonus me, that it is usual in 
Devonshire for the people to say, " see macarell backs 
and horse-tails," as indicative of rain or wind. 

IIKXT, The plow up the bottom of the furrow. 

IIKP-15UEEAR, The wild rose. 

IIEPPEN, Decent, neat in dress, respectable. A. S. 

IIEPPEXLY, Neatly. " Shoe's hcppoilij don'd." 

HERD, A herdsman, a shepherd-groom. Spencer. 
Sax. hi/rd. 

" Ther was baillif ne hcrdc, no other hinc 
That he no knew his sleight ne his covine." 


HERE, " That's neither /icrc nor there," nothing what- 
ever to the purpose. 
HERE'S T' YE, The rustic form of drinking healths. 
When a Frenchman, returning from a temporary 
residence in London, was asked by liis countrymen 
what was the usual beverage of the lower classes in 
England, gravely answered here's t' ye. Mtogc. 
" Come, f ye friend." 

Gentle Shepherd. 
" Well then here^s C yc, Coridon, and now for my song." 

Jralloii^s Angler, p. 209. 
" Here's C ye.'''' 

Pirale, vol. 4, p. 17. 

- Here's r thee." 

Shakspeare. Timon 31. 

In Wiird's JVoe to Dm it hards, 8vo. 1636, we read: 

" Abandon that foolish and vicious custom, as Ambrose 
and liasil call it, of drinking healths and making that 
a sacrifice to Goil for the health of others, which is 
rather a sacrifice to the Devill, and a bane of their 


(xLOSSARY. 223 

HERON-SEW, 'J A lieron. From herring and sue, 

HEARIX-SEW, /- to pursue, from their propensity 
HERRIXG-SEW, I to pursue fish. Skinner. 

" So I wole that he dwelle til I come, what to thee ? 
sue thou me." 

The substantive used by the same author is suer. 
Spenser uses hernsliaw. I do not recollect ever 
hearing the wotH hernshaiv. The herons never 
build here, though our river fish are frequent 
sufferers from their rapacity. 

" I wot not tellen of her strange sewes 
Ne of her swannes, ne hir heronseices." 

Chaucer. Sg. Tale. 
'•'■ The manor, woods, games of swans, heronsewes and 

Glastonbury Ah. See Bntion''s Antiq. 
" I know a hawk from a hand saw." 

Hamlet iL 2. 

This Sfeevens supposes to be a corruption of HernsJian\ 
" Than that sky-scaling pike of TenerifFe 
Upon whose tops the heronshew bred her voung." 

BrowrCs British Past. Nares. 
It is said that a collection of porpoises frequently 
indicates the presence of the herring shoals. The 
heron has the same innate propensities, and thus 
denominated the herring sew from its pursuing the 
herrings. In the compotus of Bolton Priorv, 
1310, this bird is simply called a heyron. 

" Pro p dicibus et 1 lie^Ton et al' volatil' contra D'uam 
de Chffbrd per vices x«. viijV." 
In the Household Booh of the Cliffords, 1630, is the 
following entry. 

'• White hearing. Is. 2c/." 
HERPLE, To go lame,' to creep. Gr. iottu). Belg. 
erplc, a duck, denoting waddling. 

" He tu-ed and weary herpled down the brae." 

Rosses Helenore. Dr. Jam. 

'22if i;i.i)^s.\it V. 

" IIo oanna walk a luilo to hoar tlic ISI'mistcr, hut ho 
will fii-yji/c ten it' he hears a ship cnihayeil." 

J'iratr, vol. 1, ;). HO. 
"• Yo manna think that anc sae young 
AVha liirplcs slowly o'er a rung." 

Shirrefs Poems. Dr. Jamieson. 
IIERPLIN, Walking lame. 

" Plague on Pate Patcrson's crijjple knee, tlicy will be 
waiting on him hirplinr/, useless body." 

Pirate, vol. 3, p. 112. 
" The rising sun owre Galsion muirs 

Wi' glorious light was glintin, 
The hares were hirplin down the furs, 
The lav'rocks they were chantui 
Fu' sweet that day." 

Bnrti's Holy Fair, p. 37. 

HES, Has. 

HESP, A hasp, a clasp, the fastening of windows, doors, 
&c. Belg. ghespe, a clasji or buckle ; or A. S. 
hcejis, a lock, per JMctathcsin, he.ip. 

" Ane hundrith brasen hespijs than claspityMcmc (exactly.)" 

D. Virg. p. 229. 

IIETT, Have it. " Witto hell ?" Wilt thou have it. 
HETTE, Heated. 

" And in her service her heart is sette, 

Seven times hotter than was wont to be hette.''^ 

Itotnt. of the Rose. 
HETTE, ^ All these words are used by carters to 
HECK, > command their horses to turn to the 
HAUVE, J left. 

" Deep was the way, for which the carte stood, 
The carter smote and cried as he were wood, 
Ileii Scot, hei( brok, what spare ye for the stones." 

Chancer Frere^s Talc. 
" When to accord the sturdy knee, 
And skilful trip with hait or gee, 
"Which horses learn without much trouble, 
In full career they make a double." 

Mara, p. 102. 


HEUGH, A rocky hill A. S. hcaffian, cJevare. This 
word is strongly guttural. 

" From that place syne, unto ane cave we went, 
Under ane hyngand heuch in ane darne (retired place) 
we went." 

Donglas Virg. 

HEW, To knock one ancle against another. 
HEWSON, A term of reproach, addressed to a person 
Avho cannot see a thing which is plainly before his 
eyes ; or who is apt to make mistakes for want of 
using them properly. This word has always blind 
subjoined with it. A blind hewson. 
HEY, A term of exaltation. " Hey fort." 

" They make the ship ring with the noise 
O^hey, for Sicily, brave boys." 


" To play hey," to be in a violent passion. 

HEYBA, A great noise, a high-bawl. 

HEYE, High. 

" This Goddess on a hart full heye sat." 


HEYMOST, Highest. 

HIDE, Skin. " To tan the hide," to beat. To warm the 

hide is synonymous. 
HIDE, To beat, 
HIDING, A beating. 

HIE, To be off. " Go hie thee." Isl. heya. 
" Your late hies apace." 

Othello., also in Merchant of Venice and Macbeth, 
" Highe thou to come to me." 

Titus iii. Wiclif. 
" Hie thee to this place of secrecy." 

Quentin Durward, 2d vol. p. 227. 
" IVIy mindc misgives mee, somewhat is amisse, 
With them or with the cattle ; hye thee lad " 

Fracaslorius. Translat. hy Sylvester. 




IIIG, A passion, a violent commotion of the mind, a 

corruption of the ^VKLsII r//»-. anger. 
2. A temporary hurricane, " a March Iiig." 
HIGHTY, A horse, a name generally used by children. 
HIKE, To push with the horns, 

HIND, 1 A bailiff or hirdsman. Ish. hird, cnstodirc. 
IIIKD, j Servus operarhis. Rider. 

" Aa when a sturdy ploughman with his lnjnde. 
By strength have overthrown a stubborn steare." 

" The rational hind Costard." 

Shakspeare. Lovers Labour Lost. 
This passage seems to have been misunderstood by 
Tyrwhil, Steevens, and Farmer, who suppose it tJ 
have been a female red deer. 
" Cowardly hind.'" 

2dpt.ofH. IV. 
"An if my neyhbore had an hyne." 

P. Plou. 7 pass. 
" But an hyred hyne."'' 

John X. Wiclif. 

HIND-BERRIES, Rasp-berries, the fruit of the ruhus 

idoeus. A. S. hindberiau, wrongly interpreted by Lye, 

J'ragum. Tliomp.son derives it from D. Innd-hicr. Mr. 

Todd supposes that they are bramble-berries. Forte 

sic dicta, quia inter hinnulos et cervos in silvis et 

saltibus crescunt. Ray. They are excellent fruit, 

and are frequently gathered in the woods by poor 

people for sale. 

HINDERENDS, Refuse of corn. Goth. Af«f/«/-, behind. 

HING, To hang. Praet. hang, p. p. hung. Hence, 

hung-beef, dried beef. 

" Some gnaw the snakes that on their shoulders hinff." 

Fairfax Tasso. 
" O'er ilka thing a general sadness hinffs /" 

A. Ramsay^s Pastorals. 

2. '■ To hbig an a — ," to loiter. Also, ''to hhig about," 
is svnonvmous. 



''I A 

HING-ON ' " •'•^^'^site- 

HINGES, " To be off t' hiuges." To be out of health. 

HIP, To pass by, to skip over. 

" Besydes these charmes afore, 
I have feates many more, 
That kepe still in store, 

Whom now I over-hT/ppe.^' 

Bale's Interlude, 1502. Vid. Brand's Pop. An, 

HIP AND THIGH, Completely, entirely. 
HIPE, To push with the head as horned cattle. In this 
sense the word seems synonymous with hike. But it 
is more frequently used metaphorically, implying 
indirect censure. Welsh, hypynt, a push. 
HIPPINABLE, When the hippins or stepping stones 
are passable. 

" That is overhippii quite and left behind." 

Dmiglas Virg. Preface, 
HIPPIN, Hipping. 

" Hope cam hyppying after." 

P. Plou. Dobet 3 jiass. 
HIPPINS, Stepping stones, over a river or brook. 
2. Child's cloths. 

HIRSLE, To move about, to shove or hitch. Teut, 
aerselen, ire retro. A. S. hwyrlfan, to turn round. 

"And whanne we felden into a place of gi'avel, gon all 
aboute with the see, thei hirtleden the ship." 

Dedis 27. WicUf. 
" For on blynd stanis and rokkis kirssilit we 
TumUt of mount Pachynus in the see." 

D. Virff. p. 92. 
*■' And four black trotters clad wi grisle, 
Bedown his throat had learnt to hirsle." 

Ferguson's Poemc 
HISK, To draw the breath with difficulty. Lat. hisco. 
HISSELL, Himself. " Hee's not hissel," i. e. he is in a 
state of derangement. 




HIT, To find. " I can ///"/ f gait." 
2. To agrco. 

" Pray )oii lot us hit to^fotlicr." 

Lear I. 1. 

HITS, " iNIincl tliy lills," embrace thy opportunity. 
HITTER, Vehement, eager, restless, or passionate. 
HITTl^RIL, A congeries of confluent ])imples on the 
body, attended with itching and a slight degree of 
inflammation. " My legs 're all of a hilteril." 
HITTY-jMISSY, Right or wrong, a corruption of liil or 
miss. In Colgravc, tumhant, levant, well or ill, hittic 
missie, here or there, one way or the other. Ari.levaiit. 
HIZY PRIZY, A corruption of nisi-prius. 
HO, Wariness, moderation, mostly, if not always used 
negatively, as there is " no ho with him," he is not to 
be restrained ; he is rash, impetuous, precipitate, and 
acts on the spur of the moment, without judgment or 

" There is no hoo between them." 

Froyssarfs Cronycle. 
"All went on wheels there, there was no hoe with 

them, they were so lusty." 
" Estre (lu lard." 

" //o, retinue." 

" The King thereupon threw down his wardci', the 
Marshall cried ho ! and the combat ceased." 

Barneys Hist, of Ed. III. Vid. Mills on Chivalry^ 
vol. 2, p. 25. 
" Again, but ho there, if I should have waded any 
further, and sounded the depth of their deceit, I 
should have either procured your displeasure, or 
incun-ed the suspicion of fraud." 
Lylies Euphnes. See Todd's 2d Edition of Johnson. 


IIOATLY, Hotly. 

" At what time Galgacus, the principall man, seemf» 
the multitude hoatly demaunde the battaile, is sayed 
to have used this speech." 

Life ofAgricola. DanetCs Translation ofTacitus,\bOG. 
HOB, The side of the fire ; also the hood-end. 
HOB-NOB, Grose explains hob-nob at a venture, rashlj\ 
Mr. Todd thinks Mr. Brands etymology and explana- 
tion more satisfactory, from habban, Sax. to have, and 
ncebban, to want ; i. e. Do you choose a glass of Avine, 
or would you rather let it alone. 

" Hob-nob is his word, give it or take it." 

Shaks. Twelfth Night. 
I have frequently heard one gentleman, in company, 
say to another, will you hob-nob with me .'' When 
this challenge was accepted, the glasses were 
instantly filled, and then they made the glasses 
touch or kiss each other. This gentle striking of 
the drinking vessels I always supposed explained 
the term hob-nob. 
HOBBIL, A fool. 

HOBBITY-HOY, A stripling, half man, half boy. 
Tusser calls it hobart de hoigh, or hoyk. Mr. Wilbraham 
believes it to be simply hobby the hoyden. The word 
hoyden, he says, is by no means confined to the female 
sex, but signifies a rude ill behaved person. 
HOBBLE, A scrape, a state of perplexity. 

" Now Captain Cleveland, will you get us out of this 

Pirate., 'id vol. p. 152. 

HOBBLY, Rugged, uneven, pebbly. " This is a feaful 
hobbly road." Welsh, hohcld, to hobble. 

HOBKNOLLING, Saving your own expenses by living 
with others on slight pretences. 

J. y A shoe. 

230 i.i.ossAuv. 

IIOIJ-l'HIC'K, A woikIcmi pcij; driven iiito llio lioels 

of shoes. 
HOCKEH, To (It) :i piece of work in a clumsy manner. 
HOD, To liold, pr<Kt lield, p. p. hodden. 

" Weel, /irtV/ ye there ; an since ye've frankly niadc 
To me a present o' your braw new plaid." 

Gentle S/icphcrd. Ramsay. 

2. To refuse to give. " T'cow hods her milk." 
HOD-TO, Hold thou. " To hod yan a good an," severely 

to contest, to be a match for one. 
HOD, Hold. " To git hod," to recover, " my lad begins 

to git liod." 

2. The crick in the neck. " Ive gitten a hod i my neck." 

3. A hole or pool under the bank of a rock, where fish 
retire to. " There's nut a finer hod i au'th' beck." 

HODDEN- YOWS, Ewes intended to be kept or hohlcit 

over year, not to be slaughtered. 
HODDER, A thin mist or vapour in warm weather, 

probably a corruption of hot-air. 
HOE-BUCK, A clown, a gaping, staring fellow. 
HOFF, The hock. In the plural hoffs, a ludicrous term 

for the feet. Vid. Grose. 
HOGS, Sheep one year old. Qu. A. S. hogan, to take 
care of; because, on account of their tender age, 
greater care is required to rear them. 
HOGSHEEOD, Hogshead. 

" Itm payd at I iOndon the first da}' of Mai-che to .John 
Browne for a tonne of wyne yt ys to sey v hogsheeds 
of white and two of clared v. 11." 

//. Ld. Clifford'' s Household Book., 1510. 

HOIL, Hole. This ])ronunciation of the word is more 
frequent on the Southern part of this Deanery. 

HOIT, An ill tauglit, spoiled child. 

HOITY-TOITY, Giddy, frolicsome, fiighty. Fr. haute 
tete. Brocket/. 


HOLE, To earth as a fox. 

2. " To hole a person/' to send him to gaol. 

3. "To have a hole in his coat," to be privy to some 
blemish or fiaw in another's character. 

HOLE, ) Middle. "Thole o winter." Sc. hotv, as 
HOUL, j " horv o the nicht," midnight 
HOLE, Whole. 

" For playing ofplaye and interludes affbr his Lordshipis 
hous for every of their fees a hole yere." 
Househould Book of the bth Earl of Northumberland^ 

1512,^9. 351. 
HOLLYN, Holly. A. S. hohynan. 

" The park thai tuke, Wallace a place has seyn 
Of gret holi/ns, that grew bath heych and greyn." 

Wallace. Dr. Jam. 
HOLLOW, " He carried it hollow ;" or, by alew, of 
which Mr. Boucher supposes halloo is a corruption, 
used by Spenser. " Yet did she not lament with loud 
alew." See Todd's second edition of Johnson ; " He 
gained the prize without difficulty, as Skinner remarks, 
" luculenter vicil," he carried it wholly, whole and all, a 
Teut. hell, clams. Su. G. haalen, entirely." Qu. by 
halloo, or acclamation } 
HOLLOW MEAT, Fowls. I conjecture this word, 
when the fowls are hashed, has the same signification 
as B. Jonsons whit-meal. See Wliite-meat. 

" How cleancly he wipes liis spoon, at every spoonful 
of whit-meat he eats." 

Every Man out of Humour. 
HOLLY-BRASH, A very bright, though transient flame, 

such as the burning twigs of the holly occasion. 
HOLIM, A low field near the river. Sax. hohn. 
HOLYDAY, \ " Blind man's hali/-day," twilight, the 
HALIDAY, / dusk of the evening, or dark night, 
which the blind can enjoy with as much, or greater, 
comfort, than he avIio is blessed with sight. 

23"2 CLO^^^Al{^ . 

IR)LY-STAAN, A stone with a luitura} hole in it, 
which was frequently suspended by a string from the 
tester of a bed, or from tlie roof of a cow house, as an 
infallible prevention of injury from witches ! ! In 
Scotland these stones are called clj'-cups. 
HOLY- WATER, " He likes him as the Devil likes 

//(;/// iralcr," i. c. he mortally hates him. 
HONED, Having the udder swollen and hard, as a 
cow after calving, probably an abbreviation of 
HONEST, This term is used in a singular sense by the 
vulgar, in relation to a woman, whom a man has 
humbled. If he marries her, he is said to make au 
honcat woman of her, i. e. he does all in his power to 
cover her ignominy, to restore her to her place in 
society. Dr. Jam. Supp. 
HOO, He or she. This word is seldom used except on 
the borders of Lancashire. 

" To lere thee what leve ys and leve at hue lauhte." 

P. Plou. 2 pasx. 
" As the weye is so wickede, bote ho hadde a ^-de." 

P. Plou. 
Richard de Ilampole uses kue. Fid. souk. 

HOOD, The place behind the fire. 

HOOD-END, Corners near the fire, either of stone or iron. 

HOOD-SHEAVES, The two uppermost sheaves, which 

are so formed as to throw the rain from the stouk. 
HOODERS, The two sheaves with which the stouk is 

covered or hooded. Teut. hooden, tegoe. 
HOOK-SEAMS, 1 Hooks or paniers to carry turf, lead, 
HOTTS, j &c. now nearly extinct, since the 

improvement of roads. A. S. seayn, sarcina Jumentaria. 

Dr. Jumicson. Frumenti onus equinum nos a seam 

dicimus. See a long disocrtation on this word by 

Sir Henry Spelman. 

GLOSS All Y. 233 

HOONS, ) 111 treatS;, ojjpresses. A. S. hcan, poor, 
HOINS, j common subjects of ill usage ; or, Q,u. from 

the old French honi, evil ? 
HOOSING. The husk of a nut. 

HOOVED, Callous, horny, as the hands of labouring 
people. It is, perhaps, simply hoofed, made hard or 
horny, like a hoof. 
IIOOZE, A difficulty of breathing in cattle. Isl. hoese. 
The holy staan is sapiently supposed to be a ^vonderful 
and efficacious preventive of this malady. I have 
frequently seen the holy staan suspended over the 
backs of cows. 
HOP, " To hop the twig," to run away in debt, to elude 

his creditors. 
2. To die. 

HOP-O DOCK, A lame person. 

HOP-STRIDE AND LOUP, Hopping, striding, and 
jumping, a boy's game. 

" The twa appear'd like sisters twin 

In feature form and does ! 
Their visage withered lang and thin 

An sour as ony sloes : 
The thu'd cam ud, hap, step and loup, 

As light as ony Iambi e. 
An wi a curchie low did stoop 

As soon as e'er she saw me, 

Fu kind that day." 

Burns' Holy Fair. 

HOPPER-A-E, Resembling in gait the motion of a 

IIOPPIT, A little basket. 
2. An infant. 
HOPPLE. To tic the legs together, to prevent cattle 

from straying. CopuUirc, quod pedes copulat. Skinner. 


HORN-BURN, Ti. hum the horns of cuttle with the 

initials of the owner's name. 
IIOHN-SIIOOT, ^\'hen any stone or timber, which 

should be parallel with the line of the wall, diverges 

from it, it is said to horn-shoot. 
HORSE, An obstruction of a vein or stratum, called 

also a rider. This is occasioned by the intrusion of 

heterogeneous matter disturbing the regular course of 

the vein. 
HORSE-GOGS, A species of wild plumbs. 
HORSE PENNIES, Yellow rattle or penny grass. 

Rhinanthtis Crista galli. Linn. 
HORSE-ROD, A rod to strike a horse with. 
HORSE-TREE, The beam on which timber is placed 

previous to sawing. 
HORSING-STEPS, Steps for the convenience of 

mounting a horse, a horse-block. 
HORSES, '^ They don't put up their horses together," 

/. c. they are not on friendly terms. 
HOSTE, A hoarseness. Isl. hooste, tussis. Mjes. G. 

hwosta, omnia a sono facta. Skinner. 
HOTCH, To go lame, to move awkwardly and unevenly 

upon one leg more than the other. Also to be restless, 

to move by sudden jerks or starts, occasioned by joy or 

pain. In this latter sense it is admirably illustrated 

in Burns' inimitable Tarn O Shanter, where he makes 

his Diabolical JMajesty to act the part of a musician to 

the witches in Allowai) Kirk. 

" And how Tarn stood, like ane bewitched 
And thought his very e'en enriched, 
Even Satan glowr'd, and fidg'd f u' fain 
And lioklicii and blew wi might and main." 
HOTE, Hot. 

" So hotc of foulc affection." 



" When the soiiimeris day is hote 
The yung nunnes takith a bote 
And doth ham forth in that river 
Bothe with oris and with stere." 

Ang. Norm. MSS. Hickes. 
" Because the liver is hole.'''' 

King James' Counterblasle to Tobacco. 
" My heart waxt hote within my breast 
With musing thought and doubt." 

Ps. xxxix. 4. Sternhold and Hopk. 
"• And yet with hailstones once againe 

The Lord their cattell smote ; 
And all their flockes and heardes likewise 
W^ith thunderbolts full hote.'" 

Ps. Ixxviii. 48. Sternhold and Hoyk. 
" Let me alone, that my wrath may waxe hote against 

Exodus xxxii. 10. 

IIOTTEL, An iron rod heated, to burn with. 

HOTTER, To boil, to seethe. 

HOTTERIN, I Boiling, raging Avith passion. Germ. 

IIETTERIN, j hader-cn. 

IIOTTS, Water porridge. 

2. The hips or huggans. 

3. Panniers to convey dung, &c. on steep hills, inacces- 
sible to carriages. 

HOUGH, A word by onomatopscia to express the forcible 
expulsion of breath occasioned by exertion in giving a 
blow. Ger3i. Jiauch, haVilus. Vide han. 

HOUGHLE, The shank of beef, frequently, though erro- 
neously, called ojfal ; this is a favourite dish amongst 
the farmers. A saying is recorded of a mother to her son, 
which is now become proverbial. "Ride Rowley 's//o»^/(!'i' 
ith pot." See Sir W. Scolt notes on canto 6th, Lai/ of 
the Last Minslrel, on the subject of the moss-lroopers. 

HOUN]), An opprobrious name applied to man. He is 
an idle, covetous hound. 

" Hethene houndc he dolli tlie call." 

Ky)ig nf Tars. See T. Warlon. 

•23() r.LossAin. 

HOUPY, A horse. This word is only used by children. 
HOUSE, The ])rincipal room in a farm-house. " To 
thraw't' house out o't' windows," to cause great dis- 
order and confusion. INIettre tout par eschelles. 
Cot^rave. " To be at t'house top/' to be in a great 
rage. " To give t' house a warming," to partake of an 
entertainment at a new house, or of a new occupant. 
1I0\'EN, To swell, to putf up. 

" Tom piper hath hoven and puffed up his cheeks. 
If cheese be so hoven, make Cisse to seeke creeks," 

Some ill brew'd drink had hov^d her wame." 

IIOVVER, To tarry, to hover. 

now. Hollow, 
now. Glen, valley. 

"In the how stake, be younder woddis syde. 
Full derr. I sal my men of amies hyde." 

Dovg. Virgil. 
" They stelled their canons on the height. 
And showr'd their shot down in the Ilowe.^^ 

Bothwell Bridge. 
HOW-RUSH, A hollow rush. 

HOWGAIT, A hollow gait or way. Hence, is probably 
derived the surname of Holgatc, as John de Howgait. 
HOWL, Hollow, deep. A howl dish, opposed to shallow. 
2. Hungry. 

IIOWL-HAIMPERS, Hollow, or hungry bellies, from 
howl, hollow, and hamper, a basket ; the stomach being 
frequently called a bread-basket. 


r However. 

Hoivsomdever, I object nothing to Capt. Cleveland." 

Pirate, vol 3, p. 1 53. 

HUB, A small stack of hay. 

2. A thick square sod, pared off the surface of a peat 

bog, when digging for peats. This is sometimes dried 


for fuel, but it is inferior to the peat, which lies 
beneath it. It is also called a basket. 
3. An uneven piece of ground in a wood. 
HUBBESHOW, A state of confusion, a tumult. Tkut, 
hohhcl-cn, con<rlomerare, and schowe, spectucuhim. 
" That gars me think tliis liohlesheiv that's past, 
AVill land in naething but a joke at last." 

Gentle Shepherd. 
HUBSTACK, A clumsy, fat person. 
HUD, Vide hood. 

2, i 

^TTT^T^T T^ 1 To embrace. Teut. hidden. 

HUDGE-MUDGE, Clandestinely, the same as hugger 

" I have refused, because I fear they will condemn me 
in hugger-mugger.^^ 

PhilpoCs Letters., 1555. 
HUE AND CRY, I do not insert this as dialectical, but 
merely to remark, that the original expression has 
most probably been corrupted. Instead of two sub- 
stantives and a copulative, Sylvester-, in his translation 
of Du Bartas, ejects the copulative, and converts the 
first substantive into an adjective, as the huo)i cry. 
Dr. Johnson has quoted the hue atid cry from Shaks- 
peare, L'Estrange, and Addison, and derives it from 
Fr. huee, from hiier, to shout after, but takes no 
notice of Huon. 

" Scarce finds the doore with iault'ring foot he flies 
And still looks back for fear oi' huon cries." 
HUER, Hair. 

HUG, To carry. Belg. hugghen. 
HUG-BAAN, The hip bone, a corruption of huclde bone. 

So. hukebane. 
HUGGAN, The hip, from A. S. hogan, bearer or sup- 
porter of the body. Belg. huc/ceude. 
HULKING, Bulky, clumsy. " A girt hulking fellow." 

•23i\ i;lossary. 

HULL, To ])ecl off the /mil or husk of any seed. Todd. 
HULL, A liovel or covering, a potatoc /mil. It is a 
satisfactory proof to me, that the Scottish word /tool 
has not been iiiiniediately derived from tlie Nortlierii 
huiguages, hut is a corruption of the English word 
//////, which more resembles the Gothic and Islandic 
word^ th;ui the Scottisli term. 
2. The husk of a nut. Gorii. /tn/ga/i, to cover. Isi,. 
/lulde. T. /mllcn. 

" But o the skair I got mto the pool ; 
I thought my heart had couped (looped) frae its hool.''' 

Itoss^s Ilelenore. 
^ Sometimes you may give them a lew pease or hulVd 

Marq. of Nciccastle^ s New Mode of Dressing Horses, IGC?. 
" My heart out o' its hool was like to loop." 

Gentle Shepherd. 
HULLET, ) An owl, a diminutive, from the A. S. /iitU. 
HULL AT, j Fr. /lowlelle. Isl. ngla. 

" Sche hir transformyt in likness of ane foule 
Quliilk wi ane Uttil hoivUt cleepe or owl." 

Doitfj. Virg. p. 38!). 
" Its honours cowt, its now forhowt 

And left the hoivlats prey. 
Its skuggin wude aboou the flude 
With gloom owerspread the A&y." 

Bord. Min. vol. 3, p. 389. 
HUMMELD, Without horns, humble. Su. G. /utmla. 
Qu. Lat. /lumilis, humble, making no defence. 
" A gimmer and a doddit yowe, 
A stirkie and a hiimmle cow." 

Jacobite Relics. Dr. Jam. Supp. Glossary. 
HUMMEL, To humble. 

" "Whan he came before hym, lie hiimylcd himself 

Froyssart''s Cronycle. 
HUINIMING, Strong, heady. Generally applied to good 
ale. The escape of the fixed air making a /mmming noise. 


'With Immming ale encouraging his text." 

Dryden. Wife of Bath's Tale, Todd. 
-" But none do I find, 

Like humming Northern ale to please my mind." 

Praise of Yorkshire Ale. 

HUIMP, To make an obscure, thougli defamatory hint. 

" Come, man, speok out, an dunnot hump soa." 
HUMPTY-DUMPTY, Short and broad. " He's a Hie 

Immplxj-dumptij fellow." 
HUMS AND HAHS, " Let's hev naan o' yer hums and 

hahs," be decisive. 
HUNCH, A large slice of any thing, as bread and cheese. 
HUNCH-RIGG'D,) „ ' ,,!^ 
HUNGER, To famish. '' He hungers't barn." 
HUNGER-ROT, A penurious, griping wretch. 
THUNNER-STAAN, f^ ^''^^^^"^ P'^^^^- 
HUNGRY, Poor, barren soil. 
HUNSUP, A clamour, a turbulent outcry. The original 

word was a " hunts up." In Cotgrave resvcll, or a 

morning song for a new married couple. 
HURDED, Hoarded. 

" Your treasures are hurded, -where theves cannot come 
to steal them." 

Bradford'' s Letters. 

HURKLE, To set up the back, as cattle in tempestuous 
weather Belg. hurcken. 

" While I sit hurklen in the ase, 
I'll ha a new clok about me." 

Scottish Song. 

HURKLING, Shrugging, shrinking. 

" Hurkilland thareon, quliare he rcmanit and studc." 

D. Virg. p. 34*}. 
HURL, To be chill, to be pinched with cold. 
HURRY, To subsist, to shift. Also to shove, to push. 


IirRRY-SKrRRV, In a jiroat Imstlc. This word is 

now admittod into Johnsoii'.s J)iclio>iaiij by Todd. 

Su. G. htirni, ciiDi iiiipr/ii circuvutgi cl korra, soinnii 

.siridiilinii cdrrc. 
IIURT-])()NE. Bewitdiod. " Is wna to hear at Joan 

Shepliord's /lurl done." 
HURTEK, A ring of iron in the axis of a cart. This is 

evidently derived from the Fk. hcurler, for, by the 

motion of the cart, the bush in the nave of the wheel 

is continually striking against it. Vid. Broclclt- 
HUSH, To detach, by force of a running stream, earthy 

particles from minerals. Belg. hoosoi, to let water 

from a dam. 
HUSHING, The act of separating earthy particles from 

HUSHTO, Hold thy tongue. 
HUSSOCK, A large tuft of coarse grass. 
2. A large gross Avoman. 
HUTCH, To shrug. 
HUTTER, To speak confusedly. 

HUZ OR UZ, Us. " Shoe gavv huz ten words for yan." 
HUZZIF, A small case for needles, thread, &c. 
HY, Make haste. 
HYAN, A fatal disease amongst cattle, by which their 

bodies instantly become putrid. 



1, 'J Yes. I is sometimes pronounced like E, par- 
AYE^ Y ticularly when the pronoun follows the 
EIGH, j verb, as " do E," for I do. 

" Not but ynough, also, Sire trusteth me 
And ye him knew also well as do /." 

Chaucer. Chanon's Trol. 
I IS often sounded like E, in in. 
" /' every inch a King 
When I do stare, see how the subject quakes." 


ICE-BONE, The pelvis. This is also called the Jiatch or 

aitch-bone, from which the ice-bone may be corrupted. 

ICE-SHACKLES, Icicles. In Scotland isechokill. 

Teut. yskekel. Goth, isiokla. In Cotgrave ice- 

seekles, gouttes gelees, glaqons. 

" Over craggis and the frontys of rockys sere (many) 
Hang great yse schokkalis lang as ony spere." 

Doug. Virff. 

May not this word be derived from shackle, the 
wrist, as a shackle of ice. Though icicles vary in 
their dimensions, they certainly frequently resemble 
the wrist in rotundity. 
ICKLES, Isicles, water ickles, stalactites. 
" Be she constant, be she fickle, 
Be she fire, or be she ickle.'''' 

See Todd's second edition. 
I'D, I had. 

2. I would. 
IDLE-BACK, A lazy person. 

IF, " Let's hev naan o' yower ifs an ans," let us have no 

hesitation, be decisive. 
IF'TLE, If thou wilt. 
IKE, A familiar contraction of Isaac. 


242 OLOSsAIiV. 

ILK, Eacli. This jironouii, so coninion in Scotland, is no\v 
extinct here ; thougli it appears from a JMSS. book on 
Alclieniy, to have been used by the Canons of Bolton. 
"And tliiin tayke veitgrcce and wad askes of y/A van 
el_vke iiK'kvl." 
This is a proof amongst many others, that the words, 
generally supposed to be peculiar to Scotland, are 
merely English words now become obsolete. 
ILLAN, A bad one ; from ill and u)ic. 
ILLIFY, To villify, to defame, llaij has to /'//, to 

ILL-CONDITIONED, ) ^ . , •„ , 

ILL-CONTRIVED, | ^^"'^' ^^'^'^^'^ .H-humoured. 
" Aniavdt Gu\dh'am who was a sage knight & knew 
right well his brothers condicions, i. e. temper." 

Berncr^s Trans, of Froyssart. 

ILL-TO-FOLLOW, When a person of most excellent 
character and conduct vacates an office, the remark 
often made is, that he is an iU'on to follow ; which 
implies a comparison to the prejudice of the successor. 

ILL-SET, Placed in or exposed to difficulties. " He's 
ill-sct to git a living." 

IME, Rime, hoar frost. Isr.. Jijirm. A. S. hijnne. 

IMP, An additional enlargement of a bee-hive. Su. G. 
ymp, insere. Qu. an abbreviation of the Lat. implc- 
meiitum ? Welsh, impiaw, to graft. 

" /)»;) out your country's drooping wing." 

Shdks. Rich. II. ii. 1. 

IMP, To add, to enlarge. This word. Dr. Johnson says, 
is now wholly obsolete. It is a very common expres- 
sion AA'hen api)lied to bee-hives, but I never heard it 
made use of on any other occasion. 

" Thus taught an prechid hath Reason, 
But love yspilte hath lier sermon 
That was so impid in my thought 
That hcv doctrine I set at naught." 

Chmtccr. Jioiii. Jl. 


IN, •• To keep /// with a person," to retain his favourable 

opinion, to keep on friendly terms. 
IN AND IN, Breeding cattle without crossing the breed 
IN-BANK, Descending or inclining ground. 
INCH, " I'll pay the within an inch o'thy life," a threat- 
ening of a sound beating. Something similar to the 
expression in Shaks. Coriolaniis. 

" They'l give him death by inches." 
INCOME OF THE FAIR, Arrivals the evening befoYe 
the fair. A. S. inctiman. 

" But, Pandare, right at his incommhiff." 

Tro. (5; Cress. Chaucer. 
About the time of Rolle, the Hermit of Hampole, 
who died in 1394, parts of the Gospels of Saint 
Mark and Saint Luke, &c. were translated by the 

" ^Vhen the doughter of thai Herodias was incomyn 
and hud tomblyde and plesid to Harowde, and also 
to the sittande at mete, the khig says to the wench." 

Mark vi. 22. 


INDIFFERENT, Tolerable, pretty well, so so. When 
very is added to indifferent, the meaning is entirely 
changed. If I ask a Craven peasant how his wife 
does, he replies "■ indifferent, thank ye ;" then I con- 
clude that she is in tolerably good health. But if he 
tells me that she is very indifferent, I am assured she 
is very ill ; or, almost in a hopeless state. For \vant 
of knowing the proper meaning of this expression, 
learned commentators, particularly from the Southern 
part of this kingdom, have frequently exposed them- 
selves in attempting to elucidate various passages in 
Shakspeare, which the inhabitants of the Northern 
Counties find not the least difficulty in comprehending. 
This is another proof of the benefit of a dialectic 

R 2 

244 (ii.ossAUY. 

Glossary. 1'lie follow ing passage in Act iv. Scene 1, 
of T(tiuinif of a Slirciv, seems to have puzzled Dr. 
Johnson, Dr. Farmer, and 3/r. Ma/oiic. 

" Let tliL'ir heads be sleekly conil)eil, tiieir blue coats 
brushed, and their garters of an indifferent knit." 

" What is the sense of this I know not," says Dr. 
Johnson, "unless it means that their garters should 
be fellows, inditferent or not different one from 
another." In Donne's Paradoxes, p. 5(5, Dr. Farmer 
observes, that we find one indifferent shoe ; mean- 
ing, I suppose, says he, a shoe that would fit either 
the right or left foot. 

" One indifferent shoe doubtless signifies that one slwe 

was nearly worn out." 
" Perhaps by garters of an indifferent knit, the author 
meant party coloured garters, garters of a different 


Whilst these acute philologists are descanting on the 
eolour of the garters, which Sliakspeare never 
mentions, they say not a word about the mode of 
knitting them. The words of an " indifferent 
knit" simply mean, that the garters should be 
tolerahhj well knit, neither very fine nor very 

" I am m\se\i indifferent honest" (tolerably honest.) 

Hamlet iii. 1. 
" Our scheme is indifferent well laid." 

"• That use almost all manner indifferente good " 

Secrets of Alexis of Piemont. 


" Well I think I have indifferently well redeemed my 

Quenlin, Durward, 'Ad vol. p. 52. 

ING, A marshy meadow, common, in the same sense, to 
the INLtjso. G. Isi.. and Sax. Isl. einsre. Dan. in>;. 


INGATE, Ingress, entrance. It is mostly used in con- 
junction witli outgate, when speaking of something 
that is lost, which, after the most diligent search, 
cannot be found. Thus a person will say, " I lost a 
sheep last week, bud I can mak nayther ingate ner 
outgate on't." 
INGRUND, The same as inhnnk, which see. 
INKLING, A desire. " Ive an inkling to gang to't' fair 

to morn." 
2. An imperfect hint. In and callen, to tell. Teut. 
inklinken, to sound within. Skinner. Brockett sup- 
poses that it may be derived from Fk. iin din (d'oeil), 
a ^vink, if not from Su. Goth, ivincka, connivere. Sir 
Thomas Moore uses inkelynge. 

" Thus spake Orcanes and some inkling 
In doubtful words." 

Fairfax Tasso. 
" But as either thou tendrest my honor or thine own 
safety use such secresy in this matter, that my father 
have no inkliiig hereof." 

Lylies Euphues. 
" O which, when I gie you an inkling 
It will set baith your lugs a tincklhig." 

Ramsay Three Bonnets. 
" Elias never gave the subjects of Achab the least 
ingling of any such absolution." 

Jas. I. 
INK-STAND AGE, An inkstand. 
INLAID, Provided with, laid up in store. " We're 

weel inlaid for coals." 
INSENSE, To inform. 

INSENSED, Inform'd, or liaving sense infused into 
his mind. 

" I have insenseA. the Lords of the Counsil that he is 
a most harsh heretick." 

Shaks. H, VIII. See also Rich. III. iii. 1. 

24() (;i,o.ssAKV. 

IXSIDE, Stomach and bowels. "How isto Jolin, to 

day ?" '' Iso feaful ill i my inside." 
INSTEP, " >She is rather high in her iiislep," she is 
imnid and hanghty. 

" If thi'v (fine Diimos) l)e adorned with beauty, they 
be strait laced and made so high in the ins/rp, tliat 
they disdaine them most that most desire them." 

Lylies Euphues. 

INTACK, An inclosure, an in-lahe, because it is taken 

in from the common. 
INTUTH ^ "*"*• 


IS, I am. 

" I 15 as ill a miller as is ye." 


Mr. Tyrwhit (says Dr. JVhita/.crJ, the sagacious 
editor of the Caiiterhitrij Talcs-, has observed that 
this is not the language of Chaucer. Though 
Chaucer was not able to say where Strother was, 
the language used by the two scholars is sufficiently 
evident that they came from Langstroth, formerly 
called Langstrother, near Buckden, the Northern 
part of Craven, on the banks of the Wharf. It is 
worthy of remark, that the lapse of more than four 
centuries has had so little effect upon the language, 
that at the present day, and at the very same spot, 
the Craven Dialect is spoken in the like degree of 
purity as it was in the days of Chaucer. This, I 
conceive, is principally owing to the great retire- 
ment of the place ; which, inhabited by peasantry 
and surrounded by mountains, nearly inacces- 
sible, has had little intercourse with the world. 
But, I fear, that the moral purity of these two 
voung Cravenitos liad been much corrupted by 


the connections which they had formed at the 
ISE^ I am, or I will. 

"/se try whether your custard or my bat be the harder." 

Lear iv. 6. 
IS'T'ER, Is there. 
IS'TO, Art thou. 
IT'LE, It will. 
I'TH', In the. 
ITSELL, Himself or herself. 

" I've seen a wean af't vex itselU 
An greet because it wasna tall ; 

Heez'd on a beikl, O then ! 
Rejoicing in the arttu' height, 
HoAv smirky look'd the little wight ! 
An thought itscU a man." 

A. Ramsay. 
2. It is frequently used as a term of endearment, when 
addressed to a child, " as talc care on its-ell/' i. e. of 
ITT, To eat. 
ITTEN, Eaten. 
IV, In ; generally used when the next word begins with 

a vowel, as " he's iv our house." 
IV'E, I have. 
IVIN, Ivy. 
IV'RY, Every. 

IV'RY LIKE, Very frequently, on every occasion. 
IZZET, The letter Z. This is probably the corrup- 
tion of izzard, the old and common name for the letter, 
though I knov/ not, says Nares, on what authority. 
Dr. Johnson explains this letter into s hard. If, 
however, says JValkcr, this be the meaning, it is a 
gross misnomer, for the .~ is not the hard but soft s ; 
but as it has a less sharp, and, therefore, not so audible 
a sound, it is not impossible that it may mean .y ^urd. 

2l-}> (..l.ossAKV 

JACK, To beat, Jackcii, BEi.r,. 
JACK, Knave of cards. 

JACK-A-DANDY, A little impertinent fellow, from 
jack, and Tkut. danl-eii iiicplire. 

"It is a. shame tor men of spirit to have such -djack-a- 
(lundy scarecrow on board." 

Pirate 3f/ vol. p. 146. 

JACK ROBIXSON, What a strange perversion of 
words will time frequently occasion! " As soon as you 
can say Jack Robinson" is a phrase common in every 
part of the kingdom, but who could suppose that it is 
a corruption of tlie following quotation } — 
" A warke it ys as easie to be doone, 
As 'tys to saye, Jack ! rolys on." 

Old Play. 
JACK-A-LEGS, A large pocket knife, from Jaques dc 
Liege, the name of a famous cutler. Dr. Jamieson. 
" An gil' the custoc's sweet or sour, 
"Wi joctelegs they taste them." 

Halloween. Burns. 
JACK-PLANE, A coarse plane. 

JACKSON-HORSE, Jackson's horse. The possessive 
case is frequently omitted, so that the two words 
become a compound noun. This mode of speaking 
and writing seems of great antiquity. 
" Barfoot on an anse back.'"' 

Pi. Plou. 4 pass. 
" It an offrand for xs. Wriyht wyffe iiijrf." 

//. Lord Clifford MSS. IS 10. 
" All his scholars shall every Childermas daye come to 
Pauli's churche and hear the childe bishop sermon.'"'' 
Dean ColeCs Statutes., 1512. 
" Like a wilde asse colt." 

Job xi. 12. Geneva Edit. 1502. 
' He shall l)yndc' liys assc fole unto the vync." 

Gen. xlix. 2. I'lcin. 


JAG, A large cart load of hay. In Cheshire, however, 
according to Mr. Wilbraham, jag or jagg means a 
parcel, a small load of hay or corn. 
JAGGING-IRON, A circular instrument, with teeth 
used in forming ornamental pastry, &c. Mi'. Todd 
derives the verb from the Welsh gagau, slits or holes. 
JAM, To squeeze, Qw. between the jamb or jaum. 
JAMS-MASS, The festival of St. James. 
JANGLE, To rove about, to lead a disorderly life. 
JANNOCK, Thick oaten cake or loaf. 

"A loaf made of oat-meal leavened." 

Tim Bobbin. 
" Mattie gae us baith a drap skimmed milk, and ane o' 
her thick Jannocks." 

Rob Roy. 
" That isn't Jannoch," i. e. not fair, a phrase in use 
amongst rustic bons vivans, when one of the party 
is suspected of not drinking fairly. 
JAUM, The post of a door^, the stone partitions of a 

window. YR.jambe. 
JAUNUS, Jaundice. 

JAUPE, To dash like water. The substantive is seldom 

"■ Wele fer from thens standith ane rocke in the se 
Forgane the fomv schore and coistis hie, 
Quhilk sum tyme with boldynand wallis quhite, 
Is by the jmvpe of fludes coverit quhy te." 

Douylas Virg. 131. 

JAUPEN, Large, spacious, " a girt jaupen roum." 
JAVVER, Idle talk. " het's hey naan o' thy javver." 
JEAST, Jest. 

" Shews iiim to the company, Avho caught then- bellic- 
full at this jjleasant jcast."" 

Molle\'i Tranxlaiioii of Camerarins^ 1C21. 
" I should hut serve my souldiers as ajeast. 
And .Jiiditli fair would count mec but a beast." 

llurhoii's Tmnsl. "f Du liartas'' Juditli. 

•250 GLOSSAllV. 

JEGGLK. To be restless anil uneasy, generally applied 
to children. 

JE(i(tLIN, Restless, unquiet. 

JENNY WREN, The wren. An <i])ini()n prevails 
amongst some people in Craven, that tliis dimiinitive 
bird is the female of the Robin Redbreast, Avhicli is 
utterly unfounded, as they arc of a different spe- 
cies. In some places there iSj a friend informs me, a 
similar idea of sacredness felt for the Avren as the 


>^- The llobin and the Wren 
Are God Almighty's Cock and Hen." 
JERKIN, A waistcoat. " I'll fettle thy jcr/ciii." I'll 

beat thee. 
JERKIN, To beat. Goth, girefcin. 
JET, A word used by milk-maids, when they wish a coav 

to turn on one side. FR.Jclter. 
JIDDY-CUM-JYDY, A see-saw, or a plank supported 
on its centre. A word of like import, and of similar 
ehfffince, is used in Suffolk, lillijJatmluwluh. Moor. 
JIFFY, In an instant. 

" An then shall each Paddy, who once on the lAffy, 

Perchance held the hehn of some mackerel boy, 
Hold the hchn of the state and dispense in a. jiffy. 
More fishes than ever he caught when a boy." 

Rejected Addresses. Todd. 

JIG, To rove, to make frequent idle excursions from home. 
JIGE, "j With the g hard, to creak. Geuh. geigan 
JYGG, j fricare, vox ex sono fuctu. 

" Gan grane or (/eui the evil joint barge." 

Douglas Virff. }}. 158. 

JIGGING IRON. See Jagging-Iron. 
JILL, Half a pint. "A good jack makes a good _y7//," 
?'. c. a sood husband makes a good wife. 


JOIIMERS, Hinges, probably of the same signification as 
gimmals in Shakspeare H. VI. i. 2. 

"• By some old gimmals or device their arms are set." 
Skinjiers' derivation of this word, from the Lat. 
gemellus, is very appropriate to the Craven signi- 
fication of it. For, when the word is used, par 
(pair) is generally added to it, as a par oijimviers. 
The gimmal bit. Hen. V. iv. 2. I presume, is the 
same bit now in use, being united with a joint or 
ghnmer. Mid. N. Dream, iv. 1. 

" I hav^e found Demetrius like a gimmal, mine own and 
not mine own." 
That is two counter parts or fellows united by one 
bond. These ghnmer s,' or hinges, are frequently 
made in the form of a capital H, hence they are 
called H gimmers. The original reading Avas 
Jewel, which Dr. JVarbiirlon altered to gimmal. 

" And ze also stout gemmell brethir twa 
Chylder and sonnis unto him Daucia." 

Doug. Virg. />. 330. 
In the antiquities of Louth church it is written 
chymol, " paid for 2 chymols 6d." Minsliew has 
gemowxxn^, which he derives from Fr. gemean. 
JOIMY, Neat, smart, spruce. Welch, gwymp. 
JIMP, To indent. 

JINGLE-BRAIXS, An unsettled, noisy fellow. 
JINK, To chink or jingle. 

JINNY SPINNER, A large fly, called also harry 
long legs. 

" Her wagon spokes made of long spiimers legs." 

Shaks. Rom, ^ Jul. i. 4. 


JIST, Cattle taken to depasture at a stipulated price, 

from agist. 
JIST, To take cattle to ;rraii:,. 

-•yJ t;Los!5AUV. 

JOB, An artair, an event ; not nscd in this sense by 
Jo/iiixon, as " Scot's failure will be a sad Job for his 
JOBBER, A dealer in cattle. 
.TOE, " To he Joe," i. e. to be master. 
JOG-TROT, A gentle, equable pace. 
JOGGLE, To shake. Sc. schogle. 

" Girl daring darted frae his ee, 
A braid sword schogled at his thie." 

Ramsaifs Vision. 
JOGGLY, Shaking, unsteady 

2. Rough, aajogg/j/ road. Welsh, gogi, to shake. 
JOINT, " To have one's nose put out of Joint/' to be 

supplanted in the affections of another. 
JORUjNI, a large y^i,--. 

JOSEPH, An ancient riding habit, with buttons down 
to the skirts. 

" And now my straggling locks adjusted, 
And faithful Joseph brush'd and dusted, 
I sought, but could not find, alas ! 
Some consolation in the glass." 

Mrs, Grants Poems. Dr. Jamiesoii's Stcpp. 

JOSSLE, Hodge podge, a dish composed of a variety of 

JOUL, A blow. 

" While he was blynde, 
The wenclie behynde. 
Left him leyd on the ttore : 
Many a joule. 
About the noule, 
AVitfi a great batyldore." 

Sir Thos. Moore. 

JOUL, To dash, a corruption oijolt. 

JOUP, To shake. Belg. zmalp, a flash of water. 

JOWEL, The space betwixt the piers of a bridge. Qu. 
Sc. Jowls, Jaw and hole. Sir Walter Scolt, in his 
notes on the canto 2d, of the Laii nf lite Last rel, 


explains jaw-hole, a common sewer. T)r. Jamicson, 
in his Supplement, derives auale, to descend from the 
Fr. jauale, from Palsgrave, which much resembles 
our M^ord. 
JUMBLEMENT, Confusion. 
JUMP, A child's leathern frock. 
2. A woodienjtimp, a coffin. 

JUMP, Short, compact. " A jump i\t," a compact horse. 

2. Nicely, exactly. Not obsolete, as Johnson supposed. 

" And bring him jMwp." 

Othello, ii. 3. 
JUMP, To embrace with eagerness. " I made him an 

offer and he jumped at it." 
JUMP- WITH, To meet accidentally. " I just jiimpt wi 

him, at four loan ends." 
2. To agree with. 

" I have already observed that you jump with me in 
keeping the mid way." 

Jas. I. Letter to Bacon. 
" I'll jump not with common spirits." 

Merchant of Venice, ii. 9. 
JUMPER, A miner's auger, used in making holes for the 
reception of gun-powder, for blasting or blowing up 

2. A maggot in bacon, &c. 

3. A jumping enthusiast. 

JUR, To hit, to strike, to push with the head. " Donner 

de la teste," to butt or jur. Cotgrave. 
JURDEN, Chamber-pot. A. S. gor, sordes, and den, 
receplaculum. Thomson derives it from Arm. dourden, 
urine, or O. Fr. jar. 

" Ich shall jangle to ys Jordan." 

PicTS JPloti 
JUST-NOW, Immediately. 

251- ULOSSAllV 


KAAMj A comb. Sc. ///////. 

" I/assie lend nie yovir l)raw hemp heckle, 

An I'll lend you my tlnipiing kamc ; 
I'or tainess doavrle, I'll gar ye keckle, 
Ifye'U gae dance the Eob o' Dunblane." 

A. Ramsay. 
KAAM, To comb. 

" And there he first spyd Child Morice 
Kaminii his yellow hair." 

Scotthh Song. Child JlTorice. 

" She kissed his cheek, she l(aim\l his hair." 

M'lnst. of S. n. 
KALE, Broth. IsL. kmil, olus. 

" For there is neither bread nor h-a!e." 

" O the monks of Melrose made gude kale." 

" With waiter caiV^ 

MaitlantVs Comp. Border Mins. 
"Set ane of their noses within the smell of a kale pot." 

Pirate., vol. 1, j)- 25C. 
" Good kale is half a male." 

jMeil is sometimes the Craven pronunciation of meal. 
" They that sup keile with the Divill ha^^e need of long 

K. Jas. I. Dcemonoloffie, p. 97- 

" Save thy wind to blaw thy kale," is often said to a 
noisy person whom we wish to hold his tongue. 
" He wadn't part with the reek of his kale," is 
applied to a covetous person. The young women 
of Craven have a custom of using kale by way of 
a charm, when they are desirous of knowing whom 
they shall afterwards marry. The rules observed 
by the person who practises it are these. At bed 
time she stands on something on which she never 
stood before, and repeats the following lines, hold- 
ing in her liand a jiot of cold laic. 

GLOi^SAKV. 255 

" Hot kale^ or cold kalc^ I drink thee, 
If" ever I marry a man or a man maiTy me, 
I wish this night I may him see, to morrow may him ken 
In church fair or market above all other men." 
She then drinks nine times^, gees to bed backwards, 
and during the night she expects to see, in a 
dream, her future husband. 

" The month of February was called by the Saxons 
Snrout-kele, theseasonwhen kele-vfuxt, now cole-wort, 
began to shoot, the broth whereof was called A-e/e." 

Verstegan, p. 59. 
KALE-POT, In general an iron pan for boiling broth, &c. 
KARL-CAT, A male cat. Bei.g. kaerle, a husband. 

A. S. cearle. IsL. karl. 
KAZZARDLY, Hazardous, precarious. 
2. Lean, ill-thriven. 

KEA, Go, used imperatively- " Kea thy ways," begone. 
KEAK, A distortion or injury of the spine, that causes 
deformity. It seems to have some affinity with the 
Cheshire word kench, which Mr. Wilbrakam defines 
a tv/ist or wrench, a strain or sprain. Our terra, 
however, is never used but for a wrench in the spine ; 
and to careless nurses this is a very common admonition. 
*' If you don't mind you'l give that barn a keak in 
the back." 
KEAK, To raise up, to prop up a cart, in order to unload 

it more easily. 
KEAVE, To cleanse thrashed corn from the fragments 
of straw, unripe ears, and other refuse, which are 
beaten off by the flail. This operation is partly per- 
formed by the rake, as the corn lies on the barn floor, 
and then with a wide riddle or sieve, which retains 
any remaining refuse, and suffers the grain and chaft* 
to pass through. This riddle is hence called a 
keaving riddle, and the refuse, separated by it and the 
rake, is called shorlfi. 


2. To raise or lift up a cart, so as to unload it all at 
once. " To /catrc a cart, to overthrow it, to turn out 
the dung." liai/- In this sense, /•eak and Iccavc are 
perhaps used indiscriminately, though, I believe, the 
former means to raise or prop uj) the cart in such a 
manner, that it may be unloaded more easily, as in 
carting dung, which is not emptied all at once, but in 
convenient heaps. The Cheshire word, kec/i, has the 
same signification, viz. to raise up. 
KECK-A-HOOP, )^ Proud, elated. Fr. aujuc a hupc, 
COCK-A-HOOP, j cock with a crest. Blount. 
" Yon will set cock-a-hoop^ 

Rom. c5- .Jul. i. 5. 
"God's predestination and election should be with a 
simple eye considered to make us more warely to walk 
in good and godly conversation, according to God's 
woorde, and not to sit cocke in the hoopc, and put all 
on God's backe, to do wickedly." 
PhilpoVs Letter to the Archdeacon of Winchester., 1555. 
" You will sit cock-a-hoop.'''' 

Shakspcare''s Rom. <§■ Jul. 
KECK, To refuse with disdain, to throw up the head at 
any thing, synonymous with the Scotch geek. 
" Yestreen I met you on tlie moor, 
Ye spak na, but gaed by like stoure : 
Ye geek at me because I'm poor, 

But fient a hair care I." 

Burns' Tibbie. 

" She bauldy loues, bauldy that drives the car 
But geeks at me, an' says I smell o' tar." 

Gent. Shepherd. Ramsay. 
KECKER, Squeamish. 

KECKLE, To laugh violently. Belg. kichelen or kuken. 

" The Trojanis lauches fast seand him fall 
And hym behaldand swym they keklit all." 

Douglas Virgil, p. 133. 
" And kayis kccklys on the rufe abone." 

Douglas Virgil, p. 202. 


" Adown my beard the slavers trickle ! 
I throw the wee stools o'er the mickle, 
As round the fire the giglets keekle 
To see me loup." 


KECKLING, Laughing 

" Gin my sour-mou'd grinning bucky 
Ca' me conceity keckling chucky." 

A. Ramsay. 
KEDDLE, To nurse, to coddle, to attend on a sick 
person with great care ; perhaps from caudle, or from 
the Old Fr. cadeler, to cocker or pamper. 
KEDGE, To fill, to stuff. " That ouse hes kedged his 

kyte," that ox hath filled his belly. 
KEDGE-BELLY, A glutton, a large protuberant body. 
KEEL, To cool. A. S. ccelati. 

" With a long stele 

That cast for to kele a crokke." 

Piers Plou. 
"Beseeching her my fervent wo to kele." 

Chaucer. Court of Love. 
" Send Lazarus that he may dip the end of his finger 
in water to kele my tunge." 

Luke xvi. Wiclif. 
" While greasy Joan doth keel the pot." 

Shaks. Lovers Labour Lost. 
Commentators have been sadly puzzled by this simple 
passage, comparing it to the inverted keel of a ship. 
KEEP, Support, food for cattle. " We've feaful good 

KEEP-WEEL, To keep on fair terms, frequently 

through interested motives. 
KEIE, ) „ „ , 

KAY I ^^^* ^^^^- ^'^^y- 

" I have the keles of deeth and helle." 

Revel. 1. C. Wiclif. 
" The strong CofFre hath all deuored 
Under the keie of auerice." 



c; LOSS A It V. 

" I will give thee krics of lioavcii." 

Dial, bclu'ccn a Protestant and a Papist, black letter, 

sa?is date. 
" And if that old bookes \\ ere away 
Ylorne wei'c of" all remembrance the kai/.^^ 

Chaucer. Legend of good Women. 

"Neither the sword nor the keiea meddle within doores." 

Bis/top IlalTs Kpistles. 
" The Ijord graunt that this zeale and love towards 
that part of God's word which is a kay and a true 
commentary to all holy Scripture may ever abide in 
that Colledge (Penib. Camb :) so long as the world 
shall endure." 

Bishop Ridlei/\s Letters. 

KEISTY, Difficult to please in dietj squeamish. Belg. 

KELD, A Avell. HaUkeld, a holy fountain. A keal 
kehl, a cold well. 

" Near kehl cold stream I drew my infant breath, 
There toil'd thro life, there closed my eyes in death." 
Dr. lVhitaker''s Richmond shire. 
" From cald kehl super Camb to the Top of Tenigent." 
Survey of Burton Chace. 35 Ed. li. Idem. 
KELK, A blow. 

KELK, To boat. 

KELK, A large detached stone or rock. 
KELL, A cell, " a squirrel kcll." The c and the k being 
frequently sounded alike. 

"Bury himself in every silk worms A-e//." 

Ben Jonson. Nares. 

" Knit with ane buttoun m ane goldyn keU." 

Doug. V. p. 237. 
" Phrenitis is a disease of the mind with a continual 
madnesse or dotage w^hich hath an acute feaver 
annexed, or its an inflammation of the braine or the 
membranes or kells of it, with an acute feaver which 
causeth madnesse and dotage." 

Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy. 


The amnion inclosing the fsctus, from the Gr. a/uvio}'. 

These are carefully and superstitiously preserved by 

some, as tokens of good fortune through life. Brand 

mentions several advertisements in which these kells 

or cauls were announced for sale ; the price asked for 

one was 20 guineas. 

Lampridbts, speaking of Diadtimenus says, " Solent 

deinde pueri pileo insigniri naturali, quodobstetrices 

rapiunt et advocatis creduUs vendunt, siquidem 

causidici hoc juvari dicuntur, et iste puer pileum 

non habuit, sed diadema tenue, sed ita forte ut 

rumpi non potuerit, venis intercedentibus specie 

nervi sagittarii." 

Mr. Douce observes on this ; " one is immediately 

struck with the affinity of the Judge's coif to this 

practice of antiquity. To strengthen the opinion 

it may be added, that if ancient lawyers availed 

themselves of this popular superstition, or fell into 

it themselves ; if they gave great sums to win these 

cauls, is it not very natural to suppose that they 

would feel themselves inclined to wear them?" 

Sir Thomas Brown says, '' thus we read in the Life 

of Antonhuis, by Spartianus, that children are 

sometimes born with this natural cap, which 

midwifes were wont to sell to credulous lawyers, 

who held an opinion that it contributed to their 


" In France it is proverbial, etre nd coifFee, it is an 
expression signifying tliat a person is extremely 
fortunate. This caul is also esteemed an infallible 
preservative against drowning ; and, under tliat idea, 
is often publicly advertised and purchased by seamen." 
Bramrs Pop. Antiq, 452. 
" Yes and that 

Yo' were borne with a caule o' your head." 

B. Jonson Alchemist 
s 2 

2(i0 GI.OSSAUV. 

KELPS, Iron hooks on wliicli boilors arc hung. Pot- 

houks in Roy. The loose handle of a kale pot is called 

KELTER, A cant term for money. " Hesto onny 

kvller i thy pocket." 
KEiM, To comb. Isl. kemhe. Teut. keminen. Belg. 

kamvicn, kcmmcn, to kcmbe. Feigner, Cotgrave. Keinb 

in Rider. 

" We kembe these haires and trim them iij) in gold." 
Earth Sy Age, by T. Ileywood. 

" And her combe to kemb her hedde." 

" The women they sat up all night 
To wash their necks and heads to kerarn 
And make their childi-en fine as them." 

Mar. 27. 
KEM, A comb. 

" O lang, lang may the ladies stand 
Wi their gold kerns in their hair, 
Wating for their ain deir Lords 
For they'll see thame na mair." 

Sir Patrick Spence. 
KEMMED, Combed. 

" There are some teares of trees which are kembed 
from the beards of goats." 

Bacon. Nat. Hist. 

" Yet are the men more loose than they, 
More kemVd and bath'd, and rub'd and trmi'd." 

Ben Jonson. Catali7ie. 
KEMMIN, Combing. 

" Kameing his zellow hair." 

Gil Morice. P. Rel. 

" Kemmin wool/' long wool proper for combing. 
" Kemben woole." 

Piers Plou. 

KEMPS, Coarse fibres or hairs in wool. Belg. kemp, 


KEMPT, Combed. 

" Hire heres ban they kempt, that lay untressed." 

Chaucer ClerWs Tale. 
KENj To know. Belg. kenneu. A. S. cetman. " D' ye 

ken that man ?" 
KEND, Known. 

" I brocht ye Op in the greenwode 
Kend to mysell alane." 

Child Maurice. 
KENNIN, Knowing. " Ye're seea feafully waxen, at 

ye're past kennen." 
KENS-MARKED, ) Having some particular mark or 
KENS-SPECKED, j speck by which any thing may 
be easily distinguished. A. S. cennan, et specce, 
macula. Skinner. 

" This wapentake of Skireake seems to have received 
its denomination from such a convention at some 
noted oak, or to use a local word, kenspack-ake.''^ 

Thoresby^s Leeds. 

KEP, To retch or strain, as when there is an inclination 
to vomit. Hay says to boken, spoken when the breath 
is stopped upon one's being ready to vomit. 
2. To catch. " To kep a ball," is to catch it. Ray. 
" Mourn, spring, thou darling of the year 
Ilk cowslip cup shall kep a tear." 

KEPPING, Lying in wait to catch something. 
KEPT, Caught. 

" Some sleuit knyffis in the beistis throttis 
And utheris (quhilk war ordant for sic notis) (uses) 
The warme new blude keppit in coup and pece. (vessel)" 

Doug. Virg, p. 17 1, 
KERN, Churn. iCcr«-milk, churn-milk. 

" Rise ye' carle coopers frae making o kirns and Tubs." 

Minst. of S. B. 
KERNEL, the dug of a heifer. 

2G2 (;i,ossAitY. 

KERSEN, To christen. Bklo. kcrstcn. 

" Pish, one good man Cirsar, a pump-maker A-ersrnV/ him." 

Beau. ^ Flet. Nares. 

KERS^MAS, Christmas, from the Belg. Kcrst-vnssc, 
Chrisli-massa, qua; hoc tempore solenniter celebrari 
sold, ^linshcw. 
KEST, Cast, praet. of cast. 

" That little infant had which forth she kest." 

Spenser. F. Q. 
"•' The weaken'd bulwarks, late to earth down kest." 

Fairfax. Tasso. 
" And they cnicifycden, and depertiden his clothis, and 
kesten lott on tlio who sculde take what." 

Mark xv. Wiclif. 
KET, Carrion. Teut. kact, sordes. In Suffolk, kit. 
KET-CRAW, A carrion crow. 

KETLOCK, Wild turnip, charlock. Sinapis m-vensis. 

Linneus. In Skinner, keel lock, car lock, a carol us ; 

quod quidam medicus ejus nominis fuerii primus plantoe 

hujus inventor. Minsheiv. 

KETTY, Worthless, from Teut. kact. IsL. kiot. A 

kefty fellow, a kcttjj cur. 
KEVIL, ) A horse, contemptuously applied to a person, 
KEPHYL, j "thou girt kcvil." Welsh, kephi/l. 
" And gaf hym capeles in Ms cart." 

Piers Plou. 

" A sword and a dagger he wore by his side. 

Of manye a man the bayne. 
And he was clad in his capull hyde, 
Topp and taylt and mayne." 

Guy of Gisburne. Percy Reliques. 
KEX, Hemlock. Coimim maculatum. Lin7i. It is not, 
however, exclusively applied to this plant, but also to 
various other umbelliferous plants, especially those 
with hollow stems. As dry as a kcx. 



■ Eperides with legs so small, 
And thighs as dry as kexes." 

Maro: p. 96. 
-" And nothing teems 

But hateful docks, rough thistles, kexies, burs." 

Shaks. H. V. 
" Kindles the reed, and then that hollow kix 
First fires the small, and then the greater sticks." 

Sylvester^s Trans, of Du Bartas. 

KICK, The fashion. " He's i' heigh kick." 
KICKISH, Irritable. 

KICKSHAW^ A proud vain person, a metaphorical 
sense of this word, which Mr. Todd supposes to be 
derived from the Fr. quelques choses, and may be 
applicable to cookery, but the other derivation kick- 
shoes, is more descriptive of an affected coxcomb. 
KID, A bundle of heath or twigs. Welsh, cidysen, a 
fagot. The etymon given by T)r. Johnson is Welsh 
cidweln, but I can lind no such word. 
KILL, A kill, as a lime kill, a maut kill. Belg. kuyl, a 
cave, from the Greek koi\oq, hollow. 

" Take great stoneu in thine hand, and hide them in 
the brick-kil, which is at the entrance of Pharaoh's 
house, in Talipanhes, m the sight of the men of 

Jeremiah xliii. 9, 
KILL-HOLE, The hole of, or a hovel adjoining the kill. 

See Shaks. Wiiiter's Tale, iv. 3. 
KILT, To tuck up. "She kilts her gown." Dan. 
kilt-e?- op. 

'^ Kilt up your dais abone your waist, 
And speed you liame again in haist." 

Lindsay. Vid. Dr. Jamieson. 
KILT, Small, gaunt. " Thur sheep are vara kill," small 
in the body, perhaps from the verb, as if they were 
killed, or tucked up ; or is it a corruption of the 
Belg. kuyl, hollow ? 

2(j4 i;i.ossARV. 

KILTED, Tucked up. 

" Few claiths she wore, ami they were kilted.''* 

Allan Ramsay. 

KIN, ) A kibo, a cliop in the hands or feet, occa- 

KINNING, j sioned by frost. 

KIND, Soft. "As kind as a glove." " X/wrZ-harled," 

soft haired. " Shoe's vary lickly for feeding, shoe's 

seea kind-harhd." 

KING-COUGH, ) The whooping cough, chincough. 

KIN-COUGH, j Teut. kincken, to breathe with 


" May the King's enemies never pocket his picture." 
KINK, To be affected with a convulsive stoppage of the 
breath, through immoderate crying, laughing, or 
coughing. When the kinking arises from laughter, 
it may properly be derived from Belg. kichcn, or, as 
Dr. Jamieson supposes, from the A. S. cincuttg, 

" Now, Gibby coost ac look behin, 

\Vi' eyes wi' fainness blinkin, 
To spae the weather by the sin 
But couldna stan for kinkin. 
Rainbows that day." 

Davidson's Seasons. Dr. Jamiesori's Supp. 

KINNLE, To bring forth young. A. S. cennaii. To 

whelp, kittle, kindle, farrow. Colgrave. 
KIP-LEATHER, The tanned hide of a stirk. 
KIPPER, Lively, light footed, nimble. 
KIRK, Church. " He's as poor as a ki7-k mouse." 
" To kerke the narre, from God more farre." 

Spenser. Sh. Kal. July. 
" If physick do not work, prepare for the kirk.'* 


Wiclif uses chirche, which being sounded hard, forms 
the identical word kirk, so that there is no neces- 


sity of fetching the etymon from the Gr. KvpiaKov. 
Germ, kyrch. 
2. The term kirk was not unfrequently applied to 
perpendicular and wall-like rocks, as maiden kirk. 
" Sic usque ad Kirk de Ravenber." 

Boundary of Clapham. Dr. Whitaker. 

KIRK-FOLK, The congregation at a church. 
2. iMembers of the Church of England. 
KIRK-GARTH, Church yard. 

" And the Gray Friars sung the dead man's mass 
As they passed the chapel garth.'''' 

Minst. of the S. B. 
KIRK-MAISTER, Churchwarden. Belg. kerch-meester. 

Teut. kirch-meister, magister ecclesice. 
KIRN, Churn, kern-VLvWi, churn-milk. 
KIRN'D, Churn'd. 

" When Brawny, elf-shot never mair came hame, 
When Tiby kirn^d and there nae butter came." 

Gentle Shepherd. 
KIRSEN, To christen. 

" The four gill chap, were gar him clatter. 
And kirsen him wi' reekin water." 


KIST, A chest. Isl. kista. Welsh, cist. Gr. KiQrri. 
" Do ye envy the city gent. 
Behint a kist to he and sklent." 

" And he bade the gude wife lock it up in his kist.'''' 

Guy Mannering. 
KIT, A pail. A milking pail, like a churn with two 

ears and a cover. Belg. kitte. licty. 
KIT, All ; the whole kit, whether applied to persons or 

"In the army, the contents of a soldier's knapsack, his 
whole supposed property, is called his At/, and hence 
this word may have come." 

Moor^s Suffolk Words. 



" But now I wad na gic ae louse 
For a' the kit." 
Kit, acquaintance, friends. " I've neither kit nor kin." 
KITLIXG, A kitten, quasi catling. The termination 
ling added to words forming a diminutive. 

" And the brisk mouse may feast herseli"with crums, 
Till that the ffreen-eyed Icidin comes." 

IIcrriclc''s Ilcsperutes. 
" An old cat laps as much as a young Idtliu." 

KITLISH, Ticklish, skittish, when applied to a horse. 
KITTLE, To itch, to tickle. Goth, killa. Belg. 

ketden. A. S. citclan. 

" Tent me auld boy 
I've gather'd news will l<Utle your mmd with joy." 

Ramsay''s Poems. 
" Sic vapouring fancies feinted m their cracked brains." 

Si. nomm's Well. 
" Quhen new courage tdttellis all gentle hearty." 

Douglas Viry. p. 403. 
" The hare sal tcittle in my hearth." 

Minst. of S. B. 

2. To bring forth kitlins, alias kittens, " to kiltie or 
bring forth young cats," chalouner, Cotgrave. 

3. " To kittle the tire," to stir it. 
KITTLE, Difficult. 

" That is a tcittle question said the Falconer." 

" In tcittle times, when faes are yarrmg." 

Rosens Ilelenore. 
" Troll's boat is tcittle to trim." 

Pirate.) \st vol. p. 2C2. 
" O mony a time, my Lord, he said 

Iv'e stown a kiss frae the sleeping wench ; 
But for you I'll do as tcittle a deed 
For I'll steal an auld Lurdane aff the Bench." 

Minst. of S. B. 
" A^ for your priesthood, I shall say but little, 
Corbies and Clergy are a shot right kittle.'" 

Bfiys of Ayr. Burns. 


" You wha in kittle casts o' state 
When property demands debate 
Can right what is dung wrang." 

A. Ramsay. 
KITTLE^ Nicely poised, unstable, uncertain. " Trones 
are feaful kittle," " as kittle as a mouse-trap." During 
the hay harvest, if the weather be showery, the 
farmers will say it's kittle weather. 
KITLED, Tickled. 

" Striving to catch wi tentie look 

Ilk bonny Hne, 
Till baith our kittelt souls flee up 
Wi fire divine." 

J. Scott''s Poems. 
KITLINGS, Kittens. 

KITTY, Christopher. 

KIZZEN, To parch, to dry. IsL. gizen, hisco. See geyze 
in Dr. Jamiesons Supplement. 

" Now winter comes wi breath sae snell 
And nips with frost the gizzeri'd gowan." 

Song. Handsome Katie. 
KIZZINED, Parched. This seems to be the same as 
Ray's guizened, which, he says, is spoken of tubs or 
barrels that leak through drought. 
KLICK, To catch, to snatch. Sc. to deck. 
2. To steal. Gr. KXiTrroi Celeriter corripei-e. Ray. 
" Him Satan decked up by the spaul 
Whipp'd afF his hood, an without mair, 
Gae him a toss up in the air." 

A. Ramsay. 
" The other cow he cleikis away 
With his pure cote of roplock gray." 

Sir David Lindsay. 

KLICK, A catch, ahold. "A klick ith' back," lumbago. 

KLICK-HOOKS, Large hooks for catching salmon in 

the day time. When a fisherman had observed a 

salmon red, where tliey have deposited their roe, he 


placed these barbed hooks, fixed to a rod and a line. 
He then ascended a tree, if a convenient one could be 
found, growing on the bank of the river, and there 
waited with great anxiety, and frequently many hours, 
for his prey. So soon as he had discovered, from his 
elevated perch, that the salmon were on the red, he 
immediately descended from the tree, pulled up the 
hooks with great violence, and frequently pierced the 
belly of the salmon. In this manner they were caught, 
though being out of season, they were of little value. 
KNAA, 1 Knowledge, mind. " Ivry yan knaws his 
KNAW, j awn knaw (mind) best." 
KXAA, To know. Praot. knew, p- p. knaan. " Tell 
me summat I dunnat knaa." " It's nut to kna," it 
cannot be knoAvn. A. S. cnarv. 
"• Tis yet to knaiv." 

Othello, i. 2. 
" That land now knaw I destinate to our kyn." 

Doug. Virg, p. 73. 


)T, i 

TTXT A TVTXT/-k'" ' ^ kUOW UOt 


" /' not which was the finer of them two." 

Chaucer. K. Tale. 
This elliptical expression I have not heard here. 
KNACK, To speak affectedly, to mince one's words ; to 
affect propriety of speech of which we are grossly 

" Hald on thy way is m haist, Ascanius said 

Thyself to loif, knak now scornfully 

With proude wourdes at that standis the by." 

Doug. Virg. p. 300. 
KNACKS, Two flat pieces of bone or wood placed 
between the fingers, with which children beat time, 
in the manner of castanets. 

" 'Slit den fingern kimcken." Teut. 

Gloss, of Douglas Virgil. 

Miege culls them cUquelles d'enfanf. 


KNACKY, Ingenious, fond of knick-knacks. 
KNAFP, The nave of a wheel. 

KNAG, To wrangle, to quarrel, to raise peevish objec- 
tions. This seems to be allied to the Scottish word to 
snag, to snarl. Isl. snagga, litigare. Dr. Jamieson. 
KNAGGY, Knotty. 
2. Quarrelsome, wrangling. 

KNAGUE, To gnaw. Belg. knagen. A. S. gnoegan. 
KNAGUING, Gnawing. 
KNALEDGE, Knowledge. 
KNAWN, Known. 

" Be hit knaiven to all men y t whereas the Abbot & 
Covent of Cockersond are seist &c." 
KNAP, A blow. ^'ict- Chart. xxxviiEd-III. 

KNAW, To know. 

" Sir Knyghtis take heed hydir m hye 

Zee wootte yourself als wele as I 

Has geven dome yat yis doote schall dye 

Sen we are comen to Calvarie 

This dede on dergh we may noght drawe 

How lordis and leders of our la we 

Sir all yare counsaile wele we knaw 

Lat ilke man help now as hym awe." 

Corpus Christi Playe, MSS. Tlwreshy's Leeds. 
See knaa. 
KNEAF, The fist. Isl. nep. Su. G. kneaf. 
KNEES, Bends in timber, frequently used in ship 


KNEET, A knight. From the Belg. and Teut. knecht, 

a servant, because formerly none were knighted but 

such as were either domestic servants to the king or 

of his life guard. Vid. Gaz. Aug. 

KNEP, ) To crop with the teeth, to bite easily. Teut. 

KNIFE, j knahbelin. Isl. kneppe. In Merchant of 

Venice, ii. 3. knap, of the same signification, occurs. 
KNEPT, The preet. of knep. 

27^ (;i,ossAnY. 

KNICK-KNACKS, Trifles, toys. 

" Our knick-knacks were more freely given 
But how they get tlieni, tliat knows Heaven." 

Maro. p. r)0. 
KNIFE, " To smell of the hiiifc," meat is said to do so 

when cut in very thin slices. 
KNIFING, Biting. 

" Knypand the fomy jroldin bit gingling." 

Dong. Virg. p. 104. 
KNIT, To set, as the blossoms of fruit trees. 
" It is better to knit than blossom." 

KNITTING, "]\Iind your awn knitting," attend to your 

own business. 
KNOCK-A-KNEED, ) The approximation of the knee. 
KNOCKER-KNEED, J Wilbraham's Cheshire Dialect. 
The knees bent inwards, so as frequently in walking 
to strike against each other. 
KNOCK-iME-DOWN, Strong ale. In praise of 
Yorkshire Ale it is written knocker-down. 

" We've ale also that is called knocker-down.''^ 
KNOCKING, Breaking or reducing lead ore by the hand. 
KNOCKING-AT END, Persevering in employment. 
KNOCK-BARK, Ore after it is reduced by the hand or 

KNOCKED-UP, Worn out, exhausted by labour and 

KNODDEN, p. part of knead. " I think this pie crust 
war knodden wi't' top o't watter kit," i. e. it is very 
stiff and heavy. 
KNOT, " To tie a hiot wi the tongue, at yan cannot 

louze wi yan's teeth," ^. e. to get married. 
KNOT, A rocky summit, as Bolland Knot, Nursaw Knot. 
KNOUT-BERRY, fiee cloud-berry. 
KONNY, Pretty. 


KRONKEN, Fid. cronk. 
KUSS, To kiss. Gr. ki/<tw. 

" Please you to kuss her." 

B. Jonsoii's Alchemist, 
KUSSIN, Kissing. Belg. kussen. 
KUST, Kissed. 
KYE, Cows. Sax. cj/. 

" Schir, be quhat law teU me quharefor, or why 
That ane vickar culd tak fra me three ky." 

Sir David Lindsay. 
"■ Pd. Wm. Jenkinson Wj^Fe for kye mylkmg vs. It. 
to Lang the mynstrell xxvi. v'njd." 

MSS. ofH. L. Clifford, 1510. 
" And Boreas, wi his blasts sae bauld 
Was thretning a our ky to kill." 

Scottish Song. 
" I'U do't an ye sail tell me whilk to buy 
Faith I'ae hae books, tho' I should sell my %e." 

Gentle Shepherd. 
" It : part of intack, enclosed for two Ttye., viz. vi. acres 
geven by report by I^d. Edward Slonteagle when he 
came from Scottish field, to every tenant nil." 

Dr. Whitaker's Lonsdale, p. 255. 

KYESTY, i„ .- 
KEISTY, I Peevish, cross. 

KYTE, Belly. Gr. kutos. Isl. hvidr. 
" Swa was confession ordanit at first 
Thocht Codrus ki/te suld cleif and bii'st." 

Lindsay^s Warkis. Dr. Jamieson. 
" Wliiles Turke devours with ravening kite 
These frogs and mice like warriours quite." 

Palce Albion, p. 197. 

KYTLE, A kirtle^ or a short coat without laps or skirts. 


LAAD, Load. A. S. lade. 
LAAF, Loaf. A. S. hlaf. Goth. hhuf. 
LAAIM, Lame, 
LA-ABER, To labour, to toil. 

LAABOURSOIME, Toilsome, laborious, which expres- 
sion Dr. Ju/tnson says, is not noAV in use. 
" Your laboursome and dainty trims." 

Shaks. Ci/mbcline, ill. 4. 

LACE, To beat. 

LACED-TEA, Tea or coffee mixed with spirits. Qu. a 
corruption of braced. A correspondent of the Spectator 
describes himself as regularly reading the paper at 
breakfast, which was better than " lace to his tea." 

LACHES, Boggy places. Sc. layche, low in situation. 
Dan. laag. 

LACK-A-DAISY, Alack, alas ! An interjection of 
surprise and grief, and seems to be a corruption of 

LACKADAISICAL, Forlorn, weary. 

LACOXS, ) Toys, playthings. Germ, laichen. Mr. 

LAKIXS, ) Wilhraham makes the following quotation 
from Skehon in his Interlude of Magnificence. " By 
lakiii it hatlie cost me pence ;" but here IMr. W. 
apprehends lakin to be the diminutive of " our Lady." 
iMay not that expression, on the contrary, signify that 
he had been a considerable loser by his lakin or idle- 
ness } The common abbreviation of our Lady here is 
by't leddij. 

LADDIE, A little boy, a diminutive of lad, or used for 
that word in a more endearing way. This word has 
another application when speaking of any thing of 
^\'hich a person is remarkably fond ; thus, '' Is' a 


laddie for puddin," " he's a laddie for hunting." Lad 
is also used in the same manner but not so frequently. 
Lass and lassie also, when speaking of a female, as 
" shoe's a lassie for dancing." 
LADSLOVE, Southern wood. " Lads love is lassies' 
delight/' a vulgar phrase common in Craven, to which 

is frequently added the following rhyme. 
" And if lads don't love, lassies will flite.'' 
LADY CLOCK, \ A beautiful small beetle, the lady- 
CLOCK A-LADY, j bird. Vide cow-lady. 
L AFTER, The number of eggs that a hen lays before 
she incubates. In Suffolk laiter. Teut. legh-tyd, 
the time of laying. 
LAG, The narrow board or stave of a barrel or tub. 
Sc. legen. 

" Or bairns can read, they first maun spell, 

I learn'd this frae my mammy. 
An coost a legen-girth mysell 
liang or I married Tammy." 

Allan Ramsay, ChrisCs Kirk, S^e. 

LAITCH, To loiter, to be idle. 

LAITIIE, ) A barn. Forte a verbo lade, quia frugibus 
LATHE, j quasi oneratur. Skinner. 
" For all mote out late or rathe 
All the shews in the lathe." 

Chaucer. House of Fame. 
" Why ne haddest thou put the caple into the lathe.'''' 

Chauc. Reeve's T. 
See Todd's second edition. 

LAITHE, Loath, unwilling. A. S. lathe, it grieves me; 
or lathian, to hate and detest. 

LAKE, To play. M^eso G. lai/can, to exult. Su. G. 
lek. Haec vox in septentrionali Anglian regione, non 
in aliis invaluit, quia Dani illam partem primam 
invaserunt, uni vel altero seculo, priusquam reliquam 
Angliam subjugarunt. Skinner. 

274 cw.ossAnv. 

" And it'liyin Uisto (or to /ai/kc." 

J'icrs Ploii. 
"A lovclicke laik was hit nevere bV twvnc a loiip; and 
a short." 

Pi. Ploti. 7 pass. 
LAKE, To be costive, spoken of cattle. 
LALL, To shoot out the tongue, as a dog. 
LA:MB, To yean. '^ 

LAIMB-SUCKLINGS, The flowers of bird's foot clover. 

Lotus cornicidatns. Linn. 
LAINIj To beat soundly, to drub. Verhcro, Ainsworlh. 
Belg. lumen. Isl. lent. It is not derived from Dr. 
Lambe, as asserted by the author of Peveril of the 
Peak, vol. 4, page 152, but is derived from much 
more ancient sources. 

" Quotli he, I would beat her and lam her weel." 

Rejected Addresses. 
LAIMPERS, ILampass. Flesh in the roof of a horse's 
LA^I PREYS, j mouth, rising above the teeth, so as, 
in some measure, to prevent the horse from eating. 
This is frequentl)^ removed by a hot iron. Gr. Xa/.i7rac, 
so called, says Minshew, by burning with a bote iron 
or seared away with a lamp. 
LAM-PIE, A droll expression for a severe castigation. 
LANCASHIRE, " Lancashire law, no stakes, no draw," 
a saving, whereby a person who loses a wager endea- 
vours to evade payment when the wager was merely 
verbal, and no stake deposited. 
LANCE, A lancet. 

LAND, The portion of ground between two furrows in a 
ploughed field, which is less or greatei; as the soil is 
wet or dry. 
LANE, To conceal. This verb is not so common as the 

" This is thair lote oftymes I will not /ane." 

J()}iH Davidson. M<:'' Criers Life of Knox. Supp. 


" Lean, to keep a secret." 

Lancashire Dialect, 
"Luve Lady, quoth ich, tho layn nat, if ye knowen." 

Pi. Plou, 7 pass. 
" My trouth is plyght to youre Skottysh Knyglit 

It nodes me not to layne. 
But I shulde liyde hym upon this bent 
And I have his trouth agayne." 

Battle of Otterburne. 
"• I wmna lat/ne my name fro thee." 

Minst. ofS.B. 

LANEING^ Secresy, concealment. A. S. leanne. Belg. 
lieninge. Gr. Xavdareip. " They will give no 
lune'vig ;" that is, they will divulge it. Ray. 
LANG, Long. IsL. langur, hence the comparative 
langer. Teut. and Sax. lang. 
" He that fishes afore the net 
Lang or he a fish get." 


"A tale as lang as to day and to morn," a long 
tiresome story. 

" There is a cloister fair and ligt 
Brod and lang of sembli syt. " 

Ang. Norman MSS. Tanner. 
" Quhat suld I langer on his errours dwell." 

Bp. Doug. Pref. 

LANG OF, Owing to. 

" Long all of Somerset and his delay." 

Shaks. H. VJ. Vid. Todd. 
Si. Chrysoslom, discoursing on Sarah's request to 
Abraham to take unto him Hagar, says : 

" I pray you, if it had been any other man, would he 
not have lieen moved to anger ? Would he not have 
gone neare to say, what pratest thou ? I did not 
desire to company wyth that woman, it was long of 
thee., and dost thou cast it in my teeth again ? But 
Abraham used no such words." 

On the Ephcs. p. 275. 
T 2 



LAX(^-A^'■IZE]), Ldiio- visatic'd. As a pertinent illus- 
tration of this word, 1 beg leave to present the reader 
\\ ith the following story, related by a friend, which 
has t)fton been told in the neighbourhood, but for the 
truth of it I do not presume to vouch. The wife of a 
a farmer named Stephenson, one cold, rainy night, 
presented her good man with a fine chubby boy. At 
the same time, also, the farmer's mare foaled ; but his 
attention being, doubtless, occupied by more tender 
cares, he entirely forgot to look after his other breed- 
ing stock till a late hour of the following morning. 
Instantly, on going into his fields, he, with grief dis- 
covered his young foal almost starved to death ; and, 
taking it home, he laid it on the hearth of the parlour 
where his wife had just got her bed, and carefully 
covered it with a rug, in order to re-kindle the 
expiring spark of life. An old gossip in the neigh- 
bourhood, of whom, on such occasions, in country 
places there is no lack, came in soon after to see the 
farmer's wife, and to pay her respects to the family on 
this joyful occasion. After the customary salutations, 
she advances, with a considerable degree of impatience, 
towards the sickly foal, carefully covered up on the 
hearth, with a view, as she thought, of having a peep 
at the child ; and on lifting up gently the corner of 
the rug, and casting her eyes on the face of the foal, 
she instantly exclaimed, "Ay me! it's a huig-avizcd- 
an, it's o't Steenson sort." 

LANGEL, To hopple, to fasten the legs with a thong. 
Lat. lingula. Dr. Jamic.wii, in his sup])lement, 
quotes from Prompt: Pcirv: col/igo, compedio, to 
langclijii together. 

LANG-IIORNED, Few people, it is presumed, require 
to be told, what his meant by a lona-horued cow, 


though perhaps it may not be generallj^ kno'wn, that a 
lang-hornd an is used in a jocose way> for a native or 
inhabitant of Craven, this district being formerly 
celebrated for its excellent breed of long-horned cattle. 
" Does that man come out 0' Craven ?" " Eighj he's 
a king horrid an.'^ 

LANG-HUNDRED, Six score. See long hundred. 

LANG-LENGTH, At full length. 

LANG-LAST, At length, in the end. 

LANG-RUN, This is synonymous with the preceding 


" At lang-run Bawsy rack'cl his cen, 

An' cries, wha's that ? "What do ye mean ? 

Ramsay. Three Bonnets. 

LANG-SETTLE, A long oaken seat, resembling a sofa, 

having a back and arms. They are generally much 

carved and placed on one side of the fire in farm 

liouses. Mr. Archdeacon Nares says, that this word 

is now little known. It is, however, in common use 

here. Sax. selle. Dan. sailel. Teut. sessel, a seat. 

"• She was not suffered to have her lang settle., or old 

form in its place, when, on rebuildhig the chapel, it 

was seated alter a uniform and beautii'ul manner." 

Tim Bobbin. 
LANG-STREAK'D, At full length. A. S. strecan, to 

expand. " He fell down lang- sir euk'd," 
LANG-SUIM, Tedious, pure Saxon. 
LANG-TONGUE, A blab, a revealer of secrets. Lang 
purler esse. Cotgrave. 

" A tongue babbling gossip." 

Titus Andronicus. Vid. Todd^s Johnson. 
LANG- WAY, IMuch. " It's a lang-waij better." 
LANT, Urine. A S. hlann, lotto. Isi>. hland. 

" Your frequent drinking country ale with lant in't." 
Glapthorne's Wit in a Constable. Nares, 
2. Game of loo. 

278 c.i.ossAUV. 

LANT, T«» hejrjiiir, a term bmrowod from the preceding 

substantive, in its secoiul sense. 
LANTERN-LEET, The transparent horn or glass of a 

LANTERN-SWASH, A great fright, a state of the 

utmost consternation. 
LAP-UP, To give up, to relinquish, a metaphorical 

expression from lap, to wrap, used by Lalimer. 
" He lappeth up all things in love." 

LaHmer''s Serm, vol. 2, p. TlH. 

LAPSTONE, A large globular stone, on which a shoe- 
maker hammers his leather on his lap, from lap and 

LARN, To learn. 

2. To teach. " Lam me my lesson/' see learn. 

LARNIN, Learning. 

LASPI, To comb the hair. 

2. To lash out, to kick. " He lash'd out baatli his fit." 

3. To be extravagant. 

4. To discuss more minutely, to dilate. 

" I might likewise exjiatiate and lash out in proving 
unto you, how they did drinke sometimes one cup 
sometimes two cups." 

Prynne^s Ilealthe's Skkncssc, p. 1 8. 

LASH-COMB, A wide toothed comb for the hair. This 

word is now in use in Somersetshire. Sec Jenning's 

LASK, A diarrheea, mostly applied to cattle, a corruption 

most probably of lax. 
LASSIE, A little lass or girl. 
LAST, To stretch out, to extend. 
LAST, " Last legs." A person is said to be on his last 

legs, when he has spent all his property, or is at the 

point of death. 
LASTINST, IMost lasting. 


LASTY, Lasting. " This is a lasty cloth." 
LATE, To seek. A. S. ladian, to call. Mr.\Todd, 
perhaps, more properly derives it from IsL. leila. 
" She'l' nawpe and nevel them without a cause, 
She'l mack them late theh teeth nount in theh hawse." 

Yorkshire Dialogue. 

LATEST, The .adjective of the superlative degree is 
frequently used elliptically without the substantive. 

" Those Lieutenants who had brought aid with the 
latest, out of divers and cUssituate parts, he discharged 
with ignominie and shame." 

Philemon HollancVs Trans, of Suetonius. 
LATLY, Lately. 

LATT, A lath. Belg. latte. Fr. late, laite, or lal. 

latus. " It's thin as a latl." 
LATTY, As thin as a lath. 
LATT, ) ^ 


" An example of Divis ye ryche as scTptor dos telle, 
The pover Lazarus for defawt dyede at liis gatt. 
Had he gj'ffen ahnes, hee had nott gone to hell, 
And now he repente hyme ytt is veiT laat." 
Anc t. MSS. on Alchemy. Dr. Whitaker's Craven. 
LAUGH, '' I'll mack the laugh o't' wrang side o't' 

mouth," i c. I'll make thee cry. 
LAUNDER, A channel cut in stone for the conveyance 
of water, is it so called from conveying the suds from 
the laundry ? 
LAUS, Loose. Isl. laus, soluius. Cheshire Glossanj. 
" And when the hers was laus, he gan to gone" 

Chaucer. lieves' T. 
LAVERACK, A lark. A. S. lavcr/c. Bklg. lawerkk. 
" Holy hath byrdys, a I'ul fayre flock 
The nyghtyngale, tlie popjjyngay, the ga.yniyllavyrock.''* 

Hurl. MSS. II. VI. Viil. liraiuVs Pop. An. 
" The tuneful laverock tliccrs the grove. 
And sweetly smells the summers green." 

O. Song. 

'2ii0 (ILOS.SARV. 

" Tis sweet beneatli the lieathcr bell 

To live in aiitiinui brown, 
And sweet to hear the lavrovk^s swell, 
Far, far, from tower and town." 

Bord. ii. 301. 
LAWFUL-CAAS, A nonsensical exclumation of surprise, 

Qii. is this a corruption of woeful ? 
LAWND, A lawn, a plain betAveen woods. Sp. lamia. 
Welsh, lUuvnt. Sw. liiiid, a grove. 

" Till I came to a lawnd of white and green." 

" For through this Imuul anon the deer will come." 

S/iahs. II. VI. iii. 1. 
" And under a lynde in a launde." 

Piers. Plou. Vis. Dowell. 
LAWRENCE, [The patron Saint of idle people.] When 
a person is remarkably idle, he is often thus addressed. 
" I see lang Lawroice lies gitten hod on the." May 
not this expression allude to those who are frequently 
prostrated at the shrine of a saint, when they should 
be engaged in the useful and active duties of life .-' 
But if an idle person, laid immoveably at his full 
length, be compared to St. Lawrence, iixed with 
stretched out limbs upon the grid-iron, preparatory to 
his atrocious and unmerited sufferings, it is a cruel 
and unfeeling comparison ! 
LAWS, An expression of surprise and astonishment. 

Qu. A. S. la ! lo. 
LAY, A rate or assessment. I do not find this sub- 
stantive in Johnson, though it is evidently derived 
from the 24th sense of the verb lay, " to charge as a 
LAY, ) To perform the office of an accoucheur. " He 
LIG, j com to laii my daam." 

LAY-DOWN, ) ^ ,,,,,, , 

T JC DOWN I ^""' ploughed lands with grass seeds. 


LAY IT ON, ) An eliptical expression for fattening. 
LIG IT ON, I " The kye begin to lig it on" that is, 

they begin to lay fat on their bones, » 

LAYER, A stratum. M^so Goth, ligger. 
2. A slice from the breast of a fowl. 
LAYNE, To conceal. 

" But nine thouzand, there was no moo, 

The cronyckle wyll not lai/ne 
Forty thousande skottes and fowre, 
That day fowght them agayne." 

Battle of Otterbourne. 

LAZY-BEDS, Potatoes planted on the surface of the 

ground, and covered over with earth dug from a 

deep trench on each side of the bed, five or six 

feet broad. 

LEA, The seventh part of a hank of worsted, containing 

80 threads, wound on a reel, a yard in circumference. 
2. A scythe. -Dr. WilUm writes it leagh, and derives 
it from lee and ag, to cut. This word I never heard 
used here, though it is common in the East Riding. 
LEAD, To draw, to carry. " We'er boun to had hay." 
A. S. heclan, to draw. 

" Bot Tymetis exhortis first of all 

It for to lede and di-aw within the wall." 

Douglas Virgil. 2d Bk. 
" So God schal lede with him them that ben deede 
by Jesu." 

Thess. iv. 1. Wiclif. 

LEADER, A sinew, a tendon, called also guider. 
LEAF, The fat from the ribs of a hog. 

"A ^etf/of tat, Panne de grasse." 


LEAF, " To turn over a new leaf," to alter one's course 
of life, to reform. " Changer de note." Miege. 
Tourner feuillet, Culgrave, in the same figurative 


LEARN, To teach, not obsolete, as Dr. Johnson says, 
but in common use. " Learn me my lesson." 

" If tliy chilclren will keep my covenant and my tes- 
timonies that I shall learn them." — Fs. cxxxii. 13. 
" I will learn you." 

Ben Jon. 
" But all to late love learneth me." 

Lord Surrey. 

LEATHER, To beat, perhaps originally from the chas- 
tisement inflicted by a Icalhcrn thong. 

2. This expression is also applied to horses when they 
are driven, leather d, or flogged furiously along, " See 
how they leather it." See Mr. Todd's 2d edition. 

LEATHER, " To lose leather," to suffer under posterior 
excoriation. The Scotch call this nnpleasing sensation, 
saddle-sick. S' ecorchcr les fesses a cheval. Miege. 

LEATHER DICK, A frock or upper dress for a child, 
made of leather. 

LEATHER-HEAD, A blockhead, a head as soft as 

LEATHE-WAKE, Supple in the joints. Goth, lit ha, 
a limb, and 7vacc, pliable. 

LEAVE-HOD, Let me go. 

LEAVER, Rather. Belg. liever. A. S. leosscr, used 
by Coverdale. Lei/fer, Minsheiv. Lieffer, Cooper. 
" We were levere by our Ijorde." 

Pier. Plou. 
" That death me liefer were than sech desj)ight." 

Spenser F. Q. 

Teut. Ich wolt liever, mallem. Ruddimau. 

" INIe lever were with point of foe-man's speare be dead." 
* Spens. F. Q. 

" Us Icefer were with Venus biden still." 

Chancer. Cowl of Love.'''' 
" lis out aime mieux, they had leaver.'''' 

" Let sheep fill flank, where corn is too rank 
I woodland lever., in champion never." 



LECK, To leak. Isl. lek. Belg. laken. 
LECK-ON, To mash in brewing. 
LECK-OFF, To draw off, as wort from the mash tub. 
LEDDY, " By't Lcddy" probably by the Holy Virgin. 
" By'r Lady.'"'' 

Shaks. \st pi. H. IV. ii. 4. 
LEE, Ichor, a thin humour discharged from a wound 

or sore. 
LEE, A lie. 

" That I have been so reckeless 
To tamen him withouten lees.''^ 

Romaunt of the Rose. 
" Quod I, Loune, thou /ew." 

Douglas Virg. p. 239. 
" Princes proude that beth in pres 
I wol ou tell thing not Ices. 

Kyng Roht. of SicUij. T. Wxirton on Eng. Poetry. 

LEE-WITH-A-LATCHET, A notorious lie. A. S. 


" That's a lee wi a latchet 

Au the dogs in the town cannot match it." 

Ray''s Proverbs. 
In Craven, 

" That's a lee wi a latchet 

You may shut the door and catch it." 

" Tliat's a lee wi a lid on 

And a brass handle to talc hod on." 

LEE, To lie. " Thou Ices." " Lees to nut thinks to.''" 

LEEAR, A liar. 


LIEV, |S««"'r^^dily. 

" She good soul, has as lief see a toad, a very toad as 
see him." 

Shaks. Rom. c^; Juliet, ii. 5. Rich. II. v. 2. 
" For certes yc now make me heavy cherc 
Me were as Icfe laid upon a here." 

Chaucer. Empty Purse. 

-84 r.T.OSSARY. 

LEET, Lifflit. " I'll let Icet into him," a threatening to 
shoot a person. " He stands in his awn hrl," he is 
hliml to his own interest. " IatI looking day," broad 
day light. 

" And his lokyngc was as leijt." 

Malt, xxviii. Wiclif. 

LEET, To fall out, to happen. " I'll gang to't fair, /eel 
what will." 

LEET, To alight. 

LEET, Light, as " led as a feather." 

LEET-ON, To meet with, to find, to be successful. " I 
have led on him just now." 

LEETEN, To pretend. Isi.. hveta, simularc. " He Icelois 
to be a gradely fellow." 

2. To leeten yan up," to exhilarate. 

LEETHWAKE, See leathwake. 

LEETS, Lungs. This is indiscriminately used for the 
lungs of animals as of men. Dr. Jolmsoii thinks it 
applicable to animals only. 

2. AV'^indows. 

LEET HEELED, Nimble, active. 

2. Loose in character. 

LEET SKIRTS, A woman of disreputable conduct. 

LEETSOIME, Light, easy, cheerful. It is usually ap- 
plied to persons recovering from sickness ; hence, the 
comparative adjective, Icclsumer, with the redundant 
rather, " I's ratlier leetsomer now." 

LEG, " To mack a leg," to make a bow, poplitem 
incurvare, genu flectere. Ai?isworih. In making 
a bow, it was formerly the custom to kick the leg 

" He that cannot make a leff." 

Shaks. AlVs Well that Ends Well, ii. 2. 
" IMakinif a Icr/f/c or two." 



" Witli that he made him three low leggs. 
And gave him the fore-mentioned jigs." 

Maro J). 94. 
" Here happy Doctor take this sonnet. 
Bear to the fair the faithful strains, 
Bow, make a leg, and dotf your bonnet, 
And get a kiss lor Mary's pains." 

A. Ramsay. 

2. " To put the better leg first/' to act with energy, or 
with expedition. 

3. " He's broken his leg," said of a dissolute person on 
whom a child has been filiated. 

4. "To give leg bail," to fly from justice. 
LEG, To move quickly. " They did leg it away." 
LEG-BANDED, When cattle are wild, the farmers 

will frequently bind the head to the leg by a band 
or cord. 
LEGGEREN, A layer. A. S. leegan. Belg. legger. 
LEGGINGS, Covering of the legs. 
LEN, Lend. 

" Unto whom I pray God len long years." 

XV. H. VIII. Dr. WhKaker^s Richmondshire. 
" To yeve and lene his owen good." 

LENGTH, 1 Length. The amount, the quantity, " sho 
LENTH, j staal to'th' length of a pund o' tea." Also 
duration, " to'th leitth of hauf an hour." 
" Hes well stackit there ben 
That will neither borrow nor fe?i." 

Fergusori's Proverbs. 

LEISTER, ) A prong or trident to strike fish with. 
LIESTER, J Su. G. luistra. 

" An awfu' scythe out owre ae shouther 

Clear dangling hang, 
A three taed leister on the ithcr 
Lay large and hing." 

Burns. Death and Doctor Hornbook. 

'2&J OLOSS.VllV. 

LEV8AH, j ''■' 

••'llowbeit tliev liad nat so good leysar." 

Froi/ssart'ii Cronyclc. 
" For they sulile then hae good leysar to do y vLl, and 
they thought he was more metelyer thereto than 
any other." 

'•' While I have a Iciser and a space." 

Chaucer. Squire^s Tale. 
LET, To feign, to pretend. " He's not so ill as he Ids." 
" To let be," to let alone. 

" Why let be, quod she, let be, Nicholas." 

Chaucer. Milt. Talc. 

" To let in," to cheat, " to take in," to gull. Let, to 
hesitate, to stop. 

" King Herald, of Norway, did not let to sacrifice two 
of his sonnes to his idols." 


LETTI^N, ;;. part, of let. 

'• I3etter me were to have letten be." 

Rom I. of the Rose. 

LEUK, To look. This mode of pronouncing the verb is 

common in the Southern part of this Deanery only. 
LEVER, Rather, 

" I desire not to live, I had lever dye." 

Med. of St. Augustine^ translated 1577- 
" I had lever to be lewed." 

Goreer. Confess. 
See leaver. 
LEY, Unploughed land, land in sward. 
LEY-BRECK, Sward once ploughed or broken up. 
LIB, To castrate. Bp:lg. lubben. Goth, leipa. Shaks- 
peare, in Winter's Tale, ii. L uses glib in the same 


" Religion hue al to reveth and out of ruele to /^J." 

Piers Plou. 
" Lih or geld cattle, the moon in Aries, Sagittarius or 
in Capricorn." 

Husbandman'' s Practice., 1CC4. Brand. 


" And superstition nurs'd thee ever since 
And publislit in profbunder arts pretence ; 
Tliat now wlio pairs his nails, or iiljs his swine 
But he must first take counsell of the Signe." 

Hairs Satires. 
LIBBED, Gelded. 

" After they be guelded once, neither cast they their 
homes which they had before, neither grow there 
any, if they had none when they were libbed." 

Philemon HollaruTs Trans, of Plinie. 
LIBBER, A gelder. 

LICK, To beat. Su. G. laegga, fcr'ire. 

" How nimbly forward each one pricks 

Willie their thin sides the rider licks." 

Maro. p. 24. 
LICK, A blow. 

LICKEN, A beating, " I'll githe a sound licken." 
LICKEN, To liken, to compare with. 

" Uplondish men wil likne hymself to gentilmen." 

Trevisa de incolarum Unguis, 1 385. 
2. To appear or pretend. 

LICKENED, ) Was likely, or in danger of. " I lied 
Lie KEN, j lichen to a fa'n," i. e. I was in danger 

of falling. 
2. Compared to, as in Piers Plou, 7 pass. 

" And ylikned in Latynten to lothliche doung hep." 
LICKLIEST, Most likely; licklier, more likely. 
LICKLY, Likely, of good appearance ; " he's a /icA7y lad." 
LICKNESSE, Likeness, resemblance. 
'• In lickne sse of lyghtynge." 

Piers Plou. 
" And he seide to them a liknesse (parable)." 

Luke xxi. Wiclif. 
" In it we blessen God the Fader, and in it we cursen 
men, that ben maad to the licknesse of God." 

James iii. Wiclif. 
LICK-SPITTLE, A toad-eater, a base parasite. 
LICKS, A beating. " I'll gi' the thy licks." 


LIDS, Way, manner, fashion A. S. leydcn. Belg. 

Iildc. " r that lids," in that manner. 
LIFT, Aiil (tr assistance. ■ Subsicliuni, A'nisivortli. 
" Come, len us a ///?." " A dead ///?," an emergency, 
a pressing case or situation. There is another sense 
of this word not noticed by Dr. Johnson. See dead 
lift. " To lend one a ////," ironically to supplant him, 
to do him an ill turn by way of requital. 
2. The sky. 

" He rubs his een, an gies a rift 
Then tentively surveys the lift." 

Allan Ramsay. 

LIG, To lie, to lay. Teut. ligen, licgen. 13elg. lieghen, 
lighen. Sax. liggcti, a Xrjytiv, cessare, quiescere. 
Minsherv. The inhabitants of Craven, with their 
usual disregard to all rules of grammar, use this word 
indiscriminately, whether it be an active or neuter 
verb. Thus in the active sense. " I'll Ug me down ;" 
in the neuter, " I'll Ug down a bit, while to caw me," 
i. e. I'll lie down till you call me. 

"• He letteth him % ouer long, and loth is to change him." 

Piers Plou. 
" Ich ligge a bed in Lent." 

/'. Plou. 8 pass. 
" He Ug ith grund for it." 

Shaks. H. V. 
"For ye now wenden through the realme and eche 
night will lig in your own courts." 

Chaucer. Jach Uj)lan<l. 
" For lett a dronken daffe in a diche faUe 
Leet him lyg." 

P. Plou. 

LIG- A BED, A lazy, drowsy person, similar to the 
expression in Shaks. Rom. and Jn. iv. 5. 
" Fie yon slug a hed.''^ 
LIG-A LAME, To maim. 


LIG-TOOT, To exert, to lie to it wdth earnestness. 


LlGGING,j^J'"'S- Belg. %ge». 

" And lo ! they broughten to him a man syke in palesie 
liggynge on a bed." 

Matt. ix. Wiclif. 
" Two yong knightes ligging by and by." 

Clmucer. K. T, 

" Thus left me that Lady lyggenge aslepe." 

Piers Plou, p. 3. 
LIGGER, A Her in bed. 

2. A branch cut or laid down horizontally in a hedge. 
" Eight small liggers 4d." 

Brittori's Ant, of Louth. 

This word seems synonymous with sleepers, which see. 
LIGHTER, A less number. "There wor a lighter 

party to day." 
LIKE, To be like, to be under the necessity, as " thou's 
like to doo't," thou must do it. It sometimes also 
signifies to have a desire or inclination like the medi- 
tative or desiderative verbs. 
LIKE, Probable. 

" It is like that Joseph himself did such things." 

Latimer's Sermons. 
"Which it is like you may do." 

Bacon. Cent. 1. 

" At every like," on every occasion or opportunity. 
" Onny bit like," tolerable. " An E be onny bit 
like, I'll come." " Like hissel," one who acts up 
to his general character. " Some bit like," excel- 
lently well. " Eigh thous doon some bit like now." 
" Lick to like," like to like. 

" Marry lick to like, as the Devil said to the collier. 
Tel pot, tel couvercle." 


Lile is frequently used as a mere expletive, as 
" cigh-lihc." 

290 G LOSS A I! V. 

" I never seed a ])rotlicr fi;^ht 
So tun of malice like and spite." 

l'leader\i Ciiulv. 
" I am nae poet in a sense 
But jvist a rhymer, like, by chance." 

"The fu'st of the gang /iA-c." 

Pirate, vol. 1, p. 215. 
" Now like as he was born in rags." 

Lalimcr''s Serin. 

" Goodi-Uke," well looking, as " a good like horse.' 
Pcgge's Sitpp. " Better ner like," the affair turns 
out better than was expected. 
LIKEN'D, "I had I i ken d to hev been killed;" that is, 

I was in danger of. Peggc. 
LIKIN, Appearance, condition. 

" While I am in some liking." 

Shaks. H. IV. iii. .3. 
2. Pleasure or regard. 

" And in the eyes of men great liking find." 

LICKLENESSE, Likelihood, appearance. "There's 

naa licklinesse o' rain to day." 
LILE, Little. " A lile wee bit," a \'ery little. 
" Wit leil labour to live." 

Piers Plou. 
" When hunger now was slaked a little wee 
She taks hersell, and aff again she'll bee." 

Ross's Helenore. 


LITLEONS, ■--""'' °'"^^- 

"■' And in Utleons there is a natural gi'eat desire to have 
the mastry." 

Skirrey''s Translation of Erasmus. 
LILEUIMS, In small quantities. Is not this a corruption 

of lile .sums ? 
LILEWORTH, Worthless. 
LILL, To assuage pain. Lat. lallare, to lull asleep. 


LILLY-LOW, A bright flame. See low. 

LILT, To jerk, to rise in the gait or song. The former 

sense is most common. Teut. liille)i. 
LILTEN, Jerking or springing. I do not find that this 
word is applied to gait in Scotland, (as it is generally- 
done here,) except in one phrase given by Dr. Jamieson, 
as used in Fifeshire. " To lilt and dance," to dance 
with great vivacity. 
LIMMERS, Shafts of a cart. Isl. lim. plur. lemar 
rami arborum. 

" The cartis stand with lymouris bendit strek 
The men liggin their hames about thare nek." 

Doug. Virgil, p. 287- 
Fr. Cheval Ummonier, a thill horse. 
LIN, Lime tree, anciently linden tree. Tilia Europea. 
Lin. Dan. lind. Belg. and Teut. linde. G. lii/da, 
to bind. The inner bark, says Thomson in his Etymons, 
was used for thread or cordage called bast, which also 
signified to bind. The shade of this tree is said to 
have been anciently preserved for the seat of rule and 

" Now tell me thy name, good fellow, sayd he 

Under the leaves of lyne ; 
Nay, by my faith, qoth bold Robin 
Till thou have told me tluiie." 

Robin Hood. 
" And under a ly7id on a land leaned I astounde." 

" Be ay of chere as hght as lei'e on linde." 

See Bass. 
2. Flax. Lat. liniim. 

LIN-PIN, Linch-pin. 

LING-COLLINS, Burnt heath or ling, probably 

ling-coalings, the ling being burnt as black as a 

coal ; hence collied used by Shales. Othello, ii. 3. 

" Having my best judgment collied ;" that is, 

u 2 

i^)- r.LossAitv. 

(lirkoncd or floiuU'd. Also in Midsum. Nishl 



" I,iko lifflitniiij^ in tlie collied iii<>lit." 
I never knew the ^vo^d colli/ or collied used liere, but 
merely the compound noun. 
LINED, Drunk. " lie's gitten weel lined." 
LINGY, Limber, flexible. Bklg, Hjig-en. 
LINKS, Black puddings, from being tied together in the 

form of links. 
LIN- WEBSTER, A linen weaver. 

LIPPEN, To rely on, to put trust to, to expect. 
MiESO. G. hmbjait, credere. 

" Lippin not Trojanis, I pray zou in tliis hors 
However it be I drecle the Grekis fors." 

Douglas Virg. p. 40. 
LIPPENED, Expected. 

" Vord came to the Toun of Edinburghe, 23 Oct. 1506, 
from the Queene, that her Majestic was deadly sicke 
and desyrit bells to be runge, and all the peopell to 
resort to the Kirk to pi'ay for her for she was so seike 
that none Upned her life." 

Diary of Roll. Birrel. 

LIPPENING, Expectation. Though the verb is common 
I never heard this substantive used. 

" This we doubt not bot ye will do according to our 
Uppinins with all possible haist." 

From an autograph letter to Queen Mary., 1(5 Jtily, 
1505. Keith. Dr. Jam. Supp. 
LIRE, Lean beef, muscular flesh. A. S. lira, lacerti. 
" There was no sinew, arter veine nor lire 
That was not mingled with their vulgar rage." 

Du Bartas' Judith^ translated by Hudson. 
" Syne brocht flikerand sum gobbetis of lyre." 

Doug. Virg. p. 19. 

Ruddiman says they call that the lire which is above 
the knee in the forelegs of beeves. 


LISH, Active, strong and limber. 

LISSOJM, Supple, active. In Mr. Wilbraham's Cheshire 
Glossary, leeksome or lessome is defined lightsome, 
pleasant, agreeable. In this sense it seems nearly 
synonymous with our leetsome. Mr. W. then adds, 
lissome often means active, agile. 

LISTING, A list or border of cloth. 

LIST, The flank. Welsh, ystlys, by Metathesis. Dan. 
and SwED. luiske. P. Plou. uses lysting. 

" So that the grunden hede the ilk thraw 
At his left flank or lisk persit tyte." 

D. Virg. 239. 
" And with his fist 
Upon the lyst. 
He gave hini such a blow, 
That backwarde downe 
Ahnost to sowne 
The frere is overthrow." 

Sir Thos. Moore. 

LITE, To depend on, to rely. " Thou may hev it to 
lite on." 

T TTF" 1 

' yA few, a little. This word is seldom used. 

"That of liis worship rekketh he so lite."' 

Chaucer. CharwrCs Yem. Tale. 

LITHE, To thicken broth with a mixture of oatmeal 
and water. Welsh, lleilhion, liquids. In Cheshire 
to lillic the pot, is to put thickenings in it. Wilbraham. 
Probably from the A. S. gclilhian, to mollify, because 
the broth is hereby made smoother to the palate. In 
the following quotation from P. Plou. it appears to 
signify to soothe, to soften. 

" With wyn and with oilc, hus wondes he can lithe." 

LITHE, Mild, blythe, calm. A. S. hlilhe, tranquil. 
Gr. Xiioc, smooth. " It's a vara ////te evenin." 

291- GLOSSAllY. 

"Water llioii asked swilho. 
Cloth and bord was drain, 
AVitli mete and drink lithe 

And seriaunce that were bayn." 

Sir Trislem. Vid. Dr. Jamieson 
" Two Talbots winp;cd thro the lilher sky." 

Shaks. II. VI. iv. 7- 
" To niacken lithe what first was hard." 

Cliaucer. House of Fame. 
LITHER, Idle, lazy, desideux, iguave. Cotgrave, from 
the A. S. Idlic, loii.s. Skinner. 
" As lither as a libb'd bitch." 

Prov. Sim. 

It is generally said, that spaying a bitch makes her 
quite idle. " If he were long as he were lither, he 
might thatch a house without a ladder." 

" Luther sleuthe." 

Piers. Plan. 

" My lad he is so lither, he said 

He will do naught's meete, 
And is there any man in this hall 

Were able him to beate." 

Kinff I'stmere. Percy Rel. 

" Ze war not wount to be so leddir ilk ane." 

Douy. Virg. p. 391. 
I' lither man's guise, 

Is nivver to bed 
And nivver to rise. 


LITHERLY, Idly. This word is rarely used. 
" Some lithcrly lubber more eateth than two, 
Yet leaves undone what another would do." 


LITHING, The thickening of broth, Vid. lithe. 
LITLE, Little. A strong emphasis is laid on the i. In 
the following epitaph of Robin Hood, it is laitl. 


" Hear undernead dis laitl stean 
Laiz Robert Earl of Huntiiigtun, 
Nea arcir ver az he sa geud, 
An pipl kauld im llobin heud. 
Sick utlaAvz as hi an \z men 
Vil England niv'r si agen." 

Ob. 24 Kal dekembris, 1247. Vid. Thoresby's Leeds. 

" Where love is great, the idlest doubts are fear." 

LIVER, To deliver. Belg. leveren. " Liver at pick 
point." In order to expedite the working of mineS;, 
the agent of the Lord of a manor, occasionally lets 
jobs to the miners, to liver at pick point, that is — the 
workmen are not allowed to shift or exchange, night 
or day, except those who are to succeed them are 
ready, without a moment's interruption, to receive the 
pick or tool from their hands to proceed with the work. 
LIVERANCE, Delivery. 
LOAN, 1 

LOIN, >• A lane. " It's a lang loan at's niver a turn." 


" Thomas has loos'd his ousen frae the pleugh, 
Maggy by this has bewk the supper scones 
And muckle kye stand rowting in the loans.'''' 

Ramsey ii. 7- Di: Jam. 
"Warrant me she has had a long walk from the loaning.''^ 

2. " The lang loan," the throat, the gullet, " I saw it 

man<»; down't lang loan." 
LOBSCOUSE, A dish composed of meat and potatoes 
chopped together, seasoned with salt and pepper, and 
stewed in an oven or pan. This seems to have some 
affinity with Miegc's lohhllij, a hotch-potch, or mangle- 
mangle. Melange de plusieurs sortes de viande. 

'29() GLOSSARY. 

LOCAL, A local preacher among the Methodists. Lat. 

LOCK, " To be at lock," to be in difficulties. 
LOCKER, To entangle. Isl. lock-r. 
LOCKE R'D, Entangled. The hair is said, when matted, 
to be locker d. 

" Quhare on his helm set ful richcly schane, 
Wyth creistis thre Ivke till ane lockcrand mane." 

Doug. Virt/. p. 2^7. 

Cards, when deranged, are called locker'd. 
LOFFER, Lower. 

LOGGIN, A bundle, " a logghi o' streea." 
LOLLOP, To walk Avith an undulating motion. 
LOLLOPING, The pres. part, of the preceding word. 
LOLLOPS, A slattern. 
LOIMPER, To walk heavily, frequently applied to the 

action of a horse. 
LOMPING, Walking heavily. 

" Fowk frae every door came lampmg^ 
Maggy curs'd tiiem yan and a'." 

A. Wilson's Poems, 

LONG, Owing to, from along. Dr. Johnson derives this 
word from Sax. gclaiig, a fault ; but Mr. Todd is of 
opinion that it is derived from ge-laiig, long of. 
" It is long of yourself." 

Archb, Allot. 
" All long of this vile traitor Somerset." 

Shaks. \st pt. H. VI. iv. 3. 
" Long all of Somerset and his dela3^" 


Along is still used by the author of the Abbot. 

"This was all along of your doings at Lockleven." 
LONG BAD, A game played with sticks by boys, the 
same as kit-cal, particularly described by Moor in his 
Suffolk Words. 


LONG-TOj Distantj " long to the time referred to." 
This is very common, though Dr. Jamieson conjectures 
it has not that sense in England. 
LONG-HUNDRED, 120. Thomson remarks that G. 
hund, signified originally ten, perhaps from haund 
haunder, and ra rad, a line or numeration, the hands 
or ten fingers, ten times ten. The Goths had also the 
hundred of ten times twelve, which we call the long 
hundred, or six score to the hundred. 

" Pasture for 200 sheep at the great hundred." 

Burton's Monast, p. 139. 
LONKS, Lancashire sheep, remarkable for their wild- 
ness and excellent wool. Also natives of Lancashire. 
LONYNG, A lane. See loan. 

LOOK, This word seems to be used as an interjection, 
expressive of lamentation, doubt, or uncertainty, " as 
he leads a sad life, look ! whatl' be'th end on't," i. e. no 
one can foresee or tell, God knows, I know not. 
2. As behold. 

" And looke ! who had not so much, he supplied and 
made it up to the full." 

Philemon. Holland's Translat. of Suetonius. 
" Looke ! as they imagined, so it was." 

Froyssarfs Cronycle. 
In the following expression in Shahspeare H. VI. it 
has the same signification, as alas ! 

" Look ! in his youth to have him so cut off." 
LOOK, To expect. 

" The f^illifiower also the skilful do know 
Doth look to be covered, as weather allows." 

Tusscr. Dec. I/usbandry. 
" At length the time came when he looked to suffer." 

Latimer''s Sermons. 
LOOK, " To look as big as bull beef." This odd allite- 
rative simile is in common use, but when the first part 

298 ciLOSSAllY. 

of this glossary was printed off, I did not know iho 
propriety of it, till I met with the following passage 
from the J'ia liccta ad Vitam Lotigam of Dr. Vcniicr, 
tlie friend of Lord Bacon. In describing the effects 
of various aliments on the human frame, he says, 
" that bull's beefe is of a ranke and unpleasant taste, 
of thick grosse and corrupt juyce, and of a very 
hard digestion. I commend it unto poore, hard 
labourers, and to them that desire to lookc big, and to 
live basely." 

LOOP, The hinge of a door with a circular cavity, which 
receives the iron crook. 

LOP, A flea, from lonp, leap. A. S. hppe, " as cobby 
as a lop." 

LOPPEN, p. pari, of to leap. 

LOPPER, To curdle, as milk when it stands too long, 
and becomes sour in hot weather. Isl. hlaup. Teut. 
lab. Goth, lattpa. Swed. lopa, to run together or 
coagulate. See Thomson's Etymons. 

LOPPER-EARED, Having long, flabby ears. 

LOPPER'D, Curdled. 

2. Very dirty, or covered with filth. " Thou's lop- 
per'd wi' muck." Rajj has a loppcred slut. In 
Suffolk it is called capper'd. 

LORDS AND LADIES, The singularly constructed 
flower of Wake Robin. Arum mactilatnm. Linn. 
The root of this plant is extremely acrid, and tricks 
are frequently played on children and ignorant people, 
by giving them a small piece of it to chew. At first 
the taste is rather pleasant, but afterwards there is 
left upon the tongue a most disagreeable and burning 
sensation, which continues for a long time. No one, 
who has once tasted it, will be inclined to make a 
second trial. 


LOST, "He looks as an heed nayther n'on nor lost," i. e. 
he looks stupid or inanimate, lost in thought. 

" You shall find him with two cushions under his head, 
and his cloke wrapt ahout him, as though he had 
neither icon nor lost.''' 

Ben Jonson, Every Man his Humour. 

LOT, An indefinite quantity or number of any thing. 
" I've a fairish lot o' lambs to year." " Hev ye a good 
lot o hay ?" When used in the singular number, it 
has always an adjective joined with it, as in the above 
examples ; but, in the plural, it is used without an 
adjective, and means a greater quantity or number, an 
abundance of any thing, as " ye've lots of apples, and 
lots of hay." 
LOTHER, To dash or make a noise in water with 
the hands. A large fish is also said to lother, when 
it springs from the angler's hands, and dashes into the 
LOUK, To weed. Belg. loach. 
LOUK, Coarse grass, growing on the moors. 
LOUKERS, Weeders. 

" It : to lowkers in my lady s garthen." 

MSS. of Lord 11. Clyfford, 1510. 
LOUKIN, Weeding. 

" Lovlcyng my lord's corn xiirf. 

MSS. of Lord II. Clyfford, 1510. 
LOUNDER, To range or scamper about, applied to 

pointers and other dogs. 
LOUP, To leap. Isl. hlaup, cursus. Belg. loopen. 
" Loupe he so lyghtUck a wey." 

Piers Ploti. pass 5. 

Spenser uses lope. 

" With spotted wings like peacocks train. 
And laughing lope to a tree." 

"Vow, an lowphack ! was e'er the hke heard tell." 

Gentle Shepherd. 


" It would be piule for us a' if we sa oursells as itlicrs 
see us, but if I coulil have ilemcancil mysell to tak 
uj) wi sic men, as some folk wore glad to loup at, I 
might noo have been in my widowhood.'' 

The Last of the Lairds. 
LOUP, A leap. 

"■ Then Dickie lap a loiqy full hie." 

Bord. Minst. vol. 1. 22G. 

LOUPED, Leaped. 

" And he has louped fifteen feet and three." 

Bord. Miusl. 
" Togitlier lynkyn lowpit edderis tuay." 

Douglas Virg. p. 257. 

LOUPING, Leaping. 

" Ay howping, throw lotvping" 

A lea;. Montgomery. 
LOUS, To loose. 

"Behold the paynes of God and man, and release and 
louse man out of the bondage of sin." 

Translat. of St. Augustincs Meditations, 1577- 

LOUS, Loose. 

" Hyr ta fute bare, and the bandis of threde, 
Not fessingt, hot hung by hyr lous wede." 

Douglas Virg. 

2. Impure, disorderly. 

" All lous langage and lichtnes lattand be, 
Observnnd bewtie, sentence and gravite." 

Douglas Virg. prol. of Oth Book. 
" Albeit he was aine lous leivand man." 

Pitscottie. Dr. Jamieson. 

3. Out of service or apprentice-ship. "My lad wor 
lous last IMihilmas." 

LOUS-END, " To be at a lous end," to be in an un- 
settled, dissipated state. 

LOUS-ITH-HEFT, A disorderly person, a loose-blade. 

LOUSE-LADDER, A loop slipped down in a stocking. 
It is also sometimes called a ladder louse or loose. It 



has probably received this denomination, because, 
when a loop slips, the bars, as they are called, cross 
the stocking, like the staves in a ladder. 

LOUSE-TRAP, A small toothed comb. 

LOVE, '' To fight for love," without any stakes, to play 
for love is synonymous. At whist, one party will say 
they are six love, their adversaries having marked 
nothing. I cannot find love in this sense in Dr. 
Jo/tiison's Dictionary. Qii. is not love, in this quotation, 
a corruption of aloof, they are six aloof.'' 

LOVE-BEGOT, An illegitimate child. 

LOVE, ~i A chimney. Fr. I'ouverte, an opening. 

LOOVER, >- The chimney was formerly merely an 

LUVVER, ' aperture in the roof, and the fire made in 
the centre of the room ; this was the case not long 
since in many college halls. Though the chimnies 
here are of a modern construction, the term luvver is 
still retained, though not in frequent use, and most 
probably, in a few years, will be entirely forgotten. 

" Yat no light leopen yn at lover ne at loupe." 

Piers. Plou. 
" But darknesse dred and daily night did hover 
Through all the inner parts wherein they dwelt, 
Nor lighted was with window nor with lover.'"' 

Spenser F. Q. Bk. C, Canto 10. 
" One of the ship-men, as from a loover 
He lookt from thence, if so he might discover 
Some part of land." 

The Shipwracke, by T. Ileyivood, 10.37. 
LOVER-CHILD, A bastard. 

LOW, A flame or sudden blaze. Isl. loge. Ray derives 
it from high Dutch, loltc. 

" There's little wisdom in his pow, 
Wha lights a candle at the low." 

Mtnjne^s Siller Gun. Vid. Dr. Jamicson^s Stipp. 


" The brctli ot'liys inoutli tliat did out blow 
As yt had been a tyre on /oit'." 

Si/r. Dcgore. T. Warton on Eng. P. 
" Quhare ever the loive is, hete and light bene thare." 

Doug. Virg. p. 309. 
" Behaldis how the lotr doth make deray." 

Do7ig. Virg. p. 3:i(). 
" Tlie sacred /ovc o' weel plac'd love 
Luxuriantly indulge it." 

" Thus will a joiners shavings bleeze 
Their loiv will tor some seconds please." 

A. Ramsay. 
" I would set that castell in a loiv." 

Minst. of S. B. 

LOW, To blaze. 

2. An abbreviation of allow, to grant, to give. 

LOW-COUNTRY, East Riding of Yorkshire, being, in 

general flat, particularly Avlien contrasted with this 

mountainous district. 
LOWERN, To lower. 
LOWING, Granting, an abbreviation of allowing, also 

LOWIM, IMild, still. " A lowm neet." 
LOW-LIVED, Of low and base propensities and habits, 

the penult in lived is spoken long. 
LOW-IMOST, Lowest. 
LOWZE, To loose. 

" And lotcs^d his ill tongue wicked scawl." 

LOWZE, An escape. 

2. The privilege of turning out cattle on the commons, 

" we've a lowze o'th' moor." 
LOWZING, The time of loosing. 

" The principal divisions in the art of shooting, are 
standinge, drawmge, holdiiige, and lotvsinge." 

R, Ascham. Fox. 


LUDGING, Lodging. 

" And enter in our liigeing there to rest 
Quhare thou sal be ressavit welcum gest." 

Douglas Virg. p. 244. 

LUE-WARJM, Lukewarm. DutcHj Hew. JRciy lias hie, 
in the same sense in this proverb. " No marvel if 
water be lue," i. e. neither cold nor hot, as used by 
Wiclif, Revel, iii. Vid. Todd. 

" Thou art lewe and neither cooid neitlier hoot." 

LUG, To draw by force, by the hair or ears. Su. G. 

" I'll lug the guts into the neighbour's room." 

Hamlet iii. 3. 
" Who reverentless shall swear or curse 
Must lug seveii farthmgs from his purse." 

Praise of Yorkshire Ale. 
" Another lugs him by the bleeding ears." 

Sylvester'' s Trans, of du Bartas. 

LUGGED, Pulled by the ears. 

" Whose reverence the head-Zw^^'c? bear would lick." 

Lear iv. 2. 
LUGS, Ears. 

" Tam Luther had a muckle dish, 

An betwisht ilka time, 
He laid his lugs in't Uke a fish, 
An suck'd it till it was done." 

Allan Ramsay. 
" Now lend your lugs, ye benders fine." 


2. Handles, a pitcher wi two lugs. 

" Hutchon, wi a three lugged cup." 

Allan Ramsay. 
LUKE, Look. 

LUM, A deep pool. Is this derived from flum (flumen) 
used by Wiclif? 

"They weren baptized of him in the^Mm Jordan," 

Mark i. Chapter 

'■{() 1- Cl.OSSATtY. 

Or iloos it come from tlio Wklsii, lAumou, u cliim- 
ney, to uhicli the foam, occasioned by the boiling 
torrent immediately above, may bear some resem- 
blance ! 
LUINOIAKIN, Clumsy, heavy. "A girt liimmakiniQWow." 
LUJMIMERLY, Heavy, awkward. A corruption of 
liimbcrhj, as a derivative from lumber, which, in its 
neuter sense, means to move heavily, as burdened 
with his own bulk. 
LUMPING, Great. " A lumping pennorth," vilissimo 

pretio emptus. Ainsworth. 
LUNGE, To plunge. 
LUPPEN, Lept, part, of leap. 

" That hulde nout with treuthe 
Lopcn out in lothliche foi'me." 

Piers Plou. 2 pass. 
LURDAN, An idle fellow, a lord-dauc. The native 
Britons being imperiously treated by their indolent 
and haughty conquerors, the Danes, might justly so 
designate them. 

" In every house Lord Dane did then rule all, 
Whence lazie lozels lurdanes now we call." 

Mirror for Magistrates. Brockett. 
Mr. Todd derives it from Old French, lourdin, 
LURGY, An idle person. 
LURGY, Idle. The lurgy-fever, idleness. " Shoes sick 

o't' htrgy fever." 
LUSTYIsil, Rather lusty, fat and stout. 
LUTHO, Look thou. 
LUTIIOBUD, Only look. 



MA, To mow. The a sounded broad, jjret. view, p. part 

maan. A. S. mayan. Teut. mahen. 
MAAD, Made. Spoken in two distinct syllables. 
" And who were touchiden weren maad saaf." 

Matt. xiv. Wiclif. 
" But when I was maade a man I voidide the things 
that weren of a htil child," 

Id. Cor. 1, xiii. 

MAAK, A maggot. 

MAAKY, Maggoty, full of maggots. 

2. Proud, maggoty. Teut. machtigh. 

IMAAN, ]\Iown. 

MAAR, jMore. Sax. mare. 

" Both to less and eke to mare." 

Romt. of the Rose. 
'• That now na mare sycht of the land thay se." 

Douglas Virg, j). 127. 
" St. Swithin's day if thou dost ram 
For forty days it will remain, 
St. Swithin's day if thou be fair 
For forty days Vw'iW. rain na maar." 

See Brand's Pop. Antiq. 
MAAR-OWER, JMoreover. " Maar-ower ner that," 

moreover than that. 
MAAST, IMost. 

" The Werd Systers mast lyke to be." 

Wintouri's Cronykil. 
IMAAST-WIIAT, Generally, for the most part. 
MAAST-AN-END, Generally, without much inter- 
MACK, Race, lineage, species. " Thou's naught, and 
au't' mack on the." " An-macks," all sorts. 


'30(i liLOSSAKY. 

]MACK^ To make. 

" C) how freedom is a nobil thyng 
For it 7naks men to hiiiflyking." 

John JBarhour's Bruce. 
" Need macksU naked man run." 
" To mack-houd," to presume, to venture. " To 
mack-eftcr," to pursue, to follow with haste. 
]MACK-NER-]\IELL, To have no concern whatever 
with the matter. " I'll nather viack ner mell." 

" For my part I'll not meddle nor mukc no further." 
Shaks. Tro. ^ Cress. 1. i. 

INIACKSHIFT, One thing substituted, in case of neces- 
sity, in the place of another. 

MACK-WEIGHT, A small candle to make up the exact 
weight of a pound ; sometimes called a pig-tail. 

IMAD, " He rides like mad," i. e. he rides like an insane 

MADDER, Pus or suppurating matter. Welsh, 
madredd, purulent matter. The Craven word is 
much preferable to mailer, the word in common use. 
The etymon is also better than the Fr. mal'iere, which 
is given by Dr. Johnson. 

MADDLE, To rave, to be delirious, to be confused in 

" Some madling runnes, some trembles in a trance." 
Transl. of Du Bartas by Hudson. 

2. To miss one's way. " As soon as I gat to't moor I 

began to maddlc." 
IMADDLIN, A blockhead, a foolish, confused person. 
BIADGE, A magpie. 
MAD-PASH, A deranged-person, stalking or pashing 

idly about the country. 
MAFFLE, To falter in one's speech, to stammer. Belg. 

maffelin. Teut. jnu/felin, huccas movere. Minshew. 


To faulter, to speak as one that hath plummes in his 
mouth. Cotgrave. Bredouiller, Miege. 
MAFFLING, Trifling. 
j\IAIN, " Vara main," the greatest part. 
jMA'ING, Mowing. A day's mowing is about three roods. 
MAISTER, To master. 

" But if thv passion mayster thy frail might." 

Spenser F. Q. 
MAISTER, Master. 

" Mayster we wolen se a token of thee." 

Matt. xii. Wiclif. 
Maislress is rarely, if ever used, though I find in H. 
Lord Clifford's Household Book, 1510, the fol- 
lowing curious entry : 

"• To iiij. men that carryed my mastreshes fro Skyptou 
to Appulby iijs. iiijrf." 

Q.U. How were these ladies conveyed .'' Maistress is 
used by Froyssart. 
3IAISTER-DRAIN, a principal drain. 
MAISTERFUL, Headstrong, difficult to govern, or 

MAISTERING, Mastering. 

" Her eyes so maistering me." 

Sydney''s Arcadia, 

MAISTERMAN, Ruler, governor, overlooker. 

MAISTLINS, Mostly, generally. 

MAK- AT, To make a blow at one. " He made at me 

wi his neaf." Vid. Dr. Jam. Siipp. 
MAK-FACES, To distort the features. 

" Some make a face with wrything their mouth." 

R. Ascham Tox: 
" Makes such faces., that mee seemes I tiee 
Some foul megaera in tlie tragedie." 

Bishop Hail. 
X 2 


JNIAK-UP, To approach. 

" lie began to mak-tip to me ; lie began to conic 
near to me." 

Piper on Sheffield Words. 

This sense is not used by Johnson. 

"He was therewith in a great malancholi/." 

Froyssarfs Cronycle. 
I\I ALICE FUL, Malicious. 

MAM, ]\Iammy, mother. Lat. mamma. Welsh, mam. 
MAMS-FOUT, The mother's darling. 
MAN OF WAX, A smart, clever fellow. 

" A man, j'oung lady ! lady, — such a man 
As all the world — why, he's a man of wax ! 

Shaks. Rom. <S[ Ju. i. 3. 
IMANDER, IManner, kind. " By au viander o' meeons" 

by all means. 
MANISH, To manage. 
JMAN-KEEN, A bull is said to be mankeen, when he is 

mad and will attack a man. 
MANNERS, " To leave some manners in the dish," i. e. 
not to eat the whole, but to leave something in the 
dish, for mence or decency's sake. 
jMANNY-FOLDS, The intestines, from many-folds. 

Sc. moniplies. 
MANY, This adjective, with the indefinite article pre- 
fixed, is used as a substantive, as, a manij. 
MAP, A mop. 
MARDE, Marred, defiled. 

" Your words, my Mend, right healthful causticks blame 
My young minde marde." 

Sir P. Sydney. Aslroph. ^ Stella. 
MARE, More. See maar. 
BIARROW, To match. 


MARROW, An equal, a fellow, a mate or companion, 
from the Heb. maro, soc'ms, sodalis. Minshetv. Belg. 
7narren, to bind or link together. " There nivver 
wor't marrow to him." " Ass my marrorv, if I be a 
thief." " Thur stockins o' mine are not marrows." 

" What can all these wordhe respects availe, when a 
man shall finde himself coupled with a divell, to be 
ene flesh with him, and the half marrow in his bed." 
Basilicon Doron p. ^8. 
" For a' the Hve lang winter night 
I'l Ij twind off my marrow." 

Scottish Song. 
" Bot sone him warnis Sybilla the sant 
His trew marrotv." 

Doit ff las Virg. p. 183. 

" Though buying and seUing doth wonderful wel 
To such as have skill to buy and to sel, 
Yet chopping and changing I cannot commend 
With thief of his marrow for tear of il end." 

Nae marrow had in all the land, 
Save Ellenor the Queen." 

P. Rel. 
" When Mary Scotts become my marrow 
We'll mak a paradise in Yarrow." 

A. Ramsay. 
" We raise and raxed him where he stood. 
And bade him match him with his marrows.'^ 

Bord, Mtnst. 
" Having known them to be marrowes by eye sight." 
King Jameses Dcemonologie. 
MARROW-BONES, The knees. 

" I'll bring him down on his marroiv bones, I'll make 
him humble, and ask my pardon." 

See BrayuTs Pop. Antiq. Vol. 1, p. 43. 
Tusser, to express kneeling, omits the marrow. 
" Let children be hired to lay to their bones. 
From fallow as needeth to gather uj) stones." 

MARROWLESS, Matchless, without an equal. 

310 Gl.OSS.VItV. 

AIAIUIY, An interjection, or adverb, used us a kind of 
oath or asseveration, and is thought to be a corruption 
of Man/, the blessed A'irgin. Thus the common 
expressions, " eigh, marnj," "nay, marry," maybe 
imderstood as assenting and dissenting "hj Mary." 
Hence, the common phrase, " marry come up," to 
shew disdain or contonijit, M'hich, the learned philolo- 
gist Nares says, was originally " marry guep, gip, or 
gup." But of guep, gip, or gup, what, says he, is the 
origin ? I suspect it to be a corruption of go-up, 
which was used by the children to Elisha, in the way 
of contempt. 

" Go up, thou buld head, go up." 

2 Kiu(/s ii. 23. 
" I thought th' hadst scorn 'd to budge a step, 
For fear, Quoth Echo, marry guep." 

Ihidibrus p. 1. c. iil. /. 202. 

Cotgrave, however, has the expression under the 

article IMagnagna, which, as far as one may judge 

from the definition, seems to be used in a way of 

assent to something proposed, viz. " 7nary gip Sir, 

true Roger." 

MARTIN, When a cow produces two calves, one a 

male and the other a female, the female is stiled a 

J'ree martin ; which, it is said, never breeds. In 

Northumberland and in Scotland, a cow or ox, which 

is fattened, is called a marl, probably because fat 

cattle were slaughtered about IMartinmas. Within 

my remembrance, farmers seldom frequented the 

markets to buy fresh meat. They generally salted 

and hung, about Martinmas and Christmas, as much 

beef as would sujjply their families a whole year. 

Hence the fat cattle might, Avith propriety, be called 

marts; and the female twin which would not breed, 

was free or at liberty to be made a mart. Some 

GLOSS All Y. 311 

farmers are of opinion^ that when a cow produces 
twinSj a male and a female calf, that the female or 
why -will propagate if the female is calved iirst. 
Though I did not give much credence to this opinion, 
I have made one or two experiments, which entirely 
failed. The hull generates as others. This is a 
curious suhject, and worthy of the consideration of 
the zoologist : Why Providence, which orders nothing 
in vain, hath, in similar circumstances, granted to the 
female of the human species a power of propagating 
her kind, which is denied to a female of the brute 
creation .'' The Romans, who called the bull tminis, 
spoke also of taura in the feminine gender, different 
from cows. Stephens observes, that it was thought 
they meant by this word barren cows, which obtained 
the name because they did not conceive any more than 
bulls. He also quotes a passage from Columella, lib. 
vi. cap. 22. 

" And like the taura, which occupy the place of fertile 
cows, should be rejected or sent awaj'." 
He likewise quotes a passage from Varro de re rusticd : 
" The cow which is barren is called taura." 
" The bellow of a free martin is similar to that of an 
ox, and the meat hke that of a spayed heifer." 

Vid. Encyclojmd. Brilan. 
See there an account of John Hunter's dissection and 
a curious description of the particular formation of 
this animal. 
MARTLEIMAS, Martinmas. 

"Smoake preserveth flesh, as wc see in Bacon, and 
neats tongue, and martlemas beefe." 

Bacon's Nat. Hist. ;j. 7G. 
" And how doth the martlenias your Father ?" 

2dpt.H. IV. ii. 2. 
"And niartilmas beefe dotli bear good tacke 
"When countrie fblke do dainties lack." 


31 L> 


iMAH\'KL, To u'ondor ; disused Dr. Johnson says. Ben 

Jonxon abbreviates it to mur'l. 
MASH-TUB, A vessel in which mashed or ground malt 

is prepared for malt liquor. 
MASKERR'D, Decayed, probably from moss and orr, 

an escar, wood in a decayed state, being frequently 

covered with moss. Belg. maschcl, a blemish. It. 

marcirc, to rot, or macchia, a spot or blemish. 
]M AS KINS, An asseveration, probably a corruption of 

mass. " By't maslcins." 

" By the mass so did we all." 

Shaks. 2dp(. II. VI, v. .3. 

MASLIN, 1 Mixed corn, or flour of wheat and rye. 

IMASSLEGIN, j Old Fr. mesle. Teut. mastelmjn, 

farrago. Dr. Jamieson. Wicl'if uses medling, for 

mixture, which may have been corrupted from the 

Fb. mesle. 

" And Nycodemus cam, that hadde come to him first by 
nyght, and brought a medliny of myrre and aloes." 
MASSACREE, Massacre. 

MASTY, jMastifF. A masty, or masty dog, un matin, 
un gros chien. Micge. Fid. Vauirait. Thomson 
derives viastilf from G. maest, greatest ; and Tu. 
life, a dog. 

" This, madam, is the tinker of Twitnam. I have seen 
Mm licke out burning firebrands with his tongue, 
drink two yience from the bottom of a full poltle of 
ale, fight with a mas/i/ and stroke his mustachoes 
with his bloody bitten fist, and sing as merrily as 
the sobrest querester." 

The Two Maids of Moreclacke. Slrutt. 
" So far their young our masty curs will fight 
Eagerly bark, bristle their backs and bite." 

Sylvester'' s Trans, of Du Bartas. 
INIATTER, To approve of. " I matter naan o' thy 


MATTER, " A matter of," about. Quasi, circiter. 
Ainsworth. " There wor a matter o' fifty." " About 
a matter," very near. 
MATTERS, " Naa matters," no great quantity. 
2. Not very well. " How's thy wife ?" " Naa girt 

matters," i. e. nothing extraordinary, or to boast of. 
MAUKY, Proud. 

2. Full of maggots ; from Goth, maaka. Mr. Thomson 

remarks that the Fr. ver coquin, and the Belg. 

bolrvorm, are both used metaphorically, like maggot 

(or mauk with us), to denote whim or caprice. 

MAUKY-HEADED, Whimsical, capricious. 

MAUM, Mellow. Su. G. mogn-a, from Teut. malm. 

See Todd's second edition of Johnson. 
2. Sedate, thoughtful. 

MAUND, A large basket, generally used by farmers in 
sowing their gi-ain, which is hence called a seed maund. 
From A. S. mand. Fr. viande, corbis ansatus. Lat. 
manus; quia propter anses, manu commode circuviferri 
potest. Skinner. Maundie, I suppose, a basket for 
ofi^erings, is used by Herrick in his Noble Numbers. 
" Ad's gone and death hath taken 
Away from us 
Our maundie thus 
Thy widdowes stand forsaken." 

2d vol. p. 253. 
MAUNDER, To muse, to ponder, to wander idly about^ 
or to digress in conversation. 

" And suffered the Syndic to maunder on to his 

Quenl'm Durward, 2d vol. p. 297- 
" She maundered in an undertone, complaints and 
menaces against the absent dehnquent." 

St. Ronan''s Well, \st vol. p. 33. 
" And leaving Meg to bustle and maunder at her leisure." 

Idem, 2d vol. p. 63. 


J\IAUND-FUL, A basket full. 

IMAUP, A'acuntly to wander. 

IMAUPING, "\''acaiitly wandorinj: about. 

iMAUPS, A stupid fellow, a mop-head. 

INIAUT, ]Malt. The natives of Craven invariably drop 

the 1 in this and similar words, and insert u in its 

place. Tims salt, they pronounce saut; fault, faut; 

psalm, psaum. 

" That eats and drinks o' the meal and mauC 

Border Minst. 

" As dree as havver maut," a proverbial simile used 
when a person, being called upon, is long in 
coming, or is slow in executing orders. This 
expression bears the impress of antiquity on the 
very face of it, as malt, made of oats, has not been 
in common use for a long period. It occurs in the 
Yor/i.shire Dialect, the only place where I have 
seen it, but no explanation of it is given in the 

" Come, Tibb, for sham, bring out the bread and saut 
Thou's lang a coming, thou brades of haver maut." 
With respect to the origin of this expression, perhaps 
a maltster would elucidate it better than the most 
profound critic or antiquary. I would ask, how- 
ever, are oats, in the process of malting, longer in 
germinating than barley ? If so, the expression 
probably arose from this circumstance. The 
sprouts of barley are, in Craven, called comings, 
so there may be a play or double entendre on the 
word. " Thou's lang a-comi/ig." 
MAWIN, Mowing. 

" Guid-een', quo' I ; Friend ! hae ye been matvin. 
When ither folk are busy sawin." 

Death <^ Dr. Hornbook. Burns. 
]\IAWMENTS, Trifles, from rnawmet, a little puppet ; 
une petite marionette. Miegc 


MAYj Flower of the hawthorn. 

MAYS, Makes. 

MAZED, Astonished, dizzy, stupified. 

" She said she was so mazed m the sea 
That she forgate her muide." 

Chaucer. Man of Latvs Tale. 

" Some neither walks nor sleeps but mazing stands." 

Trans, of Du Bartas by Hudson. 
" On which the mased people gase and stare." 

Sir Thos. Moore. 
" She is moped and mazed ever since her father's death." 
Tales of the Crusaders, vol. 2, 142. 
MAZZLE, To trifle, to do any thing unskilfully. 
MAZZLIN, Trifling. " What's thou for ollas mazzlin 

about t'alehouse door ?" 
ME, I. The objective pronoun is frequently used instead 
of the nominative; as "wheasthat?" "it'snobbud 
me." i. e. " Who is that ?" " 'tis only /." 
MEAL, The quantity of milk that a cow gives at one 
milking j from the Sax. mael, a part or portion. 
. The Cheshire meal, as stated by Mr. Wilbraham, is 
not synonymous with our meal, but with the Craven 
note, which see. Mousson, Cofgrave. 

" We have had abundance of curst cows, that have 
given good meals for a time, but the v\ce of nature 
always breaks out at last ; and, too late, when the 
pale is kicked down, we discover our mistake in the 
opinion of the beast." 

Oliver'' s Pocket Looking Glass, ^c. 
" Each shepherd's daughter with her cleanly peale 
Was come a field to milk the morning's meale." 

B. J. Song. Nares. 
MEAL, Oatmeal. 

" Her two next sons were gone to Inverness to buy 
meal, by which oatmeal is always meant." 

Dr. Johnsoii^s Tour to the West. Isles. 

31G (;lossauy. 

MEAL-SEEDS. The husk of the oats, when detached 

from the grain. 
MEALS-MEAT, Meat enough for a meal. 

" Ne take a meles mete of thine." 

Piers Plou. ^ pass. 
" A meles mete for a poure man." 

Piers Plou. Don : G pass. 
" They must endure jests, taunts, flouts, blowes of 
their betters, and take all in good part to get a 
meales meat." 

Burton's Anat. p. 141. 
" A bare head in the street doth him more good than a 
meales meat." 

Bishop Hall. 
JNIEAN, To moan, to wail. It is occasionally used as 
an active verb, " he means hissel sadly." A. S. 

" And thus she means." 

In the old copies of Shaks. Midsum, N. Dream, v. 1. 
See Mr. Todd's second edition of Johnson. 
" I hard ane may sair murne and meyne." 

" And partely mened with disdeigne." 

Sir Thos. Elyot Govr. 
" Although that rebellion bee ever unlawfull on their 
part, yet is the world so wearied of him, that his fall 
is little meancd by the rest of his subjects." 

Basilicon Doron, p. 26. 
MEAT-HAAL, Meat M-hole, having an appetite for 

MEBBY, Probably a corruption of it may be. 
MEDDLE, "I'll nather medd/e nor mak." I'll not 

interfere in any way. 
MEEDLESS, Tiresome; mostly applied to a restless 
child that is always in want of something, or teazing 
those about him for some new plaything, &c. 
"Unruly." Ra^y. 


MEER, Mare. A. S. mcere. 

" In a tabard he rode upon a mere.'''' 


" The widdifow wardannis tuik my geir 
And left me nowdir horss nor meir." 

Lindsay. Dr. Jam. 
" Kent and Keir 
Have parted many a good man and his mere" 

Wh'itaker''s Lonsdale. 

MEER STONES, Stones put up as boundaries to divide 
property. Gr. fitipui divido. A. S. mccra. Belg. meer. 
MEETER, More fit. 

" Scarce might a meeter place to ply 
Lute, studies, books or musique by." 

PalcB Albion by W. Sdayter., p. 99. 
MEETERLY, Tolerably well, moderately. We use 
it for indifferently, mediocriter, as in this proverb — 
" Meeterly as maids are in fairness." 

" Indifferent, moderate." 

Tim Bobbin. 

This word, and the preceding meeter, are more fre- 
quently used in the Western Borders, than in the 
interior of Craven. Leland, in his Itinerary, has 
meately in the same sense. 

" From Stanhope to Barnard's Castel, by mealely good 
come, five miles." 
MEET-NOW, Just now. 

MEETY, IVIighty, of which it is evidently a corruption. 
MEGS, " Byt' megs," a species of oath, Qn. by Saint 

Margaret ? 
MELCII, IVIild, soft, perhaps from milk, either tlirough 
the medium of the A. S. mcolc, or the Bklg. 7neUi. 
MELDER, The quantity of oats that is ground at 
one time. Lat. molo. 

" That ilka melder, wi the miller 
Thou sat as lang as thou had siUor." 

Burns^s Tarn O'Shanter. 

.nn (ii.ossAitv. 

^IKLL, A malk't or mull. Mr. TumUnson, Rai/'s cor- 
respondent, derives it from A. S. mell, crux, from a 
fancied resemblance of the head and shaft to a cross, 
especially before the nppcr part of the shaft is cut off. 
IsL. tncl, mimdim (inido. 

"Unless the mcll of uiward anguish did beat them down." 

J. Knox^s Letter to his JVi/fc. 
" Some made .1 mc/l of massy lead." 

Flodden Field. 
" To throw the shaft after the mell," to venture all ; 
after one loss or expense^ to venture another. 
jMELL, To meddle, in common use, though Dr. Johnson 
thought it obsolete. Fr. inele, miscere, innniscere, ut 
cum signijicct, qui aliorum sc immiscet rebus cl ncgotiis 
nihil ad se pertiiioitibus. Minshew. 
" I'll nather mack nor mcll,'''' 

Mesler. Cotgrave, 
" "With Holy Father fits not with such things to we//." 

Spenser F. Q. 
" To mell witli me and to meet hand in hand." 

Doitf/. Virg. p. 352. 
" jNIen are to mell with." 

Shaks. All's Well that Ends Well, iv. 3. 
" They are too many to mell with in the open field." 

Quenlin Durward, vol 3, 333. 
" Thou shalt not need none ill to fear 
With thee it shall not mell." 

Ps. xci. 10. Stern. ^ flop. 
" But with the same the wicked never mell. 
But to do service to the page of hell." 

Sylvester^s Trans, of Dii Jiartas. 

.AIELLING, Meddling. 

" That every matter worse was for his melling." 

MELT, To prepare barley for fermentation, or to make 

it into malt. 
IMENCE, Decency, or decorum. Isl. menska. A. S. 
viemiisc, humanus. 


" Meat is good, but tiicnse is better." 

" And Vandal ye ; but show your little inence." 

MENCE, To make decent^ to dress." " I'll mence 
mysel up a b't." 

" The King of Norse he sought to find 

With hun to mense the faught — Hardyknut." 

Per. Rel. 
JMENCEFUL, Becoming, decent. A. S. mennise, polite, 

" But d'ye see fou better bred 
Was mence-fou Maggy Murdy." 

Ramsay. Dr. Jamieson. 
" That fully semly on syht 
Menskfiil maiden of myht." 

Harl. MSS. 1200. See T. Warton. Eng. Poetry. 
IMENCELESS, Unmannerly, rude. 

" An' no to rin an' wear his cloots, 
Like ither mensless gi'aceless brutes." 

Poor Maile. Burns, 
JVIENDS, Reformation, reparation, or allowance ; aphoe- 
retically for amends. 

" She has the mends m her own hands." 

Shaks. Tro. cj Cress, i. 1. 
2. Recovery. " I see naa mends in lier." 
MENNARD, A minnow. Gael, meanan. Fr. men- 
nise, small. 
]\IEOS, A mess. Fr. mes. " A meos o porridge." " A 
standing meos is a stewing disli." 

" But Benjamin's mease was five times so muchc as 
anie of theirs." 

Gen. xliii. ^4. Geneva Bible, 1562. 
MEOS-POT, A mess-pot. 
IMEOND, JMoaned. " Shoe mcon'd liersell." 
MERRY-BEGOTTEN, An illegitimate child. 
MERRY-DANCERS, Aurora Borealis, called also 

'A-20 lii.ossAUV. 

INIKKK V-31AKIXG, A feast, or convivial meeting. 
'• Willi ti'arlosse nicrrio-nmkc and piping still." 

Fletcher. Purji. Jul. N'urcs. 
:MERRY-NIGHT, a mstlc bail. 
JMERHY-TOTTER, A swing, vierilof, oscillat'w, from 

Fn. vlrcfy and tut celeriler. Skinner. 
MESKINS, Vid. 7nasfchi.'!. 

" By the maslcin, methought they were so indeed." 

Chapman. May Day. Nares. 
INIESLES, INIeasles. This word is used by JViclif for 
lepers. Belg. masclen. 

" Clense ye mesles" 

Matt. X. 

JMESS, The number of four at an entertainment at an 
inn, where a stipulation was made for a party to 
dinner at a certain price per mess, or meos. 

" You three fools lack'd me fool to make up the mess." 
Shahs. L. L. Lost iv. 3. 
That the illustrious lexicographer, Johnson, in his 
great national work, overwhelmed with avast mass 
of words, which he had to arrange and elucidate 
by various authorities, should sometimes draw 
hasty conclusions, is not to be wondered at. But 
it is certainly a matter of astonishment, that this 
highly celebrated critic, who had expressly under- 
taken to comment on Shakspeare, should never 
have made any remark on the above recited pas- 
sage. That it had never been so understood by 
Dr. Johnson, is evident to any one who will 
examine the word mess in his Dictionary. He has 
neither given the sense nor any authority to show, 
that the word mess signifies the number four, as 
Shakspeare has so clearly done. Horn Tooke, in 
his Div. of Purletj ii. 327, attempts, with as little 
success, to supply the omission of the learned 
Doctor, by numerous and irrelevant derivations 


from ancient and modern languages. Mr. Todd 
considers the word as denoting a measure or portion, 
as a mease of meat, a mease of pottage, and con- 
cludes with the ordinary or mess of military men, 
which is not restricted, as far as I know, to any 
particular number. The above passage, however, 
has not escaped the observation and acuteness of 
Mr. Archdeaco7i Narcs, who, according to our 
meaning of the word, fully and satisfactorily ex- 
plains it, by appropriate authorities. From the 
labor attending the compilation of a small dialectic 
work, I can willingly make allowances for the 
omission of these learned men distracted by a 
variety of important pursuits. The Archdeacon is 
very copious in his remarks on this word, and 
makes a quotation from Shakespeare 3 H. VI. i. 4. 

" Where are your mess of sons ?" 
viz. his four sons, Edward, George, Richard, and 
Edmund Earl of Rutland. 

" Penelop's fame thro' Greekes do raise 
Of faithfull wives to make up three, 
To think the truth, and say no lesse 
Our A visa shall make a messe." 

A. Emefs Verses, prefixed to Aviza. 
Lucretia and Susanna were the preceding two, there- 
fore Penelope and Avisa made up the mess. See 

" There lacks a fourth thing to make up the messe., 
which, so God helpe me, if I were .judge, should be 
hangum tnum, a Tyburn tippet, to take with him, if it 
were the Judge of the King's Bench, my Lord Chief 
Judge of England." 

Latimer'' s Sermons vol. 1. p. 161. 

" Item a payno is made, that no person or persons, 

that shall brewe any Weddyn Ale to sell, shall not 

brewe abov-e twelve strike of mault at the most, and 

the said persons, so marryed, shall not keep nor have 



above ci}i;ht mcsse oi" persons at Iiis dinner witlim the 

From the Court of Ilalcs Oiven. See Branirs Pop. Ant. 
At the present clay, it is usual, at Lincoln's Inn, to 
serve up the dinner in messes of four. 
IMESUR, IMeasure. Welsh, mesur. 
]\1ET, INIeasured. To this word up is generally sub- 
joined, as up-met. Met appears the abbreviated past 
participle of the verb mete. When up-met and down 
thro.steu are united, they denote abundant measure. 
MET, Measure. A. S. mutta. 
JMETAL, IMaterials or stone for roads. " This is vary 

good metal." 
MEVERLEY, Mild, of a quiet, or gentle disposition. 
2. Bashful, shy, affectedly sparing in eating and 

]MEW, To cry as a. cat. 
2. The praet. of the verb to mow. " He meiv maar ner 

an acre to day." 
MICH, INIuch, wonderful. "Its mitch they dunnot come." 

" So miche the better." 


" As meche as ons self." 

P. Plou. 

" And miclie peple cam to liim." 

Matt. XV. WivUf. 
"iWycfte yleft." 

Trevisa, 1385. 

" A sheepe marke, a tar kettle, little or mi/ch 
Two pottles of tarre to a pottle of pitch." 


MICH- WHAT, ),,,,, Ti 

Mucii-wHAT, r^"^^ *^^ ^^"^^^ ^^;^^; 

" Frende and foo was much-ivhat indifferent." 

Sir T/tomas More's description of JiicJiard III. 
Also, 7mch of a michtiess, i. e. very similar. 
MICHIN, An idle skulking boy, one who is sly in doing 
mischief. Mr. Nares defines " inicher," to which our 



term seems nearly allied^ " a truant/' one who acts by 
stealth. Cot grave has miching as a participial sub- 
stantive of to miche, which he renders by vilenier, 

" How tenderly her hands between 
In ivory cage she did the micher bind." 

" The moone in the wane, gather fruit for to last 
But winter fruit gather when Michel is past, 
Tho' michers that love not to buy nor to crave 
Make some gather sooner, else few for to have." 


" A cat 

I keep, that playes about my house 

Grown fat 
With eating many a miching mouse." 

Herrick''s Hesperides, 2d vol. p. 67- 

MICKLE, Much. This is not obsolete, as Dr. Johnson 
supposed, though it becomes daily less frequent. 
A. S. viicle, ab antiquo Cimbrico 7tiikil, much. 
" Monny a little macks a mickle." " Mickle wad 
hev maar." 

" And rain'd downe manna for them to eat 
A food of mickle wonder." 

Ps. Ixxviii. 24. Stern. ^ Hop. 
" Two captains mov'd with mickle pride 
Their speares to shivers went." 

Chevy Chase. 
" Under heven nes londe I wisse 
Of so mockil joi and bliss." 

Ango Norman. Tanner. 
" To morrow I shall die with mickle age." 

Shaks. \stpt. II. "VI. iv. P. 

MIDDAW, JMeadow, so pronounced also in Suffolk. 

MIDDEN, A heap of dung or other refuse of the farm 

yard. Hence the horse-inidden, cow-midden, ass- 

midden. Ray says it is an ancient Saxon word, a 

nomine mud forte." " You'd marry a midden for muck." 

Y 2 


•• Ik' UiankCu, else I'se gar ye stink 
Yet on a midd'iu (/.'''' 

A. Ramsay. 
" NVhae'cr shall wi a middin light 

O' victory will be beguiled ; 
Dealers in dirt will be so dight 

Fa' they aboon or 'neath, they're filed." 


" Cock o'th midden," tlie principal person of the 

place, strutting A\ith as much assumed consequence 

as the cock on the dunghill. 

iMIDDEN-DAUP, A carrion crow. 

2. A dastardly fellow. 

]\IIDDEN-PANT, The filthy receptacle of a cow-house. 

Sax. midding. Welsh, melgcii, a recess, and pant, 

a hollow. The hollow of the midden where the urine 

is collected. 

" Wi glcntin spurs and weel clean'd buitts 

Lin sarks an neyce cword breeches 

The breyde groom roun the midden pant 

Proud as a peacock stretches 

Reeght crouse that day." 

Stages Po : Jam. Sitpp. 

]\riDDEN-STEED, The place for the dunghill. 

iMID-FEATIIER, The principal timber at the bottom 
of a cart. 

2. The ])ost against which folding doors are shut, 
(probably so called from its resemblance to the central 
part of a feather), to which the timber at the sides are 
attached. In Cheshire this word, according to Mr. 
Wilbr-aliam, signifies a narrow ridge of land left 
between two pits, usually between an old marl pit 
and a new one, Avhich lie contiguous to each other. 

MIDJERUM, The fat on the small guts of a hog or 
other animals. Qu. the etymon } Pcgge in his 
Supplement calls it the rnidgin. 

2. The milt (pure Saxon) the spleen. 


IMIDLIN, Tolerably well. 

MIFF, A mow or rick of hay or corn. 

IMIHIL, ]Michael, strongly guttural. 

MIHIL-MASS, Michael-mas. 

When work was let to the masons whilst builchng York 
Muister m 1371, it was called mighelmas. " Ye 
sail between Lenten and Mighelniasse dyne and ette 
als es byfore sayde, ande slepe and drynke aftyr none 
in ye forsa^^de loge, ande yai sail noghte cese no lefe 
yair werke in slapaynge passande ye tyme of a 
mileway no in drj-nking tyme after none passande 
ye tvme of a mileway." 

Torre's MSS. 

The word milewaij, signifying the time occupied in 
walking a mile, is now obsolete. 

" Fro myhel-musse to myhel massed 

P. Plou. 

MILE, This substantive is rarely used in the pluralnumber. 
" Withm this three mile.'''' 

" The space, in sooth, as I suppose is seven mile." 

Chaucer. Thebes. 
JMILKER, A cow that gives milk. " Shoes a feaful 
good millier." Sometimes honest is applied to the 
cow. " Shoes a feaful honest cow," i. e. as good as 
she appears to be, neither kicks nor holds her milk, ^c 
BIILKNESS, The produce of the dairy. 
MILKUS, INIilk-house, dairy. 
]MILN, A mill. A. S. mijlen. Fr. muuUn. 

" Peers son of Serle Arthington giffs and confirmes all 
the giffs that the saide Serle and his ancestors gaff 
to the said nownes, and also all the watyre that the 
may nede to make vam a mylne with." 

An award xxviii. of H. VI. Whitaker's Leeds. 
" The great swight doth it come all at ones 
As done these great rocks or these mibi stones." 

Chaucer. Tros. Sy Cress. 
MILN-EE, Tlie hole from which the grinded corn falls 
into the below. 



" ]VIiiiule the nii/hicrc." 

Piers Plou. 3 pass. 
" This milnarc had a dowchtyr fayre 
That to the king had oft repayre." 

Wiiitoun. Dr. JamiesoJi. 


"And 00 strong aungel took up a stoon as a greet 
mtjlne stoon^ 

Revel, xviii. C. Wiclif. 
JMIND, To remember. Dan. m'mdc. 
IMINDS, A mere expletive. " Thou vdnds, as I wor 

gangin haam." 
IMINT, Wealth, a large sum. " He's worth a mint 

]MIRK, ) Dark. IsL. myrk. " A murk loan/' a dark 
MURK, j lane. 

" Gane is the day and mirk the night 
But we'll near stay for faute o' light." 


iMIRTLE, To waste away, to crumble. This seems to 

be synonymous with Ray's smartle. 
MISBEHODDEN, Offensive, disobliging. " I nivver 

gav her a mishehoddcn word." 
MISFORTUNE, A palliative term for indiscretion and 
breach of chastity. 

" She wi a misfortnne met 
And had a bairn." 

The Uar^st Rig. Dr. Jam. 
MISKEN, Not to know, to mistake one person for 

MISLIPPEN, To disappoint. Belg. mislucken. Mr. 
Brockctl adds to suspect and neglect, but I never 
heard the word so applied. 

" I hafflins think his ee'n hae him mislippeii'd ; 
But oh ! its hard to say what may hae happen'd." 

TantMhilVs Poems. Vid. Jamieson's Supp. 


IMISMEAL, To milk a cow out of regular course, previous 
to drying her, once a day instead of twice. " To )niss a 
meal," of which this word is an apparent abbreviation. 
MISIMEAVE, To move, to perplex, applied to a quiet, 
good tempered man. " Nought mismeaves him," puts 
him out of the way, probably from the inseparable 
particle 7nis, and the verb move, which, in the East 
Riding, is frequently pronounced meave. 
IMISTAEN, Mistaken. 

IMISTAL, "I A cow house, from milk and stall. A. S. 
MISTO, j mesa, vacca. 
MISTETCH, To teach bad tricks or habits, to give bad 

MISTETCH, A bad instruction, a misteaching. " Toud 

mear hes gitten a sad mistetch." 
MISTETCHED, Mistaught. 
MITTS, Long gloves without fingers. Coles, under 

chirothecae dimidiatae, has mittains. 
MIXEN, A dunghill. A. S. mixen, sterquilinium, a meox, 
Jimus, hoc forte a misceo, et quia est miscela omnium 
alimentomm. Skinfier, vid. Cotgrave, under Fumier. 
" For when I see beggars quakhig 
Naked on mixens all stinking." 

Romt. Rose. 
" By turning a stream of water into the mickesons, he 
scowered away that in a weeke, that an hundred 
could scant have done that in a yeare. This place 
was as it were the common dungliill or mickson of 
the whole towne." 

Met. Ajax. 

MOATS, " To play the moats," to be much exasperated 
Q,u. to be in agitation, from molus ? Though this ex- 
pression is in common use, I cannot otherwise explain it. 

MOG, To move. "Come, mog off." This word is 

synonymous with the Scotch viiulge. 

" Thai dare na mw/yc for fricht." 

IVnltcr Kelpie. 



IVrOIDER, To omfuso, to distract 

2. To labour hard, to toil. 

MOIDER'D, Confused, distracted, puzzled. 

"■ I's wellv rnoydcrt." 

Tim. Bob. 

Crazed, curis distractus. Aiiisworth. 

IMOIL, To labour, to drudge. Skinner derives it from 
moil, an old word for mule, i. c. to work like a mule. 
It is generally joined with toil, as " to 7uoil and toil," 
which Ainsworlh renders impigre, diligenler laborare. 

IMOIT, A mote. " As rank as 7noits i'th sun." 

MONNY, JMany. 

" Mont/ a frost, mony a thau 
Soun maks 7noni/ a rotten vow." 

Essays Highl. Soc. 
" O mony a time my Lord, he said." 

Mhist. of S. B. 
"For love of the nurse mony kisses the barn." 

" Mony hundreds of Angels." 

P. Plou. 
'•'■Monny a time and oft," a pleonasm for very frequently. 
Shaks. Merchant of Venice. 
"■ A inonnij," a great number. " Monny a bit," a 
long time. " Iv'e not seen him for monny a bit." 
" To be too monny for a person," to be an overmatch 
for him. " Mind thysell, or else he'll be to monny 
for the." " Monny a yan," many a one. 

" Apoune thame nisches and overthrowis mony ane." 

Dong. Virg. p. 397. 

MONNY-FEET, The millipes. Also the creeping 

crow-foot, ranunculus repens. Linn. 
MOO, IMow, a stack of hay or corn. 
2. The mouth. Fr. moue. 
INIOO, To low in a plaintive tone, as a cow, in pain or in 

want of her calf. Dr. Jamieson derives it from the 

Germ, mu, vox vaccae naturalis, muhen, nuigire. 
MOOD-UP, Crowded. "Ye can hardly stir yer fit, 

t'roum's seea mood up." 


MOO-HET, The hay or corn heated in the stack or mow. 

jMOOL, To rumple, to crease clothes, to discompose the 
dress. Is not this word a corruption of 7noil ? 

IMOOLED, Rumpled, discomposed. 

]MOON, " I kna naa maar ner man ith moon," I am 
totally ignorant of it. " He wad mack me believe at 
t' mooji's made o' green cheese ;" that is, he would 
persuade me to believe that black is white, or some- 
thing quite as improbable. 

MOON-LIGHT-FLIT, Is when a cottager, during the 
night, removes his goods from the premises, in order 
to defraud the owner of his rent. 

IMOON-SHINE, A mere pretence, an illusive shadow. 
" A matter or mouthful of moonshine," a trifle, nothing. 
Grose. " To run about moonshine in a can," to be 
employed in no useful purpose, to go about some 
foolish enterprise or idle design. Ray, in his Proverbs, 
has a similar expression. " Thou shalt have moonsh'mc 
in the mustard pot," i. e. nothing. JVithal, in his 
Adages, renders inani spe flagrat, by " he hopes after 
moonshine in the water." 

IMOORED, When cattle are inflicted with a disease 
which occasions bloody urine, they are said to be 
moored. This term may be derived from the strong 
resemblance the bloody urine may have to the dark 
water flowing from moorish earth. This disease is 
also called red-water and blend water, the water or 
urine being blended with blood. In Scotland this 
complaint, which is frequently very fatal to cattle, is 
called moor-ill. The farmers are at a loss to what 
cause to attribute this disorder. A sudden removal 
from a limestone to a grit soil, and vice versa, will 
frequently occasion it. Some attribute it to coarse 
grass in marshy grounds, intersi)erscd with alder and 

330 c: LOSS A 11 Y. 

underwood. If the violent in flam in at ion of the kidneys 
be succeeded by a consti})ation of the bowels, j)rovin- 
cially called taking, the disease is generally fatal. In 
incipient cases, a strong dose of nitre has often been 
found erticacious. 
]\I001l-P00T, A young moorgame, metaphorically an 
ignorant clown ; or, as we say in Craven, " bred at 
moor side." " Nobbud see how that rough tike gangs 
of his fit, he waddles for aut' ward like a moor-poot." 
IMOOT-HALL, Town Hall. 

IMORELL, A fungus. Fr. morlUc. Sp. morel. It is 
called in Sw. vmrJda, perhaps from Go. morkulle, 
black cap. See Thomson s Elijmon.s. 
MORISH, " To taste morish," said of meat or drink, 
when a person likes and wishes to have 7nore of it. 
Miege has the expression and explains it thus : il est 
si boil, qu' il me fait naitre I'envie d' en avoir davantage. 
MORN, Generally used for morrow, as " I'll come to 
morn an I can." On the contrary, morrow is frequently 
used for morning, as is the common salutation good 
morrow, so in Coriolanus. Shaks. 

" I would not buy 

Their mercy at the price of one fair word, 
To have't with saying good morrow." 
" To 7norn come iiivver," synonymous with ad Grascas 
IMORTAL, Exceeding, very. Isl. morgt, a large quantity. 
" A mortal nice beost," " he's mortal rich/' " I'se 
mortal hungry." 

" As all is mortal in nature, so is all nature in love 
mortal in folly." 

Shaks. As you like it, ii. 4. 

In Suffolk mortashus is used in the same sense. 
INIOSS, A peat bog. Su. G. mossa, locus uliginosus. 
The genitive case of moor is mous, whence mosses 
are deduced. Dr. Hickes. 


" The Ure rysett in the tardest partis of all Richmond- 
shyre, among the Coterine Hills, in a mosse towards 
the West." 

Harrison. Dr. Whitaker^s Hist, of Rychmoyidshire. 

MOSS NOR SAND, I can make nothing of him, 
" neither moss 7ior sand." 

IMOSS-CROPS, Cotton grass, a name given to the dif- 
ferent species oiEriophorinn,Qiu.eriophorum vaginal urn? 

MOST WHAT, Generally ; not obsolete, as Br. Johnson 

MOST, The double superlative is in frequent use, as the 
most sweetest, the most beatdifullest. 

" Oh, the most affablest creature. Sir, so merry !" 

Ben Jonson. Alchemist. 

There are numerous examples of it in the scriptures. 
MOTHER, A white filament in liquor. Lat. amurca, 

Cooper. Belg. modder, moyer, dregs, vide caned. 
2. Flegm from the stomach. 

" By the stench of feathers, or the like, they cure the 
rising of the mother. 

Bacon. Cent. i. C3. 

MOTHERY, Liquor covered with a white filament. 
MO TONS, This was the antient name in Craven for 
wedder sheep, but it is now obsolete. 

" Bout vij. score mototis at Appletreewick fare x/e. iis." 
H. L. Cliff. Household Book, 1510. 
Welsh, moUl, or Fr. moult, castrated. In former 
times, when wool supplied the chief clothing for 
man, it may be conjectured that ewes were seldom 
slaughtered, the wedders or motons only were 
brought to the table. 
MOTTO, The mark at which the boys in the game of 
pitch and hustle, throw or pitch the halfpenny. This 
is sometimes a button, a small white pebble, or any 
thing conspicuous. 

332 tii.ossAKV. 

]\IOUD, Earth. 

" INIouth lull oi' moiid" (dead or buried.) 
Ilishop Hull. 
I\IOU])-IIILL^ A mole-liillj frequently called itioiid heap. 
Belg. mol-hoop. 

" He has pitched his sword in a moodic hill." 

Bord. jMins. 

IMOUD-WARP, \A mole. Belg. vmijl, viuld, and 

JMOUDY-WARP, J 7vcrp, to cast up. Dan. muldwarp- 

" I cannot choose sometimes he angers me 

AVith telling me of the mold-ivarp and ant." 

\st p. H. VIII. Shakspeare. 

MOUDY, A mole catcher. The Scotch name is moudy- 
man, but I never heard moudy used alone for the 

" His faithf'u dog hard by amusive stalks 
The bentie brae, slow list'ning to the chirp 
O' wandering mouse, or moudy" s caskin hoke." 

Davidson's Season. 
]\IOUL, To grow mouldy. 
IMOULED, Mouldy. 

" Also the rayment upon them was olde, and all their 
provision of bread was dried and mouled." 

Joshua ix. 5. 
" Min herte is also mouled as mine heres." 

Chaucer. Revels Prol. 

MOUSE-TRAP, " Thou hesnt sense to bait a moiise- 
trap," a reproachful phrase, frequently addressed to 
an ignorant person, or one who attempts any thing in 
an inexpert manner. 

jNIOUT. To moult. WTien away is added to it, it signi- 
fies to crumble, to perish. The bank moiils away. 
Muytcii, Teut. Our old word, says Dr. Johnson, was 
moid or mowt, from Lat. rmito. 
" To moicten as foules.," 

Prompt. Pan: Vid. Dr. Jamicson. 



-,„„„„„ i To take mulcture. Fr. moiidre 
IMUU 1 hiix 

MOUT, A moth. Sc. moud. 

"Youre richessis ben rotiui and youre clothis ben 
eten oi mougtis.'''' 

James v. WicUf. 
" His coat was thred about wi green, 

The mouds had wrought it muckle harm, 
The poutches war an ell atween. 
The cutF was faldit up the arm." 

Hogg's Mountain Bard. Dr. Jam. Supp. 

MOUTER, I Mulcture, the toll due to the miller for 
MOOTER, j grinding corn. Lat. mulcla. Fr. moul- 

ture. Lat. inolo. 

> ) 

" It is good to be merry and wise 

Quoth the miller when he mouter^d twice" 

Ramsag's S. Prov. Dr. Jamieson. 

IMOUTER, To crumble, to fall in small pieces, from vioiif. 

Belg. mutsen. We also use mitre in this sense. 
MOUTH-HOD, " Good mouth-hod," plenty of grass for 

MOVE, " High move," insolent behaviour, an arrogant 

MUCHNESS, \ Similarity, quality. " Is thy husband 
MICHNESSE, j better ?" " Nay, he's mich of a 

michnesse," i. e. much as usual. 
MUCK, A contemptuous name for money. " What's all 
his muck good tul .''" 

— — — " Nor seek by muck or might 
To muzzle justice." 

Pat. Dor. p.(j\. 

And again in page 104. 

" Never presume upon or muck or might 
To injure any." 
" To throw muck at a person," to scandalize and 
vilify him. 
INIUCK, To cleanse the cow-house. Old Swedish mocka, 
stahula purgare. Dr. Jamieson. 

334 lii.ossAUv. 

IMITK-CIIEAP, As ohoap as dirt, very cheap. 
IVIUCK-DKAG, A kind of fork with two or three prongs 

fixed at the right angles to the handle, for pulling 

manure out of a cart. 
]\IUCK-IIEAP, A very dirty person, " a girt muck-heap." 
]MUCK-]\IENT, Dirt, or any thing worthless. "It's 

nout bud muckmcut." 
]MUCK-MIDDEN, A dung hill. 
IMUCK-JMIDDEN-BREWARD, Upstarts, of loworigin, 

compared to the rapid and forced growth of corn upon 

a dunghill. 
INIUCKY, Wet, rainy. Micge has moki/, which he makes 

synonymous with cloudy as moki/ weather, U7i temp.s 

couvert, this seems to be synonymous also Avith the 

Scotch, mochic. 

" Nae sun shines there, the mochie air 
Wi' smuisteran rowks stinks vyld." 

Ballad Ed. Mag. Vid. Dr. Jamiesoii's Supp, 

]MUCKY, To dirty, to soil. 

MUD, Might, a corruption of mought, the old regular 
form of the word. Spenser uses mot. 
" Pray me God so mot it be." 
" Amen, per seinte charitie." 

Anglo Norman MSS. Tanner. 

" As thus mud E do." I hardly know hoAv to explain 

this expression; I believe it signifies the doing any 

thing according to the usual custom, without any 

design or consideration. " Sicut mens est mos." 

]\IUDDY, Confused with liquor, half drunk ; a corruption 

of muddled. 
INIUE, To mow, to make moutlis. Fr. faire la mmce. 
Minshew. Thus in the version of the Psalms by 
Sternhold and Hopkins. 

" They grin, they mow, they nod their heads 
And in this wise they say." 

Ps. xxii. 7' 


" It is generally joined witli mump. " He mumps and 
miles." "What's to doin thedixmumpingandimuing?" 
MUFFETIES, Small muffs or mittens about the \vrists. 
MUFFS, Long gloves for women, the same as mitts. 
MUG, A sheep without horns, lana longissima, mollissima ; 
cornutis mitior. Welsh, mwi/g, soft or putted, Owen. 
See Dr. Jamieson's Supp. 
MUGGED, Without horns. 

MULL, The dust or refuse of turf or peat. Belg. mid. 
IsL. mil, quod hahet prcet. mulde ; in minutas par- 
ticulas dividere. Hickes. 
MUMMER, Morrice dancers. Belg. mommer, a masker. 
MUN, The mouth. Belg. mond. Teut. mund. 
MUN, Must, evidently a corruption of moun, used by the 
most ancient English ^vriters. " Mimn'e," must I ; 
" munto," must thou ; " munna," must he ; " munnot," 
must not. 

" As ye moun here." 

Chaucer. Melibeus. 
" Ye moun not serve God and richesse." 

Matt. vi. Wiclif. 
" Where I am ye moun not come." 

John vii. Wiclif. 

MUN, An expletive. This is applied both to male and 

female. " Eigh mun, tliur er sad times." 
MUNBY, An unavoidable event, what mun or must be, 

hence, " a munby. 
MUNGE, To masticate with difficulty or without teeth. 
MURL, To crumble, to fall to pieces. Belg. mul. IsL. 

moar. Wel. murl. 
MURLY-GRUBS, Sullenness, ill humour. " To be in 

his grubs," etre melancoUque. Mi(ge. IsL. mogl-a to 

MURN, To mourn. A. S. murnan, to lament, to deplore. 
MUSH, An article. Crushed or bruised, refuse. 



MUSK, IMusked. (^nnu's-bill. IVUhcrbiii^. Muskif, 

st(trks-l)ill. Dr. Sin'itli. (leraiiium moscliatum. Linn. 

Erodium moscluitum. Dr. Smith. 
IVIUSSENT, ]Must not, the same as munnot. 
jMUSROLL, The nose band of a horse's bridle. Fu. 

muscruUc. Colgravc. 
MUSS, The month, a term used by nurses to a child. 

Fr. mtiscau. 
]MUZWEB, A cobweb. 

jMUZZLE, a burlesque expression for the visage. 
JMUZZLE, To trifle, to skulk, to drink. 
MUZZLIN, Trifling, drinking. This is synonymous 

with the the Scotch. J u.slin, which Dr.Jamicson derives 

from the T evt. Juiscl-cn , nugari. 
MUZZY, Half drunk. 

" Sleepy, a little drunk." 

Tim Bolihin. 

Miizlin is sometimes used in the same sense. 
]MYCHE, To cheat artfully. 

" I'd rather far it had been mysell 
Than either him or thee." 

Scottish Souff. Child Maurice. 
" Go fetch me forth my armour of proote 
For I will to th' Topcastle mysell." 

Sir Andrew Barton. P. Rel. 


[^^'} Myself. 



Santa Barbara 


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